Newspaper Page Text
THE MAUI NEWS
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1906
Will StDdy The
Washington, November 12. Com
missioner-General Sargent of the Im
migration Bureou will leavo to-mor
row for San Francisco en route to
Hawaii. He will make a complete
Investigation of the Japanese situa
tion In the islands and report to tht
President. It is now believed the
President will withhold definite ac
t'on on the Japanese matter until he
hears from Sargent as to conditions
in Hawaii. Figures issued from ihe
Bureau of Immigration show thai
over 16,000 Japanese entered the
United States during the fiscal year
ending June 30, 1906, of whom over
9000 entered at San Francisco.
The following figu.-es show the
tread Of Chinese immigration for the
past three months compared with
the same months of last year: July,
1905, admitted 253, deported 9; July,
1906, Admitted 222, deported" 21;
August, 1905, admitted 256, deported
5; August, 1906," admitted 305, de
ported 24; September, 1905, admitt
ed 283, deported 11; September,
1906, admitted 303, deported 34.
It is claimed by the Immigration
Bureau that since the new Chinese
regulations went into effect there
have been fewer admissions than be
fore, in spite of the allegations that
the regulations had been amended in
order to make admission easier. S.
The U. S. Department of Agricul
ture has sent out circular No. 53
throwing some light on the road ques
tion or 1'ennylvania which makes it
possible for us ;o draw comparison
with local conditions.
In 1904 there were 99,777 miles of
public road in the State of Pennsyl
vania. Of this mileage, 9 miles had
been surfaced with stone under the
direction of the State highway de
partment, 1,051 miles surfaced with
stone by the various counties and
townships, and 1,101 miles more or
less improved with stone or gravel
by various turnpike companies, mak
ing in all 2,161 miles of improved
road. It will be seen from these fig
ures that 2.1 per cent of the roads
has been Improved. By comparing
the total road mileage with the area
of the State, it appears that there
were 2 21 miles of public road per
square mile of area. A comparison
of mileage with population shows that
there was 1 mile of road to every 63
inhabitants, but only 1 mile of improv
ed road to every 2,916
TAXATION FOR ROAD PUR
The township supervisors are cu
thorizod by law to levy a tax of not
to excead 10 mills on the dollar on ali
personal property, trades, and occu
pations for the purpose of construct
ing and repairing roads and bridges.
In 1905 this law was amende 3 so as
to permit an increase of 10 additional
mills. Each township may levy a
cash road tax, incur indebtedness,
or issue bonds according to the meth
ods prescribed by law to defray its
share of the cost of State aid roads.
There is no statuto labor law in
Pennsylvania, as there is in many
States, providing Ihit ail able-bodied
male persons between certain ages
be required to work upon the roads
a given number of days each year.
The whole or any portion of the town
ship road tax teferred to above
could, however, be paid m work pre
vious to 1905. In that year the legis
lature provided that any township
which abolished the working out of
the tax and which required the same
to be paid in cash should receive an
nually from the State 15 per cent of
the amount of the tax so collected.
According of the act of 1895, com
motily known as the Flin;i law, the
county commissioners may levy a tax
of not to exceed 2 mills cn the dollar
upon all real and personal property
in the county for the purpose of im
proving important county roads.
Only two or three counties have,
however, availed themselves of the
provisions of this law.
In 1903 the legislature past an act
which provided that the State, the
counties, and the townships might
cooperate in the improvement of the
principal highways, the State to pay
66 per cent of the cost, the county
16f, and the township 1C. These
proportions were changed by thg act
of 1905 to 75 per cent by the State
12J per cent by the county, and 12
per cent by the township. All State
appropriations must be apportioned
among the various counties or town
ships according to their total rood
mileage. Thp act of 1903 also pro
vided that any county constructing
county roads under the provisions of
the act of 1905 (the Flinn law) should
he pn'itled to the same nrnount of
State nid as if the roads had been
constructed under the Slate nid law
If State aid is desired, however, in
the reconstruction of such roads, the
work must bo don according to the
plans and under the direction of the
State highway department.'
