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THE MAUI NEWS-
-SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1906
A Direct Primary.
The villainies possible and practiced
under our present primary election
law, and the certainty that they will
never cease while that law remains
on the statute book, have crystallized
public sentiment into a demand for a
direct primary law which has found
expression in several of the party
platforms of the year. Such a bill
will be introduced at the comlnp
session of the Legislature, and we dc
not believe the thieves will be able to
prevent its passage. It is the one
source left to restore to us a gov
ernment of the people, for the people
and not by the bosses under which we
now groan. The direct primary has
not yet been tried long enough in the
states which have adopted it to de
monstrate on its advantages, but tt
Is the universal testimony that it
does put the bosses entirely out of
business so far as nominations for
office are concerned. They cannot
control, and apparently cannot in
fluence, nominations. Whatever ihey
do must be done after nominations
are made, and that makes their
operations so exceedingly costly that
bossism, as an industry, ceases to be
While we regard the passage of a
direct primary law in this State as
certain, it does not follow that those
who desire good government sufll
clently to work for it should for oue
moment cease their efforts. On the
the contrary, the utmost vigilance
will be required to assure that any
law which may be passed shall be
"constitutional'.' and workable. The
effort of the opposition will be to see
that it is not either. Bills supported
by strong public sentiment are not
fought openly, but by the process of
"amendments" whose effect is not
perceived by the friends of the bill.
The devil inspires his agents with
preternatural ingenuity against
which the children of light must con
tinually guard. The active propo
nents of the direct primary should
lose no time in drafting a bill on the
lines of those in force in other states,
and should fortify themselves by the
opinions of our best constitutional
lawyers, who, either for love or for
money, must make an exhaustive
study of the measure and th9 bear
ings of our own Constitution upon it.
And when satisfactory conclusio s
have been reached efery amendment
offered must be viewed with suspicion.
It is not unlikely that many such
bills will be introduced, for ambjtious
politicians tumble over each other iu
their anxiety to attach their names
to some popular measure, but the
friends of honest government should
unite on the essential points of a con
stitutional bill and fight any de
parture from them. S. F. Chronicle.
Japanese In School.
. The most prominent-objection to
the presence of Japanese in our public
schools is their habit of sending young
men to the primary grades, where
they nit side by side with very young
children, because in those grades
only are the beginnings of English
taught. That creates situations which
often become painfully embarrassing.
They are, in fact, unendurable.
There is also the objection to tak
Ing the time of tho teachers to teach
the English language to pupils, old
or young, who do not understand it.
It is a reasonable requirement that
all pupils entering the schools shall
be familiar with the language in which
Instruction is conducted. We deny
either the legal or moral obligation
10 teacn any loreigner to read or
speak the English language. And if
we choose to do that for one nation
ality, as a matter of grace, and not
to do t'ae same for another nation
ality, that is our privilege.
We do not know that the Japauese
children are personally objectionable
in grades composed of pupils of their
own age. We do not know whether
they are not, . There Is, however, a
deep and settled conviction among
our people that the only hope of main
taining peace between Japan and the
United States ia to keep the two
races apart. Whatever the status
of the Japanese children while still
young and uncontaminated, as they
grow older they acquire the distinc
live character, habits and moral
standards of their race, which are
abhorrent to our people. We object
to them in the familiar Intercourse of
common school life as we would object
to any other moral poison.
While we deny any moral or legal
obligation to give, at public expense,
any education whatever toauy alien,
and consequently, if we choose, to
give, as a matter of grace, to one,
and deny it to another, we have, also
as a matter of grace, provided sepa
rate schools for the Japanese. In all
the Southern States separate schools
a"e provided for white and colored
children To say that we may exclude
our own colored citizens from the
schools attended by white children,
but shall not exclude the'children of
aliens from such schools, Is not only
absurd, but monstrous.
We deny that the Federal Govern
ment has any control whatever over
the schools of this State, or any
authority whatever to officially deal
with them The tenth amendment to
the Constitution declares that "the
powers not delegated to the United
States by the Constitution, nor pro
hibited by it to the states, are reserv
ed to the states, respectively, or to
the people." If the control of public
education is not one of the powers by
that clause expressly witheld from
the Federal jurisdiction, then their is
no such power thus withheld, and
there Is nothing in which the juris
diction of Congress, is not supreme.
