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THE MAUI NEWS
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 21,1907
MAUI PUBLISHING CO.,
FINE JOB PRINTING
BOOK BINDING AND
PAPER 11 U L I N G
GENERAL PLANTATION WORK A SPECIALTY.
SUBSCRIBE FOR TUB
THE PAPEIS THAT ADVANCES
THE INTERESTS OH MAU
hi iii wiii iii i iiinim Mil i
POST OFFICE BOX 5 TELEPHONE NO. 319
HIGH STREET, WAILUKU, MAUI COUNTY.
Why don't you try a glass of
Primo Beer before retir
ing? There's nothing in this
beer that can harm you.
There's much to do you good.
ARE YOU A
That is, do you frequent the tennis court? If
so, you should secure some of the famous Slazen
iev balls. We've also got a fresh and complete
stock. Also Slazenger and Wimbledon rackets.
All of these goods are great favorites with the
'.O.HALL &S0N, Ltd.
When you want your carriage repaired to last
bring it to the right eliop.
GENERAL BLACKSMITH1NG HORSE SHOEING.
DAN. T. CAREY
Main St. near Market,
Wailuku, Maui 1
Read the MAUI NEWS.
In these iiii'tr times (if dual
TaritTs, forcijrn airtrressions and
ayrceinrnts, executive nullilieatwn
anil nmhitiniis political effort to ot
tain office through the reduction of
prosperity, ii is refreshing to review
tlie triuls of our early statesmen, and
o gain courasre from ihcir course.
Tl .oinas Jefferson was our first
Secretary of State, and that Depart
mer.t had charge of commerce and
navigation. Afterward these in
terests were placed with the Trea
sury Department. Congress called
for an investigation as to the "Pri
vileges and Restrictions" of foreign
countries affecting our commerce
and navigation, which was made by
Mr. Jefferson in 1)3. Alexander
Hamilton had previously made his
fainaus report on "Manufactures,"
as the head of the Treasury Depart
merit. Each of these reports was
weighty and influential, and so will
continue to the end of time.
Mr. Jefferson had a theory of "free
commerce," which he thought would
be advantageous for all nations to
carry out, but as this seemed impos
sible of accomplishment, he had the
wisdem to favor full Protection for
American coinmi ree and navigation.
He detested especially the rapacious
policy of Great Britain for its unfair
ness toward his country. Said he in
his sagacious paper:
If particular nations grasp at undue
shares, and more particularly if they
seize on the means of the United
Stales to convert them into aliment
for their own strength End withdraw
them entirely from the support of
those to whom they belong, dofensire
and protecting measures become
necessary on the part of the nation
whose marine resources are thus in
vaded, or it will be disarmed of its
defer.se, its productions will lie at
the mercy of the nation which has
possessed itself exclusively of the
means of carrying them, and its
policy may be influenced by those
who command its commerce as it is
the case to day. The carrying of its
own commodities, if once established
in another channel, caunot be resum
ed in the moment we desire If we
lose the seamen and artists mechanic
whom it now occupies, we lose the
present means of marine defense,
and time will be requiste to raise up
others when disgrace or losses shall
bring to our feelings the error of hav
ing abandoned them.
Mr. Jefferson recommended as fol
1. Where a nation imposes high
duties on our productions or prohi
bits them ultotether it may be pro
per for us to do the same by, theirs;
first burdening these productions
which they bring hero in competition
with our own of the same kind,
selecting, next, such manufactures
as we take from them in greatest
quantity and which at the same time
we could the soonest furnish to our
selves or obtain from other countries;
imposing on them duties lighter at
first, but heavier and heavier after
ward, as other channels of supply
open. Such duties having the effect
of indiret encouragement to domestic
manufactures of the same kind, may
induce the manufacturer to come
himse'f into the States, where a
cheaper subsistence, equal laws and
avrnt for his wares, free of duty.
may insure him the highest profits
from his skill and industry. . . The
oppressions on our agriculture in
for eign ports would thus be made the
occasion of relieving it from a depen
dence on the counsels and conduct of
others, and of promoting art, manu
factures and population at home.
2. Where a nation refuses per
irission to our merchants and factors
to reside within certain parts of their
dominions, we may, if it should be
thought expedient, refuse residence
to theirs in any and every part of
ours or modify their transactions.
