Newspaper Page Text
THE MAUI NEWS
SATURDAY, AUGUST 11,1906
Land and Labor Question?.
However individual opinions many
differ as to the validity of the argu
ment of. L. E. Finkham, president of
the Board of Health, with reference
to the land and labors problems in
the territory, all must agree that
the case is ably and comprehensively
stated by him in his address; to the
Engineering Association. He deliv
ers himself in vigorous fashion of the
following facts, observations and
"Can Hawaii Americanize and Dig
"It can only be done by substitut
ing 'The Man with Machinery'- for
'The Man with the Hoe,' as has been
done in the United States.
"This means the possibility of citi
zenship labor in place of alien.
The "Man with Machinery," mak
ing himself many times as effective
" 'The Man with the Hoe,' cheap
ens the cost of production, and rises
i himself financially, intellectually
"Whether the effort is worth mak
ing in this Territory lies entirely
within the judgment of the planta
tions and the Government.
"It might be wise for the Govern
ment to consider retaining for the
present its ownership of cane lands!
and use them as a lever to force the
issue above indicated.
."Our only alternative is to make
an effort, on these lines or to seek the
world over for peasants with pea
sants' minds and contentment,
"As soon as the peasant has arriv
ed, our Territorial educational sys
tem, very properly under the man
dates of civilization, tries to over
come the peasant m'nd, and content
ment with humble conditions, and
generally succeeds and also deprives
Hawaii of. his services. Then the old
search is renewed,
"Education often has a negative
value if pupils are run out into the
world, filled with lofty ideals, but not
knowing where or how to make a
"Our youth, in a general sense,
should be educated to fill such op
portunities as the Territory can
offer. It they cannot find refuge in
the industry that yields 98 per cent
of our produce, what place can we
find for them?
"I have examined the "Course of
Study" from the First to the Eighth
grade, and I find patriotism taught
and a wide range of studies, many of
which gratify lhe pedagogic spirit
rather than equip the pupil for his
struggle in life.
-1 - .. " -f twwwaaptsrw,, .777,.' .!--'-' -r-'f' j
It is a source of no small wonder to competent judges of good
tobacco that we arc able to produce for only ten cents a cigar so per
fect from every point of view as our celebrated
General Arthur Cigar.
It is true that the Havana we arc now using is choicer Havana '
than1 is being put into any other cigar to-day.
It is true that in workmanship, flavor, and thorough reliability the
General Arthur cigar is wonderfully good.
These things are made possible by the magnitude of our opera
tions with a small concern it would be absolutely impossible.
The capital and resources of the largest cigar manufacturing
business in America can reasonably be expected to produce results
which far surpass the efforts of an ordinary enterprise.
for sale by KAHULUI STORE
KERBS, WtRTHEIM A SCHIITER, -.. 1 1 , I t i . "
urM. Ounst-oakin Cigar Co.
DISTRIBUTORS Honolulu. T. H.
"I have failed to find a word as to
what Hawaii needs in the daily occu
pations from a pupil when he is ready
to assert his manhood.
"I have failed to find a suggestion
as to what occupations Hawaii can
furnish her boys and girls. The op
portunity for a variety of employ
ments in Hawaii is so limited, practi
cal suggestions would be' of great
value to those who must seek a live
"The authorities have a. great re
sponsibility ; resting on them which
should be recognized practically, not
"Justice is due the sugar planters
'"They are not land monopolists;
they are the most daring land re
claimers the world has ever known.
"They have made. the desert sup
port a commonwealth.
lhey have made agriculture a
business of the highest organization
iney nave wrung nearly every
possible drop of water from the
caverns of the earth.
"They have caught nearly every
drop of water that flows within the
reach of man on these Islands.
"Still the demand is for more wat
"The investment per acre cropp
ed is unparalleled by any other agri
culture in the world.
"They have absolutely created 98
per cent in value of all the products
of the Territory.
"Their lands can grow other crops
"Ruin them and you ruin Hawaii,
so far as human foresight can pre
"tie who claims otherwise is an
astrologer and sees stars.
"lhey oaseu their agriculture on
contract labor, which, whatever its
faults, bettered the condition of the
"Labor possibly did not always
receive its just dues. Evidently
labor intends to settle that point iu
"The labor situation might have
been bettered in Hawaii, but hind
sight has excelled foresight for a de
cade and a half at least.
"They have supported an educa
t ion al system that has deprived them
of needed labor.
"They have been between the devil
and deep sea of their pocket books
and their missionary consciences.
"The latter have won oftenienougl:
to have them great credit.
"Ownership in plantations is -not
so exclusive, all stockholders may be
termed sugar barons.
"What ails the dear generaf public
and its widespread distress in II a
waii, is what ails 'it the world over
it buys high and is sold out low. .
"It gets into a game where the
cards are staked and the pot already
spoken for. , .
"The plantations are distressed
for labor and are forced to two
choices, First To seek peasant la
bor, Occidental or Oriental, the
world over, at enormous expense.
Second To endeavor to make a place
for more effective, intelligent, ade
quately paid and domiciled self re
specting labor by trying to substitute
The Man with Machinery" for "The
Man with the Hoe."
