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WAILUKU, MAUI, H. T., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1904
V PROFESSIONAL CARDS
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L AHA IN A, . ' . MAUI
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FIVE STEP METHOD
By Leading Educator. Weak
and Strong Points of Our
"J. V.s" NEEDED IN
' HAWAIIAN SCHOOLS
Should Educate Our Own
Teachers. Normal Teach
ers Can Teach Better Tli2n
They Can Write. Cast
Off Teachers From Coast
Tlic following communication
from Clinrles W. Baldwin, ScIiqcI
Inspector, and one of our foremost
educators is worthy of grave and
serious consideration. Mr. Baldwin
takes the position that wc arc now
following the methods best adapt
ed to the needs of the Islands, and
his long experienco in our schools
gives great weight to his utterances.
In this connection the News cor
dially invites a full discussion of
the subject, for which purpose its
columns are at the service of any
one who desires to discuss the mat
tor fairly and impartially.
Enrr )it NEWis:-In your issue of the
12th inst. I noto'on article styled
"Those Five Stops'.which includes
a letter by aMaui teacher and some
ccitieisms thereon by yqnijself. The
leading paragraphs OFii- .article
make it plain that y'Siftxieriticism
applies to our whole educational
system; in other words 'J-. V.' is
made a martyr for bur sins. The
stigma is not upon the unfortunate
writer of (ho letter in question, but
upon our Department of. Public In
struction. Such being the case,
some explanation is necessary.
I quote the first two paragraphs
of your article:
'.'Tim N.ws ha3 recently taken
occasion to point out the defects in
our school system, and incidentally
to voice the general opinion that we
are not getting the results for which
wc annually pay largo, sums., the
point being made by this paper that
our common schools, with some few
exceptions, are failing to properly
instruct our granimer school child
The following letter, written to
tho Bulletin by a Maui teacher,
furnishes just the opportunity
which tho News needs to clinch its
The Maui teacher in question rep
presents a class that wo must have
in our schools. I might add here
that there aro perhaps two score
teachers on this island alono who
could do no better than "J. V.,"and
some of them not as well. As I
have stated wo must havo these
teachers in our schools, for above
all other reasons, wo need them;
otherwise a largo number of our
schools would have to be closed.
Besides tho foregoing thero aro
other reasons why wo should cm
ploy this clus3 of teachers which, I
think, any sane person can furnish
What may I ask, Mr. Editor, is
your solution for this matter? Is it
that we import teachors from other
parts? But experience has proved
that a largo proportion of the teach'
era so imported aro but adventurers,
or offcasts from some other school
systom; or thoy want our town
positions and cannot or will not
go out into tho country; ahdfiually
thoy don't and can't adapt thorn
solves to changed conditions during
tho short period they remain here.
I hv naturally concluded that
tho foregoing is your remedy for
the defeat, for (ho reason that our
solution of tho matter could hardy
be yours. That is, Mr. Editor, you
propose to bring in, ctrangors and
force our teachors and normal grad
uates to take tho undesirable posi
tions, or go without places. j
For the reasons cct forth in the
foregoing paragraph it has become
evident that wc must .depend upon
our own country for teachers if we
aro going to have our echo-; prop
erly equipped. With this end in
view a normal school has been es
tablished. But you must remem
ber, Mr. Editor, that this normal
school is still in its infancy; that
thoso who have come to it have been
non-English speaking people; that
it has been necessary for the estab
lishment of the school that all com
ers ba received at first. Our nor
mal school is not conducted behind
closed doors, and I wish, Mr. Editor,
that you and others who find fault
on the points under consideration
could visit that school and talk with
Mr. Edgor Wood of his plans and
inspect some of his work.
Tho problem that Mr. Wood has
had to face is the very one under
discussion, and it goes without say
ing that it has been a very difficult
one. .teachers of tho J. V. stamp
will yet ho turned out; and thoy
arc going to do fine work in teach
ing non-English speaking children,
but I would adviso them not to
write for tho papers. However, our
people arc fast becoming English
speaking, ivhen this question will
Yoivmay wonder where the pupil
is coming in in our plan. -Arc the
children not to bo considered?
Certainly they aro to ho considered.
But in the fir3t place something ii
better than nothing; and again, ns
I have already intimated, this "J.
