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WAILUKU, MAUI, H. T., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1904
, JOHN RICHARDSON
Attorney at Law
And Notary Punuo
ffA. IN. tiAlom-iUiiin
-r-T k tM -r-r TT1M
ATTORNEY AT LAW .
''I AXD NOTARY PUBLIC
.DAHAINA, - - MAUI.
,J. M. VIVAS
ATTORNEY AT LAW
First National Bank
WAILUKU. : : : : MAUI.
! W. F. CROCKETT
f.' . , AfTl T Allr
C: W. ASHFORD
' Attorney & Counsellor
V Dr. JOHN WEDDICK,
' Office Hours:
( 9 to 10 A. m.. 2 to 4 p. jr.,
s 7 to 8 p. sr. Hospital 10 a. m.
EDWARD ARM IT AGE, M. D,
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON
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J' Office Hours: 8 to 11 a. m., 1 to d
g p. m., 7 to 8 p. m.
t Kuihelani Homestead, Wailuku.Maui
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H. R. HITCHCOCK
, LAH AINA, MAUI.
M3DMUND II. HART
s;N6tary Public, Conveyencer and
fAoENT to Grant Marriage License
Office, Circuit Corut, 2nd Circuit
pIOSES K. NAKUINA
g& For tho Island of Molokai
Send 75c $1.00 $1.2?
or $1.50 for a nico box of Chocolate
, and confections, sent post or froifrht
bfrch to any part of tho Islands.
Wart & Co., Ltd
ON ISLAND OF MAUI
Forester Hosmcr's Report to
Board of Agriculture. Pro
posed Forest Reserve.
In accordance with your request,
I submit herewith a report upon tho
forest questions contained in tho
proposition of thcllaleakala Ranch
Company, of Maui, made jointly
to the Board and tho Commissioner
of Public Lands, under the date of
November 2, 1901.
It is suggested by tho Ranch
Company that the forest of the
government land known as the A
hupuaa of Makawao, otherwise
and locally, as'ltho Board of Edu
cation land, coptaining 2021 acres,
more or less, be set apart as a forest
reserve. To this area they propose
shall bo added the forested portion
of tho Ahupuaa of Kalialinui, con
taining 2752 acres, more or less,
and also that part of tho same land
lying in tho crater of Halcakala,
in tho atershed of the Keanao
valley, 29GG acres more or less,
this provided that tho proposed ex
change shall bo consummated.
Makawao is in thp district of Ha
makuapoko, Kalialinui in Kula,
both on the Island of Maui. Their
relation to each other and to other
adjacent lands is shown on the
large scale map, submitted with
the Ranch Company's report and
now on file in this office.
Tho forest portion of Makawao
was fenced by the Ranch Company
about eight years ago and stock
has, since then, been kept out of
The forested Section of Kaliali'a
ui has only recently been set apart,
but a fence now extends along its
western edge from the lower reserve
to the steep pali above the Koolau
Gap and tho rattle have been got
out of the woods. There is said to
be a band of wild cattle in tho
main forest, some distance makai
of this fence. No estimate can bo
given of its size.
Having personally visited tho
lands in question and gone over
ground in some detail, I am reason
ably familiar with tho conditions
thereon. My personal kno vledgo
of tho district lias been supplement
ed hy conversation1! and conferences
about tho lands with tho gentle
men most familiar with them, held
during Governor Carters recent
visit to Maui, and at other times.
The area which it is proposed bo
set apart and added to, consists of
a belt of forest, composed mainly
of Ohia and Koa trees, which
stretches up thq northeastern slops
of Halcakala, from an elevation of
about 2500 feet, near Piiholo Hill
to Between 0000 and 7000 feet, near
tho Koolau Gap tbo great break
in the or.tter wall of Haleakala, at
tho head of Keanao valley. This
area is some tyelvo miles long by
about ono and one-half miles wide.
