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THE MAUI NEW
SATURDAY, JANUARY. 12, 1 905
Petition Is Sent To
New York, December 2,'j. A let
ter signed by J. Picrpont Morgan,'
Dr. Lyman Abbott and other prom
Inent citizens of New York, was nd
dressed to Sec retaay of State Elihu
Root to day, directing his attention
to conditions w'the Congo Free State,
wlie jt is asserted, "'flagrant inliu
roan., exists," and ured him, on
behalf ot the American people, to use
the "moral suppo ' the United
States Government to correct Hip
abuses the Congo natives are alleged
to be suffering from; The cWmuri
cation is as follows:
"Over a year has passed since life
report ot the commissioners chosen
by the chief oxcutive and virtual
owner of the Congo to investigate
conditions in the statu was published.
In spite of their natural desire to give
all possible credit to their sovereign,
the commissioners felt constrained to
report the eiislence of measures and
practices of flagrant inhi inanity.
Among these measures and practices
are the following:
"First The exaction of a labor
tax so oppressive that many natives
on whom it falls hove little, If any,
"Second Appropriation of' land
to such an extent that the natives
are practically prisoners within their
"Third The employment under the
authority ot the Government of sen
tries, who are cruel, brutish blacks,
chosen from hostile tribes, who mur
der, pi.lage and rape the people, for
whose protection the Government is
"Fourth The abuse of the natives
by white representatives of officially
recognized companies. ; .
"Fifth The binding of little child
ren to years of. labor at uncertain
wages by contracts they do not un
derstand, and even more serious malt
reatment of children supposedly un
der the immediate care of the Govern
"Sixth Great injustice iu-tho ad
ministration of the courts, solhat-the
natives dread the name of I5omu, the
place where the judicial system is
"Seventh The sending out of puni
tive expeditions, not for the purpose
of establishing peace; pfc'dorder, but
for the purpose of terrifying the
natives into paying a tax, which, as
administered, even the commissioners
regard as inhuman.
"It is to be remembered that these
are not charges brought against the
Congo Government, but findings of
the commission which was appointed
by the chief executive of the Govern
ment to investigate and report on the
facts. Acting upon these findings,
a second commission, also appointed
by the King, bis recommended mea
sures of reform. 'o ,j,.eps have been
taken to adopt them, I here is no
evidence that the Congo Government
is undertaking seriously to remedy
these evils. The powers which creat.
pd the Cor.ffo Government have
clearly a, right to call that Govern
ment to account. Inasmuch as the
United States gave its moral support
to the establishment of the Congo
Government, it is justified in giving
its moral support tqauy undertaking
to secure conditions iu the Congo
that will not disgrace civilization.
We wish t assure you that for any
measure you may adopt in order
to give the powers the moral sup
port of the United States, you will
have our earnest and urgent appro
The letter is signed by Iievs. Ly
man Abbott, Ileury Mcttet, Wiiford
L. Robbing, George William Knox,
Charles H. Parkhurst, John P.
Pete- s, William R. Richards, Anson
P. Atterburv. Percy S. Grant and
Messrs William Jay Schieffelin, Will
ir.in H. Douglas, Charles A. Schieren,
Spencer Trask, George Haven Put
num. Everett P. Wheeler. Robert
r. Otrdec. J. Piercont Morgan, D
Wills James, R. Fulton Cutting, J
Cleveland Cadv and W. J. Havem
futpp thi! a- -"rtinn as to the nn n
for American shipping.
The Freo'Truder, for . reasons of
his own, finds it convenient to ignore
the true significance of our foreign
trade, the tipures of which show that
both tx1 nits and imports of the
United Stiles have attained enor
mous proportions, si.rneth'ng which
the Free Trader himself went on
record as deihiiing -vinphalically to
bp impnsiKle under our present sys
tem of Protection. And there i not
the slightest doubt that with Ameri
can ships to stimulate fsrther denl
ings with foreign countries our sales
abroad and our purchases in other
countries would eont'ime to iiicri'ii;e.
As it is now, ttie countries which
have the ships find readiest access
to the markets of the world, and
Americans have to taue what they
can get on the merit of their waies
and in face of the handicap of lack
of ocean going vessels. -Troy "Times.'
Southern Race Troubles.
Need o! American Shipping.