V." that you havo seen fit to; ''so
"ruthlessly criticise may bo. .doing
splendid work in training-Iris pupils
to speak the English" language. He
may no't.knov how to write proper
ly for print, hilt he does know how
to handle the children he has to
teach. ' '
I have not read' the article in thd
EveningBullctin which called forth'
"J. Vs."' letter to tho "News," but
note that tho "Five Step Method"
was .evidently referred to there as
"tommy-rot." Bcforo closing I
should like to say a few vwords of
this five step method, which, like
all new things has come in for its
sharo of abuse. '
This so called ''Five Step Moth
od" is but a logical plan for tho
teaching of 'any subject, and is
founded upon thorough psycho!
ogical principles. It Vns devised
by Mr. Wood to meet tho difficulties
experienced in tho teaching of l'.in
guage in our schools,. but was final
ly applied to all the tudies ofvthe
Normal school. Tho method pro
vides for a thorough training in tho
hearing and speaking of language
before reading and composition are
taken up. Tho method is that
which has lpng been used by all
tiuo teachers in geography and na
turo studies, but not having tho
method in its logical arrangement
they failed to apply it to the teach
ing of a language. Mr. Wood has
certainly discovered a very valu
able method for the teaching of the
English language in our schools,
and ono that will givo tremendous
results in the handsof strong teach
er. Outsido of our normal grad"-
uates and a few of tho more pro
gressivo teachers this five step plan
is not being used, henco results
cannot bo looked for yot.
In conclusion let mo say that I
fail to seo that your argument
"clinches," Mr. Editor, for thi3
question involves problems which
our educators havo been battling
with over since the establishment
of English schools; but whioh prob
lems wc now claim to be in a posi
tion to solve, with a normal school
to supplj teacher and a proper
method for overcoming the
difficulties of the English language.
Very truly yours,
C:i ri.es H Baldwin.
Hilo, Hawaii, Nov. 22, 1904.
Some severe vord3 in condemna
tion of "police meddling" were
spoken by a Brooklyn judge recent
ly in respect to the arrest of league
baseball players tor playing base
ball on Sunday. Tho judge said,
B3 reported: "Here is no one trying
to stir up an obscure and obsolete
statute . . . except thoso who rule
the police." "Thero are many
minor offenses which should bo left
for redress to the coming forward
of a private accuser be! ore the mag
istrates or other. authorities, as our
laws and the procedure cf our
courts contemplate. Tho accusa
tory method of enforcing the crim
inal laws is open to every citizen.
The community can take care of
itself in such matters without any
1. in . 11
This is rather startling language.
Tt is a somewhat novel proposition
that the police authorities aro to be
condemned for enforcing the stat
utes. What the judge calls the
''accusatory method" of enforcing
tho criminal laws requires some
individual to put himself in the
p.sition of an accuser and take
upon .himself personally the bur
den of enforcing the laws in be
lief .cf the public. The unfair
ness of compelling a private citi
zen to', assume such a burden,
aj.d to subject himself to tho an
noyance and tho personal antag
onisms that aro likely to result
from it, is" obvious. Laws that all
gcxl citizens wish to have cnfor:ed
miy for a long time be practically
obsolete in a -community if their en
forcement can bo had only who i
some privato citizen volunteers,
solely for the public good, to en
counter tho unpleasant experiences
that he must undergo ifhcbi.comc3
the prosecutor. If private citizens,
instead Jof becoming accusers in
court, bring pressure to boar upon
tho polios or "thoso who rule the
police," Ihey liavo certainly dono
all that they ought to be expected
to do. When stjch citizens urge
tho polipo to enforce the laws, is it
proper for a judge to call them
Tho wis)tom of tho statuto is a
questionlistinct from that of tho
duty of the police,, to enforce it
Whether wise or not; tho idea that
the polico authofities.dcscrve sharp
rebuke by a judge 'for' enforcing it.
is ccrtairily novel. Tins .assumption
that tho officials are tho only Tier-
son's who wanted the law enforced,
and were not urged to its enforce
ment by any of tho people of fho
community, does not seeln very
probable. If pressure was in fac
brought upon tho municipal au
thorities bv citizens to obtain the
enforcement of the law. that was
certainly as legitimate a, method of
procedure as it would b6 for them
to make individual complaints, and
personally to become accusers o
tho defendants.--Case and Com-
The total shipments of orang.is and
lemons from southern California for
the season, November 1, 1903. to Juno
27, 1904, havo been 25,450 .carloads,
which, at tho rate of 3(50 bones to tho
car, would amount to 9,102,0)0 boxes.
Tho shipments for tho corresponding
period last season were 19,890 cars,
or 7,160,400 boxes.
ARTHUR'S' FALL . '"
13,000 Killed and Wounded m 24 Hours. Two Jap
anese (ienerals Wounded. French Syndicate
Give Russia War Loan of $160,000,000.
ALL QUIET AT PRESENT AROUND MUKDEN,
Save a Number of Minor Skirmishes. Vida Succccdes
McGurn as Deputy Sheriff. Fred Church to Manage
The Royal Hawaiian Hotel. Sugar Still Booming.
(Special by Wireless to The News)'
Honolulu, Dec. 2. StigmS test, 4.65,
beets 13s. gd.
