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ME MAUI NEWS-
SAT UKD AY, OCTOBER 19, 1907
THE MAUi NEVUS
literctt Ht the l'o-t Office at W.tiluUi. iI mi Hawaii.
A Republican Paper Published vi the Into: est ct the Peop'e.
Issued Every Saturday.
Maui PuLilisliing; Coinpany. Limited.
Proprietors r a 11 ci I u l I lis H rs .
The columns of ,the Ntiws ml in it com mini irntions. ,n ; 'crl inter i tniv.fi. Write oniv
on one side of iiicr. Sijti your mime which will he iielii coulidcntiiil il desired.
SUDfCirTION RaTKS, IN AllVAM'K -2.."( Jiff Year. I..M) Six Montis?
Hugh V . O o U o ,
IZclitor rind mnnnfi;er
our. in. J'.'ot
The Rubber The rubber industry bids lair u be- mie of .lit
Industry. greatest boons to the permanent impi moment, of
conditions that has been started in the Territory. If it proves suc
cessful, as a groat majority of the people who 1 at e inv stalled
the subject believe it will, it will make productive it.oysatids of
acres of land that are now practically vwcte lands.
So firm was the faith of a largo number of men in the possibility
of making a success of the growing of rubber in tin: Territory that
they organized a company, boiight nine hundred acre of land and
started the Nahiku Rubber Company. AS time went on they saw
their hopes were being realized in the rapid vigorous growth of
the thousands of trees planted and in the results of tapping of trees
rjlanted in various places throughout the Territory some eight or
nine years ago. This company now has over five hum": red acres
planted and, over two hundred thousand troop; growing on the
plantation and probably ninety percent, of them looking better
than the promoters expected.
The organization of the Nahiku Rubber Company was soon fol
lowed by the organization of the Koolau Rubber Company. This
company has three hundred acres of the choicest lands in the dis
trict and one hundred trees already planted and shoeing every
prospect of a profitable result in the near future.
The Hawaiian-American Rubber Co. soon followed the organiza
tion of the Koolau and with seven hundred acrs of good rubber
land and eighty-five thousand trees already planted it wii! soon ho
a close rival of the Nahiku plantation in the area planted to rubber.
This year has seen the opening up of the lards owned by the
Nahiku Sugar Company for the purpose of making the largest rub
ber plantation in the district. They own nearly two thousand acres
of choice rubber hinds and have been planting since the first, of
February of this year.
Besides these companies there are many individual holders of
landuitable for rubber trees that are being planted by their
owners. Chief among these is Mr. W. G. Scott of I'aia. Individual
owners should do quite as well as tin- corporations and iu the
course of a few years there will bo thousands of families with smail
holdings throughout the Territory, if rubber proves successful.
There will he many individual holdings on the island of Hawaii,
where the greatest amount cf available hind is. There are thou
sands of acres of land of the same nature that is found in Nahiku
iu the districts of Puna, Kau and Kona, Hawaii, and two plantations
are already being planted to rubber. Both of these are in Puna,
about twenty miles from Hilo.
There is no reason why individual planters should not do well
especially there as there are many small tracts cf lands of t he very
best quality isolated from large bodies that would be as much as a
family could operate and yet not large enough to tempt a company
to bother with.
With sugar as the staple article of export, for the present at leans,
and pineapples to give employment to hundreds of citizens and the
possibility of rubber furnishing employment to thousands, of
Americans the problem of making American homes in the Terri
tory should not be very far in the future.
ing ss Believing
Wo have in exhibition in our show room a choice
selection of niekcl plated BATKR0C3I ACCLSS021ES, such 'as
Soap Dishes for the Bathtub,
French Plate Glass Mirrors,
Soap Dishes for the Wall,
Soap and Spontro Holders,
Towel Bars in various sizes,
Towel Racks, 2-8 and 4 fold,
Comb and Brush Trays,
Tooth and Brush Holders,
Robe Honks, etc., etc.