"Far from this paper to assert the
machinery can be devised, but to
urge the attempt.- Many more diffi
cult mechanical problems have been
If the plantations should conclude
to make the effort, it is to be hoped
"The Hawaiian Engineering Associa
lion may be a chief factor in creat
ing the various machinery needed
and that the educated young men of
Hawaii may operate it.
"May we hope invention fostered
by the Hawaiian plantations, may
yet dignify labor, and the educators
of Hawaii may teach the dignity and
worth of physical labor?
San Francisco, July 21. George
Collins is beginning to show symp
toms of excessive zeal in the cause of
liberty. Yesterday,, after he had
beeu brought to town from the Ingle
side Jail for the purpose . of arguing
on a motion for his release on a writ
of harbeas corpus before Judge Hub
bard, he defied the law, as personi
bed by Deputy Sheriff J. F. Whalen
and only when threatened with the
handcuffs came to a realization that
the loophole through which he is
seeking to escape from is yet to be
The trouble arose when Collins
wanted to go in one direction and the
deputy sheriff in another.
"The Judge said I could be at liber
ty for .two hours," said Collins
"Come this way."
"You follow me," cried Whelan
"or you'll get in trouble."
"But that isn't being at liberty
, to follow where you want to
lead!" Collins protested.
"I won t take any of your chin
music, uoey orders, or i ll put on
Collins succumbed, but his tempe
was already rumeu by ins expe
rionces in Judge Hubbard's court
Judge Murasky had been called to the
stand, and when it became evident
that many of the points raised by the
applicant were the same as those on
which he had based his applications
for other writs before other Judges
of the Superior Court, Judge Hub
'Unless you can show me that
these points have not been passed on
by the other Judges, I'll deny your
' As Judge Murasky has already de
cided on all the relevant portions of
Collins' contention, there is small
hope that there will be any comfort
for the convicted perjurer in the de
cision on the writ, which is to be rend
ered by Judge Hubbard Tuesday.
Cockran On A
New York, July 19. It is report
ed here that word has come from
Bourke Cockran, who has been for
some time in San Francisco and en
virons, that the details of a- Hearst
Murphy combination are being satis
factorily worked out. Hearst has also
been in San Francisco and environs.
This report was first heard In some
of the Murphy district clubs. Whiie
the party foes of Hearst are talking
of uniting to defeat him in the Dem
ocratic State Convention, his party
friends are intimating that the poli
tical situation in New York State is
being shaped in such a way that
Hearst's defeat for Governor will be
New York, July 23. It became
known in this city today that the
city of Glasgow, Scotland, has sold
the municipal telephone plant which
was established six years ago to
compete witha private company. It
was found that the municipal plant
wa3 not a' paying" venture, and the
Town Council decided to sell the bus
iness to the Postofflce at a loss of
200,000. When the sale was decided
pon, more than $1,000,000 had been
pent on equipment and a further
expenditure of $500,000 had beeu
The Glasgow (Herald, commenting
pon the failure of the venture, as
serted that the undertaking was a
mistake in the beginning, and the
citizens should congratulate them
selves that the loss is not more.
Agriculture In Hawaii.
The magnitude in the aggregate of
the sugar industry in the Islands is
set forth by L. E. Finkham in an ad
dress delivered before the Hawaiian
Engineering Association. The pro
blems to be solved and difficulties to
be surmounted; in some cases met
and overcome with signal success in
others resulting in failure, are sped
fically and plainly detailed, Of two
important features of the industry
"I desire to Impress upon you the
tremendous significance 'and relative
magnitude of the two factors of Irri
gation and Transportation as exist
ing in this Territory solely dependent
on sugar production. For full details
I refer you to Table No. 2.
"That, eventually, an area of 80,-
196 acres of irrigated sugar land may
be annually cropped, every source of
water supply on the four producing
Islands has been exploited, with
scarce an exception, and a maximum
daily supply of 1,684,500,000 gallons
has been secured, a quantity exceed
ing five times that used by the city
of Greater New York and its four
million inhabitants. The average daily
supply is 1,186,700,000 gallons, or
nearly four times the consumption of
Greater New York. The wate
supply is still insufticent to irrigat
all the cane land directly available.
"The water supply ditches are 503
miles in length, of which 711 miles
are 717 miles long and will soon ap
proach 1,000 miles. The are 250
storage reservoirs with a capacity of
8,181,750,000 gallons. There are 428
artesian wells furnishing '494,750,000
gallons of water daily, and other un
derground sources producing 96,450,
000 gallons, all of which is pumped
through 72 miles of great steel and
iron pipe lines by steam pumps,
of 26,854 horsepower, to various ele
vations tup to 560 feet. Huge iron
siphons, aggregating over twelve
miles in length, carry water across
gulches, the deepest carry being 700
'All these and other enormous
nstallations with operating capital
have been made at a cost of $70,603,-
893.49, that, in the year 1905, r9,t;93
and C4-100 acres of sugar cane might
be cropped and that, eventually,
80,19(5 acres may be cropped annual
'In the Hawaiian Islands, the
team railway mileage, mostly on
irrigated plantations, comprlsesTlfiJ
miles, or over three-quarters as
much mileage as the State of Con
necticut has. By the census of 1900,
Connecticut had a population of 908,-
10 souls against 154,001 souls in the
Territory of Hawaii. We do not in
clude'our 122J miles of movable track.