It is the old Free Trade reasoning
that imports in the long run must
balance exports, and that commerce
is but a maguified from of the aljori
giual system of bartering. Ihis i
not Ingenuous, of course. Hut takin
the Free-Trader's own arguuicut at
ita fiien value the fact remains that
jt really emphasizes rather than re
The following editorial which ap
peared in the San Francisco Chronicle
of December 2t!ih shows that the
south and the west are getting tloser
together on interests and have been
so drawn by the race issue which is
paramount is these two Sections.
Seven men have just been killed in
a race conflict in Mississippi anfl
other and similar outbreaks are cer
tain to occur from time to time, not
only in the Southern States, but
wherever negroes i : largo numbers
are found in while communities. That
these conflicts seldom take place be
tweeu the industrious and well mean
ing of either race is not to the point.
They occur, and race partisanship
and race hatred spring up among all
classes of both races. There is no
doubt, of a tendency iu all races to
evert to.. the instincts of remote
ancestors, and there is also no duuv.l
that the remote ancestors of the
American negro were far more de
based and brutal than t'na aboriginal
peoples of auy other race with which.
we are acquainted, and it appears
to be true that a certain number of
the Southern negroes are of a very
low type and tend still further to
degeneracy by association with others
of like character. We see little oT
this at the INoith because the negro
population being small, isht-ld up and
pushed up by the civilizing inlluenc.es
about them. Hut the lowest class of
Southern negroes are degraded be
ings and in contact with them a cer
tain class of whites tend to descend
to their level. But the bad negro
will be guilty of crimes from which
most bad white men would shrink,
and when the victim of such a crime
is of the respectable white class all
whites become inflamed against all
Without discussing the" reason
ableness or morality of the feeling, it
must be accepted as a fact that the
Caucasian race will not willingly as
sociate with those of any other race.
People of education anu culture are
very little, if at all, affected by race
feeling iu respect to the educated
and cultivated of other races. In such
society race autagonism disappears.
Hut it is never to bo forgotten that
as we step downward iu the scale
we come rapiuiy 10; race coolness,
race dislike, race hatred and
race conflict. We on the Pacific
Coast want no race conflict. There
will be race couflicts if the
masses 01 American anu ui'ieniai
races are brought into close contact
either in this couutry or in Asia.
Twenty years ago the danger on this
Cost was from the Chinese. To day
it is from the Japanese. Next year
it may bs from the East Indian or
the Malay. The fact that the Chinese
and Japanese maintained a high
civilisation when our Germanic anees
tors were little belter than savages
is of no consequence. In all Oriental
civilizations there have been castes
and the loweaste peoples were of a
lower character than ever existed in
the working masses of the European
races'. And to a great extent that
continues-apparenl'y less among the
Japanese than other Asiatic people.
The average Japanese coolie is a bad
man, but a very courageous and self
assertive man. "A few Japanese f f
this class, oi the inn chant class,
which furnishes the "school boys,"
can be scattered among the 73,000,
000 ppeip!" cast of the Mississippi ai d
not be noticed. Thev 10 more create
a TM'-a problem' than .t:j American
negro in the North. Hut 11)0,000 of
them dumped into our scaUereu
population of less than 2,000,000 and
concent rated there in lareo numbers
in particular communities constitute
race problem of the very gravest
character. We hero know that this
intrusion will be resisted. The resis
tance will not be less because ihe
Japanese are courageous and will
light back. The conseq .enecs will
be nil the more serious, and the
Federal Government would be power
less to prevent it. If backed by the
public opinion of the populous East
it might create another ilussia on
the P.ieitie Coast. It could do nothing
Negroes in Riot
in Ksnsas City.
Kansas City (Mo.), December 25.
Fifty negros engaged in a drunken
fight at Seventh and Washington
streets in tins city to-day, using
clubs, knives and stones, and besides
the injuries sustained by the partici
pants, which consisted ,of broken
heads aud severe bruises, a police
man and some spectators were hurt.
Patrolman A. B. Larabee arrived
on the scene just as S. It. Johnson, a
negro, was in the act of striking an
other negro with a baseball bat. La-
rabne interfered aud Johnson knock
ed the officer don with the bat and
was about to strike him again when
James Ilully, white, bartender in a
nearby saloon, struck Johnson with a
tone and knocked him senseless.
James C. Marieol, a white man,
ras witnessing the light and wns-
struck on the head with a stone and
severely hurt. All the windows' in
the stable; 6f the American Express
Company were broken. Johnson and
a number of other negroes were ar
rested. , . r ,
No Pay for the
" Absent Members.
