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... flDaut iRcws
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WAILUKl, HAH, T. H.
One year, (in advanc") . $2.50
' si iM'ihi iw, " . 1.50
TUo Kor.iinn or 'tip Nr.ws wlniit commnnli'ii
tWu porilnrut toiiic. Wrii only oti
o"! nt pitiMT. Sivn utur tmuiti whti-h
w ilt uu hi;M nuliiiui.tiul if u.i.iirua.
C. B. R03ERTS0N, Ed. and Prop;
C. L CLEMENT, Bus. Mgr.
S itur lay October . : : 15
MAUI BLUE BOOK
Hnn. A . f . Kcpnllinl, Circuit Tuflue, WuIIuku
ErtmHD'i H. Hurt. Clorlf Circuit Court. Wailultu
Juilti '.V. A. M-K&y Dint. MugiHtiate, Wailuku
" C!. 1. Unlsny, " "
" J Kiilii-.n i, " '
' Pilmam " "
K.iluiohalitutilii, " '
L. M. ildwtn. Sheriff,
XV. R. PiuTtt. Dj'H'ty Shot-in
EclKiir Morlou " "
K. '. Hme. " '
F. WltirocU, "
H. H. Hitchcock. "
Levi Jo.'.cpii " '
H. Tu n, ' , "
O. K. Kuuwchul-.n, " "
H. .. Kuio. " '
J. H. Wilmington, '
J av. i . ifonmsoa.'i px Assessor,
I! J. X. K. K-inln, Deputy Assessor
li i li'orjjn Cu'.p, " '
O. I'Muri. " "
M U. K.itHnr, , "
Hon mm In
tX ' T!w,'s lust week pointed o.nt sotno of thetoRfecC of tho
j)ubli: sc,.'.i.ul system m Maui i.i i .'iioral way, and niercdy cited
t,heone fact that b.iysund girls in many cases loavo these, school
without knowing bow to read tins liliilish langunye, much leUshow
to spell it. Some discussion having been caused by this editorial,
the News will now go one step furtheV. The effort to place teach
ing on a scientific basis, in tho hands of inefficent teachers has
proved rxtroniply ri"b: Milling. A scientific instructor like Pro
f.Mi : '.V i I of t!i . if ' il Ss'i ) 'I iii.iirV- po-ssili'y ta'.ro n cl iss of
ami liy . the iiso of I lie
: f.id-i i' i..l-ic.t' s it.isiii(;'..oi y results,
of .n- li:i try c'itttry sc'io l tech-ir!inti-v
!), (i i Miii'.-is j'l-t
!y a.ljn-ae I urmhitiu
The machine might
primary child ivu in a bilck
.ive stop-; imd olnci- scloiillll
Jil S'K'"l llt.M.ll id.-i ill t! li ll l'lds
!&, :IM I '.V.J li-iv.) s; II V
li.0 lui'iiitijj a u i.u.ivj ii'j I -iid il.;JiCioi
over to the hands of an unskilled operator.
possibly be made to run, butit, would not do good work. Recent
ly a bright boy, who for three years past has been attending one
of these country schools where advance methods are religiously
followed , was transfered to ano! Ivir school whore there is a practical
teacher.4A fair and carofnl exti niniition of tneboy developed the
fact thatabsolully all he knew ho a-to do wis to goto the board and
Write,. "Iseo a cat." And th-iL boy's education for three years has
;ost thegovprnment overTO. At. tli,
$27)0 to te ich him to s-1 j a;i;:u il a
in u -st U i:npr ivn I, o
V' ood of tho Xol'.i) i! .
on if w.
