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PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY
Office, ROBINSON BLDG., Main St.
WAILIKT. MALI, T. H.
Cue year, (in ad vane') . 12.50
Sis months. " .. 1.50
The columns of he News admit communica
tions on pertinent topics. Write only on
one side of paper. Sin your name wbich
will be held cintldenllul if desired.
Q. B. ROBERTSON, Ed. and Prop.
C. U CLEMENT, Bus. Mgr.
MAUI BLUE BOOK
Hon. A . Kopnlknl, Circuit Judee, WuIIuku
Klmun1 H. Hurt, tjlerk Circuit Court. Wailuku
JuiIkc V. A. McKay Dtst. Muiiistrato. Wuiluku
" t'has. Copp, ' Mukuuao
" ". H. Tjintlsny, " " bnlmlna
KumiltitM, " Honuaula
" J. Kaluma, 1 liana
" riimanu " " Kipahuln
" McCon'Iston " " Molokal
" Kahoolialatiala, " Laual
L. M. Ualdwln, Sheriff, Wailuku
W. E. SarTerv. D?nutv Sherift Wailuku
Kdt'ur Morton. " " Makawao
R. i Hose, " Laliaina
F. Wlttrock. " ' Hana
H. It. Hitchcock, " ' Molokai
Levi Joseph " " Kipahulu
Cantain Police. Wai'uUu
H. Iwiena, " " Makawao
(. K. Keanehaku, " " Lahaina
H. Z. Kaioo. " " Mana
J. H. Wilmington, ' ' Kalaupapa
W. T. Kohlnson, Tax Assessor, watluku
J. N. K. Koola, Deputy Assessor Wailuku
A. K. Tavares 1 I'ala
U. Punn, ' Lahaina
M. H. Heutor, " " Hantt
FORESTRY IN CALIFORNIA
A State Which Appreciated the
Value of Its Forests, and
Will Protect Them.
J; Frankly, it is a puzzle to the News why there seems to be so
much opposition in some quarters to the developmentof such small uously
rederul forest reserves are now
fixed facts. It is a serious tiling to
withdraw from settlement, ns tlie
Government has done, snrnt'thiiiK
over 1)3,000,000 acres of Kind. But
.vlien the character of this land i.s
understood, and the purposes the
reservations will accomplish are
known, it will be generally recog
nized that the area permanently
reserved will serve the public best
under forest cover. Its topography
ant. soil unfit it for agriculture, but
it is admirably suited to tree growth.
Wisely administered, it will contln-
fuinish an immense timber
ANY go through half their lives
blaming poor light for discom
fort or inability to see well,
when they need accurately fitted
glasses more than good lights. Let
us turn tie light of our optical
knowledge your way and see if it
can't be made of mutual benefit.
farming and such minor industries as are capable of being develop
ea on tne lsianas. foucn industries and occupations threaten no
harm to the sugar plantations. It is all rot to pretend to be afraid
of a rush of white farmers.and mechanics from the coast, for they
are not coming unless deliberate misrepresentations are muae as
to the opportunities here, and that is not at all probable. Just why
f n i.i i iii i i . i . . -i . i
1,111 lrl"ltliuul ""iu ave maueu siuuieo. eiron to aiscreaii wniu tnisj and is nn(,ly tmbere(i a!)d, with
actually been accomiilished in small farming, as his report .seems forest management, wi!l be mcmis
to have done, demands explanation. The News has always claimed ingly valuable for the wood which it
that there are opportunities for the right men to come here and can supply. But in California the
develop profitable industries outside of and not in the least in con- foivstt have dnoiher use, which, ns
flict with the sugar industry. Rubber, sisal, pineapples, guava
output, while its influence in
serving the water supply for
dependent agricultural areas
prove of inestimable value.
California' has over 28,000,000
acres, or over one tilth of its total
area, under forest cover. Much of
A. N. SANFORD,
BOSTON BUILDING, HONOLULU
Over May & Co.
is well understood in that State, is
jelly, cacoa, vegetables and fruits can all be successfully cultivated even more important than the
on Maui, in a manner which will prove a benefit rather tnan a
detriment to sugar interests, and this all will be done in due sea-
son. uui in ine meantime tne puzzling question confronts us as
to why such strenuous opposition to minor industries.
jS After many experiments, all of which have proved successful
it is now admitted that a road subjected to a heavy coating1 or top
dressing of crude oil is the best and most permanent road that can
be built. Such a road is disagreeable at first, but it constantly im
proves with use. The oil, thoroughly mixed with and ground into
the top soil by constant use, forms a hard but resilient crust, and
thereafter the road surface is a non destructible, semi-asphalt
which collects no dust, and there is no mud when it rains, as the
road, if properly constructed sheds water hk a duck's back. Such
a road practically needs no further work or even expense save ad'
ditional oiling in spots where needed. As to the expense in first
cihng a road it must necessarily be considerable, although here on
Maui, where we receive crude oil in bulk, a ship's cargo at a time.