The State " ays one-half of the an
nual cost of maintaining roads which
have been improved under the ti'irec
tion cf the State highway depart
ment, or such other roads, as have
been improved according to thestan
dards of the State highway depart
ment. Moneys paid out by the State
for maintenance must, however, be
apportioned among the various coun
ties or townships according to their
mileage of improved roads.
The amount expended by the town
ships and counties for roads and
bridges was $4,759,499.16 in 1904.
The amount expended by the State
in the various counties on State roads
was $77,774.80. The amount ex
pended by the State- for repairs of
impioved roads in the various coun
ties and townships was $49,991 72,
making a total expenditure by town
ships, counties, and State of $4,887,
265.68. This docs not include the
amounts expended for the main
tenance of rail roads. By comparing
the total amount expended with the
total mileage or public road and with
the population of the State, it is
found that the funds collected and
expended for road purposes amount
ed to $48.93 per mile of public road,
or $0.77 per inhabitant.
Maurioe O. Eldridqe,
Chief of Records.
How The First American
Books Were Printed.
The very ancient .Daye printing
pres-, which up to a recent date had
been in use at Harvard University,
is now on exhibition in the rooms of
the Vermont Historical Society at
Montpelier. This press has seen
service since 1638 and was the first
machine of its kind in use in the
colonies. It was brought from Eng
land and set up In Cambridge, Mass.,
in the same yt?ar that John Harvard
had founded the university that bears
his name. Stephen Daye saw pros
pects for the establishment of a pro
sperous printing business in the colo
nies, and with such plana in view he
left England and set himself Up in
the college town. The first of our
American books, the earliest editions
of State laws, colonial money and
early newspapers were printed upon
this aiiClcnt press, and for more th.an
250 years it has remaiued in fairly
(Continued from last week.)
' NO RICKETS HERE.
I have yet to see a case of rickets
in Hawaii, although the children are
artificially fed to a great extent,
and some of them on the very poorest
foods. I believe this to be due to the
abundance of fresh air and sunshine
and also to the fact that children
here do not require the same amount
of fat as in other climates. '
Tuberculosis is common amongst
the children of the lower classes, be
ing due to infection from overcrowd
ing, as the Hawaiians, Chinese and
Japanese often sleep ten or twelve
In a room, and take their food from
the same vessels. These cases are
practically always fatal, as the sur
roundings are poor and iusanitary,
the food of a low quality, and they
are unable to take care of themselves
owing to lack of means and educa
I believe you will find tuberculosis
in the children of the better classes
It infects all organs of the body, as
in other places tuberculosis of the
joints being practically unknown
until a few years ago, but now is
Under proper instructions and con
ditions this disease could be greatly
Hereditary si philis is common In
children of the lower classes, but this
is so iu all seaport cities.
WORMS VERY COMMON.
Intestinal parasites are extremely
common in children of all classes,
especially the Ascaris Lumbricoides.
I believe you will find thorn in ninety
percent of the children of Honolulu
nndviry frequently in great num
As tropical climates are favorable
to the developmental cycle of these
worms, owing to the hct t und mois
ture, this accounts for the prevalence
of this trouble
The Ankylostomum Duodenale is
found in the Po-tuguese and Pjrto
Rica- s to some extent, but these
have only been introduced in tho is
lands during the past few years.
Of parasitic skin diseases, Impetigo
Uontagasio Is the most common, oc
curring on the legs of children more
frequently than any other part ol
the body, this being, no doubt, due to
their going barefooted, allowing
abrasions of the skin, which easily
Scabies, I believe, is common in the
children treated at tho dispensary,
out in private practise I -have seen
very few cases.
Of all the children's diseases in
Hawaii which have become prevalent
iu the past few years, in fact, almcst
spidemic, that of trachoma is becom
ing a serious problem.