it r iti! il would cot poihups
; l-if?avi c tA". Our schools
have to Infill with I'rjfesrtor
2 The other day a man who was once a farmer in Illinois but
-who is now employed on one of the plantations on Maui, asked the
JNews man's advice about purch ising a desirable farm of twenty
five(acres, of fertile land, fenced and improved, in the rain belt of
,the.K.ula District., Tho advice given was -to examine the land
' thoroughly, determine wnat crops could be raised, and whether or
not insects will prove top soi-ion a niennce; rend if the result of the
investigation should prove favorable, then to' biiy, go on the laud
and cultiato thoroughly, doing plenty of subsoil plowing, harrow
Jag and hoeing, insteid of .!lovnqf t'ir pr?Rnt. slipshol methods
of cuitiv i'Tm. ... H ) was also advii-ed tu r.f.ite cr is ivtid U p'tiiit
'as many varieties of cereals and voif-sUblijs as possible, and to
"figuro on raisiug a few cattlet a fqw more hogs, and plenty of
chickens. Such a farm, properly cultivated,, jWouJd pay; ( a man
.much more than ordinary plantation wages, and the life' would be
far more pleasant. j
' I.' . . .t .' t II,' I V c'
Tho subject of citizen labor gnpublic works is (a.lracting
considerable attention and discussion", and the controversy is
receiving apt illustration from th case of Wilson&Duggan who
have a road contract on Maui. . Hon. A. L. C. Atkinson, Sectary
of Hawaii and tho firmiii question are respectively announcing
their positions fh rough the medium of the press, an4 such discus,
,(sion should lead to a dellnito sol'itiou of the qu ist'o l, I: is ,t-he
candid belief of tip Nb ws tit it ni'-her o tr Soerurary nor tho firm
ar running a bliilT, ,,Wltilij both pirtiosto tho controversy ure
doubtless honest 'lit their opln ns, still publics opinion and thl!
vviaw8 of Soma of t,lm most polid . id. reliable men on faui are in
sympathy with ,tlm firm of c ijitraqtors. Tney a.re nptul le tc
secure citizen labor, and should,- be allowed the alternative.
: ' ' f i tv.. , v- '". , t
It is a tradition that tho wljol9 iof.Makf.wao District tind the
,Waikapu District f'om WailuKu t MiUiaa Bay'wns onco .1Misely
wooded, and there can bono doAlt thai this is lino. he6iino the
.soil is fertile, the cliinute mildj I'.vrrv. condition fayonible to
I tree growth. And it is claiiiiod that cltl. n-'d' wtsteful, cutting
ar what have denuded thri .vust pl.-ium of their forostsr... (Vood is
1 $10. ii, cord in Vailu!u. and dimVilt li get at times. Eveiy tree
planted on these t plaus grows jupAurjently, and the subject of
reforesting central Maui, sa ve where- cane is growing is too im,
j jportant to be longer bverloo.kod. A chanco algeroba grove at
Kihei is sufficient' dqmonstratio-i pf,(jthe fact, that hundreds on
S huudreds of acres of waste laui 'hmv la pe at onco set to trees',
. ......-.;; .i i'
I' ' ' -' '' ' " ' il ua'
f jQ If it be true that there ig an, over production of beef and maitton
f ..on the islands, the remedy will 1m en v, and it will not talta very long
( to apply itA . The solution. of tit'.' proposition will, ho to reduca th
number of cuttle raispd unci to I uproved the pasturage and also
the brped of cattle and sjieep raised. Wheil the ora of short grass
f and lonsr horns passesawiy.giviugpl-w ! to new era of lonr grass
I and short horns, nccvmyi-tnVCvj by a r.-'ductam in ilu retail pnoo of
f beef to a figure .where all canA)ecpkny meat consigners, tho propo-
jSition wilj be solved, and the pr.Klupirs will pot be losers, for the
r reason that under the new order of affairi the CDs'-, of prod action and
handling ot ueer ana mutton win pe minimizes. A lew years
. should work .this. ghangQ. and tjig pjoducer who-fail to full into
! he procession and keep step will get left.-
a r - t
?HTOaijand wuld make a trusted legislator, owin to his experience
' anff-liatural acUitjv ,.But he is n f tr sig'ntod inan, and it is becom-
clear now why he gracifully side atppod at tho Homo
.Iiulq Convention and a 30 wad Jas. L. Coke and 13 illy White to off a i
themselves for the sacriflco. Ho doubc(ess foresavv. what, every
one is now beginning to eo, that th I'ejtuhliu 111 are sure winners
rat tho co'Dingi paction.'. e Cntil(jiavo got tue ih miu::tii''i lor
' senator if he had wanted it, but the cham'j tire that he was not
'ambitious for an empty Honor, f .
Citizen Labor on Maul.