3. Where a nation refuses to re
Cf ive, in our vessels, any productions
but our own, we may refuse to re
ceive in theirs any but their own pro
ductions. 4. Where a nation refuses to con
sider any vessel as ours which has
not been built within our territory,
we should refuse to consider theirs
any vessel not built within their ter
ritories. 5. Where a nation refuses to our
vessels the carriage even of our own
productions to certain countries un
iler their dominion, we mignt refuse
to theirs of every description the
carriage of the same productions to
the same countries.
The establishment of some of these
principles. by Great Britain alone has
already lost us in our coinifieico with
thit country find its possessions be
tween eight And n,liie hundred vessels
of near 4O.0U0 tons' burden, aceonliiig
to tlie statements from official sources
m which they have confidence. This
involves a proportional loss of sea
men, shipwrights and shipbuilding,
and is too serious a loss to i droit fur'
ther forbearance of some act u d re
medy. It is true we must, expect some in
convience in practice from the estab
lishment of discriminating duties.
But in this, as in so many other
cases, we are left to choose between
two evil-i. These inconveniences are
nothing when weighted against the
loss of wealth and loss of force which
will follow our perseverance in the
plan of indiscrimination. When or.ee
it shall be perceived that we are
either in the system or in '.he habit
of giving equal advantages to those
who extintruisVi our commerce and
navigation by duties and prohibitions
as to those who treat both with
liberality and justice, liberality and
iustice will be converted by ali into
duties and prohibitions. It is not to
the moderation and justice of others
we are to look for fair and equal
access to market with our produc
tions, or for our due share in the
transportation of them, but to our
own means of independence and the
firm will to use thein. Nor do the
inconveniences of discrimination me
rit consideration. Not one of the
rations before mentioned, perhaps
not a commercial nation on earth, is
In the time of Jefferson Ire ogre in
American fancy was the British
King. In the imagination of the men
now rattling around in the shoes of
Jefferson and Hamilton it i the Ger
man Emperor, a ruler who has yachts
built and launched on Staten Island,
but who sports a very fierce mus
tache. It is believed we never be
fore had an admlnisti atinn whose
fear caused a nullification of law, b
fore the decks of our enemy were
cleared for action. Our citizens
should review the times when our
country was your.g and feeble, and
take account of the courage then
animating our public men, and com
pare it with the timidity of the pre
sent, when we have a population of
eltfhty-five millions and all the ability
to compel justice in commerce and
navigation that any reasonable nation
should wish to have. Our "Elephant"
is not so large as a "Dinotherium,"
who sometimes perished because
when he "laid down" he could not get
up, but our beast is really becoming
tco large to make his bed in the dust
before any monarch of Europe.
Literary in Truth.
Two or three generations ego Dr.
Samuel Reed was one of the prominent
physicians of Uoston. His large
practise included many patients out
side of the city limits, and these he
visited in his buggy.
One day he brought a new horse,
with which lie wasmuch pleased null
he Discovered that the animal had an
insurmountable objection to bridges
of all kinds and could not be made to
As, at this period, it was necessary
to cross some bridges in order to
reach any one of the sur rounding
towns, the doctor decided to sell the
horse. He did not think it necessary
to me tion the animal's peculiarity,
but was much too honest to misro
present him, and, after some thought,
produced the following advertise
ment which he inserted in a local
For Sale. A bay horse, warrant
ed sound and kind. The only reasoa
for selling is because the owner is
obliged to leave li ston.--Lippin
c ill's Magazine.
Public Land Laws.
President Roosevelt, 011 October
22, 1903, appointed a Public Lands
Commission to report upon the con
dition, operation, and effect of the
present land laws, and to recommend
such changes as are needed to effect
the largest practicable disposition uf
the the public lands to actual settlers
who will build permanent homes upon
them, and to secure in permanence
the fullest and most effective u.-e of
the resources of the public lauds.
The Commission was composed of W.
A. Richards, F. II. Newell and Gif-
ford Pinchot. 1 1 has made two partial
report,, from I he s-'cond of which tli"
foljoiving extracts are made a they
semi applicable to Hawaii, though
t he conclusions were l eiiehi d aft''r an
exa rnina ii.n into ceiidilioes on the
Mainland and without reference to
Hi'.waii. The iinportar.ee of the lau
questions hi re, as will as it..-, present
prominence, gives them local interest
"The commutation clause of the
homestead act is found on examma
tion to work bad v. Three year's
actual residence srould be required
"The desert land law is foutid to
lead to land mononoly in many cases
The area of a desert entry should be
reduced to not exceeding 1(0 acres.
