Newspaper Page Text
THE MAUI NEWS-
SATURDAY, MARCH 23, 1907
Tribute to Principal Henry
The teachers of the Lahalna' Public
' School haVe' drafted the following re
solutions. The teachers of Lahaina School
deshe to place on record a loving
tribute to the memory of their laraen '
ted Principal Henry Dickenson'. They
also wish to express their full appre
elation of his rare excellence as a
teacher, and his steiling virtue not
onlyln hff school-room, but ii the
performance of many duties in other
walks of life.
In order to express these senti
ments of regard, perhaps it may be
advisable to make ise ; of ,the 'nome
what trite and common place method
of "AdopWng' Resolutions, " . which
often seem formal", cold hearted ' and
stilted; a simple; Btalementof our
sincere ai d profound reverence for
our" departed ' Friend will be .more
appropriate in this season of sudden
In regard to Mr. Dickenson's pro
fessional ability, his successful teach
ing in Lobalna for thjrtv-two years
Is all sufficient testimony. We grate
fully acknowledge his uniform cour
tesy towards ourselves, the members
of the 'staff. His kind suggestions
and friendly aid will ever be remem
bered: Hundreds of pupils who have
graduated from this school would
give expression to this high regard.
In the school-room Mr. Dickenson
was gentle, yet firm, his quiet and
unassuming dignity' won the respect
and obedience of the scholars. They
felt that he was trying td help them
in their daily tasks.
Although Mr,' Dickenson had been
in educational work bo long,' he was
not behind the age; nor didhe cling
to antiquated methods. He took all
the latest professional journals, and
was always ready to introduce im
provements, so far as they were
practicable in this community.
Much more might be said, but the
above will give 'some Idea of the faith
ful. laborer, and the broad minded,
tender-hearted disposition of Henry
Dickenson. - , t-
R6W&NA K. HOSE,
ANN 2. HADLEY,
LOCAL NOTICE TO MARINERS.
HonoiuiuVT. H.; March 9, 1907.
The following affects the List ot
Lights,' Buoys and Daymarks in the
12th Light-House Subdistrict, 1907.
Pepeekeo Point Light - Station,
pace 9. Located on Pepeekeo Point,
about mile southerly of Alia 'Point
and 7 miles northerly of Hilo Bay, on
the easterly shore of the Island of
On March 1 the wooden trestle
tower, 36 feet high at this station,
was removed,' and the' lens- lantern
was established 124 feet above the
water, and 61 feet above the ground,
on a white. mast having at Ijts base a
smalt white house with red roof and
The location and the characteristic
of the light remain unchanged1. '
By order of the Light-House Board,
J. P. CARTER,
Lieutenant-Commander U. S. N.
Assistant to the Inspector of the
12th Light- Houre District.
Question LegsltttV vot Method '
There Is likely td be a lot of trouble
in the future if the opinion of a law.
yer is correct as to the passage of
tome of the bills by the lower : house.
It appears that when House bills
have passed third reading in that
body and are referred to the Senate
for action and amendments made
there, it has been the custom "in the
lower house to take the vote on the
concurrence in those amendments by
raising of hands., The Organic Act
provides that all bills on third read
ing shall be voted for: Aye and ' no,
This attornej contends that the vote
on concurrence in. an, amendment .is
practically toe nnai vote on the bin
and should te taken strictly as proi
vlded in the .Organic Act. r Former
Representative Harris is pf the tame
opinion. If the method of voting in
the House on these bills Is wrong anV
ot the three pr four already passed
there may be declared illegal. There
has been some litigation since the
Territory came into existence based
upon the question of Regality of legis
lation, m wuicn tne courts if recol
lection serves rightly followed, the
principle of not going behind the re
cord of passage. Still it is well to
take no chances outside of strict
observance of the forms prescribed
by the Organic Act. Litigation,
even if unsuccessful, is apt to have
serious results in delaying the due
operation of a wholesome law. Ad
The Annual Meeting.
The Maui Tenchers Association hold
its annual merlin Fndiiy in tlir
Wftimku school building, a good at
tendance was present and the old
time Interest in any thing fur the
betterment of the schools was enjoy
President Moses Kouhimahu pre
frided. After the reading of the roll
and the ml.iutes of the last conven
tion the exercises were begun by the
singing of ."My Country Tis of Thee,
A vocal solo by Miss Pilil was greatlv
appreciated as the young lady has a
! Owing to the illness of Mr. F. VV.
