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V VOLUME X
WAILUKU, MAUI, H. T., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1904
NUMBER 17 . . 1
p JOHN RICHARDSON
Attorney at Lav
And Notauy Public
LAIIAINA, . . MAUI
A. N. UAYSELDEN
ATTOKKEY AT LAW
AND N DTAKY PUDLIC
'TjAHAINA, - - MAUI.
ATTOHNEY AT LAW
FinsT National Bank
WAILUKU. : : : : MAUI.
;' W. F. CROCKETT
ATTORNEY AT LAW
f' WAILUKU. MAUI.
C. W. ASHFORB
Attorney & Counsellor
Da. JOHN WED'DICK,
' - WAILUKU.
u Office Uouss:
" 0 to 10 A.M.. 2 tO 4 P.M.,
7 tO S 1. M. IIOSl'lTAL 10 A. M.
EDWARD ABMITAGE, M. D,
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON
EYE, li'AR. NOSK AND THROAT
r Office Hours: 3 toll a. m., 1 to a
k p. m;, 7 to 8 p. tn.
I Kuihelani Homestead, Wailuku.Maui
DR. WM. G. ROGERS
Eve. "Ear. Nose and Throat
Rooms 33-31 Alexander Young
Phone Mam No. 18.
te&O. S AIKEN, D. D: S.
Office, SUNNYSIDE AND PUUNENE
Hours, 9 A. M. to 4. P. M.
FA. H. OLARlC, D. D. S. 1 l' FREA3, D. D. s
fOLARK & PREAR
Mclntyro Btdg. Foft and King.
jlIour3, 8 A. M. to 1 p. M. Honolulu. 11. i
H. R. HITCHCOCK
NOT AHY PUBLIC
(EDMUND II. HART
sNotary Public, Conveyencer and
f Aqent to Grant Mauriaqe License
Office, Circuit Corut, 2nd Circuit
IMOSES K. NAKUINA.
U For the Island of Molokai
firftJKOO MOLCm AJ
. . Send 75c $1.00 $1.2E
jr $1.50 fob a nice box of Chocolattw
Rind confections, sent post or freight
Kreo to any part of tho Islands.
Mart & Cq? Ltd
Honolulu. H. T.
From a Commercial Stand
point. Different Varieties
Considered. Best Is
TME CASTILLOA ELASTICA
For the Hawaiian Islands.
How to Plant. Mature in
Eig'it Years. The Gov
ernmen' Should Act on It.
The following extra :t from an
article by John Kidwell cn rubber
culture, in the November number
of the Hawaiian Forester and Agri
culturist, will be read with peculiar
intere.it by those who believe in the
future of the rubber industry on
Castilloa elastica is perhaps
among the more desirable hinds ci
rubber pioducing tree-!, all things
considered, the one mo-it likely to
give satisfactory result.3 in this Ter
ritory. It is found growing wild
in Mexico up to 21 degrees north lat
itude, and reaches down several de
grees south of the equator, from sea
leve' to mo.v than 3,009 feet
elevation, tlfoujh it i.s suid not to
yield much nubcr at anything
over 2,000 fest. Tho latter state
ment is, perhaps, very much like a
Scotch verdict, not pioven, the evi
dence in tho casj being that an is
olated troa was found at tho high
er altitude, and on tapping it
yielded no rubber; barren trees
oi both Uastilloa anu llcvea nave
been found growing side by side in
tho forests with ferule trees, the na
tives putting their private marks
on the barren trees, indicating that
they are not worth bothering with,
and thoy call them "ma'e" trees,
although they bear seed as freely
as the prolific ones. In the East
Indies the preference has so far
been given to the Hcvea. alhough
the Castilloa has its advocates
there also. In , tho Vcst Indies
they seem to prefer the Castilloa,
but they are many cxc:ptions
there also. In Mexico and Central
America the planters confino them
selves almost entirely to Castilloa
elastica as a matter of course, the
tree being found rigit at their
doors. It is estimated that at
least twenty million dollars have
been invested by the people of the
United States in rubber plantations
in Mexico and Central America dur
ing tho last 10 years. Like all the
foregoing kinds Castilloa will grow
readily from cuttings, but planters
generally consider that seedlings
are to be preferred. According to
.Mr. Koschny, a resident of Costa
Rica and a student of the Castilloa
elastica there arc two kinds of this
trees also, the light and dark color
w'd bark?, but contrary to tho Hovea
Braziliensis,- in this case it is the
light bark that is good, the dark
ones, lie says, are not worth plant
ing. Perhaps the safest plan to follow
inlhiscaso would 'bo to securoh
supply of tho light colored cuttings
for seed bearers, and a quantity of
selected seed, tho product from
which could weeded out as sooij
as thoy beoomo old onough to show,
their true character. UcsLlf
Hinonttinc would nrobablv nroduoe
" O ' i V iff - . 1
seed much sooner than the seed
lines would. Tho seed is
remain good alter bccominggipeFlt
washed clean of pulp, ami TacKtffj
iti dry, pulverized charcoal, p
45 dr.ys, after which thoy soOnflc
their vitality; -anu they do
tho seedlings are puny. Iu October
of last year thcDcpartmentof Agri.