Tho forest on this belt ia the
western edge qf tho great Koolau
forest, which covers, in an unbrok
on strotch, all ,tho eastern side of
As tho principal value of n con
siderable portion of tho Koolau
District, is on 'account of tho water
that can bo developed thoroin for
the irrigation of tho groat Wailu
ku Plain, it may bo wolhin passing
to considor tho sourco of this
Tho Koolf n District can prob
ably boast as hoavy precipitation
as any area jiri the Territory.
The higlnist records aro from tho
Keanao section, whore, at Nahiku,
400 inches in a yoar havo been re
cordotL Q&eithur side of this g'oc-
more gradually to the North . than
to tho South. In general the con
ditions governing precipitation
must bo similar to those obtaining
in tho Ililo District of Hawaii, as
both sections aro situated on the
eastern side of high .mountains,
subject to trade winds. As yet not
very much is definitely known as
the exact way in which rainfall is
distributed over eastern slope of
For some reason tho upper limit
of the heavy precipitation scents to
be higher on Haleakala than on
Mauna Kca, fact that makes it
desirable that the forest bo kept
intact up to a higher elevation
than in Ililo.
The present edge of the Koolau
forest is not alone tho arbitrary
line where tho trees now stop and
tho grazing land begins. It ie, as
well, almost identical with the
place where the area of heavj' pre
cipitation finally fades away into
tho drier climatic conditions of tho
Kula district. This transition is a
fairly sharp one, for the region just
beyond Olinda, which is only a
little way outside of the forest, is
as dry as pirt of Kula; a condition
probably duo to the inlluence of
tho mountain upon the flind. cur
rents', for the winds from either
direction die out on reaching this
Its present edge may therefore
be considered as the natural boun
dary of the Koolau forest, as well
as tho limit of rainfall that can be
But this is not the only reason
why the present forest should be
maintained. Tho nature and con
figuration ef tho country' is such
that in 'the strip of ' forest under
question, head all the important
streams from the Haliko gulch to
the Keanae valley; all tho streams
in fact that drain the heart of the
Nowhere in tho Territory has
there been such systematic develop'
ment of tho water as in this dis
trict. And with tho completion of
the new ditches large additional
areas, now of only comparatively
small value, will bo made highly
productive, with a consequent gain
of just as much in thogensral pros
perity of the Territory
The statement has rccontlv been
made that for every million gal
Ions per day of water developed,
ono hundred additional acres of
cane can be planted. As the gov
ernment shares in this extension of
productivity, both through direct
taxation and also indirectly,
through the increase of wealth in
tho Territory, this matter has a
beari.ig which should be considered
in the proposed exchange. For if
tho upper forest increases the
amount of water which can bo
made available for use, and this I
beliovo it docs, just so much does it
increase the welfaro of the Ter
Tho importance of protecting tho
forest on tho watershed of tho
streams throughout tho Koolau dis
trict is well understood by the
Baldwin interests. Plans aro ndw
well undor way wheroby tho whole
strotch of tho Koolau forost may bo
mado a great resorvj. To fully ac
complish" tho desired end t,lio lands
now undor consideration should
favor an exchange, provided it is
upon reasonable torms. Such I
bolievo to bo tho caso with tho one
From a study of tho conditions
on tho ground, tho lino along tho
edge of tho forest, proposed by the
Ranch Company, most of whioh is
now fenced, seems to mo to be as
good a boundary for tho forest as
could be chosen. It includes pract
ically till, the forost land ami in
boundaries which materially re
duces tho cost of fencing.
The part of Kaliulinui within
the Koolau Gap I consider a very
desirable addition to the reserve, as
it lies at the head of one of the
largest and most important valleys
on the whole mountain side.
Clouds are constantly drifting in
and out through tho Gap and much
water must be dropped on this up
per land, to appear in tho springs
and brooks lower down.
For the adequate protection of
tho highly important watershed of
the Koolau district, I believe that
the forest lands in 'question should
be set apart, along with tho. large
area for which plans aro now being
I therefore recommend that the
board immediately request thcfGov-
ernor to set apart as a forest
reserve, after tho hearing required
by law, tho forested portion of the
Ahupuaa of Makawao; the boun
daries of the same to bo as shown
on tno map submitted by tho Ha
leakala Ranch Company.
