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"HE? MAUN NEWS-
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, J 907
MAUI PUBLISHING CO.,
FINE! JOB PRINTING
BOOK BINDING AND
GENERAL PLANTATION WORK A SPECIALTY.
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HIGH STREET, WAILUKU, MAUI COUNTY.
Why don't you try a glass of
Primo Beer before retir
ing? There's nothing in this
beer that can harm you
There's much to do you good.
ARB YOU A
That is, do you frequent the tennis court?" If
so, you should secure some of the famous Slfczen
ger balls. We've also got a, fresh, and complete
stock.. Also Slazenger. and' Wimbledon . rackets.
AH of these goods , are great' favorites . with the
WJieu you want
GENERAL BLACKSMITH1NG HORSB SHOEING;
! . Main. St. near Market, .
Read1 the MAUI NEWS;
your carriage repaired to last
it to the right shop.
Walluku, Maul 3
Id tbe controversy between Audi
tor Fisher and Superintendent Hollo
way regarding the expenditure of
water works' money for the payment
of cost of inspection at the Nuuanu
dam, and the cost of labor and ma
teria) for the completion of the Ma
kiki reservoir, Fisher appears to
have won out hands down and Hollo-
way lost at every point. B. F. How-
land will not get any salary out of
the current appropriation for "runn
ing expenses and maintenance Hono
lulu Water Works," nor will any
more money be spent out of that fund
for the completion of the Makiki re
The matter was referred by Fisher
and Holloway to the Attorney Gen-
ural's department. Each of them
stated bis side of the case, and the
Attorney General's opinion was in
favor of the Auditor on all points.
In the written opinion rendered the
Attorney General says:
'As to the Nuuanu Dane inspection,
it seems to me that tbe contention of
the Auditor is correct, and that this
current appropriation cannot be
drawn upon for the purpose suggest
ed. The Nuuanu Dam is, in my opi
nion, no part of the present Honolulu
Water System. It is a new under
taking, still in process of construc
tion. Not until it is completed and
accepted by the Government will it
become a part of the water system.
Inspection of this - new work, while
necessary and perhaps imperative,
can not properly be regarded as a
'running expense' of the existing
water system, nor can it be regard
ed in any manner as 'maintenance.'
Such inspection, it seems to me, is a
part of the cost of the dam, and pro
vision for it should have been made
in the contract let for the construc
tion of the dam or in some other
manner out of the appropriation
made by the Legislature to build the
"The question presented as to the
Makiki Reservoir differs somewhat
from the question above discussed.
By Act 91, Session Laws 1907, the
Legislature appropriated the sum of
16.000 for the 'completion Makiki
Reservoir' and made this sum im
mediately available for that use. We
must assume that this appropriation
was based upon an estimate showing
that tbe work could and would be
completed for this amount or less.
However, this amount proved to be
insufficient and as I understand, since
the first of July last, bills amounting
to $1891.70 have been incurred and
part of them have been paid out of
the appropriation for running ex
penses and maintenance of water
works in Honolulu.
"It is my opinion that after the
appropriation of $5,000 was exhaust
ed, you bad no power to use any fur
ther or other sums for this work.
The rule seems to be that where a
specific appropriation is made for a
particular object the Legislature
will be presumed to have intended
that no sums in addition to this sped
fic appropriation should be used for
that object. It therefore would be
unlawful to use any other funds for
such work. In making the appro
priation for the Makiki Reservoir
tbe Legislature chose to make it for
'the completion' of that work. It
seems to me, therefore, that a use of
any other suras would be an attempt
by the executive branch to legislate.
"The rule above seems to me con
clusive on this question, but if it were
not, then tbe reason which has been
given in the case of the inspection of
the Nuuanu Dam would apply as well
to the case of the Makiki Reservoir.
The work on the Makiki Resc voir is
equally a new piece of construction
work and tbe reservoir is not as yet
a part of tbe Honolulu water system.
The cost of its construction can not
properly, as It seems to me, be con
sidered as a running expense of the
water bureau, nor is it maintenance
of the eiisting system. Tbe appro
priation for those purposes should
not, therefore, be drawn upon for the
payment of the bills In question."
This opinion has most effectually
put a spoke in the Superintendent's
wheel and brought to a sudden stop
most of the work on the two projects.