On the 176 miles of Hawaiian steam
railways, there are employed 111
locomotives and 8,220 cars. Addi
tional special cane transportation is
provided by 379 miles of flumes and
39 of overhead cableways.
All these means of transportation,
costing, with other investments and
operating capital, $94,380,617.29,
that, in tlie year 1905, 95,443 and 31
100 acres of cane might be cropped,
and that eventually 118, 380 acres of
cone may be annually cropped.
"Can anyone claim that the agri
culture of Hawaii is not the most
costly in installation and intensive in
operation of any existing or histori
Appeal to the People
St. Petersburg, July 23. The fol
lowing is the text of the Parliamen
To the People from their . Popular
Citizens of all Russia: Parliament
has been dissolved by the ukase of
July 21st. You elected us as your re
presentatives and instructed us to
fight for our country and freedom.
In execution of your instructions and
our duty we drew up laws iu order
to insure freedom to the people. We
demanded the removal of. .irresponsi
ble Ministers who were infringing the
laws with .impunity and oppressing
First of all, however, we wanted
to bring out a law respecting the dis
tribution of land to working peasants
and involving the assignment to this
end, of crown apanagers, monasteries
and lands belonging to the clergy,
and compulsory exappropriation of
private estates. The Government
held such a law to be inadmissable
and upon Parliament once more ur
gently putting forward its resolution
regarding compulsory exappropria
tion, Parliament was disolved.
"The Government promises to con
vene a new Parliament seven months
hence. Russia must remain without
popular representation for seven
whole months, at a time when the
people are standing on the brink of
ruin and industry and commerce are
undermined; when the whole country
is seething with unrest and when the
Ministry has definitely shown its in
capacity to do justice to popular
needs. For seven months the Gov
ernment will act arbitrarily and will
fight against the popular movement
n order to obtain a pliable, subser
vient Parliament. Should it succeed
however, in completely suppressing
the popular movement, the Govern
ment will convoke no Parliament at
"Citizens, stand up for your tram
pled-on rights; for popular represen
tation and for an Imperial Parlia
ment. Russia must not remain
day without popular representation.
lou possess the means or acquiring
it. The Government has, without
the assent of the popular representa
tives, no right to collect taxes trom
the people, nor to summon the people
to military service. Therefore you
are now the Government. The dis
solved Parliament was justified In
givitig neither money nor soldiers
Should the Government, however,
contract loans ;in order to procure
funds, such loans will be invalid
without the consent to the popula
representatives, ine riussian peo
pie will never acknowlege them and
will not be called upon to pay them
Accordingly, until a popular repre
sentatlve Parliament is summoned, do
cot give a kopeck to the throne or
soldier to the Army. Be steadfast
in your refusal. No power can resist
the united, inflexible will of the
"Citizens, in this obligatory an
unavoiuaoie struggle your represou
tatives will be with you."
Something To Be
We have just engaged a first-ca-i
Carriage trimmer from IIo
nouu and are now prepared to
execute a work in this line, in a
workmanike n; inner, at reason
Also carriage, house and sign
painting done at short notice.
Phone for our prices at any time
Shop on Church St.
ISM ARK STABLES CO.Ud
and SALES STABLES
he BISMARK STABLES
opposes to run the Leading Liveby.
Stable Business on MAUI
DRUMMERS' LIGHT WACQNS
Excursion Rates to Iao and Ha'e-
akala with competent guides
NEW RIGS--NEW TEAMS
Cut to any length desired Prompt
Contractor & Builder.
Paints, Oils & Glass
Market Street, - - - Wailuku.
Telephone 4. - - - P. O. Box 17.
v4 . 60 YEARS'
' T.I HI U.HB
Anyone tending iketeta and description mmf
quickly Moert&tn our opinion fr whatber mo
Invention It probably patentable. Com muni oa-
uuns imciiy wiuuuoiinw. nnnuDUun vu
tent free. Oldest
fa ten u laaen
a tnroutfh Id una & Co. reoelva
tptcuu nottt, w
itcm nunc, WM llUUt WUnrHV IU vu
A handiomelr Il1nalrat4 wwklf. I.anraat dr
oul.ttun of mnr .rlentttlo Journal. Term., M ft
ynr : four month., L Sold by all nawadealara.
MUNNiCo.86'8"'- New York
Braucta OOlo. 636 T BU Waafaluutuu. I. C.
ICE CREAM PARLOR
SUCCESSOR TO CIIONG CHUNG.
FRESH SODA WATER,
CANDY, TODACCO, CIGARS,
FRESH CAKES TO ORDER,
Market Street, Wailuku.
II. OKAMURA, Propritor.
W. J. MOODY
Contractor and ksulldar
PLANS and ESTIMATES
POO!)! NO. 1. KAlirjLUI, MAUI