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THE MAUI NEWS
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1905,
How Animals Sleep.
In What posture does a bear sleep?
What positions arn assumed y the
monkey, the elephant, the tiger, tlur
in slumber? Do fishes sleep? To
answer such questions as these one
Would ordinarily be obliged to search
through many works on natural his
tory, but Mr. A. Peres has gathered
together a large number of facts
along this line in an interesting article
which lie contributes to Cosmo
(Paris). Such items of information,
he says belong to the class of "com
mon things that nobody knows," Of
them the ordinary reader says:
"That's odd; I never thought of it
before!" while many students of
natural history must confess igno
ranee. In the first place Mr. Peres
takes Up the creatures that sleep
stand'mg, among which, he tells us,
are included the ass and the mule, as
well as the elephant and most of the
other pachyderms. Most birds, he
says, sleep standing on one leg, with
the head under the wing; several
kinds s!eep in company, like the wild
pigons of North America. Of the
sleep of fish he writes:
"Fish have a density so nearly that
of water that tbey can rest quietly
on sand or gravel without apparent
effort. Are they sleep? Probably;
tho they do not shut their eyes. At
the beginingof evening, for instance,
tho gudgeon chooses a sandv spot
between stonex and remains there,
facing the current, its body resting
on the lower lobe of the tail and on
its pectoral and ventral fins. It is
probable that it assume the same
position in winter aud remains in it
until spring, hibernating. The bar
bels and breams sleep in companies,
like the gudgeon, but on a muddy
bottom; the pike sleeps in summer
near the bank, at the surface, where
the sunlight can reach it; the carp
keeps near the bottom; the eel hides
in holes that it makes near the bank.
The observation of sea 13 sh is more
difficult, as may be imagined; it is now
agreed that herrings, mackerel, and
other so called migratory fish pass
the winter at the bottom in a kind of
lethargy. Do they adpt the gud
geon's position? Perhaps, tho Pleville
le Peley has seou thousands of mac
kerel half buried in the mud, holding
their tails up vertically above it.
"Batrachians sleep sitting, with
the head in the air; the toad sleeps
by day, in holes or under rocks, and
retires under ground for the winter.
He burrows backward, his hind feet
and the end of his body serving to
dig the hole, while he pushes with his
forefeet. The marsupials are general
ly forced by the shape of their bodies
to sleep sitting; the phalanger fox
sleeps in a crouching posture, the
head between the forefeet ..The
lemus. ..also crouch, with the long
busby tail around the hind feet. With
the chimpanzees and other apes the
hair on the upper arm and the fore
arm grows in opposite directions;
this serves to protect tbe animal
more effectively from the rain, when
he sleeps crouching in the thick
woods or in the brush with his arms
folded and pressed against the body,
The orang takes his siesta with bent
back, head hanging on his chest, and
sometimes holding to a branch by one
of his extended arms, but generally
with both arms hanging by his sides.
"Penguins and pelicans also rest in a
sitting posture; a whole flock takes
refuge under a projecting rock, the
beak resting on the breast, or with
neck bent to allow it to rest on the
"The hare does not 6leep with open
"seyes, as has been wrongly asserted,
for its pupils are hermetically closed
"The crocodile and the caiman re
pose on the ground on the entire
ventral surface; lizards sleep with
eves shut and mouth open. Turtles
naturally take the same position, the
land varieties in dry grass or in
Shallow burrow; the marine ones at
the surface of the sea, on which they
float. This is tbe moment chosen for
Tbe belief of some fishermen that
the cetaceans do not Bleep, because
tbe whale "blows" by night as well
as by day, the author pronounces
inadmissible. The movements that
produce the jet are automatic, like
our own breathing. Tbe whale and
other cetaceans sleep on the surface
of the sea. Seals, otters, and walrus.
es play only In stormy weather; in
calm weather they seem to spend
their time in sleeping; walruses are
often seen lying on the ice close to
gether in rows, the neck of one on
the back of the next, just as swine
often do. They do not go to sleep
until they have placed a sentry, who
awakes the others when be spies an
Special packages for the
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"GENERAL ARTHUR" IVnatelas " 25
"ROBERT BURNS" " 25
"ARTHURETTES" " 25
"OWL CIGARS" " 25
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We have in stock an exceptionally fine line
of cigars imported from Cuba, Porto Rico and
These cigars are all staple brands of the
highest grade, and can be had from your dealer,
or if he cannot supply you we will send them
postpaid to any address on receipt of price.
Fine line of imported pipes, single and in
sets; Also smokers articles of every descrip
GUNST-EAKIN CIGAR CO.
"The House of Staples,"
DEVELOPED AND PRINTED
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Prices resonable and
Call or Bond order to
, qno. iiowxnY,
Wailuku, Mnul, II. T.
enemy. 1'assing on to the oiras Mr.
"Several birds, especially the
palmipeds, also sleep on the ventral
surface. The petrels sleep calmly on
the sea in the most furious storm; cn
the ice they re it with the breast to
the wind, the beak under the wing.
