Newspaper Page Text
THE MAUI NEWS
SATURDAY, MARCH 23, J 907
It should be cleared of grass, woeJs
and loose rock. These should lie ilis
posed of and not merely thrown
around the edgis of the bed as ,s
usually the case. It is as well to have
a large hole in which all rulihUh can
be thiown and afterwards burned.
Later on it can be used as fertilizer
on the lawn or in the vegetable ami
flower garden. Wood ashes are very
valuable ond if (scattered over the
ground and worked in, not only help
to kill off ground or root A phis, Slugs,
and other pests, but materially add
to the luxuriance of what?ver voire
' tables or flowers are grown in the
bed. The vegetables will grow quicker
and the colors of the flowers will be
more brilliant. ThechiUien should
bo taught the value of eveiy scrap
of rubbish that can possibly be con
verted into fertilizer, Much valuable
material goes to waste all over the
Island which a little fore thought
would save. So, often we hear of
gardens being successful the first
year, but, failures the next. Very
often the cause of failure can be
traced to the lack of nutriment in the
soil. The fact of the matter is that
we are always ready to take all the
land will give us in the shape of fruit
and vegetables, but we neg'ect to
give back to the land anything in re
turn. Another cause of failure is
that there are so many insect pests
to contend with and we hear on all
sides, What is the use of growing
things for bugs to eat." Remember
that there are insect pests every
where and still people grow things
just the same. Don't get discouraged
Teach the children to look for the
pests and destroy them and you will
probably meet with more success,
You can usually get the Dest of cut
worms and caterpillars if you get up
For your seed planting choose
cloudy mornings and try and have
the children follow the directions
printed on the seed packets. Many
failures iu growing anything from
seed arise from either too shallow or
too deep planting. Do not forget
when the seedling cabbage, Lettuce,
and Tomato plants come up that they
will need transplanting. Allow plenty
of room for each to mature. It is
to have a dozen perfect heads of let
tuce or cabbage than fifty scraggy
ones. Beets, Carrots Turnips, Onions,
and Radishes should be sown rather
thick but afterwards thinned out. If
two crowded look for fa''ire. See
that climbing beans have support be
fore they get all tangled up. Choose
vegetables and flowers that do well
in your district. Children soon get
discouraged wheu things do not grow
well and are apt to lose interest at
this stage. They want to see results,
and are always immensely proud even
if they ouly succeed in raising one
good speciemen of either fruit, vege
table, or flower.
Don't with hold the kindly word of
praise and encouragement when boy
or girl draws your attention to the
large cabbage, tomato or chrysan
themum they have grown, children,
like grown folks, like to be patted on
the back once and awhile. I would
like to say a word here in regard to
Scboolgrounds that are in good con
dition when you enter upon jour
duties. If you do net possess
. much knowledge of Agriculture be
guided by what your predecessor has
done in the way of beautifying the
scboolgrounds and try at least to
keep them in as good condition as
you found them. Do not allow them
to get overgrown with lantana and
weeds. Every teacher can at h ast
direct the children in pulling weeds
and digging out lantana and guava.
If you live on the School grounds think
sometimes of the teacher who will
come after you. Piatt a few fruit
trees around the teachers cottage.
You may not be there to gather the
fruit, but someone else will and rest
assured they will be grateful. You
will get your reward.
I have spoken of the necessity of
keeping up the children's interest in
the school gardens, and it may not be
out of place to tell you of a tew little
things done by myself and my assit
ant who happens to be my wife,
fortunately. No Department of Public
Instruction has any right to expect
the teachers in its employ to put any
scboolgrounds in good condition that
were not In good order when the
school house was built. I do not wish
it to be understood by this, that
teachers should not improve and
beautify the school grounds with the
assistance of the pupils. The Depart
ment has the right to expect that,
but, no more. When a school house
is built the grounds should be graded
and put iu st ape so as to enable the
teachers and pupils to go on with
their agricultural work.
When we eaine here a little over
two years ago and dinned the path
way leading frum the landing to tin;
school premises, it was not a garden
of ruses which met our sight. We
looked around and could see very
ittle of an encouraging nature. A
wretched, lonkii.g building, grounds
co.ered wisli lantana ar.il guava.
