Newspaper Page Text
To Drain Marsh
and Form Lake.
The first step will soon be taken to
ward the reclamation of . the groat
marsh which lies between San Rafael
and the bny, and which covers acres
of valuable land and effectually sh. ts
Son Rafael off from the bay.
The plan, which hns been sugtre'
ed by the San Rafael Improvcmtn'
Club, is to make a great lake in the
middle of the marsh by dredging, and
using the mud taken from the lake to
raise the surrounding lands, to drain
the marsh, ond. by making an outlet
to the bay, form a large salt-water
lake, which will give San Rafael much
valuable land and an outlet to the
The plnn is being received with the
greatest favor bv the business men
of San Rafael. That the work will
be started in the near future is cr
gued from the fact that the San
Rafael Goll Club, which has maintain
ed grounds out of San Rafael, and
about a mile to the north, has sold
these links and negotiated for the
purchase of the lands in Happy Hol
low', which adjoins the marsh, and
hus hitherto been regarded as unde-
siable on that account. It is gene
rally believed that as the members
of the golf club are intimate with the
promoters of the scheme, it has been
determined to go ahead with the
work of reclamation, and the in a
short time San Rafael wH he situated
on a large salt-water lake, and the
oozy salt marshes will be a thing of
It is understood that the plan for
the reclomation of the marshes was
proposed some time ago by John
Ferns, who offered to give the town
of San Rafael the land which the lake
will cover, if it would bear the ex
pense of the dredging. He was will
ing to do this and keep the lands to
be formed by the earth thrown up
from the lake.
The proposition was submitted to
the Board of Trustees, and it has
considered the matter very favor
ably. The Trustees, howersr, de
ferred action until some data could
be secured as to the cost of the
dredging and the reclamation.
The reclamation of this swampland
will Rive San Rafael a large tract of
building sites near the. terminal of
the North Shore and the California
Northwestern railroads, and vessels
will probably be abla to come much
closer into the town and take freight.
It is rumored, also, that the recla
mation of these swamp land is a pre
liminary step in a movement which
will affect the whole water front of
the bay. The men interested in the
proposition at San Rafael are said
to have been buying up the swamp
lands about the bay.
-. Seattle (Wash.), November 24.
George Johnson, steward on the
steam schooner Olga, owned by Geo.
E. Plummet- & Co. of San Francisco,
brings a startling tale of murder and
treachery on the whaling voyage
that began in March of last year and
ended last summer. In an affidavit
field with United States District At
torney Hoyt of Nome, who is now
here. Johnson accuses Captain Char
les Klinkenberg, who succeeded Cap
Dent at Oonalaska eighteen months
ago, of murdering Engineer Paul D.
Jackson as he lay asleep in his bunk.
Klinkenberg is said to have disre
garded orders to enter at Herschel
island and to hove gone to Banks
Lands, where no otter whaler has
ever entered. He thought to take a
number of furs. Jackson was in the
deal, but the two men quarreled, and
in an altercation in September, 1905
. Klinkenberg is said to have shot and
wounded Jackson. The engineer was
killed while convalescent. Cabin By
Afred Haley of Tuolumne, Cal., is
said to have overheard Captain Klin
kenberg give Steward Johnson order
to poison Jackson, which he ignored
Petty Officer Fra;ik Miller is sail to
have witnessed the murdar.
On November 7th of last year Cap
tain Klinkenberg is charged with
taking an Esquimau guide, Assistan
Engineer Walters and F'nennr,
Hand Herman on a hunting cxpeiii
tion. The two members ot the crew
were sent back to trie snip across
treacherous ice and were lost. On
February 12th of this year.Frau
Mitchell, a sailor, returned afte
collecting driftwood with a frozen
foot. He was laid up aboard the ship
and ir. June the captain is said to
have pv t him in irons In the fore
castle, subjected him to abuses and
finally poisoned him.
After the boat was released from
the ice, Is'linkenberg turned the ship
to her owners at Hersrhell island nnd
went to his home at Point Barrow
A perfunctory investigation was
Riad of Engineer Jackson's death
Steward Johnson gives names of
many witnesses and tho District At
torney's are investigating.
Public Roads of Nevada
Mileage and Expenditures.
The accompanying table shows that
in 1904 there were 12,585 miles of
public road m the State of Nevada,
of which 4 miles were surfaced with
stone and GO miles with gravel, mak
ing in all 64 miles of improved road.