Wild ducks lie in tho rushes on the
edges of ponds, the beak plunged in
the oily plumage; wild geese sleep on
land in open places guarded by sen
tinels.... Pheasants, which roost
during the night, keep to the ground
during the day, especially in very
warm weather. . . .When ready to go
to sleep, the ostrich lies down, bend
ing the knee first and then support
ing itself on the breast, which is
callous; finally it lets itself down on
the lower part of the body.
'iMost of the ruminants lie on the
flank; camels stretch out with neck
extended; deer lie near each other in
winter. .The horse stretches out
his Ieg9; cats and hares also some
times stretch themselves.
"The carnivores the cat family,
the bear, dog, wolf, fox, etc. curl
up or place the head stretched out on
the paws. . . . Several rodents, like the
rat, sleep rolled up into a ball. Tbe
hedgehog, which passes the whole
day hidden among stones or brush,
kr in tho trunk of a hallow tree, also
rolls up, with its head and paws un
der its belly so that it looks like a
huge chestnut burr.
Snakes usualiy sleep coiled, with
moute open. Nevertheless, the viper
stretches out in the sun for a siesta.
In hibernating, vipers sleep together
in the trunk of a tree, sometimes
thirty at a time, twined about each
other like a tangled bell of twine."
Few animals apparently sleep on
the back; it is said that the badger
does so' but this position has been
actually observed only with the an
thropoid apes. The orang, which
takes naps in a crouching posture,
as noted above, sleeps at night on
its back, the limbs bent inward and
one of its arms under the head, which
rests in the hand. Sometimes aUq it
crosses itsarms on its breast. Its
refuge for the night is a sort of nest
or hut in the top of a tall tree, spread
with leaves and covered with
branches. In cold or raiuy weather
it is said to protect its body with a
coverlet of leaves. To quote again:
"The remora or suskiug-flsh, the
curious fish that swims on its back,
belly upward, and that travels about
by clinging to ships or other floating
bodies, or sometimes to living crea
tures such as turtles or sharks, by
means of a special device on the top
of its head, attaches itself to the
same bodies, or even to rocks to sleep.
"As for the sleep of worms, the
radiates, inollusks, etc., it is one of
those 'common things' about which
we shall probably always remain
ignorant.' Translation made - for
The Literary Digest.
Throught for the Men.
The Paradise of tho Pacific gives
the following which is perhaps too
A young lady in this city who
manipulates a typewriter for a live
lihood believes the common assertion
that women lack sincerity applies to
men with equal force. "My employer
thinks the world of his wife, I know,"
she said one day, "yet be does not
addrefs her in the manner he does
other women. When she calls him
by telephone he talks in monosyllables
like,Huh?"Yes,' 'No,' 'Sure, and
so forth. One afternoon a lady friend
of his wife rang him up about some
thing concerning a dinner party they
were to attend that evening and it
seemed as though he tried bis best
to get all the polite forms of speech
into his conversation. What was
uttered at the other end of the wire
of course I did not know, but I heard
him say 'I beg your pardon, Mrs.
,but I did not quite understand
you;' 'I should be delighted;' Nothing
could give me more pleasure, Mrs.
,' and Good afternoon, Mrs.
That's a man all over."
G, H SEE
Market St., Wailuku.
DRY GOODS FANCY GOODS
MEN'S AND LADIES'
FURNISHINGS AND SHOES
PANAMA HATS & CHRISTMAS
CHINESE and JAPANESE SILKS
IN tZWI GOODS
By Every Coast Steamer.
Give me a call.
t5"" Satisfactory Guaranteed. "tiSa
How California Can Be Worked
A Honolulu resident who recently
returned from a visit to Southern
California states that people here
need not fear for amusement! for
tourists who visit the islands. He
states that many cities iu California
do not pretend to offer so mauy a-
musements as does Honolulu, except
in the way of theatricals.
As to the latter feature the gentle
man states that most of the people
visiting in Southern California, are
those who arc generally surfeited with
theatricals, and are not likely to feel
sorry because Honolulu does not have
a theater running every month in the
Many tourists in California have
barely heard of Hawaii. It is a group
of islands of which they may have but
a hazy recollection of having beard
about, and that is all. Given the
proper information, these people,
generally of ample means, would
undoubtedly be glad to extend their
trip to Honolulu. Tbe fare is no
object, for in many instances they
would prefer paying the extra prices
asked if they can but obtain the best
accommodations on any steamer.
But the hotels do not generally
have the information about the is
lands necessary to encourage a
traveler to extend his trip to the
islands, or if they have the informa
tion, the hotel men are chary about
giving it out. This gentleman states
that although mich literature about
Hawaii has been sent to California
cities where easterners gather by
thousands, yet it is seldom to be
found. He looked for some literature
on Hawaii in the information racks
of a couple of hotels in a certain
Southern California city, but found
none. It has been gobbled up. A
gentleman asked for information as
to steamer sailings,' but not possess
ing it exactly, he wrote to San
Francisco to obtain the same.