To realize their beauty ami usefulness they
must be seen ami used. Taken as a whole llie.se
fittings are the most artistic, practical, easily cleaned
and therefore the MOST SANITARY.
Our prices bring them within the reach ol all.
We invite your kind inspection.
KAHULUI RAILROAD CO8
Masonic Temple, : : KA !!I I.
(Continued fte.u Page I.)
not connected. Cut down a rubber
trie and you do not get nil the rub
ber contained tie rein. Much of
the latex will remain. Evapora
tion neeo.-savy to cause rubber
Jobulrs to run toi-cthcr. Nature
lias provided the plant with the
Inttx to slop up wounds and pic
vent witter hoin entering the plant.
Tht! experiment station has been
carrying on experiments witli rub
ber for s:me time. We in Hawaii
stand un as good a footing and in
the ease of Ccnra perhaps u better
footing than any other country in
the world. Tht; proper thing to do
here is to produce' tlie largest
amount of wood leaf and yield.
The best met hods to adopt to ac
complish litis tim-a he the work of
t he ma nager.
F-oiee your trees to grow as fast
as they can be forced and they will
be found to ht; the ones that will
lie the nmst'sucocssful."
The address of J)r. Waterhouse
was followed by a paper written by
L. A. Thurston. Il draltwcith the
ma tier of pests that are injurious to
rubber. He said that there are none
here in Hawaii of any importance.
Governor Frta" addressed the
meet tig anil announced lliat he was
agreeably sut prised to linil that so
much has been done in developing
waste lands and complimented the
rubber men en flip phoning made
tie said in pai l. The great number
of trees uf vigorous growth cannot
fail 13 impress any one. The most far
s.xhteU sugar men in the territory
lilicen .tars ago did not tli rani that
sugar would now be w hat it is iu the
islands. The same may be said of the
pine I ppic inJ ii-1 e v m d yet, if we get
only one . tin one half pounds of rut)
ber per tree unci plant all of the
available lands in the territory it wiil
bi! but, a few vcras until rubber will
far outstrip sugar. Mr. U. F. Diliing
hum, one of t he be-t known sugai
ii. e u of the territory spoke much iu
the sains line. Ue said that sugar
required from ten to IK teen years to
prove successful and yet he believed
rubber would prove a success in oi.e
half that time.
F. B. MeStocker said he believed
the ruober industry would do much
to solve the question of Americanizing
the territory as it was possible for
persons with limited means to cleve
lop l ubber esti tes and have an assur
ed income sufficient to support a
M anuger J. C. Austin of the Ha
vvaiian-American Rubber Company
spoke of the insects and other pests
that attack rubber trees bet said
that none are of any conseqeeuse and
there at e available means of ridding
the country of those that do exist
without any difficulty.
The meeting adjourned about three
o'clock and the members of the pa rty
at once re mounted their steeds and
started for liana where the steamer
was waiting for them. On landing in
Hana tne party were met by the re
porter of the Evening Bulletin who
whhed to knew when the meeting
was to be held. When informed that
the meeting was over and that hi
trip had been made in vain lie was
badly disappointed. It had fallen to
his lot, to ride a rnule that refused to
cross bridges without considerable
persuasion and the reporter soon was
separated from the main body of the
visitors and following the lead of John
Gilpi.i he dined at liana while thd
meeting was being held in Nahiku.
ADDRESS OF DR. WATEIi-
The most important address made
at the first meeting of the Hawaiian
Rubber Growers' Association, con
vention, held Seturtlay at Nahiku,
was mude bv Dr. E. C. Waterhouse
and attracted a great deal of atten
turn from those present. His adJress
in full was as folk ws;
The general sources of rubber are:
1. Wild Rubber. This has been
and still is the main source of the
world's rubber supply. This rubber
comes mainly from the Amazon region
coming chit fly from the species Hevea
Hrnziiiensis, which, taking its name
from thu port of Para trom wh eh it
is shipped, is called "I'ara Rubber''
and is the standard rubber of the
world. Also much tapium rubber
an inferior grade comes from this
Tut! "Ciara" wild rubber coitus to
the market in the. form of scrap, as
the ban; is shaved oil the wild trees
and the coagulated latex removed
from the sides of the trees. There
has been no attempt at collecting the
atexfiom tin; wiV tret;, probably
from the fact that the latex ct agu
ttes so quickly on exposure to air.