the expense will be minimized. But the first ex,ense is much
more than equalized hy the saving in road work when a road is once
auction of timber to conserve
water supply, the wonderful ag
cultural development which irriga
won has made possible is perhaps
the largest f;ct in California's recent
economical historv. Because of the
i.eed of water and the fear of floods
public sentiment in favor of forest
protection in Californiu has always
been well in advance of that in other
States, as was conspicuously illus
trated atter President Cleveland, in
181.17, proclaimed the 13 Pedera
Reserves created at the close of his
admin stration. Ery where eise in
the West the opposition aroused
was so strong that the i reclamation
is soon afterwards temporarily
suspe::dei.; but a special exception
was made in the case of California,
where public opinion was trom the
first strongly in favor of the reserve
S The Bank of Hawaii
RnmfitViinir Ipks than mn-third of
properly treated to oil. Experiments should be made to determine the entire wooded area of the State
what is the best top soil, whtther macadam, earth or sand, and then is now embraced in the Federal
at least halt a mile ol mi?cb travelled road should be treated with forest reserves. That the remaining
oil to learn the expense and utility of oil roads. 20,000,000 acres of its forests may
H be made to servo the public interest
I - i . . 1 1 . : i.i u ..
,i i m me lUliesu jusiuie uicaquic, iur
8 Russia avows her intention to prosecute the war against Jap- state has sopited and secured the
an, and flaunts the "yellow peril" in the face of the world as her cooperation of the Bureau of For
reason ior so aoing. .But this is a subterfuge, and the world estrv in working out a proper forest
knows it. What Russia wants is Manchuria, but that is Dast rer.k- nolicv for it. Members of the
oning upon. If Japan was able, while Russian fleets nnd snldiorc Bureau have, since July, 1903, ex
held Port Arthur, to drive the Russian army out of Manchuria, the ani,ned
Russian fleet off the Pacific Ocean, and seize Port Arthur, Russia
has no chance to maintain a land army in the interior of Manchuria,
three thousand miles distant by rail. Japan, on the contrary, with
Port Arthur for a base and only a short line of railroad to operate,
can not fail during the coming summer to occupy Harbin and takn
Incorporated Under the Laws of
the Republic of Hawaii.
UNDIVIDED PROFITS $70,000.00
Chas. M. Cooke President
P. C. Jones Vice-President
rJ V.Macfarlane..2ud Vice-Presicent
C. H. Cooke Cashier
C. Hustace Assistant Cashier
E. D. Tenney, J. A. McCandless,
C. H. Atherton, E. F. Bishop.
Transact a General Commercial
and Savings Business.
m , . . .... . ..
fyt me broaa snouiaers or the plantation managers cave been
compelled to bear many heavy and grievous burdens. When it
isn't rats it is plague, when it isn't plague it is scarcity of labor,
when it isn t scarcity of labor it is cheap sugar, and how when it
isn t even cheap sugar, it is Jared Smith. As an exponent and importance is the prevention andlpiDCT ATIftNAT RANK OF
over 21,000,000 acres of
forest and brush land, and by the
end of the year the entire State will
have been covered. The different
types of land as timberland, chap-
arrel, pasture and agricultural land,
barrens, cut-over land, and burned
land will be mapped and the stand
of timber in each location will be
roughly estimated, orest reserves
may be Increased in number or size, account
if land most suitable for that pur I interest
pose is found.
But the subject of paramount
your inclination to spena money
cut down unnecessary expenditures
and deposit your surplus in a saving
in this bank. 4 per cent
on savings accounts as
little as one dollar opens one here.
Smith holds, by inference even, that the suear industry on the Is. I tunity for experiment along this
lands would not be practically destroyed by disintegration, then line was afforded the Bureau by co
Mr. Smith admits that he has not a clear appreciation of the situa- loperotwu with the private owner or
tion. The day that marks the division of sugar lands amon" small aa ou,uuu Bcre 1 ttC' aaa p ev"
holders also marks the end of successful sugar culture. ious,y 1Dtroducea a. crude -e-pro.
plan was outlined aud its execution
$K Now that sugar is leaping upward for what promises to be a begun. There bas not been time for
lone and high flight, the epirii of speculation mav naturallv ha AT la thorough trial, but Its installation
pected to grow rampant. While the News is far from desiring to
"bear" the sugar market, still it is in duty bound to warn the peo
ple of the Islands against being carried off their feet by the rising
wave of speculation.. 1 hose who suffered by the former boom in
sugar stock so severely that they are just now beginning to re
cuperate should need no further lesson, still a warning is timely
A I A. 1. A. 1 1 1 m
j9 an lnvestuiBiiii sugar blocks are reasonaoiy sale, but as a gam-
It proves the efficiency of intelligent
care) and of fighting tires at the
start. The present fire laws of the
has the re-1 State are incomplete and inade
putation of being a little Ozar in Ins official capacity, an inheritance I quate. One result of the work of
from the days when arbitrary methods were in vogue among1 cov- tne Bureau will be the recomraenda
ernment olhcials and planatation managers throughout the Islands uon or a nre a,w wmen " aaoptea,
still there is a eeneral leelinsr on Maui at least, that Sheriff An. wm 00 i"c uesi cvcr i'S!'-' y
d re ws is an honest and able man, who with government backing
would have continued to be an ideal Sheriff, and a feeling of regret
to hear of his turning down. But new ideas, new methods and
new men are coming, and it is to be "hoped that they will equal
those which are passing away.