I further recommend that the
two parts of the Ahupuaa of Kaliu
linui, as shown on the Haleakala
Ranch Company's map, bo also
made a part of tho forest reserve.
And I suggest that the board so
recommend to the Commissioner
of Public Lands.
In case an exchange is consum
mated, a fencing clause should be
inserted as a part of tho contract.
The one suggested by the Halea
kala Ranch Company in their let
ter meets with my approval. It
reads as follows: "To fence and
keep fenced during the term of the
charter of the company, all por
tions of this forest reserve adjoin
ing the Halcakala Ranch lands,
wherever fencing is necessary to
keep stock out of tho forest."
JAPANESE STRIKE 4
But Fail to Obtain Advance
so Return to Work.
Last Wednesday was a day of
considerable excitement at Eleole.
Tho contract cane cutters of tho
Eleelo side of McBryde plantation
becaino dissatisfied with tho con
tracts they had entered into with
tho plantation and demanded of
Manager Stodart thatho raiso the
contract prica from eighteen to
twenty cents a ton for cano cutting.
This was last Tuesday, and during
tho night tho Japaneso organized
themselves into a labor union and
sent out walking delegates ' who
visited every Japanese employeo
on tho Eleele side of the plantation
and demanded that thero bo an ab
solute cessation of labor on tho
plantation. Even tho houso ser
vants of Managor Stodart were
visited and given tho ultimatum.
Tho affair assumed a sorious aspect
before clcvon o'clock Tuesday night
for tho reason that it was tho in
tention of. tho Manager that the
mill should start grinding Wednes
day morning and a groat many
Japanese wero employed in tho mill
and thcEO had all been onjered out
on tho strike and had ageed to
join. Mr. btotlart loarnea tnoso
facts Tuosday' night about olovon
o'clock and hastily mado arrange
ments to start tbo mill next morn
ing as planned and uso Chinese and
Portuguese in the mill in tho place
of Japaneso, Next morning the
one hundred contract cano cutters
of tho Eleelo side of tho plantation,
joined by about four hundred cano
boors, otc. refused to ' go to work
and not a Japaneso showed up ut
the mill far jirork. Still tho mill
LEAVE PORT ARTHUR
Situation Unchanged at Mukden, Japanese
Cruisers Patrolling Port of Singapore.
Jap War Ships Hunting Baltic Fleet,
WILL FIGHT THE
San Francisco Firms Withdraw From Local Trust.
Unconfirmed Rumor of Recapture of 203 Meter Hill.
Nan Randolph Jury Out. The Sugar Market Firm.
(Special by Wireless to The News.)
Cliefoo, Dec. 23. It is reported
that eight torpedo destroyers escap
ed from Port Arthur during the re
cent snow storm.
Mukden, Dec. 23. The military
situation hero is unchanged.
Singapore, Dec. 23. Japanese
cruisers aro patrolling outnide this
New York, Dec. 23. The Nan
Paterson jury have been locked up
for the night.
St. Petersburg, Dec. 22. An un
confirmed report has been receiv
ed here that the Port Arthur gar
rison havo recaptured the 203 Meter
San Francisco. Dec. 22. Four,
firms have withdrawn from the local
sugar trust. It is believed that on
the arrival of the product from the
new Hawaiian refinery there will be
a cut in prices.
Honolulu, Dec. 23. Sugar, 9G test,
4 65, beets lis. 2Jd.
St. Petersburg, Russia, Dec. 22
The Emperor has virtually declared
that,the constitutional agitations are
ParjaWYanee,3C. 22. The first
held tday Adiiftvof
Anctt'in uncnhrKn tno Hf trv-lMi.-vnh.aK
Copenhagen, Dee. 22. IbiscrmTilPWtmlShR honr nmnliilmi.il
eu mat. mo vur minister nas per
mitted Danish factories to raanufac
ture arms for Russia.
