Newspaper Page Text
THE MAUI NEWS-
- SATURDAY, MAY 25, 1907
Tlio lesson of Arbor Dny is Hip use
and value of tlie tree in the. life of the
Nation. H should therefore bo tlip
. aim of Ihe tmchor so to observe tlm
day as to convey this leon clearly
and impressively. The diversion of
spMing out a few treps, the exercises
with which the school hours are en
livened, though allhnpirtant in px
citing thp Interest and palling forlh
the enthusiasm of the scholars, may
well be regarded as a means to the
desired end rather than as the pud
itsplf. The sentiments and emotions
aroused on Arbor Day pass only too
quickly; the important thing s that,
permanent results be left lasting
impressions in the minds of the chil
dron, and, flourishing in the earth,
an object lesson in a tree plantation
of use or beauty, or both combined.
The tree that is significant in thp
life of the Nation is, of course, the
forest tree. Isolated trees, along
the roadside, in the city streets, or
in the schoolyard, please the eye and
cool the air with their refreshing
shade. But the forest of trees, where
wood Is growing to supply materia
for homes, for fuel, for a hundred in
dustries; where the forest litter is
storing the wafers for streams to
quench men's thirst, to irrigate their
lands, to drive their mills, to fill their
rivers deep for the vast traffic of in
land navigation; in a word, the forest
as producer and custodian of the
necessaries of life and happiness, is
the true message of Arbor Day.
Forestry Is based on this idea of
the forest, and all its teachings aim
to put this idea into actual practice.
As a sience, forestry secures the
exact knowledge of forest life which
makes it possible to cooperate with
nature In bringing the forest to its
very fullest usefulness as a source of
wockI, as a protection to the soil or
as a natural reservoir. As an art,
forestry applies this knowledge for
the good of 'mankind. Thus Arbor
Day is the time for imparting,
especially to children, such of the
clearest and simplest of forest laws
;is their minds are ready to receive.
It Is, of course, impossible to go pro
fnundly into the subject, nnd quite r.-"
unnecessary. I'uf. however modest
.1e work undertaken on Arbor D.iy,
it is by no mean? difficult t nni.e
that-work tell in the rityht (1i:-ii'"n
by britiginr home its connection wi'h
the linger nnd simpler truth'; of
forestry, The pin .nting of a few tree?,
without reference to the enniinerci d
utility nnd protective vnhi"ol forest,
is hut a simll pni t of the work of the
NATU3K STUDY AXD
That 'he elements of forestry nre
highly suited to interest the niind n m"1
appeal to the affecti ns of the child
is now well established, end is clue
principally to the fact that the forrst
is an active and performing thin,
nnd the home of wild l;fe. The child
mind, 'mm very infnrcy, has the in
quiring spirit of an investigator. Rut
he direct appeal to the child's at.
tent-ion and fancv, as to those of the
children among races, the barbarians,
is -made not by the abstract or the
inanimate, nor by causes an i laws,
but by the concrete and external
forms of natut e. The crystal or the
weather, the rocks or the stars,
have their strongest attraction for a
later time; but. for the half doz?n
years between the ages of 6 or 7 and
13 or 14 the ago for nature study
it is the, beasts, the insects, and the
birds, the flowers with their beauties,
and assuredly the deep forest in its
strergth and mystery, the dwelling
place of these creatures and the place
chosen for adventure by youth, that
keep the spell to charm and hold the
This is borne out by the methods of
nature's own schooling. Thrn;:p,h
instinct the mother, civilized or
savage, is led uverringly to the fable!
and the lore of the woods for the
persuasive tales herewith to satisfy
the restless und imaginative cui iosity
that is so nearly the complete defim
it ion of the rfiild mind; with the story
of the cruel woif, the thundering
torrent, the wise raven, the mighty
onk, she corrects her infant's naught-
Maui Racing Association
TWENTY-FIRST ANNUAL MEETING
AT SPRECKELS' PARK, KAIiULUi
JULY 4th, 19
Three-eighths Mile Dash Running Race. Horses
to be owned by Japanese 30 days prior to closing
of entries , $30
Trotting and Pacing to Harness, best 2 in 3. One
half Mile Heats. Hawaiian bred who never won
a race 75
One-half Mile Dash Running Race. Horses to be
owned and ridden by Japanese 50 00
One-half Mile Dash. For Polo Ponies, qualified
as such. Weight to ride 150 lb . 50 00
Three-fourths Mile Dash Running Race. Free for
all GO 00
One-half Mile Dash Running Race. Hawaiian bred 50 00
One Mile Dash Gentlemen's Driving race 25 00
Five-eighths Mile Dash Running Race for Horses
owned by Japanese (i0 00
Cowboy Relay Race. One and half Miles. Horses,
Saddles, and Bridles to be changed every half
miles. Other instructions of the Judges to be fol
lowed, their decisions final 25 00
One Mile Dash Running Race, Hawaiian bred.. . 75 00.