The rocks were enough to fright"!) a
man not inclined to work out, of a
We made no our minds to change
tilings at Kipahulu. The first two or
three months, the citiklrcn did not
seem to tjke much interest in their
out door work. They did not pee the
necessity of doing a thing more than
once. If they cut down the lantana
one week and it f row up the next,
that did not trouble them, but, it did
me. I realized that I must create the
desire in them not only of labor but a
love of the beautiful in nature. This
i? what I did, I selected a very rough
place near the school vard gate. It
was a tangled mass of grass, lantana
guava, and rocks, lliere were three
date palms but they could hardly be
seen so overgrown wore I carried off
an Enormous quantity of rock and
linally got it in to shape to plant. I
trimmed oil the palms and planted a
border of double red geraniums. For
tunately I had a package of gailla'dia
seed and had just received from
' Cliild.s" seed house packages of
llayal Dinks Balsams, and Jubilee
Phlox. It was not long before I had
a veritable garden of blosso:ns. The
Balsams were all double and of the
most beautiful shades.
' The Phlox and Royal pinks were
exquisite in color and marking. It
was called the "Teachers" garden
and goes by that iiann still. It was
not long before I had numerous re
quests from the children for permis
sion to make gardens. This was
readily granted, but, on one condi
tion. That condition was this, that
each and every child who wanted a
garden must go and start like I had
done, a rough piece of ground where
the lantana was thickest, no picking
out of easy spots. We soon had, a
number ol small gardens cleared and
planted, with flowers and vegetables.
That was a beginning. At this time
we were much troubled by stray
horses on account of having an apo
logy tf a fence. I suggested to the
boys that we tear down what le
mained of the old rotten picket fence
and build a stone wall. Many of the
children came befc re seven o'clock,
and I made it a point to be tut worki
ing at that stone wall when they
came down t lie road There was
little excuse for them to go olf and
play when . they saw the teacher
working. Before the summer vaca
tion came around we had finished
that stone wall and had about a third
01 uie lauiana uug oui. we had a
l.rge vegetable garden and a few
tree? and shrubs planted. During
the summer vacation the school house
was painted and repaired which was
a great improvf mei:t. When school
re-opened I had a good supply rf
choice flower and vegetable seeds on
hand and I told the children when
the ground was ready I would give
them the seed. The girls had now
begun to take a good deal of interest
in the agricultural work. They too
wanted gardens. The same condi
tions were laid down for them with
this exception that the boys could
dig out the hard guava roots and
move the heavy rocks. Some of the
hardest and best work in the school
yard has been voluutarily done by
the girls. We can look around Mth
not a little pride and a good deal of
satisfaction on the improved condi
tion of the schoolyard. Beautiful
flowers at all seasons, fine young
shade trees Papaias, Bananas and
vegetables now take the place of
worthless weeds. Orange, Lime,
Pomelo, Nut, Alligator Pears, Peach,
and Mango trees now gladden the
eye and will tickle the palate of those
who come after. A grove of cocoa
nut Palms will wave their leafy
arms on high, and future generations
will play beneath their shade. Rub
ber trees will supply us with erasers?
at least we hope so. Tons upon tons
of rock have been put into walls and
piled up on worthless places. We
have many individual gardens. They
bring out many characteristics that
would not be developed in the com
munity garden, It prevents quarrels
and jealousies. If there are only two
tomatoes on a vine; in a community
gard.n it is hard to say who shall
have them. But if in the individual
garden the question is soon settled.
I spoke of it being an easy matter to
arouse the interest of the children,
but, hard to maintain it. I maintain
it by always providing good seed. both
vegetable and flowers, always the
best varieties we can get from the
States. By working with the child
ren, not trying to direct them from
the School house lanai. By having
luy own garden and thus avoiding
any criticism on the part ot parents.
Thev should appoint a county clerk
to art as secretary at their meetings
and to do all clerical work.
B; allowing the childien to have the
produce thev are entitled to, as the
fruits of their labor. My encourag
ing the children to play less and work
morn. In Hawaii there is little
danger of the children not getting
enough p'ay. By bringing before
them the fact that eighty or ninety
children can accomplish much in half
an iiour by their united efforts. That
so long as the school grounds remain
ed in suen a pcor condition it was n
standing monument to the idleness of
both pepils and teachers. They are
leirning to love their labor by being
taught that all labor honestly per
formed is noble. They know the
value of keeping the soil well pul
verized and fertilized and make the
most of every bit of shift that will
help enrich the soil. .By packing off
the bugs and ssale and destroying
them. By not allowing any child to
pick anything belonging to other
children without permission. By
showing favor to none. That was
how interest was aroused and en
thusiasm maintained. I am sure the
children are better morally and
physically than they ever were be
fore., We have much work yet to do
and 1 really do not think the time
will ever come when there will not be
vork to be done in the Kipahulu
schoolyard. You will find much to
discourage you in vour agricultural
work among U.e children of Hawaii,
but by perseverance you wil! find
much enjoyment and pleasure: Kona
storms will come and undo much of
your work. Trees will die and get
broken down, but keep on, some will
arrive at maturity. You naturally
ask, "does this agricultural work
pay." It is in my mind of untold
value both now and in the years to
come. The large amount of extra
work which all this entails the teach
er must not look for payment. A
niggardly Legislature made that im
possible. A man has to rustle to
get other things to do after school
hours so us to enable him to support
his family in a proper manner.