By comparing the total road mileage
with the area of the State, it ap
pears that there was about one-ninth
of a mile of public road per square
mile of area. A comparison of
mileage with population shows that
there was 1 mile of road to every 3
inhabitants and 1 mile of improved
road to every CGI inhabitants.
The boards of county commissioners
of tVe various counties in this State
re authorized to levy a tax of not to
exceed 2J mills on the dollar on tax
ble property for the purpose of con
s'ruelmgi repairing, and maintaining
roads. There appears to be no pio
vision in this State which requires
citizens to perform labor on lha roads
r to pay a road poll tax.
The amount derived from the pro
perty tax and devoted tp road im-
rovemeut was $46,875.85 in 19C4.
By comparing the total expenditure
itta the total mileage of public road
net with the population of the State,
it is found that the funds collected
and exppnded for road purposes
amounted to $3.72 per mile of public
road, or $1.10 per inhabitant.
ublic Roads of Idaho
Mileage and Expenditures.
The accompanying table shows
that in 1904 there were 18,163 miles
of public road in the State of Idaho.
Of this mileage, 195 miles were sur
faced with gravel and 17 miles with
tone, making in all 212 miles of im
proved road. It will be seen fiom
these figures that about l.z per
cent of the r6ads has been im
proved. By comparing the total
road mileage with the area' of the
State it appears that there was 0.2
of a mile of public road per square
mile of area. A comparison of mile
age with population shows that there
was 1 mile of road to every 9 inhabi
tants and 1 mile of improved road to
every 763 inhabitants.
The rate of taxation for road pur
poses is fixt by the boards ot county
commissioners, this tax must not
be less than 10 nor more than 60 cents
on each $100 worth of taxable pro
perty. This tax may be worked out.
Every male inhabitant over 21 and
under 50 years of age is required to
perform two days' labor annually on
the public roads or pay to the over
seer a commutation tax ot or
such smaller sum as the board of
commissioners may tlx.
The amount derivea from the pro
perty tax and expended on roads
was $201,648 in 1904. The cash value
of the labor tax, estimated on a basis
of $2 a dav or $4 per capita, was
$109,940, making a total expenditure
of $311,588. By comparing the total
expenditure with the total mileago
of public road and with the popula
tion of the State, it U found that the
funds collected and expended fo
road purposes, including the estimat
ed cash value of the labor tax
amounted to $17.15 per mile of pub
ic road, or $1.92 per inhabitant.
of a Big Plan
Chicago, November 24. Plans are
being formulated by E. II- Harrinia
ind other Eastern financiers, accord
iiig to the Cnronicle, for the forma
tion of a gigantic corportion which
to control practically the commercial
life of Chicago, by means of a 'com
bination of the subway, transportu
tioo, freight, express, electrio light
and power and telephone companies
now holding franchises in the city.
The tirsl intimation that such a
deal was under way came today from
an authoritative source. The state
ment was made" that the proposed
merger of the Illinois TunnM Company
and the Chicago Edison Company
was the first in the formation of one
of , the freatest corporations the
world has ever seen.
It is known that Harriman wants
to gain control of the tunnels in or
der to use them as a distributing
system for freight arriving in Chicago
over the many railroads now under
his control. Such a system for the
exchange and distribution of fro'ght
and express would mean a saving of
millions for tho Harriman roads.
Indianapolis, November 24. Some
Indiana Democrats who talked with
W. J. Brjan while he was touring the
State in the recent campaign are
said to have found tiim skeptical re
garding reports that party lecders
e were a unit in their opposition
to government ownership of rail
He was moro surprised, however.
to learn that Indiana had experimen
ted with state ownership of railroads.
He showed much interest in the sub-
ct and inquired how the experi
ment had resulted. He was told that
the state was left with the bag to
jold, but not till it had been emptied
of more than $1,000,000, and that
many looked back to the project as
period when the State had stood
squarely in the pathway of its own
progress by following a will-o'-the-wisp,
when substantial capital stood
ready to assume the undertaking.
lanchuria Held In
The Grip Of Japan
New York. November 24 A cable
to the Sun from London says: A
wellknown correspondent sends an
rticle on the latest situation in Man
churia, which is attracting consider
He says the secret diplomatic bat
tie began almost before the ink was
ry on the treaty of Portsmouth, ond
that the Japanese policy is effective
occupation of the country. Already
thousands of Japanese have settled
n Harbin ana are making a living
where a European would starve.