J. H. Wilson, of the firm of Wilson
& Duprgan, contractors, arrived from
Maul In the steamer Claudine yester
day morning. To an Advertiser re,
porter Mr. Wilson spoke . his mind
freely on tho malter of citizen labor
for lus firm's contract of roa-Miuilil
ing on Maul, with.referen- e loPeere
.fary Atkinson's, re.inin-Ks in n pub
lished interview 3 ollow:
"Contractjrs nr(Q innkinj.' n bluff at
advertising for labor, but tUey cau
tiet all tho citizen labor the want if
they will pay a fair price. Perhaps
it may cost them more than it would
for Japanese labor, bnt that I. as
nothing to do with the qiicst'on.
Why, in ono valley alone on Maui,
wh til asked men if they would juto
woik for a tldlLr a day, thirty st'.'
ped forward at once. ,It may as well
lie understood that the clause us to
the employment of citizen labor on
government coutracts is a binding
" vVhv does 11 )t. Mr. At';ins'in call
"he bluff?" Mr. Wilson a.-ked. "As
the result ot extensive ndveriisuiu
f.r e!"'""i lihor, only 1 w. n.eii f 1 m:
Ho .olulu-t wo white men I a'.v iroue
over ai.d the wt-ro ul low oik.
"Mr. Atkinson says if wo pay a
f.air price we can get all the citizen
labor we want. We do not expect to
pay any less than the Government is
paving for pick and shovel men, and,
as a matter of fact, we are paying 0
littl" more. We are payinj; from u
do'.'ar to a d. liar. and a half a day.
"For the pat two weeks we have
had nen workii.s! n piecework, who
l ave 1 ai-ued' frinn $1.(10 1.0 i-")0 a
ilay. Yes, Ve have a g.nst: of twenty
rive (JUizeu--Hawaiians. Wo have
only tliirt) men at work, neve.- more
than thirty-five on any one day.
' That valley Mr. Atkinsoujjins re
ferred to is the very same valley
that we are working iunovv ills
thirty citizens are probably the men
we have already. We want 150 to 250
men and could put them to work
THE SAVING CLAUSE,
"Thero Is a clacso in our specifica
tions which st.itcs that if sufficient
citizen labor is not available, then 'he
Superintendent. of Puoiic Works may
H'ws us permission to use Asiatic la
bor. Mr. Atkinson says we 'musl'uii
citizen labor. There is no 'must' a
bout It if we can not get citizens to
"Does he mean to say that we
have made a bluff when we have ad
vertised la every English and Haw;
iian paper in tho Territory forciti
sen labor, and put out 1000 posters
in Honolulu and 500 on Maui?
"Under the circumstances the way
we are doing the work over there
is to no a '.on if and do prttli-'ii
here and theiw. When wn'gir. ton
pali we skip it. The natives absolute
ly refuse to go on a pali. Th"y say
t'jpy are not accustomed to t.at
kind nf work and will not rUk their
lives oh it. The natives n ili wm ko:.
bNpali for no man; not for $10 a day.
NOT SECRETARY'S BUSINESS.
."I Aoa' think the Government ysn
expectus. to pay any more, than it
does itself for labor. Tii law dNthict-
ty slates mat we stmui.t use e:ii. i.
labor, lut ' if not uvuiluhf.- t'n u
we can employ aliens w it'i th.- p.-r
mission of the Superintendent of l';i:t
lie Work. 'fills is ' the olfii:!..! .ve hav.
to deal will), audi don't see what
right the Secretary has to medi'.!i
with the matter anyht w. The tins!
ness is one entirely between theSu-
prrintendent of Public AVorks and
the contractor, if the law is the
"If wV employ Japanese and citi
zens apply later, wo have ti make
room for tho citizens. A e have to
trve them the preference.
"Mr, Fillc,r, Superintendent of the
Kshului Railtoad, told inu that in
the height of the sujiar .pasoa last
year lie sent down to Hoqnliilu for
fifty, inea to load scows 11 $(t 50
day, and ho could nitjjet a mau t-
mong the natives, Tho result was he
took Japanese. , v ,
REASON FOR O.MISSlOX.
