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THE MAUI NEWS
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1905,
Ltmihala Work In the Public Day
HY HENRY DICKENSON.
Previous to the visit of the-ln.r
Col. F. W. Parker to Hawaii in June
181)8 very tittle tnanunl work, except
sewing and knife woik, was attempt
ed in the public clay schools of Ha
waii. ' " ''
Since then manual training 'Tin,
been taken up and it now forms -a
part of the curriculum in most of the
schools of any sue, and among , the
different kinds of woik attempted ,is
the old Hawaiian art of braiding,
Lauhala work is educative in xa
number of ways. It trains the hand
and the eye. Tt gives plenty of
practice in practical mensuration. It
is a good occupation for girls during
their leisure moments after thev have
left school, and it may become1 a
source of income, especially if we
succeed in attracting a large num
ber of tourists to these Islands.
I know of several Instances where
girls after leaving school have made
quite a little pocket money by mak
ing various articles from lauhala
which they would not have done, if
they bad not had some instruction in
the art while they were in school. :
Where it is possib'e, it is better fo
commence with the raw material
rather than with the prepared
leaves. . ,
The raw material consists of
green leaves cut from the tree, or
the dry ones gathered from the tree
or from the ground under it.
The Hawaiians used to fasten seve
ral of the green leaves together by
their tip ends and hold them over a
smoky lire and then dry them in the
sun. Tho smoking was to whiten
and soften them and to hasten the
The Gilbert Islanders used to take
the tip branches with the young
leaves on and boil them, and then
hang, them in the sun. This made1
them almost white.
When the leaves are thoroughly
dry they should be soaked in water
and washed clean. The thorns should
then be cut off from the edges and
back and the leaves flattened out by
rolling them one or two at a time
around the hand. When a sufficient
1 I. 4ahJ . I. ..
quantity iiuyv uccu iuus wcateu ttiey
should be rolled up one oven another
into rolls and fastened. This is the
prepared lauhala that is offered for
sale in some of our market stalls.
'. There is a great difference in the
leaves of the hala tree, not only in
their length but in their thickness
and pliability. When they are tough
and stiff They should be beaten two
or three at a time with a round stick
on a log until they are soft, before
they are used.
When the width of the strand has
been decided upon they are split
off th6 leaf by drawing it against a
knife or a hat pin.
Some lauhala, especially when It Is
thick and strong has a ragged edge
when it is split off and care should be
taken to trim it smooth either with a
knife or a pair of scissors.
.' After the children have learned
how to start braiding set them to
make table mats. Give them a foot
rule and the length and width that
you wish the mat made. At first it
is difficult to keep the width, and
the longer the mat is the wider it
will become, but after peactice -they
will be able to keep the shape with
out any trouble. When the mat is
finished it should be rubbed all over
on both sides with an old door kneb
or something of that kind. This rub
bine flattens down the folds of the
lauhala and elso gives it a polish
After the classes are able to make
table mats, let the children make
mats of a gocd deal larger size. Still
have them use the rule end make
tU trill aiui uu iv into uiiutiioiuna
eiven bv the teacher, and let them
make wall pockets of them.
Then picture frames can be taken
up, and door mats to take the place
ot rugs, fans, napkin rings, school
bags, and baskets of various shapes
and sizes can also be made. The two
latter should be braided over a small
- box. or book, or anything of the
proper size and thickness.
In making a fan, commence at the
lower end of the handle so that it
will never come apart from the rest
of the fan.
A very good waste paper basket
can be made by braiding over a kero
Bene tin. Use quite wide strips of
' lauhala and half way up and at the
top slip pieces of bamboo about an
inch wide between the braids on all
lour sides to stiffen it, and then tak
out the tin. J
Napkin rings are made in this way.
Havana Cigars packed 12 in a box.
t j2 " "
K tt 2 11
packed 12 in a box
" 25 " " "
it 25 '
".VAN? bYiK Oranadas
"STANFORD" Palo Alto.
'PmNClPfede GALES" Bismark
"GENERAPXrTHUR" Holiday Greetings
'GENERAL ARTHUR" Conchas Elegantes Ex.
;'(Wealb have the above brands1 packed in boxes of 25, 50
Wehave in stock an exceptionally fine line
of cigars' imported from Cuba, Porto Rico and
ctJ Thes 'cigars are all staple brands of the
highestrade, and can be had from your dealer,
or it ne?cannot suDDiy you we' will send them
postpaid to any address on receipt of price.