Secretary Metcalf, now here, is not,
as a United States official, entitled
to any information whatever in re
gard to our schools. What i given
is given as a matter of courtesy.
Section 2 of article VI of the Con
stitution of the United States says:
'This Constitution, and the laws of
the United States made in pursuance
thereof, and all treaties made, or
which shall be made, under the auth
ority of the United States, shall be
the supreme law of the land." Obvi
ously no treaty can be made by the
United States except under its
'authority." Any treaty made in
excess of that authority is void in
that particular. If the United States
has no "authority" over the schools
of California it cannot be clothed with
such authority by any contract of its
own with a foreign nation. 'To sup
pose otherwise would be to suppose
that the President and Senate alone
could, under guise of a treaty with a
foreign nat'.on, usurp every power
now held by any state government,
and even abolish those governments.
If the power of the President and
Senate to enact by treaty that which
Congress and the President cannot
enact by law exists, it has no limit.
It does not exist. Therefore, what
ever engagements the Federal Gov
ernment may hrve made with Japan
with respect to or schools if it has
made any are utterly void.- S. F.
Durand To Quit
Washington, November 7. Sir
Henry Mortimer Durand, the British
Embassador to the United 'States,
will soon retire from the uiplomatic
crops of Great Britain, at his own
request. His successor at Washing
ton has not been decided upon.
Sir Mortimer is rounding out his
third year as Embassador here, after
having served three years as Embas
sador to Madrid. Previous to that
service he earned signal honors for
diplomatic work in Persia and India.
Gossip in diplomatic circles here is
to the effect that Durand's decision
to leave Washington is inspired by
Lady Durand, who ia in such delicate
realth as to be practically an invalid
She is intensely opposed to publicity
of any kind and the free and easy
ways of American life, with the con
slant drains upon her vitality in the
way of entertaining and being enter
tained have told upon her fragile
strength. Iu her position It is im
possible to avoid these social duties
and Sir Mortimer is said to have cut
short his original plan of service on
his wife's account. Both Sir Morti
mer and Lady Durand are popular
in Washington and have been lcadeiB
in diplomatic society.
The United States Department of
Agriculture has in press and will
soon Usue two Farmers' Bulletins,
Nos. 2GS and 269, relating to ivdus
trial alcohol, the former treating of
its sources and manufacture and the
latter of its uses and statistics. These
bulletins have been prepared by Dr,
H. W. Wiley, Chief of the Bureau of
Chemistry, and are designed to meet
the popular demand tor Information
in regard to denatured alcohol, relat-
ng to which a law (Public No. 201)
was past by Congress on June 7, 1906.
These bulletins define in a proper
way what denatured alcohol is, the
sources rrcm which it is obtained,
the processes and appliances used in
its manufacturing, the uses to which
t may be applied, and the officials of
the Government charged with the
enforcement of the law.
The bulletins are illustrated and
are for free distribution. Applica-
ion should be made to Members of
Congress or to the United vStates
Department of Agriculture.
To Supreme Court
Washington, November 7. The
President ti day announced the ap
pointment of Attorney-General Wil
liam Henry Moody of Massachusetts
as Justice of the Supreme Court to
succeed Justice Henry Billings
Brown, who retired some time ago.
Moody has filled the office of At
torney-General since July 1, 1904.
Previous to that time be had served
for more than two years as Secreta ry
of the Navy. He had also represent
ed his State in the Fifty-fourth, Fifty-
fifth, Fifty-sixth and Fifty-seventh
Congresses. It is generally expect
ed that Moody will retire from the
Department of Justice the latter
part of Decembei.
Secretary of the Interior Ethan
Allen Hitchcock will retire from the
Cabinet on the 4th. of next March,
and James R. Garfield of Ohio, 'the
present Commissioner of Corpora
tions, will succeed blm. HerbetKnox
Smith, now Assistant Commissioner
of Corporations, will be appointed to
Garfield's place. These changes and
the retirement of Commissioner Rich
ards of the General Land Office on
March 4th, were announced in a
statement from the White House to
day. Move Against
Washington, November 7. Com-
miss'oner-Generr.l Sargent, of the
Immigration Bureau, will leave for
Houolulu on November 20th, to in
vestigate Japanese immigration! and
to attend personally to tre Inspec
tion and landing of 1325 Portuguese,
Immigrants now on the way to Ha
waii from Fayal Azores. They are
expected to arrive Novemb?r 30th.