Japan must take over cont rol of the
countay when Russia relinquishes it;
otherwise, anarchy will result.
The Japanese are also taking up
on themselves the regulation ana
punishment of "Chinese bandits,
and in general are performing all the
duties of government which China
The Japanese have settled all along
the main road. The railways are all
in Japanese hands, as are also most
of the police duties.
The statesmen at Peking are well
aware of what the Japanese are do
ing, and distrust Japan far more
than any other power, lhey see
Manchuria slipping from them, and
believe that Mongolia may fall, and
then their great empire will be dis
Compromise Ends Oelrichs
New York, November 24 Mrs
Theresa Oelrichs has agreed to with
draw her objections to the probate of
tho will of her husband, Hermann
Oelrichs, who died September 1st on
a steamship coming from Europe. I
consideration of this waiver of he
opposition she will receive from th
executor, Charles M. Oelrichs, the
brother of Hermann, one hundre
bonds of tho South Pacific Coast Rail
way Company, par value $1000.
The son of Hermann Oelrichs,
known as Hermann Oelrichs, Jr. who
is but 15 years old, has also, through
his leg-il guardian, waived objection
to the probating of the will and i
return he will become the possesso
of the 975 acre Cygnus ranch in Salano
county, California, va'ued at $50,000,
which was Oiie of Hermann 0lrichs'
Hermann Oelrichs left an estate
wort h2,000,000. The Surrogate
Court will be asked Tuesday next to
permit the executors to put the pro-
posecls Ptllenient of toe conlt'.-t into
Included in the estate are 400
bonds of the South Pacific Coast Rail
y Company, in addition to the 100
which Mrs. Oelrichs gets. She agrees
to make no claim to the 400 Honds,
nd also agrees not to object to her
husband's administration of the estate
of her father, Senator Fair. She
further agress to make an account
ing to her brother in law, Chailes M.
Oelrichs, who inherited the bulk of
Hermann Oelrichs' estate of all i ro
perty of her husband which is in her
possession or under her control.
atrick Wins His -
Fight For Life.
New York, November 24. The
World says: La wye Albert T. Pat-
ick has won his fight for life. His
end will not be in the electric chair.
Before Governor Higgins gives up
is office as chief executive of the
State he will sign a commutation of
the death sentence. Life impris n-
mcnt will be Patrick's fate.
He was accused of the murder of
William Marsh Rice, the Texas mil
ionaire, by having Rice's valet,
Charles Jones, administer poison.
'utrick, who was R.ce's attorney,
ad previously drawn up a will for
Rice which left the entire estate to
Patrick. The latter was tried, con-
icted and sentenced to death.
Patrick's fight for life, which last
ed over fouryears and cost him $100,
000, is the most remarkable of its
ind ever made iu this country. No
tlier person ever has been confined
as long in the death house awaiting
xecutioa as has Patrick. For more
than four years and seven months he
is been living withiu the shadow of
the elestric cbair. During that
lime he has beea present when seven1
een other unfortunates were taken
from their cells and marched along
the narrow passage which separates
the coudemned cells from the execu
Japanese Spy On The
Berlin, November 24. Frequent
complaints of Japanese spying on
German industrial methods have now
found expression in debates in the
standing committee of the Union of
the Silesian Chamber of Commerce,
A prominent industrial member call
ed attention to the fact that the
efforts of the Japanese to ferret out
the secrets of large manufacturers
where increasing dangerously. He
advised that the Japanese be denied
admission to factories. He particu
arly stigmatized as a mean trick the
ordering of, samples sent to Japan,
where they are imitated. Resolutions
warning the members of the Union
against the Japanese were adopted.
In Lighter Yein.
DISCRETION IN THE ENGINE
ine emineut shipbuilder was ex
plaining the plans and specifications
for the new vessel.
'In addition to being the largest
and most formidable battleship
afloat," he said, "and the superior
of all others, both from an offensive
and defensive point of view, having
the most powerful armament and be
ing practically invulnerable, it will
be the fastest beyond all comparison
It will be able to steam twenty-eight
miles an hour."