Finfc' line1 of1 imported pipes,1 single ' and in
setsr' Also' sfriOkers articles of every descrip
Special packages for
DEVELOPED AND PRINTED
I nm prepared to do
first class develop
ing and printing of
Prices resonable and
Call or send order to
Wailuku, Mnui. II. T.
J. A. HARRIS
HtVAU'tll T Uilll'VIl vl
GUNSMAKIN CIGAR CO.
G. H SEE
Market St., Wailuku.
DRY GOODS FANCY GOODS
MEN'S AND LADIES'
FURNISHINGS AND SHOES
PANAMA HATS & CHRISTMAS
CHINESE and JAPANESE SILKS
By Every Coast Steamer.
"The House of Staples,"
Take a strip of lauhala the width
that you desire to have your ring and
about sixteen inches' long, split the
ends into fine strands for six 'inches
p arid roll your material into a ring
and fasten it leaving the plit ends
loose, braid these ends with a separ
ate strip of the same width', the ends
going lengthwise and the' separate
trip crosswlse'&round the ring.
The bark of the ekaha fern is
sometimes used to make the work
more ornamental It is of a" dark
brown" color; and various ' patterns
and letters are worked into mats and
fans with It. The bark of the iwa
fern," which Is darker, is often" used
in the same way. 1
Straw for hats can also be made
from lauhala, but most of the hats at
present are braided over blocks.' The
most difficult parts to make are the
tarting and the finishing of the hat.
JewUh Massacres With Official
The friends of the Russian auto
cracy who are displaying their loyalty
by wholesale slaughter of the Jews are
proving to the satisfaction of a num
ber of our newspapers 'that almost
any kind of despotism is better than
liberty-for them. These massacres
'reopen the question whether the
people of Russia can properly ap
preciate liberal rule and are capable
of anything like self government,"
remarks the Nashville Banner; and
the Boston He raid agrees that they
show "how entirely unfitted the Rus
sian people are for absolute democra
tic control." The despatches name
20 towns where the Jewisbed quarters
have been given over to murder and
pillage, and tell of 30 more. A cor
respondent of the Paris Aurore says
that 25,000 Jews have been -killed,
and'a correspondent of the London
Standard puts the number at 15,000
killed and 100,009 wounded. The most
horrible atrocities are said to have
marked the slaughter.
Premier Witte says in a cablegram
to Jacob H. Schiff that "the Govern
ment s horrified at thase outrages,'
and a correspondent of the New York
Sua reports that his first act as
Premier "was to dismiss the Gover
nors of eleven provinces, where the
anti-Semite outrages have been the
worst" a phrase that gives an idea
of the extent the troubles. It is
admitted in an official note issued at
St. Petersburg, however, that the
local officials may have had a hand in
it this dreadful work. It says:
"The tragic arid deplorable events
of las.t week in several places in the
Empire can be considered as the
, spontaneous reaction of the conser
element of ' the
against the' perhaps exaggerated de
monstrations of the radical element.
"On the other hand, It is impossi
ble to deny that in certain cases this
reaction was encouraged by the local
administrative officials; ' The present
Government is far from ignoring or
concealing this fact. Were it to do
so it would be going in the old way,
while professing Its firm determina
tion to follow the road ' of progress.
Among administrative officials there
are enemies of the new system who
are opposing by every means In their
power the realization of reforms,
'Mr; W. T; Stead predicts that 100,
000 lives must ' fall before order is
restored, arid possibly 2,000,000. He
is quoted as saying:
"The coolest man in Russia is the
Emperor. God grant that he may
keey his seat, that the Liberals may
gather about him, and that they may
resist the forces of dissolut'ont His
authority is shaken, passions are
loose, and things are likely to be
worse. There may be fearful slaugh
terings. As an optimist, l think a
hundred thousand lives may fall. If
I were pessimistic I would say two
millions. The situation is something
"The police, gendarmes, and Cos
sacks have been 6urpressing a revo
lution in the name of the Emperor.
Suddenly, they say, the Emperor
goes over to the Liberal side, and
he thinks more of those who wants to
vote and who are doing everything
in the way ot meeting and agitation
which the police were taught to be
lieve was unlawful than he does for
them. The police and gendarme
say: ' '
, "Obi Very well! If the Emperor's
new friends act like this, it is no con
"And when the police are indiffer
ent the . hooligans break . loose and
Toryism in society alfo break loose.
