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MAUI PUBLISHING CO.,
FINK JOB PRINTING
BOOK BINDING AND
SUBSCRIBE FOR TUB
THE PAPER THAT ADVANCI.S
THE INTBBB8T8 OH IWAU
POST OFFICE BOX 5 TELEPHONE NO. 319
HIGH STREET, WAinJKU, MAUI COUNTY.
Why don't you try a glass of
Primo Beer before retir
ing? There's nothing in this
beer that can harm you.
There's much to do you good.
ARB YOU A
That is, do you frequent tho tennis court? If
so, you shouJd secure somo of tho famous Slazen
gor balls. We've also ;ot a fresh and complete
stock. Also Slazenger and Wimbledon rackets.
All of these goods are great favorites with the
E. 0, HALL &S0N, Ltd.
W- I I I T ii'i
vm nun you wain
GENERAL BLACKSMITH1NG HORSE SHOEING.
I DAN. T. CAREY i
Main St. near Market, Walluku, Maui
Read the MAUI NEWS.
WORK A SPECIALTY.
.. l . l - - i
your carnage reiiaireu u lasi
Malay Rubber Industry.
Vice Consul General G.' E Cham
berhiin of Sincpore, writes that ttie
position of the rubber -plantiitf' in
dustry on the Malay Peninsula at the
end of the year HUM, compared with
the previous year, is remarkable, as
the following figures show: .
In December, 1!I05, the total acre
age of rubber planted on the peniti
s ihi was probably less than 50,000
acres, and in December, 1!)0(J, it was
!tP,'2:(l; thus during the year the
acreage was practically doubled. The
number of trees increased from 7,000-
OHO to 12,!S0,75G. The output of dry
rubber, which was about 150 tons in
l!05, was in l!K)li, 112 tons an increase
of nearly three times. The reason
that while the acreage has nearly
doubled the number of trees have not
proportionately increased is that the
number of trees planted per acre
during I'.NMJ was not so many as pre
viously. Planters have begun to see
the value of giving their trees plenty
In the Federal Malay States there
are 3H,000 coolies emp'oyed regularly
at estate work. Of these 30,000 are
Tamils, 4,000 Javanese, 1,500 Malays,
and 3,400 Chinese, and the wages
paid them are from 18 cents to 30
cents per day. Thile large areas
have been planted in rubber, still
larger areas, amounting at the end
of VJ06 to some 200,000 acres, have
been applied for and granted for this
will be Opened.
There has been a larga accmnula
tion of business in the Territorial
Land office which has been hanging
fire for several months owing to the
absence from the Territory of ex
Governor Carter and the unsettled
conditions attending the incoming of
Governor Frear to office. Land Com
missioner Pratt is now begining to
work on some of tbis accumulation
since his interview vesterdav with
the new Governor has made clear
to him the policy of the administra
tion on some of these matters.
There are applications on file for
homesteads, for rice land?, for cane
lands, leases of various kinds, water
rights, permits for boring for water,
and other such things.
Among the things decided upon was
the opening up of 100 or 150 acres
more of land adjoining the McBryde
Plantation for right of purchase
leases in blocks of 5 to 8 acres. Sev
oral hundred acres of this land has
already been opened up in this man
ner, and taken up principally by the
Portuguese employees of the Mc
Bryde Plantation, who are being
encouraged to do this by the Plan
Governor Frear is especially well
pleased with the results attained by
this experiment on Kauai. From per
sonal observation he states that the
persons who have taken up lots are
making a good thing out of them, the
amount given to a family being suf
ficient to keep them independent of
the plantation labor, which however
is usually accepted at least a part of
the time, there being usually enough
members in each family to look after
their own land and still give time for
accepting employment from the plan
tation. The Governor states that the ulan-
tation company has been very help
ful in offering encouragement in the
opening and settlement of this land,
and lias undertaken to supply water
tor domestic purposes, and has also
equipped a cannery for the purpose
of caring for tho pineapples which
seems to be the fruit best adapted
for the land, and is being taken up
by most of the settlers.
A similar project of right of pur
chase leases will be carried out at a
number of places on Hawaii. At Ka
apoko near Ilonomu, 10G acres are to
be cut up into 10-acre lots as soon as
surveys can tie made.