"But if it is to be so much bette
than any other," asked one of the
member of the committee, "what is
the use of devoting so much attention
to mere speed?"
miy er it might be necessary
some day. You can't tell when one
of the other great powers may build
a bigger and heavier battle ship.
AS FRANCES PUT IT.
Little Frances had begun to write
letters under the supervision of ma
ma. Last week her mother was away
on a visit, and France decided to
.write to her without help. She man
aged slang and the new mode of
spelling in one sentence:
Miss Cruff- Wilfred don't you kno
better than to shew gum in school?
Wilfred Ye're mighty right, I
does This here oiot no gum its only
but just 'baccer.
'Grandma got a letter from Anty
nd the news in it nokt her out."
New York Press.
AS IT OFTEN APPENS.
Clubleigh '.'So you played poker
Again last night, eh? How did you
Hartley "It wasn't necessary for
me to come cut. I wasn t in it.
Chicago D lily News.
I havp of'en stood !n a slaughtrr-
ousc, rbsrrveu the fleshy man from
Chicago, "while the butchers were
killing hogs on all sides of me."
"Oh," exclaimed the tender-heart
ed but tactless New Haven girl,
weren't you dteadfully afraid?"
My a-otto, saia the doctor, ' is
Bo sure you're right, then go ahead."
"Mine is somewhat different," said
the po'iliclan. "It's Be sure you get
head, then you can make it right."
Chicago Daily News. -
MADE A HIT.
"Ever been on the stage?" asked
the corner grocery egg.
"Sure," answered the cabbage. "I
as once cast for the villain and
make a great hit. Chicago Daily
SAFE PLACE IN A STORM.
"Where Is the very safest place to
be when you're on a boat during a
"Tied up at the dock." Cleveland
DeLong So Ardupp is a relative
of yours, is he?
Shortleigh Yes, I guess so; at I
least, we visiC the same uncle Chi
cago Daily News.
The Toe t What do you consider
the best thing I ever wrote?
The Tailor -That check you sent
me the other day. Philadelphia
"My face is my fortune, sir," she
Huh!" he rejoined. "Now I know
what they mean wheyi they say money
talks." Chicago Daily News.
UM;AU5J, they get as -good a I
smoke for FIVE CENTS as they
used to for Ten Cents.
The last whilT is as good as the
WHY NOT TRY ONE?
It burns evenly. '
We sell the ADELINA PATTI.
Sole Honolulu Agents.
CORNER HOTEL and FORT SYS.
BISMARK STABLES CO. Ltd
and SALES STABLES
The BISMARK STABLES
proposes to run the Leading Livery I
Stable Business on MAUI
DRUMMERS' LIGHT WACQNS
Excursion Rates to Iao and Ho'e
akala with competent guides
. and drivers
NEW RIGS- -NEW TEAMS
Nothing but the best of
Well Known Standard Brands
RAINIER AND PRIMO
25c 2 Glasses 25c
Island Sporting People
T. B. LYONS, Prop
Hawaiian Iron Fence and
Monument Works, Ltd
MM iron Fence
V'hrt" fVnre rpcciTpd the TTIrWt Award.
Jlil Mdnl " Wnrl.r- Fair. St. Lotiia. IMM.
The tnont cronntiilral fnr ym cmt buy. ,
Prirr lfMn t hnn n rMpfM:taM won! frnc. Whf
irnrtlv.- IRON V'PNCH.
ni r'pmr ynnr nin ond now wun a neat. a.t-
1AMT A I'lfr'KTflfF.."
Ovir ! Viirn" of Iron K.-nr-A.
Iron Flower Tus Nrttevo,
etc., aijuwii in our catalogues.
Honolulu, T H.
Market Street Wailuku
ANT0NE B0RBA, Prop.
Full line of popular brands of
Celebrated Primo & Seattle
25c 2 Glasses 25c
"if t I? coast
5 AN FRANCISCO
The baker is
of hia loaf
when ho uses
U makes the best broad,
) T. H. DAYIES & CO.,
Something To Be
We have just engaged a first
cass Carriage trimmer from Ho
nolulu and are now prepared to
execute a work in this Hue, in all
workmanlike manner, at reason
Also carriage, house and sign
painting done at short notice.
Phone for our prices at any time
Shop on Church St.
W. J. MOODY
Contractor and tullc(r
PLANS and ESTIMATES
rUONE NO. 1. KAHCLCI MAPI,