Actual resiuV:ice for not less- than
two years should be required, with
the actual production of a valuable
crop on one fourth tlie area and proof
of an adequate water supply.
"After thorough investigation of
the graz'iv problem your Commission
is opposed to the immediate appli
cation of any rigid system to all graz
ing lands, but recommends the follow
ing flexible plan.
"Authority should be givi n to the
President to set aside grazing dis
tricts by proclamation.
"Authority should bp given the
Secretary of Agriculture to classify
and appraise the grazing value of
lands in these districts; to appoint;
such officers as the care of each dis
trict may require; to charge and
collect a moderate fee for grazing
permits, and to make and apply ap
propriate regulations to each dis
trict, with the special object of bring
ing about the largest permanent
occupation of the country by actual
settlers and home seekes.
"The fundamental fact that charac
terizes the situation under the prei
sent public land law is this, that the
number of patents issued is increas
ing out of all proportion to tlie uunn
her of new homes.
"It is of the first importance to
save the remaining public domain for
actual home builders to the utmost
limit of future possibilities and not to
mortgage the future by any dispos
ition of tlie public lands under which
home making will not keep step with
disposal. To that end your Commis
sion recommends a method of range
control under which present re
sourcs may be used to the full withi
out endangering future settlement.
After the agricultural possibilities
of the public lands have been ascer
tained with reasonable certainty,
provision should be made for dividing
them into areas sufficiently largo to
support a family, and no larger, and
to permit settlement on such areas.
It is obvious that any attempt to
accomplish this end without a care
ful classification of the public land t
must necessarily fail. Attempts of
this kind are being made from time
to time, and legislation of this
character is now, pending, modeled
on the Nebraska tilO acre homestead
law, which was passed as an experi
ment to meet a certa'n restricted
local condition. This act (33 Stat
547) permits the entry of (140 acre
homesteads in the.sand hill region of
that Slate. Whether in practice the
operation of this law will result in
put t ing any considerable number of
settlers on the land is not yet deter
mined. "You'- Commission is of opinion,
after careful consideration, that geu
enl provisions of this kind should not
be extended until after thorough
study of the public lands has been
made in each particular case, because
to do so controverts the fundamental
pr inciple of saving the public lands
for the home maker. Each locality
should be dealt with on its own mer
its. Even if it should ultimately
appear that this law has worked
beneficially in Nebraska it would by
no means follow that such a law
might be safely applied to other
regions different in topography, soil,
and climate. No arbitrary rule should
be followed, but in each case the area
of the homestead should be deter,
mined by the acreage which may be
necessary to support a family upon
tlie land, either by agriculture, or by
grazing if agriculture is impractic
able. Until such acreage is deter
mined for each locality, any new
general law providing a method of
obtaining title to the public lands
would, in the opinion of your Com
mission, be decidedly unsafe."
Do not throw mvay your
old books. Send them to
the Maui Publishing Co.,
Printers and Hook-binders.
Perm, The Hawaii
an, Roughrider, and
CORNER HOTEL and FORT STS.
I:op itale by
KAIIULLI STORE, KAHLLUI.
PAIA STORE, PA1A.
Machines for sale on the
Big Discount for Cash
Machines for Rent
By the Day, Week or Month.
DELIVERED and CALLED FOR.
We have just received a new line
of Automatics and Family Ma
chines and all kinds of Needles
S. DECKER, Agent.
Main Street, - - - Wailuku
Next Door to Wailuku Cash Store.
Market Siutti Wailuku
ANTONE BORBA, Prop.
. Full line of popular brands ot
WIIIi'KlES, (J INS
Celebrated Primo & Seatfie
25c 2 Glasses 25c
DO YOU KNOW
That Man Moody?
Have Vim Seen His New Planing Mill ?
If Not, Why Don't Yon?
See the Man
HE'S A GOOD FELLOW?
Don't forget the No.
P. O. Box 75
BISMARK STABLES CO.Ud
and SALES STABLES
The BISMARK STABLES
proposes to run the Leading Liveby
Stable Business on MAUI
DRUMMERS' LIGHT WAGQNS
Excursion Rates to lao and Ila'e
akala with competent guides
NEW RIGS--NEW TEAMS
Give ine the Kahului Harness Shop.
That you Harness Shop?
Say, duplicate that order just deliv
ered for double-set harness.
It's a Peach!
Hello 321 -: P.O. Box Tl
I I ' II Oil
mum i mi mm kjuwij