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PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY
Office, ROBINSON BLDG., Main St.
WAILIKI. MALI, T. H.
One year, (in advance) . $2.50
Six mont hs, " ... 1.50
The columns of 'tie Nw admit coraniunlca
tlmn oo portinent topics. VVrtte only on
one side of pnper. Sinn your mime which
will be held c-inlldentiul if desired.
G. B. ROBERTSON, Ed. and Prop.
C. L CLEMENT, Bus. Mgr.
MAUI BLUE BDOK
Hon. A . J. Kopnlkul, Circuit ludfre, Wnllimu
Kilmnnd H. Hurt. Clerk Circuit Court. WniluUu
Judge W. A. McKay Uist. Magistrate, Wniluku
cnas. copp, MUKRWHU
' O. H. Lindsay, " " bahalna
" Kunukau, " ' Honuimla
" J. Kalama, " ' Hnna
" Pllmitnu. " " Ktjmtauln
" McCorrlston " " Moloknl
" Kauoohalanala, " ' Lanai
L. M. Baldwin, Sheriff, Watlukn
W. E. StifTery, Dsputy Sberilt Wailuku
Edgar Morton " " Mnkawao
R. i Hose. " ' Lahaina
F. Wlttrock, " ' Hana
H. U. Hitchcock, " ' Molokai
Levi Joseph " ' " Klpahulu
Cantaln Polios. Wal'uku
H. Iwiena, " " Makawao
O. K. Keawehaku. " " Lahnina
H. 7.. K:i1oo. " " Hana
J. H. Wilmington, ' ' Kalaupapa
W. T. Robinson, TiX Assessor, wailuku
J. N. K. Koola, Deputy Assessor Wailuku
A P Turnrna I Pala
G.piinn, " Lahatna
M. H. Reuter. " " Hana
UNCLE SAMS DAIRY
Enormous Production of Butter
in the United States.
jy The question of "offensive partisanship" in politics, which
called forth the strictures of Grover Cleveland ou the mainland
during his presidential incumbency, has appeared on the Island in
a modified, but to a certain extent an objectional form. It is too
much to ask that any intelligent and patriotic man, even though he
be an office holder, shall abstain from all interest or participation
in practical politics.' But on the other hand the taint of the "fam
lly compact" pervades Islands politics, and it cannot be truthfully
denied that such influences have heretofore largely controlled the
selection of our public officials. It is well enough for ihe Govern
ment to take an active interest in local politics, along legitimate
lines, and there is no particular objection to Government officials
serving on political committees, provided such committeemen are
left free to act on their own convictions. It is the possibility how
ever of having Government influence brought to bear on such com
miteemen that marks the danger line.
53 53 a
MP .... - ,-. ...
58 II tne assurances or uovernor Uarter are to be relied upon
Maui will lose no more of the appropriation money then has already
been lost, and before the end of next June all appropriations save
some minor ones will have been applied. But a sad bungle has
been made in the jail and tire department building business. As
a matter of fact too little money was appropriated for that pur ose
to begin with, and now it is a question of half a loaf or no bread
Perhaps it would be just as well to let the whole jail and fire
department appropriation lapse, and then demand of our represen
tatives a proper appropriation for the building of a courthouse and
jail. But in that case Wailuku mightoncemore "get it in the neck"
on the whole proposition. Certainly a new courthouse and jail are
needed here, and our representatives should see that we get them.
j3 Among the items received by wireless and appearing in the
last issue of the Mews is one with reference to a sugar war, which
needs explanation. There is no danger of a general price cutting
war in sugar. The Honolulu Sugar Co. of Oahu. the stock of which
is principally owned by San Francisco people, some of them whole
sale grocers.is blaaching sugar not refining it ad the introduc
tion of this limited amount of bleached sugar from one plantation
Is what is creating the tempest in a teapot. There is no sugar real
ly refined on the Islands, and probably will nol be for the next
three years, as it is believed that the sugar planters of the Islands
have contracted their raw sugar for the next three years.
j$ The Chi nese are proverbially a patient race, and will often
submit to wrongs against which the white races rebel. Con
sequently there is food for thought in the suggestion now going
the rounds that the Chinese of Maui and Oahu have rebelled against
the excessive freight rates charged by the Inter Island steamers.
and that they are proposing to put on an opposition steamer. If
it has come. to the pass that even a Chinaman wont stand these ex
actions any longer, then the question naturally arises as to why
the white people have stood it so long. The answer to this question
however is so complicated, and so interwoven with joint interests
that the News "passes it up."
JSI If two gentlemen were conversing upon a private matter and
a third were to approach them for the purpose of overhearing their
conversation, a swift kick would be the proper and appropriate
remedy. The same is true of conversations over the telephone in
a more marked degree, and none but cowardly sneaks "rubber" at,
the telephone, where they can practice their sneaking without
being seen. Of course the Telephone Company is not to blame,
but when the telephone is so perfected that two people can talk
without being overheard, the occupation of a lot of low down, com-
temptible telephone rubber sneaks on Maui will be gone.