Piace 11. Trotting and Pacing. Cue half Mile Heats, best
2 in 3. For Horses without records of 2:10 or
Race 12. Mule Race. One-half Mile l)a;-h 25 00
Race 13. One-half Mile Dash Running. Ponies 14:2 or un-
der 35 00
Race 14. One-half Mile Dash Running Race, Horses to be
owned and ridden by lortuguese 10 00
Race 15. Consolation Puree. Free for all who hae not won
a race at this Meeting. One Mile l);ish 50 00
Race Hi. Automobile Race, Two and half Mile. Dash. En
trance fee J5.00. Each contestant to be timed
separately in order to avoid accidents. Solid
Gold Medal. Valued no less than
M. sharp. Ridjrs ami Drivers
Racrs to start at 10 A
pear in colors.
All entries 10 per cent, of Purse, unless otherwise specified.
Running Races to be Governed by the Rules of the M. 1!. As
sociation. Trotting Races by the Rules of II. I. T. Association.
All entries and bids for privch ges close with the ru'eri'tary at
his ollico on July 1st at 5 P. M.
All Races are three to cuter and two to start or more.
i). i.. mi:yi:k,
Seen t a ry. fe.
mess or soothes its pel ul.inri1, wear,
ines-i, or fright. ynd so in th child
advances, nr.'! t cochins?. tro'.eht in
doors beeonirv m.re fovir. him!
J-v'entaiy, it, is the true pe i i gi w I.
hi'tincl. wui ii Mi'l c".i t r.iies to keep
eo, fiii'l ;ii,im;itid ill" touch !
I ween the young f ..cullies ami I lie
real world. Tliis i, indeed, the whole
-! here of n-iture study to preserve,
with what we c.n retain of its first,
s'ici'lity end frchmss, the hihoru
?. 'St. for original discovery in the
teeming field of life. Nature study,
wii.h its aquaria and herbaria, its
vindow boxes, its butterfly col'ec
lions, s the true prera'ation for
cience, which follows the same ways
of observation a'd exr-erimcnt: both
lead to useful knowledge through the
one door of reality.
FOREST TOPICS TO GROUP
ABOUT ARDOR DAY.
What chi'd has not seen a muddy
freshet? Yes this sight, so common
in the spring, is full of suggestion for
a forest lesson. The stream is dis
colored by the earth which it has
gathered from the soil. This carries
us back to the stream's source, in
th.-! springs. Again, !t shows us
with what force the water has rushes
over the exposed ground where there
was no forest to shield and bind it.
Tn just this way the Mississippi tsars
down and flings into its bed, each
summer, more soil than will bo
dredgfd with years of costly labor
to make the Panama Canal. An ex
periment with (inn and coarse soils
stirred quickly in a tumbler of water
and then allowed to settle explains
how Ihe stream continues muddy
while it runs swiftly, and how it clears
again as it slackens on more level
stretches, dropping the soil to tie
bottom. On any steep, plowed hill
side, or on any railroad or troll'y
embankment, exposed soil may be
seen washing with the rain. A forest,
on a mountain sbpe may be pictured
by a cloth urfon a tilted table; then if
water bo poured on the higher edge
it will creep downward through the
cloth and drip slowly from the lower
ed'e, as would rain falling upon the
forest. If now the cloth be plucked
off, and the watrr still poured, we
may observe at. once what happens
when such a fo est is destroyed.
