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Jf you wish Prosperity ,
. Advertise jn the News-
WAILUKU, MAUI, H. T., SATURDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1905
What is Best for Maui
Is'Best for the News
J. M. VIVAS
ATTORNEY AT LAW
WAILUKU. : : : : MAUI.
GEO. S AIKEN, D. D. S.
- Olfico, Kawaavae, Puunene and
Kaiiuldi. Telopliono 82
Hours. 0 A. M. to 4. P. M.
EDMUND II. HART
NotaiiY- Public, Conveyenoeh and
Agent to Grant Marriage License
Ofllce, Circuit Court, 2ud Circuit
LA'HAINA, f - MAUI.
MRS. A. POOLE
Hiph Street Opp. Wailuku School
Get a Rubber Hose
and a Lawn Mower
fr KfcyJn with .
V 1 .1
cheapest at the
MAUI DRUfi STORE
V. A. VETLESEN, Prop.
-The Bank of Hawaii
Incorporated Under the Laws of
the Republic of Hawaii.
UNDIVIDED PROFITS ..$70,000.00
Chas. M. Cooke President
P. C. Jones Vice-President
C. II. Cooke Cashier
C. Hustaco Assistant Cashier
E. D. Tennoy, J. A. McCandless,
C. H. Atherton, E. V. Bishop.
Transact a General Commercial
and Savings Business.
The financial statements of this
bank from time to timo published
in this paper. If your patron
age and influence have, in any
degree, contributed to the suc
cess of our business, we thank
you for it. If, as yet you aro
not a patron, lot this bo your
invitation to becomo one. . .
8:30 A. M. to 5 P. M.
8:30 to 1 P. M. and 7:00 to 8 P. M
FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF
WAILUKU, MAUI, T. H,
POSSIBILITIES OF RUBBER
CULTURE IN HAWAII
But Four Varieties of
Seeds. Obtained By Bureau of Agri
culture Do Remarkably Well
of Education Department Has Some Words
Governor Carter' And Throws Up, His Office.
Resignation Probably Accepted.
But four vnrieties of rubber pro
ducing trees aro of any commercial
value, viz: Hevea Brazilliensis
(Para), Manihot Glaziovii (Ceara),
both native of Brazil, Castilloa
(both Lactifiua and Nicoyansis)'of
Mexico and Central America, and
the Fious Elastica of Assam.
The Ccara is tho only ono of
theso planted in Hawaii until with
in tho past year.
In 1898, some seeds were obtained
by tho Bureau of Agriculturo and
distributed to various parties
throughout the Islands for plant
ing. In spito of the fact that no
caro has over been given them, and
varied as tho conditions aro in tho
different localities, thoso which
havo escaped being eaten by horses
and cattle havo grown remarkably
In ono group planted by Hugh
Howell at Nahiku, Mau-i, the trees
measuro 48 inches in girth at a
height of 3 feet from the ground.
They have had one systematic tap
ping, yielding from 5 to 8 oz. of dry
rubber. (They can bo tapped twice
In the State of Ceara, Brazil, the
habitat of the species, tho treo is
found growing at high elevations
on tho dry, stony, barren slopes of
the mountains, which has given
rise to tho idea that it will only do
well under desert-liko conditi ons
So general is this idea that many
thousand trees have been planted
in other countries in places so
sterile that no other vegetation
could exist, with tho natural con-
sen uenco that littlo or no rubber
was obtained after they had strug'
gled along to maturity.