. Mr, Wilspli wa . asked why he. did
not state ,hp, wages to be pal I iu the
advertisemput for labcr. Ilu iwi
''Hecauso we couldn't pay k'ss than
the Government was paylog f.V- the
same clcss of work. The Government
sets the standard. Wq, offer inor
than the Government dpvs, havi:ii
advertised to givo slceyi.njj quarters
and credit at the camp, store for
necessaries. Besides-,' ,ti. Govoi-n
meat laborer has to take a Treasury
j warrant for uia money.' Advi riUcr.
No one likes to wear jHsscs, but
wo should bo unfortunate Indeed if
wo were deprived of this nrlifical aid
to failing vision.
The next best tiling to NO glass is
tho satisfaction afforded byhavlnij the
We desire to make a walking adver
tismentof every person to whom we
sell glasses, and wo endeavor to do it
by giving the greatest ease and com
fort any (t'ass can afford.
G- '!u -.1
Over May & Co.
1 U V
I .corpora ted Under the Laws of
the Republic of Hc-waii.
UNDIVIDED PROFITS 7O,0(lO.O0
Chas. M. Cooke President
P. C. Jones Vice-President
C. II. Cooke..." .Cashier
C. Hustacc ... ... .Assistant Cashier
E. D. Tenr.ey, .J. A McCandless,
C. II. Atherton, E. K. Bishop.
Transact a Generrl Commercial
and Savings Business.
your inclination to spend money
cut down uncessary expenditures
nnd deposit, your surplus kt a saving
aieouet la this bank. 4 r cout
inter, st on savings accounts as
little as one dollar opens one here.
FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF
Millions of McCali's Patterns
Sold Annually without Complaint.
These Patterns are The Mcst Perfect, The Mcst
Practical, The Most Stylish and The Most Economical
of any produced in any country, and the directions on
ea:h envelope, showing; how to make the garment up,
are printed so plainly that the most inexperienced need
not fear a failure, if the directions are followed.
E: W. JORDAN & CO.,-Lfd
No. 10 STORE, . Fort Street, Honolulu
PUYS A NP SELLS- RE l. ESTATE, STOCKS Jc HOND.5
WRITES I'i LI i AND LIFE INSURANCE
NEGOTIATES LOANS AND MORTGAGES
s A List of High Grade Securities mailed on application
I CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED
g HONOLULU. IIAWATI ' P. O. Box 31U
Chinese and Japanese
In White. ttud Fancy, from chi-np L'rades to lines', im.dc.
Plain and Twisted Str'jv.3
In 8izc-s from "s.'l to 1-1x14 feet. Noihintr found which wif! -..
x'wu erpuil service for siiine money. Reds, Browns. Greens
and Blui s.
Plain straw is the then per grade, and Twisted the better.
Japanese Cotton -
In flze froth 2x4 to 12x12. feet. Blue and White, also Solid
Blue Center with Grecian Border. ' '
' ' CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED.
LEWERS & COOKE, Lt'd Honolulu
WALK, WRITE, WIRE,
SOMEHOWt-ANYHQV get some
The Best Nickel Cigar in the Market
ELH;UjL,U! STORE .
dime Jabl85a!iulm Stailroad Company
Paia ' :
FuKKiiir ; Fuf Uiirr Fhrioht
8 a4 1
Pas. i Pas. ilvAHnLUiPCCNXE F & P
K.ahu!ui Railroad Company
ALEXANDER & BALDWIN, Ltd. ; ALEXANDER & BALDWIN, Line of Sailim.' Vossc-U Between
San Francisco and tho Hawaiian Islands; AMERICN-II.VWAII.VX STEAMSHIP CO '
WILDER'S STEAMSHIP CO.
Importers nnd Denlera
CORRUGATED IRON, GALVANIZED IRON, ZINC, GALVANIZED IRON PTl:-: that tm
iC&lEKT, OILS vnd PAINTS VeICCE WlRfcl and ST A 1 L 1 S: VaILV, t Hill, C ALt V, . s.$
XORWEST and REDWOOD LU.MB Kit in all sizos-ronli nn.l mirfa-e.l SASH. DOOR" and i:rXT
i.i Cidar and Red woo I. CEDAR MOULDINGS a a I INSIDE FINISHING LUMBER, 'also 'a' fall Ime o'
1 1 li-a