Hardy his payer was read by Mr. F.
P, Rosecrans, the subject being "The
School City.", The Bubject was one
Of unusual Interest and if carried out
will do much toward the establish
ment of better government where
ever it is put into practice.
1 The plan outlined in the method of
governing the school Is in practical
use' by the Walluku ' school and is
found an excellent one for the better
government of the school and the
grounds and is fitting the pupils for
local self government. .
THE SCHOOL CITY.
In explanation it should be stated
that some months ago this subject
was assigned Mr. S. R. Dowdle to be
given by. him before the Makawao
teachers' association but as he was
unable to perform the task he kindly
allowed me the use of several pam
phlets he obtained from Wilson L.
Gill of Germantown, Philadelphia,
the originator it school cities in
WHAT THE SCHOOL CITY IS.
According to Mr. Gill, the school
city is an organization of the pupils
o( a school into the city form of gov
ernment. The pupils are citizens.
The three divisions of popular gov
ernment, legislative, executive, and
judicial are established. The pupils
elect from their own number a ma
yor, city clerk, city council, etc.
Each room in the school bears a re.
lation to the entire School City like
that of a ward to a city, electing
ordinarily two members of the School
City council and . being apportioned
its quota, of police, health officers,
etc. Elections are held at least four
times a year. Responsibility for the
good order' and discipline of the
school rests upon, the pupils them
selves as citizens of the School City
and upon the officers in their various
The teachers, , or, principals give
advice and guidance,, and supervise,
this-pupil self-government, and it
tmis Becomes a metnou oi moral ana
civic trajning. , : ,
HOW IT ORIGINATED '
in 1888 Mr. Gill made an effort to
have manual training introduced into
the public schools of Columbus, Ohio,
where he then resided. The proposi
tion was defeated at the polls by the
most ignorant element of the city's
voters;'" This event deeply impressed
upon Mr. Cell's mind the need for a
. . l.l . 'l - '. 1 ! t . .
oeiier ciuzensmp unu ieu mm to or
gapize the Patriotic League for the
8tidy of citizenship. ' ; ...
, After carry. ng on this work for
awhile Mr. Gill became convinced
that the place where citizenship can
best be taught Is in the public schools
and that, the best method of teaching
citizenship is by the actual practice
of it. -
In the winter of. 1896 7 he put his
ideas successfully lqto practice in a
large primary and grammar school
th' New York city which was in a
most unruly condition.
The School City laws may be thus
summarized according1 to Rev
Thomas R. S.licer of New York.
" SCHOOL CITY LAWS.
Chapter.!. The General City Law.
Do to others at you would wish
them to do to you. This is the na
tural law, without which no popular
government can succeed, and it is
the general law of this School City,
to which all other laws and regula
tions must coofo-m. .
j Chapter II. Things Prohibited.
Article I. Do not to others that
which you would not wish them to do
-V 1 ORDER. :
.Article 2. Anything which di
turbs the order iu halls classrooms or
in any place within the jurisdiction
of the School City is prohibited.
Article 3. . Anythli.g which is pro
fane, rude, intentionlly unkind or Im
polite is prohibited. . .
Article 4. Anything which de
tracts from the neat and orderly ap
pearance of our School City is prohi
Article. 5. Anything whlrh de
tracts from the healthful ' conditions
of our School City is prohibited.
PUP.LTC AND PRIVATE PRO
Article 6. Anything which mars
or destroys property in our School
city is prohibited.
CHAPTER III. DUTIES.
Article 1. Every citizen U in
duty bound to call the attention of
the authorities to any violation of the
laws of this School Citv.
CHAPTER IV.. PUNISHMENTS.
Article 1. Any citizen violating
any law of this School City shall be
subject to punishment not less than
a reprimand, and not greater than a
withdrawal of the rights of citizen
Article 2. No punishment shall be
carried into execution before it has
been approved by the principal of
the school and then it must be put
promptly Into effect. .......
CHAPTER V. OFFICERS.
Article 1. The Director of Public
Safety, with consent of the Mayor,
shall appoint one chief of police for
the school and one captain of police
and four policemen for each room.
Appointments before going into
effect must be epproved by the City
Council. 1 ....
CHAPTER VI. TERMS op OFFICE.
Article 1. The terms of office of
all officers, unless otherwise provid
ed, shall be until the next general
election, and until their successors
are appointed or elected.
Article 2. Captain of police shall
serve two weeks and policemen one
week, unless sooner removed by
the Director of Public Safety.