However, when found growing
in the same localities with Hovea,
as a long the upper Amazon, it is
found to yield about one-half as
much. Tho native tappers make
no distinction, tapping both kinds
as they come to them, mixing tho
milk und coagulating it in largo
balls, known to tho trado as "Para
Whoro this tree grows alone it is
impossiblo to coagulate tho milk in
this form for it congeals too quick
ly, so is allowed to run down tho
treo and coagulate in streaks as
runs, lhis is known as "scrap or
"Manicoba," and is tho only form
in which tho Manihot rubber reach
cs the market unmixed with that
Tho objections to tho cultivation
of the Ccara aro:
1st. It is quito expensive to pro
paro tho seeds to insuro generation
2nd. Tho treo has two barks
tho inner ono very soft and smooth
while the outer is hard and shaggy,
and has to bo stripped off like birch
bark boforo tapping, thus adding
to tho expenso of collection.
3rd. As compared with Heava
tho yield is small.
Tho points in favor of it aro:
1st. That it will yield in paying
much tho samo size, shape, and
Any Commercial Yalue.
color as the mango, growing in
clusters of three. The seeds are as
argo as walnuts and retain their
vitality but a short time, making
them difficult to transport.
Eighty-five per cent of Jjhe world's
supply of rubber is obtained from
these two varieties. When in its
crudo state, Para rubber is pure
and only needs washing to free it
from dirt and particles of bark
when it is ready to vulcanize.
There are two kinds of Castilloa,
the Lactiflua of iSouthorn Mexico
quantities during the tlnrd year
2nd. Yielding whilo very young
tho trees may bo planted as closely
as 700 per aero.
3rd. They may bo planted on
stony ground 'if other conditions
4th. Tho seeds retain their
vitality for more than a year .and
can be shipped anywhere.
5th. All tho trees bear seed, the
first crop at two .years of age. So
much for the variety already grown
to maturity, in Hawaii.
HEVEA BRAZILLIENSIS. '"
Tho most important and profit
ablo Variety of all is the Hevea
Brazilliensis, the habitat of which
is from tho mouth of the Amazon
to the slopes of tho Andes, in Peru
It is a vory tall treo with a single,
soft, smooth bark. Tho branches
are small and high up with leaves
and Guatumala, and Nicoyensis of
Nicaragua and Panama. It is c
large, quickly, growing tree yield-
ing at 6 years of ago ordinarily.
Tho branches aro very large, grow
ing horizontall and hung with
bright green leaves, eighteen inches
long as tough and thick as sole-
Tho milk flows very freely, being
water. Tho rubber is black
and sticky with very little clasti
city, and owing to tho great amount
of resinous matter in it, tho price
has always been about 40 less
than that of Para; but owing to
tho great increase in the use of
electrical machinery, tho price has
risen latoly as the Castilloa is be
ing'principally used for insulating
purposes requiring no elasticity.
It comes to the market-in scrap.
sheets, and balls. Some planters
color it whito in coagulating by
mixing chalk or whiting with tho
latex, adding much to its ap
pearancqand overcoming the stick
iness somewhat, making it more
agreeable to handle. Its resinous
qualities, howover, cannot be over
come, so that it will never bring
price equal to that of Para.
The Castilloa is not likely to
prove a success in Hawaii, as it
requires at least ono hundred in
ches of rain during 6 or 7 months,
and a dry season of at least 5
months. During tho rains tho tree
stores tho milk in ijs bark under no
pressuro, making tho dry season
necessary to shrink tho bark, thus
giving tho necessary pressuro to
make it flow freely. These con
ditions aro not to bo found in Ha
waii in conjunction with the other
Tho Nahiku Rubber Co., Ltd.,
was incorporated January 24, 1605,
for the purposo of raising rubber
trees at Nahiku. Maui. There are
at this writing Sept. 1, about 5.000
Ceara plants from 0 months of age
and 10 feet in height, down to Bced-
lings just coming up in tho nursery.
Six hundred Castilloa and 17,000
Hevea plants arrived from Ceylon
during tho first part of July.
Although it is yet too Boon to give
measuromonts of theso, tho fact
that they all started to grow within
three weeks of their arrival and
lave crown rapidly over since,
would indicate that the'locality is
as suitable for tho growth of Hevea
as for that of Ceara.