Tokio, Japan, Dec. 21,-The foreign
naval attaches and a parliamentary
delegation are going to Port Arthur
by the transport Mansu for a tour
of tho cano already cut and the
cane which came in from the La-
wai side of tho plantation the mill
was able to run steadily along all
day Wednesday, with the assis
tance of the Portuguese and Chinese
who had boon put in to the mill.
On tho whole Eleelo side of the
plantation not a Japanese touched
his hand to a piece of work the day
long. lutriy in ttio morning a
delegation of twenty mon had gone
to Lawai and had urged tho Jap
aneso employed on that side of
McBrydo to join them in tho strikp,
but these Lawai Japanese ilatly ro
fused to havo anything to do with
tho matter, and stayed by thoir
Lato in tho afternoon tho Jap
aneso bogari to see that thoy were
up against failure and repaired to'
tho Managor with a proposition of
compromise. If the Manager would
givo thorn 19 conts por ton instead
of IS conts ,w.hioh thoy had con
tracted for, They u'ould go back to
work and taka with thorn all the
idle Japaneso on the plantation.
Munager Stoditrt told them that
thoy had mado! a fair contract and
thoy either had to iivo up to it au
It had been m.ado or throw it up
nltogethor. Tlioii tho tHyue cutter
. Shaighai, China, Dec. 22. The
Japanese war vessels aro proceeding
to meet-the Russian Baltic fleet.
"Washington, D. C, Dec. 21. Con
.gress adjoruned till Jan. 4, for the
usual holiday recess.
Washington, Dec. 21.-The prosecu
tion in the Smoot case ha?, finished
its work nnd the defence will begin
on January 10th.
"Washington, D. C, Dec. 21,-Con-gressman
Hepburn has introduced a
bill appropriating $100,000. for a
lepvosy hospital for Hawaii. Also
$250,000. for a leprosarium on aban
doned military reservatioas in tho
Hongkong, Dec. 21.-H Is reported
that a powerful Japanese squadron
is enroute to meet tho approaching
St. Petersburg, Dec. 21,-The mob
ilization of 200,000 fresh troops will
begin in the Spring. Gen. Kuropat
km will then have 000,000 men.
Sa'onica, Dec. 20. Turkish troops
have annihilated a Bulgarian band of
25 men. A Greek priest and four
peasantshave also been killed.
Constantinople, Dco.20 Tim Tur
kish Government is negotiating for a
loan of $15,000,000, to purchase ar
tillery. Ascuncion, Paraguay, Dec. 20.
rn&ii...... .!.,.. t l r..i
Nigretia. The serrA
was leaving Port ArtlnirrflitBtiS
sians on board, and tho Nigretia WWf'
bound to Vladivostok with contrabandfcpi
fin nnn i n l Piieclnn rft1rfiia nn Krniit
LUI Ul.'l lhUO.l.llf UI..V.IO U.l WVMIV.
throw up to contract entirely. This
also was refused by the managor.
He told them if thoy cut cane at
all they must do so under thoir
own contracts; they could go to
work hoeing cane and other field
work by the day if they desired,
but that wa the best he would do
for them.- By this time the mill!
hands, who have better work and
receive bettor wages than tho flold
hands, began to feel that the mill V
could run without thuni, and that
thoy were in a good way to loso
their own jobs by helping out tho
cano cutters, if thing wre not soon
adjusted, and they therefore, put in
a word or two edgeways, and in
sisted that tho field laborers agrea,
to go back to work in tho cane
fields if they did not desire to carry
out the cano cutting contractu, and
they would go b t k to work in. tho .
mill theniselveo the next in ruing.
Manager Stodart had n abjections
to this and the matter wo so ar
ranged. Thursday morning the
Japanese mil ...hjiyidti tuok their
pluv in the nrfl'ajulf ttre o'i.' hun
dred cane oi!ttnrA 'tt&wimninir.l the
regular Held labdfesf it. j' cano
rieldx, hoeing cane.
trouble hn istn Mlw-l3ar-
iantei to (Uik&uliimi