The Waianae Company have ap
plied for leuso on 157 acres of cane
land and lu'2 acres of pasture or waste
land lying between their plantation
and the forest reserve line. An upset
price will be fixed and the lands
The Land Commissioner is also con
sidering an application for a permit
to dig a well on the government lands
in Puna. The matter will be looked
into, before the application is grant
ed. Various occupauts of homestead
claims at Lualualei, near Waianae,
OaLu, want permissiou to carry on
developments for water o.i govern'
mint forest reserve above their pio
perty. A meeting will be held with
these applicants, order to fix on a
plan bv which t'.e government may
hereafter take over this property
which may be developed at. the act nil
cost, as the government owns other
lands further down whic h in timn it
may be advisable to supply with
It has been decided lo open ud a
number of 20 to 30 acre lots at Wai
akoa, Maui, for !! year homiMtead
leases, as thet e have been a number
of applications for these. Surveys
will be made for this purpose as soon
At Kahakuloa in West Maui be
tween the sea and the forest reserve,
government lands aggregating four
or five thousand acres of land at FIo-
nualua and Kealakehe on the side of
A lot of 2.7 acres, a remnant, at
Ewa, is to be advertised for lease.
The manner of transferring the 50
or 80 acres needed for the new Agrl
cultural College in Manna Valley, to
the Regents of the institution is being
considered, and a meeting with the
Regents will be called in a few days.
Our Foreign Trade.
Hawaii's import trade from foreign
countries increased, during the fiscal
year endit June 30, 1907, by less
than $000,000 as compared with the
previous fiscal year ending June 30,
1906. Considering the impression
that has gained favor throughout
this city, that there has been
an enormous increase in our im
ports from Japan, it is surprising to
find thct they were comparatively so
small, especially as it is known that
there was a very considerable in
crease during the period h Japanese
From Japau we bought only to the
extent of 310.HM more in the 1907
year than in r.niti. 1' rom India, for
sugar bags, the increase was $250,
000. Frrm Germany the increase
was $175,000; from the United King
dom $00,000; from Hongkong $50,000;
from Australia $40,000, and from
Canada $25,000 worth more goods
than in 1900.
All countries made larger sales
to Hawaii last year, than in 1900,
with the single- exception of Chile,
which shows a decrease of $120,000,
due to small imports of nitrates for
From tne Mainland of the United
States there was an increase, last
year, of $2,200,000 in our imports.
Add to this the $900,000 gain in our
imports from foreign countries, and
we have a total of $3,100,000 repre
senting our larger purchases, and
consequently our larger consumption
in the 1907 year, lu the face of this
who can say there has not been an
improvement in our business condi
tion? Trans iPacific Trade.
Liability of Employers.
President II losevelt, in the speech
that lie made at Jamestown, pro
pounded an entirely new doctrine on
the subject of the liabi'ity of employ
ers for injuries to thosv in thMr em
pl iymcnt, which he urge;! as a basis
for National and State legislation.
The President laid down an entirely
new principle, or theory, of employ
incut as a basis for his doctriiM.'. He
maintained that workmen "should
receive a certain definite and limited
ecm'enation for all accidents in in
d'it iy, irrespective of negligence,'
and the payireut should lie "auto
matic, because the employer is the
"agent of the public" and "in the
busiuess of serving the public," and
"thouph the burden will at the mo
ment be his it will ultimately be as
sunied, as it ought to be, by the
general public." """Only in this way
can the shock of it'e accident lie
diffused, tor it will be transferred
from employer to consumer for whose
benefit all industries are carried on."
This is said, not of common carries or
public service corporations or any
body actiug bv public authority, but
of all employers in all industries, cor
porate or iudivtllual.
j ins doctrine seems to bo per
nicious in a large class of citizens who
most need it and most benefit by it
Anything creating a class distinction
especially one of dependence and of
special c'uims upon another class
aid upon law and government,
most obnoxious to the fundamental
principles of a government of free
dom and equality. Every man should
stand on his own feet, take hid ow
risks, and accept the responsibilities
of manhood. If an occupation is
hazardous it is highly paid accord
ingiy, and has to he so in order to
secure men to work in it. The or
dinary risk is paid for and it is for
the interest of the employer to lessen
it as much as possible. If an accident
occurs for w hich the employer is I e-
ponsible through neglect to provide
every reasonable safeguard and to
take every reasonable care, he should
pay for the injury done. If it is caused
by earthquake, o- lightning, or lire
or by the neghgenoc of workmen
themselves, which he has taken every
means to prevent, lo compel him to
make compensation would be neither
justice norlsound policy, lie would
ave no means of reimbursing himself
from Hip "general public," and if the
general public was required to make
up the loss it would be socialism in its
In practical everyday experience
this doctrin would be most harmful.