M st articles in common usr, cloth
ing excepted, pre made of wood alone
or in combination with metal. Here
is nn fxcellent subject for an Arbor
Day composition. Let one but think
of the prove rty and backwardness cf
life without the material that is sup
plied only by the forest. No single
one of nature's gifts, after air and
water, is more freely offered or
readily enjoyed than wood. We live
chiefly in wooden houses and burn
wood to keep warm. Tables and
other furniture, carriages and garden
implements, matches and paper are
t:iken in whole or in part from the
forest. Wood is easy to procure and
to work. How simple a matter to
cut a sapling for a fishing rod; how J
hard to smelt and cast a fishing rod
from iron-ore. Roys who have grum
bled over having to split a tough stick
to feed the kitchen fire would have
belter cause to grumble if would had
to bo painfully mined frcm the rock.
Nails and scicws, saw and plane and
chisel, suffice for a multitude of
smaller repairs which anyone can
make; to cut or rivet metal is no
such easy affair.
The flowers and seeds of trees are
interesting subjects of investigation.
The bursting ot the 'blossoms on elm
on J red maple, the tassel like catkins
of cotton wood willow, and alder are
among the earliest signs of spring.
Some of the most fascinating facts of
botany are easily studied in tree
flowers. Black locust, basswood,
and yellow poplar, for instance, carry
perfect flowers that pcUer.ize their
own pistils; chestnut, beech, pines,
ar.d spruers, on the other hand, have
thei." staminate and pistillate flowers
distinct, though on the same tree,
while such species as the Cottonwood,
tlie willow, alders and ashes, the
persimmon, and Iho boxelder. bear
only the stun' nit;! or only the pistil
late flowers on a slngl-i tree. The
ingenious ami oiten intricate i pvum s
of nature to securo crossferliiization
are well worth inquiring into.
.Many or tlie early llowermg trees
in .ture their seeds before the school
year ends. The adaptations by which
forest trees secure the distribution
of their seeds are diverse-. Some
seeJs, such as tiio nuts and hickories
and ehestnuts, are distributed by
squirrels, foxes, bears, and coyotes
and by birds, others by the wind, and
yet outers by noous or running
waters. Hedge rows of locust trees
commonly spring up whei'5 the seeds,
after f.illing on the frozen snow, nre
driven by the winter gusts tl lodge
innng th" hi"-,h
IV re R vrt
are hi .1
drooped ' '
found i ni" -' i
not, b n hi ;
wet. a soil, tint
mud b 'sid 'li v
bed mos t f-, ---.it;
thin of tlie '(-d.
A whole worl'i
d -oots nlnne t',n
:; "I and chet rv
. f.d'n seeds
' ' are mninlv
:'. 'd o v.v ground.
1 1 rn Vs lr'efep so
i e ' h 1 fees! , flue
.... ,-n.,"j tht' seed
to 'li" r-ermina-
"li -o,o -cved vet
most row:! vling trni'i can bn opened
through ih's V 1 1 -wn v. And thest'rv
of flower a "id set d conveys very
vividly the insr;t"i)t tmrpu, rf nature
to renew th forest and carry it,
undepleted, from one generation to
Tree seeds collected by the children
towpd the cloen of tVn school year,
may br- plan'rd bv them at home,
preferably out of doors, where they
will furnish a sti iking demonstration
of the sturdy force of tree life, and at
the same time, if carefully tended,
supply a few seedlings for next year's
Arbor Day plan'irg. For such a
project the scedsofehns, soft maples,
poplars, eottonwoods, and willows,
all of which may be found in the
spring, offer the best of msterial.
A number of similar subjects will
suggest themselves; for example, a
description of the largest, the most
useful, the strongest, or the most
beau'iful ol trees; or telling ho-.v the
age of trees is countiy! by the annual
rings. There is the basis for one
story in tlie age of the giant Sequoias,
among the oldest trees in the world,
"hich have stood, some of them, up
ward of 4.(1(10 years; an rl for another
iii Ihe newspaper, which, like most
books nnd many inferior papers, is
i sheet, of wood that has been ground
and pressed nnd dried so that it will
be I t ht and smooth enough to take
ink, and thus scatter everywhere the
news of the doings of the world.
The proper season for planting i3
not everywhere the same. Where
spring is the best season uorth of
the thirty seventh parallel generally
the right time is when the frost is
out of the ground and before budding
The day to plar.t is almost a3 Im
portant as the season. Sunny, windy
weather is to be avoided; cool, damp
(lavs are the best. For this reason
it, is well to leave the dale for Arbor
Day unfixed. All exercises are better
deferred until the planting is done.