culture at Washington issued
Bulletin 49, being a report by O. F.
Cook of his observations of the
Rubber Tree in Central America
under cultivation and otherwise.
This Bulletin is in tliclibrary of
tho U. S. Experimental Station,
and probably J. O. Sinith, the
Director, would alio v anyone who
might be particularly interested in
rubber to read it. Mr. Cook is evi
dently a shrewd observer, and
and while he concedes that under
favorable conditions the cultivation
cf the rubber tree is entirely
practical, and may prove to be
profitable, he yet deems it to be his
duty to caution the people of tho
United States to go slow inputting
their money into any of the "get
rich quick" propositions now so
rampant in Central America. In
saying this ho desires it to bo
distinctly understood that ho docs
not include all of the rubber plant
ing undertakings in this class. Ho
is of tho opinion that Castilloa
elastica does not require a contin
uously humid climate to grow well
and to productive, nor does the
falling of its leaves during the dry
season do it any harm, but rather
that it is a protection against tho
drought. Mr. Cook thinks that
there is but one excuso for plant
ing Castilloa under the Bhadc of
other trees and that is to avoid the
expense of clearing the land. Cas
tilloa thrives bestwhen planted in
the open; any ohadc that may be
needed for the ground can be secur
ed by planting the young trees near
toether, say 10x10 feet apart, with
a view to thinning them out later
on should it appear to be accessary.
This tree attains a height of GO to
80 feet and a diameter oi 3 or 3.5
feet, a yard from the ground; the
Hovea grows somewhat larger.
The yield of the Castilloa taking
the year through is probably about
the same as that of Hcvea, although
some wonderful reports have come
from Central America of Castilloa
trees having produced 50 pounds of
rubber each at one tapping, but
it does not appear that there were
any witnesses present. This trees,
like tho Hevea. should not be tao-
ped before it is 8 yu.irs old evenun-
1 il i 11 ! -
der the most favorable conditions
of growth, 10 years being a safer,
ago at which to begin tapping,
Little need be said at
relative to the processes of extract
ing the latex and preparing' 'the
rubber for market; it is enough ttf
say mat oom aro very fimyie,ip'
quiring more care thanactual skill
and as improved impitwicntfur
tapping the trees, andjlteciieth
ods for ooagulatingjtfifc&latox aro
being brought intoa&ecyery year
it will be safe to dWetcopsideration
of this part of fubbi$production
until our crop approached maturity.
crop of rubMrlnotffo mention its
uncertainty,!? 'would seem to bo
well, if thoGbverriment could see
its way creartod&'so, for it to 6end
one of itBin.mcn to Mexico and
Brazil tcjgecurseeds and cuttings
oi uicipsHt Kinus oi iusuuuu eias-
Braailiensis in order to bo
to sell stock to thoso
whop willing to try rutbej
cuiUytijo in this Territory; tin
Xxoveraraent of Ccvlon has found
iprofitSblo to do so. Thero is cer-
tainlya largo area of suitable land
1n those Islands where rubber trees
Wum be perfectly at home, which
canno be put to any other use ow
h. to tho roughness of its surface
and it mav vet be found that
finuph of the higher land which is
iTio? suitable for,, sugar would be
adapted to the cultivation of
German papers say the mule will
probably be replaced in the
twentieth century by a more effi
cient animal, as it has b.'on demon
strated that the mule tho cross
between the donkey and horse is
inferior to the cioss between the
horse and zebra.