R Forest preservation in the United States is yet in its infancy,
because in the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
the principal work of the pioneer has been to clear away vast
forests to make room for agriculture, and his children will learn
slowly to reverse the pendulum. But the people of the United
States, and the Islands as well, must learn the lessons which the
old world has to teach concerning the necessity and the methods
of reforesting deforested lands. The meetingof the ForestrvCom
mission in Washington next Tuesday should prove instructure.
5$ Business interests throughout the Islands are fairly on thei
feet again, and the people have again acquired the equilibrium
which they lost through the intoxication of the boom which pre
vailed some years since, and the depression in business which fol
i m mi
lowea ior me nexi iew years, ine lesson was a strenuous one
but it is to be hoped that it proved salutary, and that business pro
positions hereafter will be conducted on more strictly conserva
turo lines. Plenty of good things are coming this way, but w
should not again lose ourheads on that. account.
Q lhe News cannot refrain from again and editorially referring
to the action of the Sheriff's department in the matter of suppress
ing the sale of poisons by merchants who have no license to do so
Of course the Sheriff was justified in suppressing such sales by
proper means, but where respectable merchauts have for the last
twenty years been doing so, without let or hindrance from th
Sheriff s department it was only fair to have notified them before
sending out spies to trap them. Honest men do not deserve such
The butter produced annually in
the United State somewl at exceeds
1,500,000,000 pounds, and requires
the milk from about 10,000 000 cows.
These cows are kept on Something
like 4,000,000 farms, and furnish,
occupation, wholly or In part, for
about 7,000,000 people, ci nearly
10 per cent of the population. The
total value of the annual output of
butter is nearly $300,000,000, which
is a little more than 5 per cent of all
agricultural products of the United
States. Considered as a crop, it is
exceeded in valuation only by corn,
wheat, hay and forage, and cotton.
Although butter is very generally
used by all class' s, it is an interest
ing fact that more than one-half of
that produced in the United States is
ma.e in seven States and half the re
mainder in seven other Spates. The
transportation in excellent condition
of butter produced in large dairy
centers to nonproducing States Is
made possible by a highly developed
refrigerating car syslem. By this
it can be shipped, even during the
hottest weather, without being sub
jected to high and detrimental tem
peratures. The methods of conduct
ing the hutter industry have changed
materially during the past twenty
tive years. The greatest factor con
cerned in these changes was the in
tro;'uction of the centrifugal cream
separator, which did much in develop
ing the creamery system. Other
factors having a greater or less in
fluence upon the development of the
hutter industry are those which have
bought the principles of phvsics,
chemistry, and bacteriology to bear
pon its manufacture, thus taking
the making of butter "iftof the realm
of empirical arts and putting it upon
scientific basis. As a consequence,
butter is no' only made more eoonom-
allj bi:tit.is of finer quality, and
the annual consumption per capitals
conseauent'v increasing. Before the
airy industry had attracted the at
tention of sciectific investigators it
was helieved tha' it was lmuractic
ahl tomakp good butter west of the
Mississippi River. But owing to the
general adoption of improved methods
what was at one time considered
the tar West, there is a large pro'
uct of fine butter in the trans Mis.
sissippi States. In one of then Slates
(Kansas) is the largest creamery in
the world, while Iowa leads all other
States m total proriuetion. It mav
be said that, the buttpr, belt is now
west of Indiana, while it was former
V east of Ohio. This change has been
ought about partly hv the inereas
d demand upon the Eastern dairy
men for milk, partly by cheap cattle
food and cheao transportation rates
roin the West to the great Eastern
markets, and partly by the settle
ment of the West by people from the
dairy districts or continental Europe
with whom butter making was an in
While the production of butter i:
the United States is about 1,500,000,
000 pounds annually, a per cent- or
more is consumed at hrme, leaving
tut 6 per c"nt oi less for expoit
The exported butter consists chiefly
of the inferior grades, very little of
the high quality going aboard.
At the present time there are three
commercial substitutes for butter as
t comes from the creamery or dairy
churn. These are oleomargarine,
butterine, and renovated butter
These substitutes are manufactured
and sold under the surveillance of the
United States Governmfnt, ind are
subject to spec'al taxes. As is well
known, oleomargarine f.s a mixture of
various animal and vegetable fats,
which is ct.urned nth milk to impart
a butter flavor. The principal fats
used are as follows; 0!e oil, a select
ed fat from bpef that is obtained from
the caul fat; this is thoroughly wash
ed, well chilled in ice water, then
cooked, cooled, and put into hydraulic
presses b which the oil is ext racted.
Netural, or neutral lard, is tlio leaf
We. Fit Glasses
Scientifically to relieve
strain and improve the
sight . . -. . . :
We Grind Lenses
Nothing toe much trou
ble if it helps to make
accurate work . . .