That mass of ignorant conservatism
which thinks only of killing the
Black Hundred in Moscow are Con
servatives who are offended by the
Liberals getting the upper hand,
All through the Russian Empire au
thority as represented by the police,
Cossacks and gendarmes is 'shaken,
as I have said, and the forces that
tend to tear society apart are at
The Engineers' Union of St. Peters
burg accuses the Government of in
stigating these massacres to accom
plish a counterrevolution. It says In
a resolution adopted at its meeting
an November 4:
"The long and obstimate struggle
ot the nation with the autocracy has
compelled the Government to make
concessions, but the Governmept
seeking to resume the open conflict
with the nation by organizing the
dark elements, and, having armed
them out of the nation s money, to
incite them against the progressive
elements of society, against sthe ln-
telligents, against the students,
worKmen, ana jews, ana -so to ac
complish a counterrevolution
At the very moment when the
revolutionary movement haR driven
the autocracy to surrender, when the
nation and country are on the eve
of effective liberation, we are wit
nessing a series of massacres of Jews
carried out by the rabble, thanks to
the criminal tolerance of the author!
ties. We see in these tragic misdeeds
a desire to abuse the ignorance and
blindness of the people for the pur
pose of the deliberate organization
of a counterrevolution, in the hope
of saving the remnant of the old
"It Is resolved, therefore, that
troops acting not in defense of the
citizens but against them, be removed
and that the safeguarding of the in
habitants of the town be Intrusted
to a national militia."
intervention by the Powers to
retore order Is suggested by the
Baltimore American and the Brook
lyn Standard Union but there Is little
If any. indication that the Power
are considering such a move.' The
Administration at Washington has
assured a delegation of American
Jews who requested interference that
our Government is keenly sympathe
tic, but that it is powerless in the
The Louisville Courier-Journal be
lieves that "we need not on account
of these excesses despair of the future
of Russia." ft says:
They mean that the country can
not go at once' from despotism to
orderly liberty, but that was already
known. It 'the lawlessness ends
speedily tha task of consolidating
liberty may be taken up and prose
cuted, but not to immediate success.
If disorders run into universal terror
and anarchy, all that has apparently
oeen gained may be lost. Jn any
events, the work of regeneration will
require time, patience, and education
in those things that are necessary
to the success of national freedom, o
which respect for law, made by the
consent of the governed, is an abso
lutely necessary condUioi
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Excursion Rates to Iao a
akala with competent
NEW RIGS- -NEW TEAMS
HACKS, BUGGIES, SADDL
AT ALL HOURS
Competent and carefu
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Tourist Parties, bkillfi ,
to Iao and Halealala.
Headquarters for Comim
CONVEYANCES MEET ALt,(
AND TRAINS !
Leaves Wailuku dally,
" Lahaina " a
ANTONB do REGO.
NOAH W. GRAY
The hotel is a beautiful stone-front, steel-framed, up to-da
building. Corridors, toilets and bathrooms are all wainscoted wit'
All rooms are elegantly furnished and excellently well ventila!
breezes waft through corridors ami sleeping-rooms dny-trrnitiiJ -
This hostelry, of already world-wide fame, opend a little dvc
ago, has been favored by patrons from all parts, who unite in the
its service, its silver and cutlery, its linen, its china, its crystal, et
to those of the best hotels anywhere.
WATER A three-uiilliou-gallon-a-tlay artesian well of one t
in depth supplies abundance of elightfully soft-water of high die
Every room in the building has hot and cold water. All the tat
well as that supplied to the rooms for drinking purposes, is distill
HOTEL FARM The excellency of the table is much enhai
hostelry possessing its own farm, where, from a fine herd of Je
abundant supply of milk and cream is obtained; a fine lot of poul
eggs, and nice broilers; a lot of choice runts produce the delicate sq
sucking pigs and young pork are produced by a herd of fine Ik
Fresh fruit and vegetables of all kinds are daily supplied from th
and mullet from the ponds are also supplied daily.
ROOK GARDEN On the fifth floor, in centre section of bi
is a ROOF GARDEN of one-third of an acre iu area, furnished n
shrubs; seats and tables are interspersed and refreshments are ser
and obliging waiters all day and throughout the evenings Awing'
for shelter and band concerts are frequently given. At one end
there is a large dance pavilion, while at the other end there is a
fitted with all the com ftrts for a loungiiig-room, where billaj
games are enjoyed by ladies and gentlemen.
From the Roof Garden the whole of the city and surroun
with the sea on one hand and the verdure-clad mountains on tl
sent a panorama of tropical beauty which for grandeur cannot b
Long-distance telephone iu every room.
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