Tbe bilW that have already been in
curred have been taken care of by
contractor Whitehouse advancing
the money to pay them, but the
work can not go on. Little can be
done now until there is a new bond
issue, and that wl'l probably not be
for some time. Even if the issue
were ordcrrd now by tbe Governor
it would take considerable time to
send to New York and have the
bonds engraved and sent back here
Then here is the question of selling
them. If they are disposed of at
private sale this might not take so
long, but if it is necessary to sell
them at auction, and advertise tliern,
or if thev have to be sent East to be
sold, there is no telling how many
months my elapse befdVe there is any
more money on hand to complete the
With the smashing of the pump
yesterday, work at the Nuuanu dam
has practically come to a standstill.
Only a few men, seven or eight, are
employed in sluicing. All the others
have been laid off indefinitely.
The Department of Public Works
refuses to assume tny responsibility
for the breaking of the pump, laying
the accident to a flaw in the cylinder.
Superintendent Holloway says tVere
was probably a small, invi.-ible crack
around the cylinder, which has wid
ened until it lets the water through.
Such accidents often occur, he says,
where the cylinder und the water
jacket are molded together.
A man has been sent up to the
dam today to make an inspection of
the broken pump, and if he finds that
its going out of business was due to a
flaw the department will put in a
claim to the manuftcturers. Bulle
Copra Company Started.
Honolulu, August 4 All arrange'
ments have been completed for the
orgaaiza'ion of the Hawaiian Copra
Company, which intends to go exten
sively into the copra industry, and
application for a charter will be made
this week. The capital stock of the
company will be $30,000; of which
$15,000 is paid up, with a privilege
to extend to $60,000. The shares are
held by 18 persons, all local people,
and have a par va'u'i of $20 each.
The officers of the company are as
follows: President Edgar Henriques,
vice president, A. D. Hills; secretary
and treasurer. F. T. P. Waterhouse.
who, together with W. C. Parke and
L. A. Thurston constitute tbe board
of directors, and C. A. Rice, auditor.
"The company has secured the
lease of 200 acres in Koolaupoko which
it will plant in cocoanuts." said F.
T. P. Waterhouse todav. "The trees
will be planted 22 feet apart, which
will give about a hundred trees to
the ncre. In addition to this we will
plant about fifty ucres in iron woods
for a windbreak. Our lease has 2!)
years to run. The plants will be
secured from Kauai and w.ll be from
18 months to two years old when
planted. We have sunk one well and
found water at a depth of 51 feet. It
is our intention to sink about 25 such
wells for irrigation purposes. Our
trees wijl be of the Samoan variety
and will bear when about seven years
old. There is very little labor need
ed. Eight men will take care of the
whole place, so we will heve no labor
problem to contend with."
Profit in Planted Forest.
Both soil and climatic conditions in
Illinois are favorable to tree growth,
as is well shown by the fuel that over
180 species are found, and many in
troduced species thrive. Compara
tively few species, however these
which will furnish posts or poles at
an early bge can he grown on the
better classes of soils in competition
with better fur in crops.
During a recent field season the
Forest Service made a lielii study to
ascertain the kinds of trees best
adapted to planting in the prairin
sections of the State. Over 100
plantations were examined and more
than 20,000 trees were measured as
a husis for determining the rate of
growth and the value of the planta
tion. The yield of posts or poles per
acre was computed for the planta
tions examined, and conservative
prices wore assigned in crder to find
their present vulue. Detailed results
and consequent reeotrmendalions are
embodied in Circular 81 of the Forest
Service, "Forest Planting in Illi
nois," which will be sent free upon
application to the Forester, United
States Department of Agriculture,
Washington, D. C.
Plantations which show a net an -J
nual income at 3 per cent of (tan
acre or more are regarded as com
mercially successful. Judged by this
standard, the only species which
would have paid throughout are
catalpa, with an average return of
$5. IS per acre, and larch, with a re
turn of $1.38 per acre.
Willi catalpa, 10 plantations out
of 15 whose products were computed
have paid more than $4 per acre,
while two of these have paid $!l.35
and $lfi.?0, respective. Though
the average indicated return from
catalpa is but little more than tha.
from larch, it is often preferable to
plant catalpa. It grows a trifle
faster, can be utilized feu- posts aid
holes at a smaller size, and its wood
is more durable. Besides, catalpa
will grow well on ground tli.it is too
wet for larch, or which is flooded so
often that success with farm crops is
Of the 10 larch plantations ex
amined, 10 have paid more than $1
per acre, and of these 2 have paid
more than $7 per acre. This indi
cates that if a market develops for
larch posts and poles, as seems like
ly, planting larch will a least be as
profitable as raising ordinary faim
Because Osage orange has been
planted mainly for hedges its value
as a plantation tree has been passed
over. That it is unsurpassed in soil
adaptability and in hardiness his heen
amply demonstrated. The only dan
ger lies in the northern part of the
State, where it is likely to winterkill.