We Repair Glasses
Promptly and to last.
A. IS. SANFORD,
BOSTON BUILDING - Fort St.
Over May & Co.
Ik Bank of Hawaii
McCall! McCall!! McCall!!
Millions of McCall's Patterns
Sold Annually without Complaint
These Patterns are The Most Perfect, The Most
Practical, The Most Stylish and The Most Economical
of any produced in any country, and the directions on
each envelope, showing how to make the garment up,
are printed so plainly that the most inexperienced need
not fear a failure, if the directions are followed.
E: W. JORDAN & CO., Lt'd-
No. 10 STORE, Fort Street, Honolulu
THE HENRY WATERHOUSE TRUST CO. Ltd M
BUYS AND SELLS REAL ESTATE, STOCKS & BONDS
WRITES FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE
NEGOTIATES LOANS AND MORTGAGES
A List of High Grade Securities mailed on application
Incorporated Under the Laws of
the Republic of Hawaii.
UNDIVIDED PROFITS .$70,000.00
Chas. M. Cooke President
P. C. Jones Vice-President
C. H. Cooke. .Cashier
C. Hustace Assistant Cashier
E. D. Tenney, J. A. McCandless,
C. H. Atherton, E. F Bishop.
Transact a General Commercial
and Savings Business. "y
Correspondence Solicited. '.
your inclination to spuna money
cut down unnecessary expenditures
and deposit your surplus in a saving
account' in this bank. 4 per cent
interest on savings accounts as
little as one dollar opens one here.
FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF
HONOLULU, HAWAII P. O,
Chinese and Japanese
In White and Fancy, from cheap grades to finest made.
Plain and Twisted Straws
In sizes from 2x3 to 14x14 feet. Nothing found which will
give equal service for same money. Reds, Browns, Greens
Plain straw is the cheaper grade, and Twisted the better.
In size from 2x4 to 12x12 feet. Blue and White, also Solid
Blue Center with Grecian Border.
LEWERS & COOKE, Lt'd Honolulu
WLK, WRITE, WIRE,
SOMEHOW ANYHOW GET SOME
The Best Nickel Cigar in the Market
Jime &ableZKahuliii Slailroad Compatiy
lard of the pig; the lepf fat, when
taken out of the animal, Is thorough
Iv washed and put into a refrigerator
where it remain twenty four hours
it is then well cooked, and becomes
absolutely colorless and has neither
taste or odor. The vegetable fat
commonly i sed is cotton-seed oil; the
oil is extracted from selected cotton
seed and then highly refilled.
Butterine is oleomargarine with
which is mixed more or less butter.
This is a purely commercial term,
however, and not recognized by law,
All "butterine" is legally oleomar
STATIONS A. M. P M. STATIONS A. M. P. M.
Wailuku Paia Pas. Pas. FaBiani! Fbeigut Freight Pas. Pas. I&hplui-Pupnene V & P F & P
A.M. A.M. A. M. A.M. P.M. P.M. P.M. A.M. P.M.
Ktkhului Leave 7.00 8.42 1 45 2.00 3.45 Kahului Leave 6.20 1.20
Wailuku Arrive 7.12 8.54 12.00 2.12 3.57 Puunene Arrive 6.35 1.35
Wailuku Leave 7.20 .9.05 12.25 2.20 4.03 Puuneue t,eave 6.40 1.40
Kahului Arrive 7.32 9.17 12.40 2.32 4.15 Kahului Arrive 6.55 1.55
Kahului Leave 7.35 9.40 2.35 Kahului Leave 8.00 3.05
Sp'ville Arrive 7.47 9.55 2.47 Puunene Atrive 8.15 3.20
Sp'ville Leave 7.50 10.10 2.50 Puunene Loave 8.20 3.25
Paia Arrive 8.02 ' 10.25 3.07 Kahului Arrive 8.35 3.40
Paia Leave 8.12 10.55 3.12
Sp'ville Arrive 8.24 11.10 3.24
Sp'ville Leave 8.27 11.20 3.23
Kahului Arrive 8.37 11.35 3.38
Kahului Railroad CompanV
GENTS I "OR ,
ALEXANDER & BALDWIN, Ltd. ALEXANDER & PALDWIN, Line of Sailing Vessels Between
San Francisco and the Hawaiian Islands; AMERICAN-HAWAIIAN STEAMSHIP CO.;
WILDER'S STEAMSHIP CO.
Importers and Dealers In i
NORWEST and REDWOOD LUMBER in all sizes rough add surfaced. SASH. DOORS ami BLIND
In Ceda- and Redwood. CEDAR MOULDINGS and INSIDE FINISHING LUMBER, also a full line o
CORRUGATED IRON, GALVANZED IRON, ZINC, GALVANIZED IRON PJPE, COAL TAR,
CEMENT, OIT.S and PAINTS FENCE W IKK and tTAl,LF.Sl NAILS PITCH, OAKUM. Etc. E o