One of our medical men, in exam
uing a school a few days ago, found
sii cases, so you can easily see how
the disease can be rapidly spread.
Children at school, as a rule un
thinkingly wash from the same basin
and use the same towels, and the in
fection travels fast.
This disease was evidently intro
duced into Hawaii by our Oruntil
population, but now these are all
carefully exemiued for this disease.
1 believe every child attending
school in these islands should be ex
amined for this disease and an effort
made to entirely stamp it out.
Keloids are found in native children
to a great extent, occurring in scar-
tissue in any part of the body. I
have seen several cases in tho scars
of vacination marks.
MANY DISEASES ABSENT.
Why docs this climate cause an
absence of the commoner diseases of
temperate climates, and why do they
usually run such a mild course?
I believe the greatar part of it is
due to the constant exposure to sun
light and the fact that we live here
practically in the open air.
Sunlight has certainly a strong bac
tericidal effect on germs and the con ¬
stant exposure destroys these living
Mason explains the absence of some
of these diseases on the basis that
disease' germs in a majority of cases,
in order to keep in existence, require
to pass from host to host, and if dur
ing this passage the temperature of
the transmitting medium be it air,
water or food be too hign or loo
low for the special requirements of
the germ in question, that germ dies
and ceases to be infective. Thus, in
thte short passage of air borne disea
ses from one human being to another,
tropical temperature is fatal to these
organisms. He cites scarlet fever as
an instance of this theory.
Again, other diseases require the
presence of a third animal or par
asite to convey the infection, and
sometimes this is absent. I think
this is very well illustrated here, due
to the absence of malaria, owing to
the lack of the Anopheles mosquito.
Manson also believes that in tro
pical climates certain organisms urev
on certain other disease-producing
organisms, and in this way some
diseases are kept under by natural
enemies, just as fishes prey on and
keep down waterhunting insects.
To" Lager Beer.
Tt is surprising to hear that France
s preparing to claim this year the
world's records for the consumption
of beer. According to popular im
pression every one in Paris drinks
absinthe, every one iu the south light
wine, and every one in Normandy
cider. But such generalizations are
olten deceptive not all Englishmen,
for example, live mainly on roast
beef. Travelers who have revisited
France have noted during the last
ten years a notable change in the
consumption of beer and also la the
supply of a good beverage at a low
price. V.'iue is in its nature expen
sive; as a cheapjdrink it is almost
universally either doctored or made
outright in the laboratory. It is
the special merit of beer that it can
ba supplied pure and wholesome at a
low price, and if people are to drink
at all, the growing popularity of beer
is perhaps not a bad thing. Spring-
Mark Doom Of
London, November 17. The scan
dal over South African Chinese labor,
it turns out, possesses rpal elements
of a conflagration. Unquestionably
the small but eornest party which
proclaimed through good and evil
report the essential immorality of
Chinese imported labor, under the
restricted compound system, have
made good their point.
Ihrough the Bucknill report, it
seems clear that unprintable prac
tices have grown up under the un
natural conditions, and that, as Wins
ton Churchill said yesterday, though
no evidence in this report can be
brought forward publicly, there is
enough known to make the contin
uance of coolie labor henceforth im
possible in free South Africa.
The Life Of Whte.
Moscow, November 17. The Vie-
domosti of this city, reactionary or
gan, published an article today do
manding the explusion of Count Wilte
from Russia on the ground that he is
the empire's evil genius and annunc-
ng that tho ex-Premier will remain
in Russia at the personal risk of his
In reactionary circles the allega
tion is frequently made that Count
Witte betrayed Russia in assenting
to the treaty of Portsmouth and in
inducing Emperor Nicholas to issue
the reform maniff sto of October 30,
The Social revolutionists today is
sued a proclamation saying they re
gretted the failure of the attempt on
the life of General Rheiubot, Prefect
of Police of Moscow, November 12th,
at whom a bomb was thrown by a
revolutionist, and announcing
their effort will be persisted in
For Thaw Case.