One of the most perplexing difficul
ties of employers in industries using
machineries and mechanical appli
ances, especially those involving
special hazard is to induce workmen
to take reasonable care, to prevent
them from being negligent and taking
needless risks. Let all the risks of
loss by accident bi put upon the em
ployer and let the workman be assur
ed of compensation for injury what
ever happens, and the difficulty would
be multiplied. The sense of responsi
bility oi: the part of the workman,
a rd enough to instil and maintain in
any case, would oe wealcened if not
wholly taken away. It is better for
the workman to bear his share of
responsibility and risk and to take
his share of the consequences, so far
as they are due to his own action or
neglect, than to be put'in a dependent
relation to his employer.
Inculcation of this treatment of tho
workmgman as an inferior caste to
be specially looked after and cared
for by a paternal diid benevolent
Government, instead of behig encour
aged to take care of and provide for
themselves and to become "superbly
self-re'iant" as citizens equal to all
others betore the law and under the
Government, is demoralizing and
degenerating to every theory of our
institutions. Trans Pacific Trade.
Filipinos Are Contented.
Enlisted as a private in Company
K, Seventeenth Infantry, in 189.S;
honorably discharged in 1901 in the
Philippines, and now the head of a
large pearl-industry, member of a
corporation engaged in the develop
ment of the rubber tree industry,
and other enterprises that have to
do with the dovclonment of the Phili.
ppineS ist1ie record of S. Jurika, of
Jolo Jolo. Mr. Jurika is to tour the
States and Europe on business con
nected with the pearl business. He
expects also to visit 1 is native land
"The Americans know little or
northing of the wonderful resources
of the Philippine Islands," said Mr,
Jurika. "There is an abundance of
coal, iron, gold, and other minerals,
and these mines are gradually being
opened up, but the chief obstacle is
the want ( f labor.
The ambition to ien rn and educate
themselves manifests itself every
where throughout the islands, parti
cularlv among the young people
The wchools are excellently managed
and are full to overflowing, and thou
sands of Filipino children are learn
ing to read and write the English
language. When this young genera
tion grows up, t4io Filipino will ap
proach the tune wheu lie is fitted for
self government; certainly he is not
httednow. the Philippine Coin mis
siun sends several hundred of the
brightest, after a competitive exami
nation, to this country to be educat
ed. Ihe government pays all their
expenses, and it is a good invest
ment. On the ship on which 1 came
over we found fourteen stowaways
who were determined to come to tl.e
States to woik and educate them
selves. Every one of these youn
steis had a considerable sum of
money he had saved up.
"There lias been much misrepre
tation in the States abo it the muti
nous disposition of the natives. They
are loyal to the American govern
ment. There is no doubt that in the
event of trouble with Japan the
natives would jump into the breach
and take up arms under the Stars and
Stripes. The Filipino does not like
the Jap. They are more prosperous
than they have ever been, are mak
ing money, and when they want to
work can earn five times more than
ever before in their history. Think
of it, $3 a month under Spanish rule,
paid in a coin the value of which
always was uncertain, and $15 a
month now paid in good American
gold. Is it any wonder they are con
tended and happy?"
Penn, The Hawaii
an. Roughrider, and
CORNER HOTEL and FOllT STS.
For sale by
KAI1ULUI STORB, KAHULLI.
IAIA STORE, PA1A. .
Machines for sale on the
Big Discount for Cash '
Machines for Rent
By the Day, Week or Month.
DELIVERED and CALLED FOR.
We have just received a new line
of Automatics and Family Ma
chines, and nil kinds of Needles
S. DECKER, Agent.
Main Street, - - - Walluku
Next Door to Wailuku Cash Store.
Market San., Wailuku
ANTONE B0RBA, Prop.
Full line of popular brands ot
Celebrated Primo & Seafte
25c 2 Glasses 25c
DO YOU KNOW
That Man Moody?
Have You Seen His New Planing Mill ?
If Not, Why Don't You?
See the Man
HE'S A GOOD FELLOW?
Don't forget the No.
Hello 472 P. O. Box 75
BISMARK STABLES CO.Ud
and SALES STABLES
The BISMARK STABLES
proposes to run the Leading Livery
Stable Business on MAUI
DRUMMERS' LIGHT WACQNS
Excursion Rates to Iao and Ila'ti
akala with competent guides
NEW RIGS- -NEW TEAMS
Give uie the Kahului Harness Shop.
That you Harness Shop?
Say, duplicate that order just deliv
ered for double-set harness.
It's a PeachI
Hie Kiilmliii Harness Shop
Hollo 3:l : 1. O. Box 72