Chefoo, Dec. 2.- -The Japanese casual
ties in the past twenty fonr hours' fight
ing nt Port Arthur are 13,000 killed and
wounded. The besieging force hope to
capture Port Arthur by the 10th.
Mukden, Dec. 2. There have been a
nunibcr of skinnishes, otherwise all is
Tokio, Dec. 1. General Tchuchiya and
Nakauiura were wounded iu the last at
tack on Port Arthur.
Honolulu, Dec. 1. Henry Vida has
appointed under sheriff to succeed Albert
Honolulu, Dec. 2. The Mahaula case
will probably go to the jury today.
Paris, Dec. 1. A French syndicate will
take up $ 160,000,000 of the Russian Joan
Honolulu, Dec. i.F. J. Church has
accepted the offer ns Manager of the
Royal Hawaiian Hotel.
Tokio, Japan, Nov. 30, It is reported
that tile Japancss assaulted, carried, and
retained the southeastern portion of 203
Berlin, Germany, Nov. 30. The ne
gotiations for the commercial treaty be
tween Germany and Austria have been
Rome. Italy, Nov. 30 The King has
reopened the Italian Parliament. His
speech from the throne is liberal in tone.
He urges arbitration and avoidance of
St. Petersburg' Nov. 30. If the Japan
ese have captured the 203 metre hill, the
situation at Port Arthur is critical.
New Vori:, Nov. 30. Seccrtary A. L.
C. Atkinson of Hawaii was banqueted
last night at the Lotus Club.
Washington, D. C,, Nov. 30. Rear
Admiral Davis has accepted appointment
as the American member of the North
Benton, 111., Nov. 29, The mining
labor troubles at Zeigler have assumed a
serious.phase. Five hundred shots were
fired during the night. No one was se
riously hurt. The militia has arrived.
Brest, Frauce, Nov. 29. The Russian
destroyer Prozitetny has arrived with n
hole in her hull caused by anchor. The
boat will repair here.
St. Petersburg, Russia, Nov. 29. It
is reported that many Japanese troops
have been withdrawn from Manchuria to
assist in the attack on Port Arthur,
Paris. Fra'hce., Nov. 29.--Admiral
Fournierhas bees named as the French
rerrpsenfativ'e on the North Sea Com
Tokio, Nov. 29--l6 is reported that
the Japanese are succeeding in their as
suits, 203 meters bf the principal hill lmv
ing beeu carried -and held. (With the
capture of this point), ithe occupation of
the Russian works will auiount to ninety
per cent, and every paf of,the harbor
will be exposed to the Japanese guus.
London, Nov. 29. Admiral Togo's
blockading fleet at Port Artiiur lias been
Panama, Nov. 29. Secretary Taft con
ferred yesterday with President Amador
0:1 disputed questions between the Uni
ted States and the isthmian republic
Sau Francisco, Cal., Nov. 23,Isaac
Shelby, an Australian pracher,. shot at
Judge Htbbard today while he was seat
cd on the Bench. The shot missed its
mark. The cause of the shooting was'an
adverse decision by the Judge on an ap
peal for divorce,
Columbus, O., Nov. 29, General Ja-
Coxcy, who headed Coxcv's armv of
tramps which inarched to Washington
several years ago, has become a bankrupt
with liabilities of $23 7,000.
St. Petersburg. Nov. 20. --.Prince fin!.
itzin, mayor of Moscow, proposes calling
meeting 01 Kussiau mayors to discuss
Mukden, Manchuria. Nov. 2S. Cli
Viceroy Honau has complied with the in
structions of the Empress for clothing
the soldiers in European clothes and cut
ting 01 tueir queues.
St- Petersburg, Russia, Nov. 28. The
American proposal for an arbitratinn
treaty with Russia has been accepted.
Washington. D. C. Nov. a8....T? Her.
land and Russia have asked the United
States to name a naval officer as a mem
her of the null court of inquiry.
Cronstadt, Nov. 28. Two American
submarine boats have arrived for the
Suez, Nov. 2S. Admiral Volkeram'
division of the .Pacific squadron has
Mukden, Nov. 38. Snowstorms are
prevailing with freezing weather, which
is expected to coutiuuc for four mouths.
Salonica, Nov. 28. The revolutionary
movement of the Bulgarians has assumed
alarming proportions. The Sultan of
Turkey is hastening troops to the scene
Auburn, Cal., Nov. 28. The money
stolen from the Pla?er County Bank '.ha?
been found in the Weber barn. Adolph
Weber, who is held for the wholesale
uiurder of his family, is now charged with
the bank robbery.
HoUister Drug Coo
HONOLULU, H. T
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MONDAY, DEC. 5th,
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