Washington, December 20. Rep
rescutative John Wesley Gaines,. who
is iu favor of enacting a new statute
providing that Members shall forfeit
$13.70 for every day they are absent,
announces that as a result of a search
th rough .'the old. documents- at the
Capitol he has found that a statute,
passed in 185G, which prohibits ab
sent members from collecting their
salaries unless they are kept from
their official duties by Illness, . has
never been repealed.
At attempt wa9 mode to euforce
this law, he says, in the Fifty seco.id
Congress, which resulted iu a strenu
ous ouort to repeal the statute in
1894, when the Democrats had con
trol of the House. Representative
Gaines will call the attention of Con
gress to the statute, he says, i cd
Insist that it be enforced.
ever built wns rrc.nntly completed.
This machine weighs- 110 tons and
turns out live -inch cubes, which are
afterward run through smaller,
It is of the the gyratory type, the
rock being fed tti rough ' three hopp
ers, the openings of which are twpn-
ty'four inches wide and sity-six inch
es long. The ciisher is twenty-five
feet high, runs at a speed of 1150 re
volutions per minutp, requires 175
horse-power and turns out 700 tons
per hour. Brooklyn Eagle.
Seven Reported Kiilcd
In Race Trouble.
Memphis (Tenn.), December 25. A
long distance telephone message from
Scooba, Miss., says that seven per
sons have beeil killed in a race clash
in that city.' '
Meridian (Miss.), December 25.
The two companies of militia sent to
Wahalak last night returned to Me-
iilian today,; their presence there
ppareully being unnecessary. After
their arrival at Wahalak no disturb
ance occurred. It is believed that
hreo negroes, including George
Simpson, one of the principals in the
disturbance aboard the Mobile and
Ohio train last Sunday, had been
lynched just before the arrival of the
troops. Thel citizens of Wahalak
iJtnit that the men were captured
iy a posse, but say they were lost, in
the swamp "while on their way to
town." Two sons of Simpson were
hot to death yesterday afternoon.
s near as can be ascertained at this
time the casualties resultant from
the trouble are as follows:
Unknown, negro, shot by Conductor
Cooper on the train.
Constable O'Brien, killed by pre
cipitator of the trouble, George Simp
sou, when an attempt at arrest was
George Simpson, lynched.
Tom Simpson, ion of George Simp
son, shot to death by white citizens
of Wahalak. i' "' "
Joe Simpgohj'andther son, shot to
death. ' ' "
Two unknown ntigroes lynched.
Conductor Cooper, seriously injur
ed by being cut and stabbed seven
times by George Simpson, on the
When Ma was Due.
The way iu which one Oklahoma
editor anuounced that his mother
was coming to visit him may seem
trifle breezy, but its pretty safe to
sav trat away down in her heart
"ma" was prouder than forty queens
This is the way he did it:
"The editor of the News-Repub
lican is going to tog up a little this
evening. Going to change collars
and put on a pair of cuffs, if he can
find auy. Going to get shaved and
going to get our shoes shined aud the
pegs cut away, so we can walk right
"Ma s a cainiu down to see us
You kuow who ma is. Ma is our only
ma, and she's a good one, too one of
the old Ohio Quaker sort, you know
Ma lives in lvingf.sher. She was
our ma when we were born; she was
our ma out in Western Kansas when
we huuted prairie coal: she was our
m when we drank parched cor
ccffeo in old Oklahoma in '8!, and
she is our ma now. She's the best ma
we ever had.
"If you see us to-morrow walking
down the street with a little woman
with a smile on her face you'll know
that's ma. If yeu never bad a ma
you should get one and ono like our
ma, too." New York Sun.
THE HENRY WATERHOUSE TRUST CO. Ltd
' BUYS AND SELLS- REAL ESTATE, STOCKS & BONDS ' "
WRITES FIR15 AND LIFE INSURANCE
' ... .
NEGOTIATES LOANS AND MORTGAGES '
A List of High Grade Securities mailed on application
P. O. Box 34(5
liff"tlitlMii1li' W (t 1iinW!lfltffiiTiiTiittiliillilill)ll
When you want your carriage repaired to last
bring it to the right shop.
GENERAL BLACKSMITH ING MORSE SHOEING.
DAN. T. CAREY
Main St. neap Market,
Corner Market and Main Sts. Wailuku, Maul
NOTHING BUT THE BEST OF
WELL KNOWN STANDARD RRANDS OF
WINES, WHISKEYS, CORDIALS,
LIOUEURS, RAINIER AND PRIMO
SPORTING. ISLAND PEOPLE
S. KimURA, Proprietor;
Giant kmn Crashers.
