Newspaper Page Text
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 30, J 905,
THE MAUI NEWS
HY. A. MACPONAl I).
Manual training is any form of con
structive work that serves to dcvp
lop tlip powers of tliP pupil through
intelligent self activity. Tho towcr
of observation is developed by exacting-
demands upon the senses; tlip
power of reason hy the const? nt ne
cessity of thought hef'ire .vctti:i; the
w ill power by tho forma'ion of liahits
pntient, careful application. Manual
t raining moans more than handicraft.
The carpenter is able tc. squire his
block nnd sharpen his plane. The
graduate in manual training has
learned these things too, but regards
them as incidental. A higher deve
lopment goes into his life, -he grows
to think more carefully, be more tidy
about his person and surrounding,
and to have a truer purpose in his
daily tasks. lie is no longer content
to do poor work. The manual train
ing that counts thus in the pupil's
life is much needed in our schools and
I believe it possible to give' such
Hut what shall the course be? Con
sult the "Course of Study" and fit
what you can tn your school. Thi
course is not arbitrary, as I, under
stand it, but it is certainly most
helpful as a guide. From the receiv
ing room, through the four grades to
the gmmmer school the course is
outlin-d by simple suggestive work.
Even in the receiving room the little
ones can do much along manual
training lines. They take a pride in
keeping the cba'k-rails and erasers
clean, and their desks neat. They
can make chalk bags, napkins and
towels. ' -
It is a good pliin for all to have
luncheon together under the super
vision of the teacher, and here lessons
may be inculcated that may mean
more along educational lines than
can be gained from books. On Mon
day many teachers have a washing
day when the towels and napkins are
washed and. on Tuesday they are
Where there is a fcliool garden, cook
ing and -erviug sovp, vegetables etc
for luncheon is an important and
helpful feature and joy to the child
ren. I realize that nil these things are
not possible in many of our country
schools but sor.ie branches of manual
woili are within the reach of all.
Children are keenly appreciative of
those things which are immediately
useful to them, anil the course of
study is wisely suggestive. . Consider
well what the pupil thinks while he
works, for what he thinks goes Into
his charncter and this is certainly
more important than the thing made
As the child advances its needs in
crease. In the higher rooms the
work includes the making of gar
ments, letter boxes, book racks,
stools, baskets, fans, insect cages,
simple joints, shadow sticks etc.
Where schools lack a work-shop and
benches with proper tools it might
be possible to get knives and plan a
course in whittling or paper cutting.
This suggests drawing and the use ol
the 12 in. rules. This I think very im
portant to the average pupil to be
able to use accurately tho 12 in. ruler.
All articlesvut from paper or wood
by means of knife or other edged tool
should first be drawn or laid out up
on paper or wood as the case may
be and cut to the working lines. Ac
curacy of measurement is rarely
found in the average pupil just
through the grammar grades. Would
that more care could be taken to
give pupils a reasonably accurate
working acquaintance with the li
Io all cases the work should be so
chosen that the average pupil may
hope to do it fairly well. Children
are easily discouraged, and a dis
couraged boy sometimes makes a
don't care'' boy, which later, pro
duces an undesirable class of citizens.
A duty which every public school
owes the territory is to train Ameri
can citizens' The fundamental basis
of all good citizenship is a trained
intelligence which will enable the
individual to earn a living The pu
blic school which Ignores this fact
has no right to an existence. The
large majority of those who leave
our schools are compelled by circum
stances to earn their liviu by their
hands. This certainly proves tha
the school which does not provioe
for the training of the hand as well
as the mind is failing to da for the
pupils what it should.
Manual training should be 6upple
mental to the other school work
The English which the boy uses when
he tells what he is going to do o
has done means more than the Eng
lish which tells of things beyond him
The arithmetic of things in our school
or neighborhood gives the vital pra
ctical touch that awaKens me. ao
with al studies, manial training
brings to them the practical. Any
one who compares the mental process
in the mastery of a lesson in any
academic study with the mental pro
cess involved in making the working
drawings, and from these by the use
of tools making tho object will see
that minual training is of highest
efticie'ney as a mental developer.
One of tho weak points of our
Havana Cigars packed 12 in a box.
1 44 4 "
tt it ii O t t it
packed 12 in a box
i 2y 11
Special packages for the
"VAN DYCK". Uranadas
"STANFORD" Palo Alto.
"PRINCIPE tie GALES" Bismark
"GENERAL ARTHUR" Holiday Greeting
"GENERAL ARTHUR" Conchas Elegantes Ex.
"GENERAL ARTHUR" Panatelas
(We also have the above brand's packed in boxes of 2 E5,
We have in stock an exceptionally fine line
of cigars imported from Cuba, Porto Rico and
These cigars are all staple brands of the
highest grade, and can be had from your dealer,
or if he cannot supply you we will send them
postpaid to any address on receipt of price.
Fine line of imported pipes, single and in
sets; Also smokers articles of every descrip
GUNSTEAKIN CIGAR CO.