The two Osage orange plantations
examined show an average annual
income of $3.12 per acre, a sum which
undoubtedly could have been increas
ed had the original spacing been
closer. There is good reason to be
lieve that Osage orange will pay on
ground which is unsuited to catalpa
or larch and which, at the same time,
will not bring a proper return from
The average return from black
walnut is low, since this tree requires
many years to reach ai,e. profitable
to cut. It is true that one 20 y-ar-
old grove shows an annual income of
$2.05 per acre, but this is computed
for posts, and no owner of a walnut
grove is likely to cut it for these.
Two groves in Whiteside and Morgan
counties show annual incomes of $3. CO
and $3.32 per ucre, respectively, at
the end of forty nine and ' sixty feur
yea'-s. These, however, are by far
the best walnut groves measured.
Even under the best conditions wuh
nut requires at least fifty years to
reach a profitable cutting ize, while
in one hundred years the profit should
be mucli larger. Few persons, how-
ever, are likely to undertake such a
long time investment,
In addition to giving tables showi
ing the rate of growth of all the
species of trees which have been
largely planted in Illinois, suggestions
are (riven as to the best methods of
planting and thinning a forest plan
tation, and reference is made to a
plantation recently started by the
Northern Illinois State Normal School
at De Kalb, according to plans pre
pared by the r ot est Service. One of
the most instructive plantations ex
amined was that established in 1871
by ll e University of Illinois at
L rbar.a. This covers about 13 acres
and contains 20spccieiof forest trees
many of which have grown well.
Dr. Sun would
PEKING, August, 25. It is be
lieved tonight that Yuan Shih Kai is
about to relinquish his vice-royalty
of Chi Li for the purpose of becom
ing the head of the War Department.
His net ion is said to be due to the
real zatlon of the central government
that its position is weaker tliau ever
before, and was also prompted by
the reported maladministration of
China's modern army bv Tish Liuii".
the Minister of War, whose methods
have resulted in the discontent of
511,0011 soldiers whose pay is in
Yuan Shih Kai, when urged to as
sume office in the central govern
ment, before consenting to accept
named the fulfillment of ccrtiin
changes relating to the affairs rf the
War Department as a condition.
The Oawagcr Empress hus sum
tnoned Chang Cliih Tuny and Yung
Shih K'u to consider the. u'.anning
growth of anti Manchu sentiment.
Several viceroys and governors have
been memoral wing the throne to ex
plain the cause of such sentiment.
The growing popular enmity is as
cribed to the failure of the Dowager's
three edicts in the past six years re
moving the distinctions between
Chinese and Manchus in intermar
riage, abolishuis; the partiality shown
to Manchus in law, and preventing
the favoritism shown Manchu in ap
pointments to otlice.
The murder the Manchu Gover
nor En Ming by Chinese and Or. Sun
Fat Sen's captured correspondence
have greal'v excited the court. The
correspondence of the reformer. Dr.
Sun Yat Sen, urged that China's un
divided duty was tj exterminate
Manchu power, i These revelatio. s
have disposed the Dowager toward
placing Kuan Shih Kai at the head
of all defenses.
Penn, The Hawaii
an, Roughrider, and
CORNER HOTEL and FORT STS.
For sjile by
KAIILLLI STOIiU, KAHULUI.
PAIA STOliE, PAIA.
Machines for sale on the
ig Discount for Cash
Machines for. Rent
By the Day, Well or Month.
DELIVERED ami CALLED FOR.
Wo have just received a new lino
of Automatics ami Family Ma
chines an. I all kinds of Needles
S. DECKER, Agent.
Main Street, - - - Wai'uku
Next Door to Wailuku Cash Store.
Market SvitL.i Wailuku
ANTONE B0RBA, Prop.
Full line of popular brands of
. CORDIALS. BRANDIES
Celebrated Primo & Seattle
25c 2 Glasses 25c
DO YOU KNOW
That Man Moody?
Have Yuu Sean His New Planing Mill ?
If Net, Why Don't You?
See the Man
llti'S A GOOD FELLOW?
Don't forget the No.
Hello 472 P. O. Box 75
BISMARK STABLES CO.Ud
as i) SALES STABLES
The BISMARK STABLES
prjposos to run the Leading Livery
Stable Business on MAUI
DRUMMERS' LIGHT WACQNS
Excursion Rates to Iao and Ifa'e
akala with competent guides
NEW RIGS- -'NEW TEAMS
Give me the Kahului Harness Shop.
Tluit you Harness Shop?
S.iy dup'vutc that order just deliv
ered for iJouhle-set harness.
Hello 32 t : 1 O. Box 72
It's a Peach!