The rapid increase in the use of
cement for all corntructlon purpotei
has created an unprecedented do
mand for crushed stone. What is
believed to be- the largest crusher
passenger train j not fatal.
Leland Sparkman, soldier, wouud
ed by accidental discbarge of his own
Wahalak (Miss.), December 25,
The conductor, Robert Harrison,, of
the Mobile and Ohio Railroad,' who
was ambushed and seriously wounded
by a negro" last "night, died today.
The origin of the racial trouble hero
was cacscd primarily by the meeting
in a narrow roadway of wagons
driven by a white farmer and a negro,
respectively. The negro abused the
white man, who reported tje occur
rence to the white villagers at Wa
halak. .Whites immediately organized
themselves, and in a fight with the
negroes of the community a number
of white men were wounded, including
one of the most prominent men of the
vicinity. The uumber of negroes
killed in the rioting has never been
approximated, but dead negroes
have been found in many parts of the
settlement since the trouble tar ted'.
In Lighter Vein.
Young Captaiu Sealby of the White
Star liner Cretic was talking about
the ignorance of tho sea and of
nautical terms that Is sometimes dis
played by female passengers.
"Last fall," he said, "there was a
young lady from Varwick whom I
showed over the sleerage.
"As we were 'making our tour, the
steerage people were eating their
dinner, and I couldu't help remark
ing the tremendous appetite of a red
" 'Great Jupiter.' I said, 'just
look at tue amount of food that fellow
" '1 surtif.iie. captain,' said the
your.g !dr, 'tfctt fce n wat ou sail
ors call a itowiwj.' " f.irhange.
"How In tfee world did you happen
to be run orr by th mtomolble?"
"I w triii t dodf e the ballast
tht the btllor ilit was throwing
down. Cie!?irt F?tn Pealcr.
sr.Eixri n eemevintj.
Teacher Wby do you call this the
Time to Benii , :
riegin hatching in the Fall and raise. the young chicks dur
ing the ( :ol months of WLntei and early Spring. That is what
observant poultry raisers say. Less likelihood of sorehead and
(''ticks are strongc
A CYPHERS. INCUBATOR-
will 6tart you right. It is the best incubator made. Better than
a dozen hens. New supply now ready, at
E. Q. HALL & SON,. Ltd.
, . HONOLULU. .
HEADQUARTERS FOR ALL POULTRY SUPPLIES.
W. J. MOODY
Contractor and builder
PLANS aud ESTIMATES
PHONE NO. 1. KAUUIA : 4'AUI,
BISMARK STABLES CO.Ud
and SALES STABLES
Pupil Because you said it. was.
Teacher But Is that the only rea
Pupil No, ma'am. I saw you had
that ruler iuyerhand. Philadelphia
"Stop!" commanded Miss NUrox,
with a disdainful snifT. "Tho idea of
your proprosing to a. lauy in my
station of life! You ought to kuow
"iVell," replied Mr. Hunter, "I do
kuow better, but no richer."- Phila
"How long," asked the Judge of
tho vagrant negro, "have you been
without any means of support?"
"Sinco mv wife died iu 11)03, suh,"
responded the darky, respectfully.
FANS IN WINTER.
Those baseball games this summer
Were corkers, now, by Jove!
But they'll play 'em belter still
This winter 'round the stove.
FOR FLAT DWELLERS.
"One-half the world doesn't kno.v
how the other half lives," quoted his
"No," rejoined her husband, "but
it keeps about nine-tenths of that
other half fcusy trying to find out
The BISMARK STABLES
proposes to run the Leading Livery
Stable Business on MAUI
DRUMMERS' LIGHT WACQNS
Excursion Rates to Iao and Ilr e
akala with competent guides
k nnn ntn11nr ft kptrh and dcr1ntloil tuf
qitlrkJf Mrortujii uur opinion fre vhetber ao
tiiVMiuion i probably pMimitHl'lt. CniJiniiintr-n-.i
NHtrt.-tly. 'no. Uu.ti.il. HANDBOOK ou I'ftu-nu
fiit fito. obhtril tyt-m y for iM'uriuir lUrtt.
I'rttfittn taktm thr-tuth liunu A Cu. rvcvlra
tp'- uii H"tictt wit bimt ciiHTce, luthe
A hn'.dsomt ly ',taf rhtinl wekt. J afvodl pit
puUlH.ii of at!) ni-iutititli' J"iiriinJ. Trm, $3 ft
MUNIU Co.36,8t"d"'' New York
Unwell Ollluu. 61i V Ht.. Wa-ihlkttoU, li. C.