New York, November 17. Harry
. Thaw's hght for life is to be made
much as Congressman Daniel E. Sick
les won his fight for life and liberty
nearly half a century ago in Washing
ton. Chief Counsel Delmas has in
stanced that case as one which justi
fies his contention that the average
juryman upholds the force of th-j so
colled "higher law" or "unwritten
law," which permits a man to slay
the destroyer of his home or his
Both cases are similar in that the
assailant and bis victim caught sight
of each other shortly before the
shooting. Counsel for Sickles con
tended that the mental condition of a
sensitive, high strung man of honor,
who bad just caught sight of the
individual who had ruined his happi
ness and besmirched his honor, could
not be normal. Such a man would
necessarily be so beside himself witb
emotion as to be unaccountable.
In Lighter Vein.
Miss de Pink I will be so glad
when George and I are married, and
he he can have a home of his own.
Friend He boards now, I suppose.
"Yes, and such a time as he must
have. Even their coffee can't be
anything but hot water and burnt
peas, because he has to chew real
coffee half the time to make up."
New York Weekly.
HAD FRIENDS AT COURT.
Lord De Kaye Have you ever
been presented at Court, Mrs. Lake
fronte? Mrs. Lakefronte Ohl lots of times,
and know most of the judges. I've
been divorced "three timess, you
know New Orleans Picayune.
Gladys Edith is so sorry she took
Herbert's ring back to price it.
Penelope Why so?
Gladys Why, the jeweler Said
seeming Herbert hadn't been in to
settle for it as he promised he guess
ed he'd keep it.
AT THE SEA SHORE.
She (sentimentally) How like life
are the waves of the seat
lie You bet- Come to the shore
in great style and go awny broke.
Di troit News.
"Is that young man in the parlor
with Maud Still?" asked her father
suaneniy looking up from his paper,
"Very sli'l," replied her mother.
Melbourne Weekly Times.
Mrs. Hoyle Aren t you happy
over the improvement in your hus
Mrs. Doyle Well, hardly. It hft9
made it necessary for him to adver
tise for a stenographer. Judge.
liut, Bertie, said his mother,
you asked for two cakes and I gave
them to you. Aren't you satisfied?"
"No, I ain't," growled Bertie.
You was so easy I'm kick'n meself
now 'cause I didn't ask for four."-
Chicago Daily News
Mrs. Im pie ton -Yes, dear; I mar
ried Keggie because hn is so unlike
other men. .
Miss Cutting Yes; I thought he
must be when I heard that he bad
married you. Exchange.
Old Gotrox So you want to marry
my daughter, eh?
Young Man Yes, sir.
Uld (jrotrox Well, I'm going to be
candid with you. My daughter will
not get a dollar of my money while I
Young Man Oh, that's all right.
I had a talk with your physician the
other day and he told me you wouldn't
live a year. Chicago Daily News.
Blinker Is my brain larger than
the average, doctor?
Doctor Oh, yes; most idiots
haven't any at all. Chicago Daily
THE REASON FOR IT.
Here's a story," said Mrs. Nag-
get, looking up from her paper, "of
a man who begged the Judge to send
him to jail in-place of his wife"
"Hal" exclaimed Mr. Nagget,
'.and yet you say we men never
sacrifice ourselves for "
Wait a minute. This woman stole
some clothes she was given to wash.
You see, she couldu't take in wash
ing while she was in jail and so he
would have had to work." Phiadel-
Jack- No, I can't say that I like
your chaperon. I don't like the way
Eva How would you like her to
Jack Well, I would like her to
look the other way sometimes.
Chicago Daily News.
The One And you say this horse
hasn't any fault?
The Other Not a single fault.
The One But he appears to be
blind in his right eye.