A suggestion was made that if th
Promot'on Committee had printed
couple of months ahead the schedule
of steamship sailings for Honolulu
from San Francisco iu large type and
sent these to hotels they mi''ht
answer queries to some extent.
A suggestion made oy this same
resident is to the effect that the best
promotion committees are the people
who go from here to the Coast and
East. Whenever people about hotels
find a Honolulu manor women regist
ered they generally find some way to
become acquainted in order to ask
The suggestion is made that, if
Honolulu would care to send a couple
of young ladies under a chaperon' to
Southern California hotels, without
their business being know.i even tc
the hotel managers and proprietors,
they would be the best sort of promo
tion committees extant. Such young
women would naturally have to be of
a class to" uphold a certain social
standard which would appeal to those
about them. Their social standing
would have to be such that they
would rind themselves mingling on a
social footing with the guests with
whom they came in contact. Advertiser.
J. A. HARRIS
HANAWAKI ST. WAILUKU "
IIjuso, Sign and Carriage Painting
Done at Short Notice and
Oil 1 Posting
S H O R
pnirt - mnui, ii t.
Cut to any length desired Prompt
BISMARK STABLES CO. ltd
and SALES STABBES
The BISMARK STABLES
proposes to run the Leading Livert
Stable Business on MAUI
DRUMMERS' LIGHT WAGQNS
W. OLSOiN. - - Prpo.
Anrone pending ft sketch and description ma?
qulrkly ascertain our oplntnn free whether an
Invention Is probably pat en table. Communlca
lions strictly oonadenttal. HANDBOOK on Patent!
sent free. Oldest agency fur securing patents.
Patents taken through Munu & Co. receive
tpecial notice, without chnrgq. la tho
A handsomely lllntrati weekly.
Terms, 3 a
filiation of any urienttlle JnurmU.
year: four months. SL Sold bruit new nil oa I era.
Uriuicb omcu. tr3 K St.. Wuhluniuu. 1). c.
Excursion Rates to Iao and Ha'e
akala with competent guides
NEW RIGS- -NEW TEAMS
HACKS, BUGGIES, SADDLE HORSES
AT ALL HOURS
Competent and careful drivers.
First-Class Turnouts Constantly
on Hand. Special attention to
Tourist Parties, bkillful GuideR
to Iao and H aleak ala.
Headquarters for Commercial Men
CONVEYANCES MEET ALL STEAMERS
Wailuku Lahaina Stdge.
Leaves Wailuku dally at 1:30 p. m.
" Lahaina . " at 8:30 a. m.
ANTONB do REGO, - Mgr.
A Safe Bet. Mrs. Jawback; "Get
riyht away from here, you nasty
tramp, or I'll call my husban' go on
He aint to home."
Fair Passenger: "Oh, never
mind that it's nearly always un
der water, aud uo one will notice
it's gone. "-London Sketch.
NOAH W. GRAY
The hotel is a beautiful stone-front, steel-framed, up to-date fire-proof
building. Corridors, toilets and bathrooms are all wainscoted with Tennessee
All roxmis are elegantly furnished and excellently well ventilated. Gentle
breezes waft through corridors aud sleeping-rooms day and night.
This hostelry, of already world-wide fame, opend a little over two years
ago, has been favored by patrons from all parts, who unite in the opinion that
its service, its silver and cutlery, its linen, its china, its crystal, etc., are equal
to those of the best hotels anywhere.
WATER A three-million-gallou-a-day artesian well of one thousand feet
in depth supplies abundance of elightfully soft water of high chemical purity
Every room in the building has hot and cold wtrter. All the table water, as
well as that supplied to the rooms for drinking purposes, is distilled.
HOTEL FARM The excellency of the table is much enhanced by this
hostelry possessing Its own farm, where, from a fine herd of Jersey cows, an
abundant supply of milk and cream is obtained; a fine lot of poultry produces
eggs, and nice broilers; a lotof choice runts produce the delicate squab required;
sticking pigs and young pork are produced by a herd of fine Berkshire hogs.
Fresh fruit and vegetables of all kinds are daily supplied from this farm; frogs
and mullet from the ponds are also supplied daily.
ROOF GARDEN On the fifth floor, in centre section of building, there
is a ROOF GARDEN of one-third of an acre in area, furnished with beautiful
shrubs; seats aud tables are interspersed and refreshments are served by active
aud obliging waiters all day and throughout the evenings Awiugs are provided
for shelter and band concerts are frequently given. At one end of this garden
there is a large dance pavilion, while at the other end there is a similar room
fitted with all the comforts for a lounging-room, where billards aud other
games are enjoyed by ladies aud gentlemen.
From the Roof Garden the whole of the city aud sutrouuding country
with the sea on one hand aud the verdure-clad mountains on the other, pre
sent a panorama of tropical beauty which for grandeur cannot te surpassed.
Long-distance telephone in every room.
CABLE ADRESS-"YOUNG'S" HONOLULU
AMERCAN AND EUROPEAN PLAN
SPECIAL RATES TO ISLAND PEOPLE