Ihe bo't payment i fter all is not
to be measured by dollars and cents
dui. irom me Knowledge that you
have done what you could to promote
ton welfare and happiness of the
children entrusted to your care by
inculcating a love cf the beautiful
the pure and th.- useful into the child
mind. You have put something into
their lives that was not there before
and created in them a desire for a
better, cleaner, purer life. To love
labor for labors sake. There is noth
ing base in Agriculture it can only
lead to higher and nobler thinking.
It never debases, but on the contrary
always elevates a man above the
more sodid things of life. You will
usually fine that great lovers of
nati;re are morally the best people
rhe children who grow up on the
farm usually are found in later life
steering the ship of State and in
vaiiauiv 10 success, uy all means
teach agriculture in your school. We
feel fully repai'J for anything we have
done. When after a hard days work
we can walk about in the schoolyard
and looking at the gardens of the
children and see the things we our
selves have planted and the things
they have planted we are able to say
sincerely and truth fully Yes! it pays.
W W. TAYLOR,
Miss Nancy Daniels read a paper
on Nature study. Mrs. McDonald
read one on fcupplemen'.ary reading
while Miss Crook got nearest the
hearts of her audience by reading an
able pap'r on the resti raHrn of
The paper was excellent but the
side remarks of the young lady were
to the ' oint with a vengeance. It was
a pity the members of the legislature
were not present to get the ben?fit
of Ihe force cf her arguineuts. She
has been in communication with many
teachers all over1 t he islands and all
are taking a deep interest in the
matter that means not only so much
to them iiut to the children who will
in time be the public leaders of the
Territory. Her paper was as follows.
(Continued on Tage 6.
lNTHECIKCUlT COUNT OF THE
SECON I) CIIiCLl IT, TERKI TORY
In Probate At Chambers.
In the Matter of the Estate .f
DAVID CROWELL, late or V.'ailu
Ku, Maui, deceased.
NOTICE TO CREDITORS.
The Undersigned, Clement Crowell,
Administrator of the Estate of David
Crowell, deceased, hereby gives
notice to all persons having claims
against the Estate of said deceased.
to present the same to him, at the
law office of his attorney, James L.
Coke, in Wailuku, Maui, T. H., with
in six months from the date of the
first publication of this notice, to wit:
within six months from the 2'lrd d iy
of February A. D. 11107, whether
suen claims be secured or not. or
same will be forever barred.
Dated at Wailuku, this 23 di.y ol
Administrator of the Estate of
David Crowell, deceased.
James L. Coke,
Attorney for said Estate.
Feb. 23. March 2, !), -10, 23.
IN THECIRCUIT COURT OF THE
SECOND JUDICIAL CIRCUIT
TERRITORY OF HAWAII.
In Probate At Chambers.
Iu the Matter of the Estate of
I.UIZ DA COSTA , deceased.
NOTICE TO CREDITORS.
Notice is hereby given to all per
sons having claims agains t he Est ate
of Leiz da Costa, late of Waiakoa,
Kula, County of Maui, Territory ot
Hawaii, to present the same to the
undersigned, Au onio M. Cabrinhaof
Hilo, Hawaii, Administrator of said
Estate, or to J. S. Ferry, Hilo Ha
waii within (C) months from the date
of publican of tins notice, or they
will be forever barred.
Dated at Wailuku, Maui, Feb. loth,
ANTONIO M. CAIJRINIlA,
Administrator of the Estate of
Luiz da Costa, deceased.
Feb. 23. March 2, 9, 16, 23.
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OFTHE
SECOND JUDICIAL CIRCUIT
TERRITORY OF HAWAII.
In Probate At Chambers.