Some of the advantages claimed
for the system by Mr. Gill is as fol
1. It produces better order and
discipline in the school.
2. It is a beneficial influence upon
the children when out of school.
3. It releases for constructive
work much of the teacher's energy
formerly consumed in police duty.
4. It removes causes of friction
between teachers and pupils and
develops most cordial relations.
5. It gives the students an ac
quaintance with governmental forms.
6. It tends to preclude snapjudg-
ments by establishing a system of
judgment upou evidence.' '
7. It cultivates in the students
the judicial frame of mind.
8. It improves the personal
morals of the students.
' 9. It develops in the young peo'
pie honor, respect, and obedience to
laws of their own making,' and hence
to all properly constituted authority.
10. It increases and gives valu
able support to self-respect.
11. It prepares for future' parti
clpation in the city the state, and
the nation, a body of citizens who
are' informed as to their duties,
trained in the practice of them, and
imbued with the Interests and pur
poses of a true public spirit. -
12. It furnishes a means,' proven
to be thoroughly successful, for con
stant training In the application of
the Golden Rule and other ethical
ideas. This is a decided improve
ment on the simple memorizing of
moral precepts. . , .
Among the many indorsement of
The School City by persons of the
highest standing in educational
affairs is one from President Roose
velt In a letter read at the ' School
City banquet given in the Franklin
May 27, 1904,
My Dear Sir:
I hear with satisfaction that
an earnest movement is well advanced
in Philadelphia to establish in the
schools of that city the teaching of
civics by the admirable plan origin
ated by Wilson L. Gill in the School
City as a form of student govern
I know of the work of Mr. Gill,
both in this country and in Cuba,
whe re Mr. Gill inaugurated this form
of instruction upon the invitation of
General Wood. Nothing could offer
higher promise for the future of our
country than an intelligent Interest
iu the best ideals of citizenship its
privileges and duties among the
students of our common schools. I
wish for you efforts in this direction
the utmost success.
Very truly yours.
Some of i's Indorsers state:
Thfl School City is I lie IHdesl. the
onuest. the simplest attempt vet
atle to solve thi municipal Dtol.lim.
It Is sitllplv n rcriMiiml.ln n um i.tii i, n.
p In the art of citizenship or Hunt
This apprenticeship is of noeesnitv
founded on the constant pnictice of
the Golden Rule ami the spirit and
an of government indicated tv the
Declaration of Independence and Con
Stitution of the United States.
The children understand that the
offices are not for officionsness but
for kindly service to all the citizens.
As much as an hour a week ought
bo allotted to this work. The plan
simple or complex according to the
needs of the school or judgement of
the teacher in charge. The teacher's
abso'ute authority is not changed in
the slightest. The teacher does not
become a citizen, but is the leader,
guide, and friend. The degree of its
success, in any given school is denen-
dent, the same as a method of teach
ing mathematics or drawing upon
tne tack and Interest of the teacher.
Some suggestions for Maui Schools.
THE SCHOOL COUNTY.
One room may be organized as a
county or a number, each room in the
latter case representing a district of
If only one room is so organized.
then five supervisors di-ided amontr
the different grades or classes in the
room should bq elected every ten
weeks. If more rooms than one urn
included, then supervisors should be
elected from each.
These supervisors should chooso a
chairman from among themselves.
iney should Immediately adopt a
code of laws similar to those suggest
ed by Mr. Gill.
They should appoint a sheriff every
wo weeks, and two Deputv-SherifTs
or Policemen every week to maintain
oraer in the room or rooms on the
verandahs, and on the grounds.
They should appoint two health
officers every week (a boy and a girl)
to look after yard and sanitary con
ditions generally. (The policemen may
uo uuty as neaith officers, if the
teachers deem it best.)
They should appoint a count v iudce
every two weeks to try all cases
arising rrora any infraction of laws or
They should appoint a Board of
inspectors of Election everv ten
weeks to arrange for and to conduct
elections according to the Australian
ballot system now in use in the Terri
They should pass ordinances from
time to time whenever necessary.
i.very act of supervisors and other
Officers should be subject to super
vision and Indorsement of the teacher
Advantages of the School County.