The Other-Well, that's not his
fault; it's his misfortune. Chicago
CHILLS AND FEVER;
"Sir," exclaimed the indignant
Boston girl after the kiss had been
stolen. "How dare voul No man
ever kissed me before."
"Oh, that's all right," replied the
nervy youth. "Somebody had to
break the Ice." Chicago News.
Laundryman I regret to tell you
sir, that one of your shirts is lost.
Customer But here I have just
paid you 12 cents for doing it up.
Laundryman Quite right, sir; we
laundered it before we lost it. Har
ONLY AN HONEST MAN.
A lawyer at a circuit town in Ire
land dropped a 10 note under the
table while playing cards at an inn.
He did not discover bis loss until he
was going to bed, but then returned
immediately. On rea:hing the room
he was met by thj waiter, who said:
"I know what you want; you .have
"Yes; I have lost a 10 note."
"Well, sir, I have found it, and here
"Thanks, my good lad; here's
sovereign for you."
"No, sir, I want no reward for
being honest; but," looking at him
good job that none of the gentlemen
found it?" Tit Bits.
HIS CHIEF CHARACTERISTIC.
Dubley- Judging from a renin rk
Krotchett mado.about yot, he seems
to consider you a man of great deter
mination. rinchpenny I'm surprised to hear
offhis saying anything complimen
tary. He's usually knocking me.
Dubley Hal Maybe that's what hn
wasdoing. He simply said you "never
gave up. Philadelphia press.
Fred Did Miss Cashleigh's father
attempt to draw you out when you
called last night?
Joo I should say not. He was be
hind me when I went out Chicago
IT MADE A DIFFERENCE.
Gentleman Frederic k, go up stairs
and tell my wife to stop her singing.
Footman That is not my lady, sir,
it's the cook. Shall I .
Gentleman ITc, for heaven's sake.
don't say anything! Wiener Carisa-
AN EXPERT VERDICT.
How do you like our minister?"
asked one of thelatter's parishioners
of an old baseball enthusiast.
I don't deny he's got a good de
livery in the box," returned the other,
'but he would never do any sort of
work as a shortstop," Baltimre
Tired Tambo But Surely, sir, you
haven't any objection to a wandering
Landlord of the Red Wolf Noi at
all, as long as he keeps on wander
ing. Chicago Daily News
Ottawa, November 17. The fact
that 800 Hindoo laborers on a single
teamship are now cn the way to
British Columbia to swell the numbers
that have during the last Beason been
pouring into the Pacific province,
has awakened the Canadian Govern
ment to the necessity of providing
some measures to check the immi
gration of these people. British
Columbians are aroused over this new
peril, and distress is sure to result to
the immigrants themselves unless a
stop is put upon the movement from-
India to Canada.
The Canadian authorities will cc-
cordingly, through the medium of the
imperial Government, bring to the
ttentionof the Indian Government
the desirability of checking the pre
sent wholesale immigration of Hin
doos to British Columbia. Reports
from the Pacific Coast show that
Iready distress and privation have
been experienced by many of the
Hindoos who have recently come to
Hawaiian Iron Fence and
Monument Works, Ltd
W REAPER THAN W001
eli Iron Fence
Who Fwe received tb nisrhMt Award,
Uftd Mttdnl " World's Fair. ht. Louia. 1U4.
H lie iimt-t ttcunointml ft-nrt yu can buy. ,
taioa le than a reportable wood tVnre. Whr
tiot rt'i'luca your nid one now With a neat, at .
tractive ikun kbnch,
"L.ANT a mh:timf.,h
Over !' dlxii of Iron JVnca,
Iron Flower Vuo, Mett,
etc., Ihuwn iu our catalogue.
ov't Burprue you
Honolulu f H.
T H FiS
Market Street, Wailuku
Nothing but the best of
Well Known Standard Brands
RAINIER AND PRIMO
25c 2 Glasses 25c
Island Sporting People
T. B. LYONS, Prop.
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