Trees can not be thrust into a
rough son at ranctom and ttien be ex
pected to flourish. Tliev should be
planted in well worked soil, well
enriched. If the trees can not be set
out ir.imediately after being secured,
the first step is to prevent their roots
drying out in the air. Tliis may be
done bv standing the roots in a
'puddle" of mud or "heeling. in" the
trees bv burying the roots deep in
In planting they should be placed
from two to three inches deeper thau
they stood originally. Fine soil should
always be passed firmly not made
hard- -about the roots, and two inches
of soil at the top should be left very
loose, to set as a mulch to retain the
Small seedlings may be secured
easily and cheaply. If these are set
out in good numbers after the pat
tern of a commercial plantation they
will become in due time a true forest
on a small scaln. No matter how few
the trees, they may be made to
illustrate planting for some useful
The scope of pUnting nny some
times be broadened by securing per
mission for the children to plant a
small block of trees in some field un
suited for crops, and in tt.is way the
work can be done just as it would be
done on a larger scale by the forester.
Outside the scope of th" actual
planting, it is will to bear in mind
that Arbor Day is not the only day
in the year on which trees deserve to
be remembered and cured fcr. They
need care throughout the season.
Watjhing the plantation thrive ui.der
right treatment greatly adds to the
educational value of the work, and to
its success, which should be its best
It is all important that the plan
tation should servo as a model cf
what can be accomplished along these
lines. Then, 'when the children are
grown men and women, they will find
great satisfaction in the woik of
their school days.
A ppi oved:
Washington, 1). C. March 2S, lltil?.
I T DPAYS fo ifself thesmall chance t
ill! which vou formerly scattered. W ";
starts aorowing DanK account
uiiu wrcaiwa iuuu wiiiuu mil I it lai
m ni.ake.you independent. MAKE THAT -k
FIRST DEPOSIT TODAY. WSSBk '
1 WAILUKU LAIIA1NA NATIONAL!
GET THE HABIT
Of trading at the LAHAINA STORE the depend
able store. You might save a few bteps by buying
elscvhure, but are you sure of the freshness and
quality? Our goods in every department are of tho
best quality for the money. We would not make this
statement if we did not mean it.
The Best of Everything
t Live and Let Live Prices
THE : LAHAINA : STORE
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes, Notions, Plantation Supplies.
VI ttt l W tl? W W IP V il U l It' W P V tfrip
When you want your carriage repaired to last m
bring it to the right shop.
GENERAL BLACKSMITHING HORSB SHOEING.
DAN. T. CAREY
I Main St. nenr Market,
BISMARX STABLES CO. Ltd
am' SALES STABLES
The BISMARK STABLES
proposes to run the Leading Livery
Staiii.e Business on MAUI
DRUMMERS' LIGHT WAGQNS
Excursion Rates to Tao and TIa'e
akala with competent guides
NEW RIGS--NEW TEAMS
Give me the Kahului Harness Shop.
That you Harness Shop?
Machines for sale on the
Big Discount for Cash
Machines for Rent
By the Day, Week or Month.
DELIVERED and CALLED FOR.
Say, duplicate that order just deliv
- ered for double-set harness.
It's a Peach!
iiiuim i un hum uiimi
til hum u
Hello 324 : P. O. Box 72
Makkex STittt Wailuku
ANTONE B0R3A, Prop.
Full line of popular brands o!
Celebrated Primo & Seatie
25c 2 Glasses 25c
We have just received a new line
of AutomaticB and Family Ma
chines and all kinds of Needles
S. DECKER, Agent.
Main Street, - - - Wailuku
Next Door to Wailuku Cash Store.
Adalina Patti, Wm.
Perm, The Hawaii
an Roughrider, and
CORNER HOTEL and FORT STS.
For wale by
KAHULUI 8T0RB, KAHULUI.
PAIA STOUE, PA1A.
Pukalani Milk Dairy
If you want a daily supply of
fresh, pure milk, or fresh milk
Tel. IG(i Makuwfio
The Kahului lilacksmith Shop is
now open and ready for business. A
competent man is ircharge. Horse
shoeing a Fpeeially.
P. T. CAREY.