Sargent goes to Hawaii by direo
tion of the President, whose interest
in Hawaiian immigration matters has
been enlivened by recent develop
ments in relation to Japanese immi
gration. It is understood that the
President has received Important in
formation from Hawaii, leading him
to the conclusion that a personal in
vestigation of the immigration situa
tion by General Sargent is highly
The protest against the continued
influence of the Japanese is very
strong, and the Government autho
rities are believed to be in symatby
th the movement to Induce the
immigration of Portuguese, Spanish
and Italian laborers, who will make
Drops From Sight
Washington, November 7. The
Washington police have been busy
tonight on the strange case of Adolph
C, Pyles and wife of San Francisco.
They arrived here at 4:40 this after
noon on a Baltimore & Ohio train
enroute to Boston and decided to stop
over to see the nights.
Pyles suggested to his wife thatehe
take a street car to the New Willard
Hotel while he sent a telegram and
attended to the baggage. Mrs. Pyles
Protested against going alone, as she
had $12,000 in greenbacks on her
person, sewed in her undergarments,
She finally consented, turned and as
cended the step9 toward the street.
That is the last Pyles has seen of
her. She has disappeared as if the
earth had swallowed her. She did
not arrive at the New Willard and
the frantic husband began a search
of all the hotels in the city. Nowhere
did he get a trace of her. Early to.
night he asked the aid of the police
and the city has been scoured without
results. Pyles gave up at 1 o'clock
this morning and went to bed. If no
trace of the missing woman has been
found by morning Captain of Detec
tives Boardman will send out a gen
eral a'.artn along this coast.
Pyles says he is a fire insurance
agent In San Francisco. He said he
ntended to get Mew York drafts be
fore leaving, but did no, have time,
and all the money ho and his wife had
was placed in a bundle and sewed In
her underskirt. So far he is aware
no one knew of this. Mrs. Pyles is
about thirty-two years old and stout
of build and apparently In perfect
mental condition. Pyles said the little
disagreement at the station did not
amount, to a quarrel and could not
possibly explain his wife's disappea
Newport (R. I.), November 5. In
the Superior Court here to day argu
ments were heard in the case of ChiVjf
Yeoman F. J. Buenzle against the
Newport Amusement Association on
the general demurrer of the defen
dant. This is the action brought to
ecover damages for refusal to allow
the plaintiff to enter the defendant's
dancehall while in naval uniform.
President Roosevelt contributed $100
to help fight the case.
The attorney for the plaintiff stated
it was not only a suit for damages,
but to decide if men in the United
States service shall be obliged to fre
quent only the vilest and lowest
places. The counsel for the defen
dants contended that proprietors had
a right to exclude anyone, and that
it would be fatal to the business of
the amusement association where
women are concerned if the 1700
sailors at Newport Training Station
and 1000 troops at.Fort Adams should
come clamoring for admission.
He stated that men ran away from
crime and entered the service, which
fact was known In Newport, and that
every man because he puts on a uni
form was not a saint and defender of
hu country. The Court reserved its
Signs Of Graft.
Rome, November 7. The news
paper Vita hints that remunerative
concessions for building an electric
railroad near Genoa were granted to
the Westinghouse Company in pre
ference to a home concern because
its represntative in this country is
the Premier's son-in-law. It says
the son of another Premier went to
Philadelphia to carry out the Midvale
armor plate deal.
The public is indignant at the Gov
ernment's neglect of home industries,
and the suspicion that there is ne
potism and graft is increasing. When
contracts are given to foreign com
panies the State loses the benefit of
taxes. The Terni Iron Works Com
pany threatens to discharge many
Asheville (N. C), November 5.
All of George W. Vanderbilt's coach
men and drivers have gone on a strike
and he can get none elsewhere to take
their places. All the Asheville drivers
and teamsters are on the side of the
strikers and have refused to help
For two days the Vanderbiltshave
been cooped up at Biltmore House,
five miles away from Biltmore village
Mr. and Mrs. Vanderbilt were un
able to go to church yesterday and
had to stay at home. Vanderbilt
takes up the collection at All Souls'
Church Biltmore. He endowed this
church. The strikers did not notify
him of their intention until just before
In Lighter Yein.