"The Ilonso of Staples,"
Victor Z $20.00
" 1 25.00
1 " II 32.50
1 wasn or
119 El i . a u 9 IKfe
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a i in virrnn
B ABB. a W A
H A v r a
b iii in virrnn
M m w a
n 7 in virrnn
in a a a t fcwi
' 9 irfmmi ah utTiif
DcKub 1 KUitl MIMl
For Every Purse
WE SEL AT
San Francisco Prices
FELLOWS' BUILDING. HONOLULU.
DEVELOPED AND PRINTED
I am prepared to ilo
first cluss develop
ing and printing of
Prices resonable and
Call or fseMici order to
Wailuku, Mnul, II. T.
J. A. HARRIS
HANAWAKl ST. WAILUKU
II jusc, Sign and Carriage Painting
Done at Short Notice and
G. H SEE
Market St., Wailuku.
DRY GOODS FANCY GOODS
MEN'S AND LADIES'
FURNISHINGS AND SHOES
PANAMA HATS & CHRISTMAS
CHINESE and JAPANESE SILKS
Dy Every Coast Steamer. .
Cut to any length desired Prompt
BISMARK STABLES CO. Lf d
and SALES STABLES
The BISMARK STABLES;
proposes to run the Leading Livery
Stable Business on MAUI
DRUMMERS' LIGHT WAGQNS
Excursion Rates to Iao and Ha'e
akala with competent guides
NEW RIGS- -NEW TEAMS
Give me a call.
. B A A
Anyone sending a nketrh nnd dPcrlptlon may
quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an
(nvetillnn Is probably patentnble. Coninmnlra
ttimpntrlctlycontldentlal. HANDBOOK oil PateuU
ent free. Oldest auency fur sfcurmd patents.
I'atputa taken through Muun H, Co. receive
wptriixi notice, without charge, lutbe
A hlnlonielr llliifitriitpil wppkly. l.nnreiit clr
nilHttitll of any erlenllUc Junrnal. Titiiib. a
your: fmir montha, U BolU bjall newi1eMler.
MUNN & Co.36,Broad""- New York
llraucb Oltko. IBS F St. WmhiUKlun, li. C.
HACKS, BUGGIES, SADDLE HORSES
AT ALL HOURS
Competent and careful drtvers.
First-Class Turnouts Consia.itly
on Hand. Special attention to
Tourist Parties. Lkillful Guides
to Iao and HaleaVala.
Headquarters for Commercial Men
CONVEYANCES MEET ALL STEAMERS
YVniluku Lnhainfi Stat.
Leaves Wailuku daily at 1:30 p. ni. j
at 8:30 a. m.
ANTONE do REGO, - Mgr.
We will pay $1.50
S per hundred fop clean
quart beer bottles.
SZ U you have over
S ' one hundred we will
S call for them.
schools is tlie inability ot the puplie
to express themselves in detinits,
concise, and accurate statements.
This lack, may, I think, be in a largo
measure corrected where pupils are
trained in accurately describinj; th
completed products of the hand, or
when trained in giving accurate ex
position of the steps in order anl
proteoses employed in tha construc
tion of such objects. The work of
the pupil's own hands is a subject
about which he knows s.Hiu'thina de
unite, and UcRnlta knowledge is es
sential foe definite statement. As
Lahainaluua depends upon the public
schools for its pupils 1 hope it will
not be thought out of place here, if I
speak briefly of our work.
The woik in Lahainaluna may, for
convenience, be classed under three
heads, academic, agricultural and
manual or shop work. The pupils
on entering should be fifteen years
of aye aud have completed the work
of grade V. We trust that the day
is not far distant when pupils will
come to us so well prepared that we
will be able to raise the standard
and do mere advanced work.
The eutering class spends four hours
of each day in farm work. The other
classes spend four hours in farm
work and four hours in shops, on al
ternate days. Thus you will see a
large part of the time is 6pent on
the farm. We raise such produce asj
is of immediate use in the school, tar.js
sweet potatoes, garden truck, fruit
In tho printing shop, the regular
work is the printing of Hawaii's
Younjf people. Tins work is all done
by tho students under the supervision
of au iustructor, The class iu black
smithing besides exercise work do all
the repair work iu that line and
make wheel-barrows, rakes, ham-
Maui Wine & Liquor Co.
mers, chains, bolts, mits etc, repair
tho wagons and plows and shoe the
horses and mules on the place.
The carpenter shop boys have re
paired, shingled, papered aud paint
ed both in and outside two of houses
on the grounds. They have also re
paired and shingled tha dining hall
and built a poi room, with a temcnt
floor. They are now at work on a
barn. Tt.is work is all. practical and
it all goes hand in hand with draw
ing given in class. Thty are taught
the names of all common parts of a
building and how to lay out and cut
each stick and put it iu place. Our
aim is to make the work practical
along every line, Next term, a-
mong other things, we hope to ma
bookcases and small tablet) for "..
dormitory rooms. The senior f.ii
boys have learned to take iare
the generator and run the elect
As e have stated, the first y '
students work on the farm, the
cond year are in the printing sr
the third year in the black smith s
and the fourth year students do
pentry work. The seuior stud
are allowed to choose the shop w!
they will take. In this way,
studcut has, beside farm work,
linn i orw.U ..l,nn a.l .. "---
jtt l4lMt,lwfcS kliU bltlf jfCUl
the shop of his choice.