GUNSMAKIN CIGAR COMPANY
I THE HENRY WATERHOUSE TRUST CO. Ltd
BUYS AND SELLS REAL ESTATE, STOCKS & BONDS
WRITES FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE
NEGOTIATES LOANS AND MORTGAGES
A List of High Grade Securities mailed on application
P. O. Box 346 i
CASH OR INSTALLMENTS
3000 RECORDS IN STOCK
MUSIC CO.. LTD.
Wholesale Dealer In
Standard Brands or
IMPORTED and DOMESTIC WINES
LIQUEURS, CORDIALS, GINS, ETC.
PABST, A. B. C, LEMPS, RAINIER, and PRIMO
ISLAND TRADjS SOLICITED
Sfime ZjableZKaliului Slailroad Company
ble they may prove dangerous. Be careful.
3 Notwithstanding the fact tnat Sheriff Andrews
has had an excellant effect. The
patrolling of the tract bas been
greatly improved, and the neighbors
now voluntarily report all fires,
whether on or off the tract. There
has not been a serious fire on that I
tract this season. This pplendid show
ing is an impressive object lesson.
jQ Eight thousand bunches of bananas in one cargo were recent
ly shipped from iiilo. and it is through such things as these that
. , l l it a. It 42 J . , I m. . '
me j.siauas win eventually uuu tnemseives. mere can be no
doubt but that the generous climate of the, Islands has a wealth of
riches to yield to intelligent industry and year by year will add to pert control will b especially valu
the value of exports outside of sugar. Just what lines of Industry able ln solving the problem of the
thaao nrill Via la a. mattftr fif Aimrimnnt hut. tho cnmlna iriald 1 q I . .
The most rncouraxiug fact in
loreot management is the growing
determination of larie timberland
owners to employ private foresters!
to handle their holdings. This will
ensure a method of lumbering less
wasteful than that at present prac.
ticed, and, more Important by far.
it will be the meens of better pro
tecting the formats and making them
yieia a continuous crop, bucn ex-
STATIONS A. M. P M. STATIONS A. M. P. M. ,
Wailuku Paia Pas. Pas. Fbeiout Fbbioht Freight Pas. Pas. Kahului-Puunene F & P F & p
A. M. A.M. A. M. A.M. P.M. P.M. P.M. A.M. P.M.
Kahulul L'ave 7.00 8.42 1 45 2.00 3.45 Kahului Leave 6.20 1.20
Wailuku ArVive 7.12 8.54 12.00 2.12 3.57 Puuneue Arrive 6.35 1.35
Wailuku Leave 7.20 9.05 12.25 2.20 4.03 Puunene Leave 6.40 1.40
Kahului Arrive 7.32 9.17 12.40 2 32 4.15 Kahulul Arrive 6.55 1.55
Kahului Leave, 7.35 9.40 2.35 KAhulul Leave 8.00 3.05
Sp'ville Arrive 7.47 9.55 2.47 Puunene Arrive 8.15 3.20
Sp'ville Leave 7.50 10.10 2.50 Puunene Leave 8.20 3.25
Paia Arrive 8.02 10.25 3.07 Kahului Arrive 8.35 3.40
Paia Leave '8.12 10.55 3.12
Sp'ville Arrive 8.24 11.10 3.24
Sp'ville Leave 8.27 11.20 3.28
Kahului Arrive 8.37 11.35 3.38
rid of the slash.
which, until burned, is a constant I
rrenace to the forests.
Kahului Reulroeicl Company
ALEXANDER & BALDWIN, Ltd.; ALEXANDER & BALDWIN, Line of Sailing Vessels Between
San Francisco and he Hawaiian Islands; AMERICaN-HAWAII AN STEAMSHIP CO.;
WILDER S STEAMSHIP CO.
Importers and Dealers In
NORWEST and REDWOOD- LUMBER in al sites rough and surfaced. SASH. DOORS and BLIND ,
in Ceda- and Redwood. CEDAR MOULDINGS and INSIDE FINISHING LUMBER, also a full line q("
Bt' irnE Material
CORRUGATED IRON, GALVA"
CEMENT. OILS and PAINTS
c r, ZINC, GALVANIZED IRON PIPE, COAL TAR,
l o d STAPLES: NAILS PITCH, OAKUM, Etc. Eto