Tho plants were packed dry in
kerosene boxes, about eignt Hun
dred in each, and as they wore over
2 months in transit, their vitality
was so low that many were thought
to bo dead that havo grown even
when nothing was alive but a
portion of the root. These are the
results of tho work done by the
company, and success is now as
sured. It should bo remembered that
available localities possessing suit
able conditions are scarce in Ha
waii; and thoso intending to plant
should consider tho importance of
securing a' man with practical
knowledgoof tho business, which is
of as much importance in planting
rubber as in planting cano. Per
haps it would be well to wait until
the Nahiku Co. has absolutely de
monstrated that the industry is
practicable in Hawaii, before enga
ging in the business on an exten
Tho requisite general conditions
ist. uood. sou, deop sou, con
taining much humus, well drained
either by slope or porosity, pre
ferably the latter, with gravel
and. uontinuous rainfall of a
hundred or more inches 'through
out the year, except for Castilloa.
drd. Uomplete. protection from
Kona and Trade Winds.
4th. Elevation should bo under
1800 feet, and tho temperaturo
should not go below 05.
While it is not absolutely proven
that the trees would not do well
under more adverse conditions, tho
industry should bo started under
conditions ns favorable as possible,
until it is hrmly established as a
success under such conditions.
After which experiments will bo
excusablo, and perhaps will prove
to be of value.
Head ,OI Education Department
HONOLULU, Oct. 20. James
C. Davis Supei intendenr of Public
Instruction, yesterday afternoon
tendered his resignation to Gover
nor Carter. It was done orally at
tho close of an interview of less
than a quarter of an hour. The
head of the educational department
made a suggestion of the advisa
bility of his retirement, to which
the Governor promptly agreed.
Superintendent Davis wont to
Governor Cartor in the executive
chamber to remonstrate against tho
reception of complaints by the
Governor relative to Bchool matters
and their transmission by -him to
tho Department of Public Instruc
tion, instead of directing tho com-
plainants to suDinit tnoir griev
ances first and direct to the) depart
mont through its official had.
"So long as I am Governor '.
Bhall keep an open door and an
open mail to complaints relating to
any department of tho govern
ment." Governor Carter replied to
"Then perhaps 1 had hotter re
sign my office," Mr. Davis is un
derstood to havo rejoined.
"I am agreed," was substantially
tho Governor's answer.
Mr. Davis retired and within
few minutes Commissioner W. R.
Farrington of tho Board of Ed-V
ucation arrived and had : an in
terview behind closed doors with
tho Governor. I
Bl IB IB A H laJli to. M
. I II 1 At
il I I M'MIIIIIW 11 I'M I I1VMI1
Ing Reforms and Promulgation of New
n m k n a 'nam
fl. Ill IffMIIIII I I I 111ft
tendent oi Public Instruction. Three Plantations on
Sugar 9G deg. test, 3.925. Beots, 8s. 2d.
l'lllllir MI I'JLI 1 1 HIM . I I MIT I II II 11M II. I I! ('Ill
1 All 1. 1
il vi il in. lili iivt:n uii! linn Lulling i ciui
government iB expected soon. ,
i 11. v r uiiiv . i inr.. z. 1 ii nvnrimr i.Mriiir vtiMLtiniu, v uiLur uumi
nRkRfl Winfrnd INI. Hahhitt if ho
duties of Superintendent of Public
Maui and one each, on Maui and Oahu.
h a h i lot vi. t-f n rrimn n
min. from San Francisco.
from the Cabinet and is not a candidate for tho Presidency.
Attorney has withdrawn and urtres
H UUU U. VJUlllllUDlUll UL lluatUUO HUD UWH UlUUJIHUU
to inyistigato the Mutual Life Insurance Co.