Formorly tho opinion prevailed
that tho zebra was almost extinct.
The opening up of Africa, partic
ularly, tlic eastern part, reveals
these fine animals in large num
bers. Compared with horses and cattle,
they possess peculiar advantages,
ns they arc immune from the very
dangerous horbc diseaso of Africa,
and also against the deadly tsetse
tiy. The question was therefore
raised v hcther the zebra could not
take tho placo of the mule, com
monly used in the Tropics. The
greatest credit with reference to the
solution of this problem is duo to
Pro. Cossar Ewart, who has been
trying since 1895 to produco crosses
between horses and zebra?, with a
view to developing an animal su
perior in every respect to the mule.
Three species of zebras still exist
in Africa: The so-called "Grevy"
zebra, on the high plateaus of
3choa; the common, or mountain,
zebra, formerly found everywhere
in South Africa; and the "Burchcll"
Professor Ewart produce! crosses
from mares of different bred and
zebra stallions of the Burchell
kind. Tho offspring is called
"zebrula," and on account of its
form and general bodily condition,
especially the hardness of the hoofs,
is especially adapted for all trans
port work heretofore performed by
mules. The zebrula it much live
lier than the nmlu and at least as
The Indian government has al
ready experimented with zebrulas
for transporting mountain artillery
In Germany much interest in
this jimal is manifested. The
wclluriawhtfHai'en beck is expo:-
this direction and in-
tcndfeinroduce the zebrula into
GcrmunVnnd America. Tliezoolog
l-' l&Li specimens, ino zeura
striDca arc often well nreserved.
gjuly tho undertono of the skin is
generally that of the mother. A full
grWn zebrula is 14 hands high and
tno girdlo circumference about 160
centimeters (G3 inches).
fho experiments so far have been
so successful that it is predicted
that the zebrula, during tho present
century, will completely supersede
In York County, Virginia, they
aro making watermelon syrup,
which -is said to bo rich and soft in
taste, and as good as it sounds.
Tho South sends the earliest
watermelon away. She can by no
means eat all tho latter and the
best. Inevitably, thero is great
waste of watermelon. Watorsyrup,
watermelon sugar; there is a new
ndustry in tho bud. If tho flavor
of watermelon syrup is as happy
as it i3 painted, maple syrup will
have to look to its laurels. Besides,
it is getting hardor every year, in
tho cities at least, to get genuine
Ya3unosuko Fukukita, a Jap
anese student in English who gracl
uat d from Stanford hist May, has
been awarded a scholarship m En
glish at Harvard University by the
Harvard Club cf San Francisco.
This scholarship is for one year and
was .last year given to J. K, Bon
nell, a Stanford graduate, who re
cently was appointed to tho faculty
of the English department at Stan
ford. Owing to the excellent, re
cord of .Fukukita while a student
tt Stanford'hc was appointed,
RUSSIANS DESTROY T
Only Hie Cruiser. Askold Reserved. Will Tr,y to;
Run Blockade and Join the Baltic Fleet.
.General No.tfs Son Killed.
RISE OF TEN POINTS
Raw Sugar Still Firm. Mrs. Chadwick in Tombs For
La:k of Bail. U. S. Petrel in Honolulu. Russian
Division Has Been Ordered to ' Afghan Frontier.'
(Special by Wireles3 to The News)
Londou, Dec. 9. -All the RusJan
battleships, cruisers and gunboats in
Pert Arthur, with one exception,
have been destroyed and their crews
landed. The armored crjiser Askokl
alone remaining intact. Tho Askoid
is coaling, replacing her mocliincry
and preparing to escape, run the
blockade of tho Japanese fleet and
joir. the Baltic squadron.
Fusan, Dec. O.-Gencral Nogi's ro
mainlng son was killed on the 2nd.
His other son was killed a'. Shan L t ill.
New York. Dec. 9.-Mrs. Chadwick
has been taken t.i the Tombs, being
unable to secure bondsmen iz the
sum of $15,000.
