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- SATURDAY, JULY 8, 1905
THE MAUI NEWS
Entered at the Post Office at Wailuku, Maui, Hawaii, as second-class matter.
A Republican Paper Published in the Interest of the People.
Issued Every Saturday.
Waul Publishing: Company, Limited.
Proprietors and Fufcllslira.
The columns of the Nkws admit communications on pertinent topics. Write only
on one side of paper. Sign your name which will be held confidential if desired.
Subscription Ratks, is Advance $2.50 per Year, $1.50 Six Months
C, L, CLEMENT, ... Editor and manager
SATURDAY, ..... JULY 8, 1A05
It is rather a bitter pill for 1 he Hilo Railroad people to swal
low, to see the stonmship people capturo n tive your' contract to
handle Onomea, Popoekeo and Uouonlu sugar. Before the rail
road was built, the steamship people could practically dictate the
price of freight on sugar from these plantations, and the railroad
was projected and built to relieve them. By under bidding, the
steamers will still handle the sugar, and the railroad, deprived of
this freight will probably languish and probably shut down before
tli9 end of five years, after which new contracts will be iu order,
The mistake the planters made was in not securing twenty year
contracts, for the railroad, if closed, will not be re-opened again ,
and nothing will prevent the steamships from then "making good,"
if they see fit to do so.
That the crew of a Russian battle ship should mutiny and de
clare a world revolution bears on the face of it the appearance of
a huge and senile farce, but underneath it is the very writhing
and pulsing soul of pathetic desire for what the lower class of
Russia are sighing for. True the attempt of the Potemkin to lead
the world into a revolt against the existing order of things is pain
fully futile, so far as results will be concerned, but nevertheless
as an expression of what the lower and middle class of Russians
desire, it was a little event which however may prove to be the
corner stone of the structure of liberty to the masses which the
majority of Russians desire to see erected.
With Russia as a cancelled factor, the trouble between Nor
way and Sweden bids fair to prove more serious than was at first
anticipated. If the treaty of peace between Japan and I ussia is
rapidly negotiated, it may be that Russia will again mak i her ia
fluence felt to the disconiforture of Norway. Otherwise it, is reas
onably sure that Norway will assert and maintain her I ndepen
dence, either as a republic or with a borrowed king, 1.ie latter
t. . I. ; l . . i . I. ; I . ' i
proDaoiy, in oeierence to iue uioiiiircuicai governments irrouna
ins ner. une ining nowever is sure mat &weaen neitnc . can nor
will really attempt to coerce Norw.iy into another uuio. save as a
conquered province, and that is hardly possible.
The naming of Elihu Root to succeed John Hay as Secretary
of State will not be a matter of any surprise, for President Roos
evelt,' strenuous hi ir self, has the happy faculty of selecting able
and harmonious material for his official family. Root is particulary
a strong and strenuous man, andjas Secretary o! State will carve out
a broad and statesmanshiplike policy both in domestic and foreign
affairs. In Panama and the Far East large problems are awaiting
solution according to American ideals, and Elihu Root is the right
man in tho right place just now.
Russia's body politic is breaking out with putrid sores, not
withstanding the drastic bleeding she has received at the hands
of the Japanese, and' that a revolution is on the eve of bre iking
out is becoming apparent. Tho absolute will of the Czar is the os
tensible law of Russia, but other strong if not overmastering wills
are to be reckoned with and they are not in parallel lines with the
Czar who would doubtless like to fnd the war with Japan and give
the Russians a more representative government. But it is a seri
ous question whether or not his efforts will be checked by the con
It is bogining to dawn on the people of the United States that
the Hawaiian Islands are really much larger than they appear on
the map. Geographically they seem to have been placed here as a
natural outpost to the Pacific coast of the United States. A war
between the United States and any other strong maritime power
would at once elevate the Islands to a due point of their impor
tance, but it is to be hoped that the United States will not wait for
6uch a war before establishing an impregnable barbor on the Is
lands. With a strong fleet and an impregnable sea basin at Pearl
Harbor, the United States will always hold the key to the Pacific
Intelligent efforts are Deing put forth by the planters of Ha
waii to secure more dependable labor, and possibly Italians may
De induced to come here, where they would doubtless prove avail
able in the cane fields. But still there may yet arise a condition
of affairs between America and China, whereby Chinese labor may
be secured for the Islands. A strong sentiment for their intro
duction in Hawaii and the Philippines is growing.