Miruiii.i i.il imi vi. 'i nn I i
am TrmTnrcT TTTr ti
Russia is in tho grip of the striking
ouisiuo worm ov wav oi uio vjonuneni. ims wm aiao bub juuu dusuu
communication. Anarchy prevails.
fl. ILII'lL lill V I IH. VII IM't:i I IVIIItTIl
spirit shops havo been looted and
iwn ninrifiv rinTH iiiivii iiiiciui
were fired by tho soldiers.
n t v r jiiiii I . t n , , I if T
&1I1UU UllU itJJ UU11UUU 111 bill? ILUtUb
r a v ixTnipnA r-ii oi
on the 21st inst., to re-open. They declare that tho institution's affairs
shows misappropriations funds,' deceitful assests and shaky invest-:
ninnts. It ir nnssihln that criminal
proposed Cabinet. Ho is advocating
ST. PETERSBURG-. October
throughout the Empire.
i3LJjJ M y VULUUi;! .'Z. 111U
1V1 I 2t i 11 ' I Inlnl.n. W1 "in
kan" Alio. I in ii Ufitnhnr 14.
place, many being killed and wounded.
If ADTT li A 1 nlnl.n. OI
and been enthusiastically received.
TOKIO, October 24. A tremendous reception ashoro was tendered!
to Admiral Togo and his crew.
SAN FRANCISCO, Cal., Oct.
arrived hero today ten days, ten hours and 28 minutos from Yokohama.
Miss Roosevelt and E. II. Harriman with thoir accompanying
friends did not land here, but wore
where they took thoir train east.
TOKIO, Japan, Oct. 23. The
navy m command oi Admiral logo
warships of various types in lino.
Tho Bhms wero reviewed by the
view tho Emperor received tho
BERLIN, Germany, Oct. 23. Hcrr von Schton; tho German Min-J
istcr at Copenhagen, succeeds Count von Alveusidban, tho German
Ambassador at St. Petersburg.
TUSCOGEE, Ala., Oct. 23.
University hero before tho colored
WICHITA, Kans., Oct. 23.
known as Sockless Jerry Simpson,
ST. PERTERSBURG, Russia,
tion hero is serious.
H . U . BI V I Hflw
J Ot:i, lIaa4-An
-7 I IK HS H I H rl I 7 I 171 lH
w i ' ivhhbivh
UKJ1 1711111 I Lllliill M.
Ml Ml JLI1II 1LI 1 11.LVU1 1U1 LCD ill (J ltblll.l&
n .1 nil Mniinl fniinin . n rn 1 ln1
i in 111 tt 1111.11 tuuiiiuiuubivu ua uviii
should bo willing to undortako tllO
Instruction. . Thrco hundred families
nrrtvnri nnrn iiir.v iiniirn nmr
nomination of Jerome.
i ,v I . in mnv 11111 if 1 n rnm i in
ri or? ri 1 . -1 r f T;...nnm.
rll I ill l 1 1 1
JLI111 ttlllllllllMl 1LIIII L11U V A Ilk IJ I lllllUllb
iihumi ill iiKiLLt;rmiHiim. wiiuru vuiiuvd.
:n i 11 rm. iiiiiiihiiiiii iriiiiiiH iiilvii
11UUI1U lUaUltlllll I1U1II kllU IU I w.
nil. - t l. n ,.
nroceDdinirs. mav be taken against.
'24. - Tho railrbad strike is snreadinc
ol.t 'n 1. n a hnnn ion ntfu 1m I innil.. .
OblllM lltlO U1.W11 1E3U1.1L1.V1 111 V11U V.1 If J .
-ifiotinc nvnr tun taxnH tins umii s
I.no;.nn Duksa... I 1. n n -- ..,1 l.mln
23. -Tho Pacific Mail steamer Siboria'
taken aboard a tug to Oakland,
review of tho victorious Japanese J
was nciu touay. rnero were ju
lMnperor of Japan. After tho re-
visiting British and
American com- i
President Roosevolt spoko at
Ex - Congre83inan Simpson, popular
died hero today.
23. Tho railroad strike Bitua;