New Yo.k, Dec. O-Sugar, 9G test,
4.05; beets .14s. 51d. Refined sugar
has. advanced ten points.
Honolulu, Dec. 9.-Tho U. S. gun
boat Petrel ari'iveJ last night.
Washington, D. C., Dec. 7. Sena
tor Piatt has introduced a bill in the
Senate redueini: the representation
of the South by 19 Congressmen.
Washington, D. C, 7. Tho Senate
has agreed to vote or- the Philippine
Government bill Dec. IG.
Tokio, Dec. 7.-It is officially an
nounced that the Russian cruiser
Poltava has been sunk, and the battle
ship Rctviziu seriourly damaged as
a result of the Japanese bombard
mert of Port Arthur.
Washington, D. C, Dec. 7. -To Jap
anese consul, Honolulu: The Port
Arthur besieging amry reports that
tho enemy on Akasalcayama being
unable to stand our plunging dre
from 203-mctres hill evacuated it en
tirely and wo .occupied it on Tuesday.
Wo captured also two other hills
near Itzushah on tho same day.
Vladivostok, Dec. O.-The Japanese
cruiser Adzuma is reported to have
been sunk by a mine.
Washington, D. C. Dec. G. To Jap
neso Consul, Honolulu: Port Arthur
besieging army reports that our na
val guns bombarded tho Russian
ships id the port from the 3d to thd
5th of December and several of tho
enemy.s ships especially tho Podieda
and Rotvisan, were observed hit re
peatedly, On the afternoon of the 5th of Dec
ember the enemy's powder magazine
at the south of Pohyushan was hit
by our shells and exploded, causing
conflagration for over two hours,
On tho 5th of December) our heavy
guns also worked effectively on the
Russians 8hips,iucluding tho Polta
va, which raised a thick smcke last
ing tor one hour.
Tho sicgo works against Sungshus
han and forts to the cast of the same
contlnutd the day and night of the
4th of December nud captured two
qu'.ckfirors in tho cuponlero of
On the 0th of December our heavy
guns renowetl bombardment against
tho Russian ships with satisfactory
results. JJoirbardtnent still continu
tinues. 1 Hioia.
Auburn,- Cab, Dec. 6. Xho Grand
Jury has. iodicutad ypuug Webei for
the murder of his father.
IN REFINED SUGAIf
Washington, D. C, Dec. G- Sec
retary Shaw him sent ConL'ress- the
estimates made by Governor Carter
for dredging Honolu'u harbor at
$230,000, refund to the Territory
$175,022, one million dollars for Ho
nolulu Federal building and a million
for Hilo Federal building,
Washington, D. C, Dec. G. Tl.o
nomination of Chief Justice Frear.
Associate Justice Ilarlwill nud
Hatch and Circuit Judges Matthew-:
man, Parsons and Hardy weie sent
to the Senate today for confirmation.
London, Dee. The Russian'
division stationed in the Caucasus
has been ordered to the Afghan
Saloni.a, Deo. 0. A Greek band
yesterday murdered twentv four
Bulgarians. As a result the Otto
man government has ordereij thu
mobilization f sixteen battalions of
redirs at Monasttr,
St. Louis, Dec. G. Charges of jor- '
ruptlon in awarding the World's! '
Fair premiums have been filed with'
thu National Commission.
Washington, D. C, Dec. 5. -Thd
United Slates Supremo Court has'
denied the applications for writ3 of
certiorari, in tho cases of the Ameri
can Sugar Refining Company vs. the
United States, affirming the decision
of the Circuit Court of Appeals
which sustained tho Government.
Tho suit was brought to test the
validity of tho Treasury regubtlocs
allowing temperature modification
Washington, D. C., Dec. 5.
Congress convened today and after
tho formal opening adjourned for the
day out of respect for Senators Hoar
Harbin, December 5. The ware
house of tho Red Cross at tins placo
has been burned, causing a great
loss of supplies.
Shanghai, December. 5, Indigna-
Hen is felt hero that Russia is using
Shanghai as a depot for millitary and
naval stores. Local butchers havo
ordered ' several million pounds
SANTA CLAUS WILL
TAKE UP HIS HEAD
QUARTERS WITH US
MONDAYj DEG. 5t!n
y. A; V5TLESEN, Prop.