The cosmopolitan character of the
pupils attending the schools of Ha
waii ana the ract that the parents of
these pupils as a class are uneducat
ed and therefore unable to instruct
their children as to civic rights and
duties, seem to justify an attempt on
on the part of the teachers to civil
government In a simple way to the
It seems hardly right to allow
future citizens of the great American
republic to remain ignorant of the
fundarmental principles of good citi
zenship until they go to the ballot-box
and then to bo instructed by those
who as a rule are unscrupulous
politicans seeking their own selfish
Appeals can uot be made to an in
tense feeling of patriotism to aid In
the matter, as was done in Cuba when
the School City was-being organized
there, but appeal can be made to the
feeling of right and justice that ex
ists, though may be lying dormant
awaiting development, in every hu
If children learn to love and prac
tlce the principles embodied in the
Constitution of the United States,
tney may gradually come to love the
county government by such prnv
If boys and girls learn early in life
to consider the right and wrong of
matters, to think of things as they
affect the general good, surely some
thing marked in a moral way in the
way of character building will have
AGRICULTURE IN OUR
It is not my Intention to speak on
"Agriculture" from a scientific point
of view, but, rather from the stand
point of one who has enly a limited
knowledge of the subject. I shall
therefore give you what I myself have
flT DRAWS fo ifself fhesmall change
11 which you formerly scattered. If
starts a growing bank account
and creafe1f a fund which' will final ys
makeou independent. MAKE THAT
FIRST DEPOSIT TODAY
GET THE HABIT
Of trading at the LAHAINA STORE the depend
able store. You might save a few steps by buj'.ng
elsewhere, but arc you sure of the freshness and
quality ? Our goods in every department are of the
best quality for the money. We would not make this
statement s we did not mean it.
The Best of Everything
' t Live and Let Live Prices
THE : LAHAINA : STORE
Dry Goods, Groceries, Dots and Shoes, No..ons, Plantation Supplies
When you want
GENERAL BLACKSMITHING HORSB SHOEING. 5,
rvAivr T' r ADPV
I Main St. near Market,
The Sherwin-Williams Bath Enamel
is just right for the purpose. Withstands the effects"of
hot and cold water. Makes old bath tubs look like new
often better than new.
S-W. Bath Enamel wears well and is most economical.
Put up in large or small cans. Colors most suitable fur the purpose.
We have it.
E. O. HALL & SON, Ltd.
Kahului Railroad Co's Merchandisa Department ,
pained by teaching the subject in the
Kipahulu School. To those, who, like
myself are doing their best to teach
the youth of this Territory the value
there is in possessing even in a small
way a knowledge of the proper cul
tivation of "Mother Earth," and the
many useful fruits, grains, vegetables,
and flowers. She has so bounteously
bestowed upon ber not always grate
ful children. The following remarks
may be of some slight assistance. It
is not a vgry diRicult thing to arouse
in children a desire to possess a gar
den but, it requires a great amount
of Ingenuity enthusiasm, and labor on
the part of the teacher to keep that
Interest once aroused in the children
from dying out. In the large city
schools where the area of land around
the school is small, very little can be
done in comparison with what can be
accomplished in the country school
which usually possesses one or two
acres of land. In Honolulu the school
grounds are graded and usually laid
out and planted with trees and shrubs
at the time of the building of the
school. Therefore the teachers have
little to do in an agricultural way
with the exception cf keeping the
grounds in good condition after the
hardest work has been done. We in
the country are not so fortunate. We
usually have to do our own grading
and planning out. When I was iu
Honolulu this summer I took parti
cular notice of several school grounds.
One, in a very fine location with large
grounds was almost surrounded by a
hedgo of Uibitieus. It looked as if each
and every child had his or her, own
your carriage repaired to last
it to the right shop.
vnivu i j
BISMARK STABLES CO. Lid
and SALES STADLES
The BISMARK STABLES
proposes to run the LkadinoLiVEUT
Stable Business on MAUI
DRUMMERS' LIGHT WACQNS
Exeurr'on Rates to Iao and Ila'o
akala with competent guides
NEW RIGS--NEW TEAMS
private entrance, which was uot
through the gate. The hedge was
broken in many places and looked
very much abused. Children, above,
all things, should be taught that the
proper entrance to the school yard
is through the gates provided for that
purpose, and not through the hedge'
or over the fence or wull. A lot of
tarrow trails across a grass plot do
not add anything to its beauty. In
sist that the children enter and leave
the school grouuds by the proper
entrances and exits. It may not bo
possible in city schools to have in
dividual gardens, but, every school
yard should have a piece of ground
sufficently large for each grade to
have a community garden, where the
various vegetables und flowers may
be growu according to their seasou.