News comes by wireless that President Roosevelt favors thi
refunding of Hawaiian bonds, including the issue recently dispos
ed of by Secretary Atkinson during his trip to New York. Wbih
the Islands are financially solid, still the refunding of these bonds
will add stability to our financial status, and for this reason wo
are to be congratulated.
The troubles of the Equitable Insurance Co. are attracting
wide attention and form one of the notable features of "frenzied
finance, but as an insurance company it is doubtless as atmno
any of the other great insurance companies, and the troubles with
TV 1 t A 1 1 ,m
iiyae ana Alexander are tnnes when compared with the financia
a. iL .1 . i
sirengm iu inis company, oiiu one would naturally hesitate
" write up" in the Equitable just now.
The Italian Farmer.
Real Value of College Education,
During my stay in Italy, I saw a
good deal of the Italian farmer's life
and ways. In upper Italy, especially
in Lombardy, Tuscany and Venice,
the people are industrious and thrifty.
The general impression of one is that
the people of this part of Italy have
more the habits and ways of the
French and Austrians than what is
generally attributed to the Italian
race. I mention this fact for the
eason that there is an immense dif
ference in color, habits, and thrift
between the people who Inhabit
these parts of Italy, and thoce who
inhabit Calabria, Naples, Sicily and
especially 'those of Northern Italy.
People from tliese parts are very
apt scholars ; very intelligent, but
of a fiery nature, sensitive to the
slightest joke and taking it for an
insult, but invested by nature with
extreme generosity to their friends,
and bitter hatred to their enemies.
I will mention here a visit made to
a schoolmate's home in the outskirts
of the city of Turin during one of tny
short vacations. It was the estate
of Count Turelli, where stands the
old family estate on a slight elevation
about six or eight miles from the city
of Turin. The lower portion of the
estate, which is watered by a branch
of the river Arno, is generally used
fur the cultivation of wheat and corn,
while on the higher elevations wheat,
and grapes, fruit trees, and mulberry
trees for raising silk worms thrive.
There I observed that the men, wo
men and children from seven years
up, amongst the farmers, work from
sunrise to sundown ; and 1 never ob
served one of them to be weary of
their task. They seem to be happy,
high spirited and pleasant. On many
occasions I have had the pleasure of
a meal with the old farmer that had
control of the runuiiig of the estate.
We had to sit on wooden boxes in one
single ground apartment of the cas
tie, which served as a bedroom for
a family of six children with father
and mother while iu the net apart
inent cows and calves were chewing
the cud. The meal consisted especi
ally of rye bread j incl the fain ius
dish of the farmers of Lombardy
called polenta. It is nothing more
nor less than a pudding made of com
moal, with a generous sprinkling of
gravy made of meat stew and vege
tables, or small game and vegetable,
including garlic and olive oil. This
portion is passed around to the guests
and family by the mother, after cut
ting the pudding with a piece of silk
thread in enough slices to go uround.
Wine and water are also used at all
their meals. What surprised me more
than anything else, was the minute
regularity of their work. Every child
knew just what was expected of him
to perform during the day, the same
with the father and mother, and I
was told by my friend that only sick
ness kept them from performing
their different duties without fail. I
say that I was surprised for the rea
son that not one of this family knew
how to read and write. But in moral
principles, I have been told, they ob
serve the eolden rule even better in
some instance than those in more
fortunate conditions of life.
No better example can be found on
these islands to compare with these
people, than the present Portuguese
element in our community, especial
ly the older people amongst the
Portuguese. There Is no-question as
to the ability of these people to till
the soil; they seem to be brought up
by nature to do this kind of work. In
their conversation they know why a
etitain grape vine did not bear as
much as another, and they will din
cuss in their own crude way the ue
cessary remedy for the evil. They
will even narrate to you the capabi
lity ot a father or cousin, perhaps,
who grafted five or tec different
grapes on an orange tree, per ex
ample, showing the grest interest
they all have in practical botany. I
have no doubt in my mind that if
these people can be induced to better
their condition by leaving their
homes to come to these islands, and
honest help be meted out to them,
we will never have occasion to be
sorry for the experiment.R. N. Botd
in P. C. Advertiser.