In tlie Matter of the Estate of
FIELIO PUNIHELE, deceased.
NOTICE TO CREDITORS
Notice is hereby given to all per
sons having claims against the Estate
of Helio Punihele, late ol Kipahulu,
County of Maui, Territory of Hawaii,
to present the same to the under
signed, M. H. Reuter. t f liana. Maui,
Administrator of said Estate, within
(G) mouths from the date cf publica
tion of this notice, or they will be
Dated si Wailuku, Maui, Feb. 20th
M. H. REUTER,
Administrator of the Estate oH
Helio Punihele, deceased.
Feb. 23. March 2, 9, 1G, 23.
Delivered in Wailuku every Saturday
and at l'uia mid Iluniakiiapoko on
Wuuuesilays at lowest prices.
POTATOES, WATERMELONS, BUTTER, EGGS
POULTRY, SUCKLING PIGS, CORN, ETC
Telephone Orders to
A. H . Lnndprof
Proi'RIKTor KAILUA FARM.
Telephone No. 3a9.
SEWING MACHINE CO.
Machines for sale on the
Big Discount for Cash
Machines for Rent
By the Day, V?ek or Month.
DELIVERED and CALLED FOR.
Wo have just received a new line
of Automatics nnd Kainily Ma
chines ami all kinds of Needles
S. DECKER, Agent.
Main Street, . - - - Wailuku
Next Door to Wailuku Cash Store.
The Kwiii Harness Shot
HariiPss Makii g and Repairing.
Siiilill 's Mad i' and Repaired.
General Leather Work, etc.
J. A. HARRIS. Prop.
W. J. MOODY
Contractor and builder
PLANS and ESTIMATES
I'lloNE NO 1. KAllUI.l'I MAtM,
Hawaiian Iron Fence and
Monument Works, Ltd
W FEKCE CHEAPER THAN WOOL
Wo Sell Iron Fence
'Joll Mdnl," WnrM'n Fnir, tt. Louis, lltu.
triii ti'st thnn n riHi'tnlili wood fi'ticn. W hv
'1 tut nititt eeonomtuil fenrtf Toll ran liMV.
imt rt !'lnc voiir nl ono now with a neut, at (
"lilST A lilt lTint.."
Ovtr' l'") lt'nitnin of Iron Fi-noo.
Iron I'Iowit l'linc. Kttfcik
i tlc, ulu'Wii in our citttil"KU t.
Honolulu, T H .
d. Do REGO & CO., Proprietors
Livery and Boarding Stables
HACKS, BUGGIES, SADDLE HORSES,
AT ALL HOURS OF DAY OR NIGHT
Competent nnd Careful Drivers. Special
attention given to Tourist l'urties. Skill
ful Guides to Iao Valley and Ilalcakalu.
Wailuku Lahaina Stage.
Joe Dorego, Manager.
Corner Market and Main
Mi i tit !i him 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 id
NOTHING BUT THE BEST OF
WELL KNOWN STANDARD RRANDS OF
WINES, WHISKEYS. CORDIALS,
LIQUEURS, RAINIER AND PRIMO
25c 2 glasses 25c
HEADQUARTERS FOR .
SPORTING ISLAND PEOPLE
S. KIVIURA, Proprietor.
I THE HENRY WATERHOUSE TRUST CO. Ltd !
BUYS AND SELLS- REAL ESTATE, STOCKS & BONDS
WRITES FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE
NEGOTIATES LOANS AND MOKTGAGES
A List ol High Grade Securities mailed oh application
Metropolitan Meat Co.
Market Street. Wailuku .
Nothing but tho best of
Well Known Standard Brands
RAINIER AND PRIMO
25c 2 Glasses 25c
Island Sporting People
T. B. LYONS, Prop.
J. A. HARRIS
Cat riage Painting Sign Painting,
House Painting, Koa Polishing,
Cnrriago Trimming, Paper Hanging.
Painters and Paper Hangers furnish
ed by the day on short notice.
PHONE YOUR O 11 1) K R S
FIRST CLASS TAILORING
Dealer in Dry Goods,
Gent's Furnishing Goods,
Hats and Caps,
and a complete line of shoes.
Give us a Call
Market Street : : Wailuku.
ALGA ROB A
CUT TO ANY LEI'GTH DESIRED
P. O. Box 34(5
This brand denotes quality.
Write us in regards to your
Leather needs. Send your
Hides to us and you may feel
certain of fair treatment.
Telephone Malu U3.