THE CAPTAIN IS EXCEPTED,
Passing the pantry of his boat one
day, Captain Birch ot Gloucester,
overheard one of the cabin boys In
dulging in animadversions on the of
ficers and crew. He turned a very
severe countenance upon the boy aud
said. "Young man, hereafter when
you nave anytning to say about any
one about the boat, please except the
A few days later, when the captain
happened to be on deck, the same
cabin boy carried past him a dish of
food prepared for the table, and a pet
hog, runninit between the boy's legs,
upset him, scattering the food.
Picking himself up, with a most
rueful countenance, the boy commen
ced berating the hog. "You are the
miserablest hog I ever seen," he be
gan, when, catching a view of the old
man, and rememberinir his injunction,
he added, "except the captain."
The boy has had a secure berth on
Captain Birch's boat ever since.
Boston Iferal 1.
HER EASY DAY.
"Bridget, you used to work for the
Pneers, did.i't you?"
"Made you earn your money, didn't
"They did, mum."
"Routed you out of bed good and
early in the morning?"'
"Not on Mondahmarniu. That was
the day Mrs. Pneer paid me, an'
sometimes she's let me slape till noon,
so she cud kape the money longer-"
Two girls were going down the
street when they passed a man wear
ing a green vest and a beaver hat.
Oh I" said the one. "Just see what
that man is sporting."
Yes," said the other; "that re
minds me; I've got to buy some qui
"How does that remind you?"
"Oh, just the bad taste." LIppin-
THE SEASON AND THE SEA-
"Hello, old man. Got your winter
"No. What are the styles?"
" V ell, I was thinking of a nice neat
pepper and salt. What do you think
"Why, that sounds seasonable.
HAPPINESS IN THE FAMILY.
Mrs. Newlyed My husband ad
mires everything about me my voice
my eyes, my form, my bands!
Friend And what do you admire
Mrs. Newly wed His good taste.
"Really," said Mr. Timmld, "I've
never dreamed of kissing a girl
gaianst her will. I never "
"How fortunate!" exclaimed Miss
Patience. "Dreams go by contraries,
you know." Philadelphia Ledger.
Father Yes, Bobby an heirloom is
something which has been in the
family a long time and is handed down
from father to son. '
Bobby Hub 1 Do you think It's fair
to make me wear 'em? (Looking at
his trousers.) Chicago Daily Tri
bune. NOT ALARMING.
"I can't make anything out of that
case, began the young doctor.
"What?" exclaimed his wife,
"Oh! don't be scared. I mean I
don't understand it. Ot course, I'm
making money out of it." Philadel
Bank Director (suspiciously) Are
you sure the cashier has no expen
Bank President Well, he has a
wife. Chicago Daily News.
how much does it cost to get a
SCORING ON THE PREACHER.
The Minister There is nothing can
equal trie dullness or mat razor you
The barber well, I guess you
would see your mistake if you should
try to shave yourself with one of your
sermons Philadelphia Record.
SHE WAS WISE.
Wife Are jou going to shave now
Wife Then I think I'll take the
parrot out of the room. Ally Slop
The ClockmakerThls is a wonder
ful clock, madam. It will run for
three weeks without winding.
The Customer's Little Boy Say
mister, how long would it run if it
was wound '--Philadelphia Bulletin,
Sentry Who goes there?
"Officer of the day."
bentry inin phwat the divil are
jou doing out here at night? Ally
io per s.
PUT HIS FOOT IN IT.
r lancee how ao you like my new
Bobby (enthusiastically)--By Jovel
J They're immense! Punch.
"Is that all the work you can do in
a day?" asked the discontented em
"Well, suh," answered Mr. Erss
tus Pinkley. "I s'pose I could do mo,
but I never was much of a hand foh
showin' off Washington Star.
Mrs. Brown How do you like your
nsw dressmaker? Did she give you
Mrs. Jones No, but her bill gave
Georgo one. Exchange.
THE ONLY WAY.
Lawson What do you do when
your little boy asks you questions
that you can't answer?
Dawson Send him to bed and get
out the encyclopedia Somerville
Soubrette If I told you that a mil
lionaire once said I was the apple of
his eye, what would you say?
Comedian I should say he was a
poor judge of fruit. Exchange.
RIGHT IN HIS LINE.
"Could you do the landlord In The
Lady of Lyons?" asked the manager
of a seedy actor.
"Well, I should think I might; I
have done a good many landlords."
Lawyer Why do you wish to be
excaused from jury service?
Talesman Wall, you see, I think
Lawyer That's enough. You're
excaused Cleveland Leader.
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