We are apt overestimate the value
of an education .received from books
alone. A large part of the value of a
college education comes from the
social Intercourse of the students, tbe
re-enforcement, the buttressing of
character by association. Their fa
culties are sharpened and polished
by the attiition of mind with mind
and the pittiog of brain against brain
which stimulate ambition, brighten
the ideals and open up new hopes and
possibilities. Book knowledge is val
uable, but the knowledge which comes
from mind intercourse is invaluable.
O. S. Marden in Success Magazine.
The Coffee Plant's Friend.
In the republic of Colombia there
is a tree highly esteemed as a shade
for the coffee plant. It is found also
in tropical Brazil and possesses qua
I i ties that make it peculiarly suited
for this particular use. It will live on
a is tony poor soil, and a tree only
eighteen months old will shade 144
square yards of ground, while, when
full grown, it may be fiity feet high
and have a spread ot fifty feet on
Saved Trouble. ,
Daisy Why, Rose, dear, what have
you done to your poodle? The last
time I saw him his hair was white.
Rose Yes, but it was such a nui
sance to keep him washed, you know,
so I just had him dyed brown!
Detroit Tree Paess.
Do Not Boll Coffee Too Long.
The Bank of Hawaii A
Incorporated Under the Laws
the Republic of Hawaii.
UNDIVIDED PROFITS $70,000.00
Chas. M. Cooke President
P. C. Johes Vice-President
C. H. Cooke Cashier
C. Hustace Assistant Cashier
E. D. Tenney, J. A. McCandless,
C. II . Atherton, E. F. Bishop.
Transact a General Commercial
and Savings Business,
Misfortune is liable to ove
take von in money matters.
Then it is that a good sized
"nest egg" in the savings bank
comes "powerful handy". Over
and over again have we seen
comforting relief come to those
who had accumulated a fund
in this bank. If ycu havn't
started an account, now is
the time to do it.
The risks of keeping securi
ties about your premises are
many and great. These risks
can be wholly avoided by the
use of our safe deposit vaults.
FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF
THE HENRY WATERHOUSE TRUST CO. Ltd S
There is only one mistake that can
be made in making coffee, and that is
to conk it too much, When subjected
to a momentary boiling and then re
moved from the fire it is a drink for
the gods, but if it is kept at a high de
gree fof heat for thirty minutes its
character is entirely changed, and it
becomes almost poisonous. Of the peo
ple who overcook coffee In this way
some do it through ignorance, but the
greater part of them through greed
in order to make it go further ar.d
produce a larger profit. What we
need is a law making it a capital of
fense to boil coffee more than three
minutes. -Chicago Chronicle.
BUYS AND SELLS REAL ESTATE, STOCKS & BONDS
WRITES FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE
NEGOTIATES LOANS AND MOKTGAGES
A List of High Grade Securities mailed on application
P. O. Box 346
Webster defines "confidence" as
a "feeling of security". On the
other hand, an ret of deception
practiced upon someone to his
annoyance or injury ix snmeliim s
called a "confidence gaim-".
There are confidence games in
all lines of business.
In matters of vital importance,
such as the examination of t!;e
eyes t nd the purchase of glasses,
it is a comfort to know that you
are placing your busiiess where
you can also place your confidence.
A. N. SAN FORD,
BOSTON BUILDING, HONOLULU
Over May & Co.
The "OWL" is the leading and most popular
5c cigar throughout the entire country.
GUNST-EAK1N CIGAR CO.
Distributors Honolulu, T. H.
dime dableZfCalwlui Slailroad Company
Kahului Railroad Companv
AGENTS rrr X
ALEXANDER & BALDWIN, Ltd.j-ALEXANDER & BALDWIN, Line of Sailing Vessels Bet.n
San Francisco and the Hawaiian Islands;-AMERICAN-IIAWAIIAN STEAMSHIP CO 7-
WILDER'S STEAMSHIP CO. '
Importers and Dealers In
NORWEST and. REDWOOD LUMBER in all sizes-rough and surfaced. SASH. DOORS and BLINDS
in Cedar and Redwood. CEDAR MOULDINGS and INSIDE FINISHING LUMBER, aLo a full iLVof
?GA.TED IR0N' GALVANZED IRON, ZINC, GALVANIZED IRON PIPE CC A T hat,
CEMENT, OILS and PAINTS, FENCE WIRE and STAPLES: NAILS incll, OAKUM, Etc. Etc.