Next, to South America, Africa
produce tit" larr -t amount, litis
is inferior to the South American
product and come- ch'flly from via, s
-ueh as the Latuio' pliias, and from
root. ruhber; uNo fro.n the Flint ui.ia
Elastlea and Kihexi.i Elastiea trees.
Considerable wild rubber comes
from Java and India, and the South
Sea Islands, mainly from Ficus
Elastiea, or the rt tl rubber of com
merce. Al-o there is wild Castillon
mil Mexico and Oi'tial America
Guyale rubber comes from : shrub
grievine mainly in M "X,eo. Contiary
to the supposition of many, though
this is only a shrub three feet. hh;b.
it is very slow gi winif, most ol tin..!
used lit present to manufacture rub
ber b"iug twenty or Uiirty ve.es old.
From the first Vt ar, when only six
inches high, it (1 wet s and s-eds. Lit
to the third yTr it contains no rub
ber at all, and from the third to tlie
eighth year the percentage of rubber
is small and it, is only fit for use when
eight years old. The quality is in
ferior. The available supply will mil;
last four or five vt ars and then ti e
supply will be exhausted, li wiil
therefore help to fill the supply in. til
more plantation rob'.pr can take its
2. Rubber planted in 'he fotest to
supplant the wild trees jtul vines of
the forest. There is considerable, of
such planting going on in Africa and
there ill probably be much more
now that the Rvau Syndicate has
taken the Congo F-ve Slate Conces
Ii. Next comes plaiitali n rubber,
which can easily conmete as far as
the cost of protlit"! ion goes, with the
ot her two cla-ses. a -id with Hie in
creasing kno-.vleilg as to its pre pa
ration nd tin1 c 'nst (pieiit inernis"
ill the lastino power ol the ruh'H'r, il
is destined even t u,d! y io crowd o,o
the otner t wo forms if - low nrici
brings them into a h.e and death
compet.it tin. .
There are, as. is weil known, a num
ber of different varieties which are
being cultivated in different parts of
the world being mainly the ITevea or
I'ara, the Cearuor Mauichot Glziovii.
the Castilloa, or us Or. Osse.n Siller
calls it, the "Cast i!la," ud the Ficus
Elastiea or Rliambong.
Of these the llevea Braziliensi-t is
probably the most unpoitani. lis
cultivation has been highly successful
iu Ceylou and the Malay States and
itias had the far more thought ex
ponded on it and its culture has
reached a far higher point t-an that
of any other varieiy. For the last
twenty years or more, scientists in
the admirably conducted Botanic
Gardens of these localities have been
putting lime and thought on the
various problems in regard to the
Hevea. This lias gene hand in hand
with cultivation on a larger and
larger scale so that planting, care of
the trees, collection of the latex, and
the productitii of rubber, has been
reduced to a science; the fact of its
increasing yield from year to year in
spite of, and even stimulated by, tap
ping has been demonstrated. Cost
of collection, market price, etc., all
have been reduced to a business basis;
though there are improvements every
With the Ceara things are quite
different. Ceylon has ust awtkened
to the value of this variety and it is
only now that trees are begiiu.ing to
be tapped that, w re plartid many
vents ago. Malay peninsula never
tool; up tl, is variety. Central Ameri
ca plantations ar" just hernming to
tap. Hawaii t bus tt., s a ch oiee to be
in thi' van in regit rd to Mvinc of the
pt nblriiis p t seuted by this vnrietv.
At oreseiit Ce.vloi, is a novice in. re
gard to tapping Ceara, but in two nr
three years when our plantations are
coming m'o beat ing here, tie y wiU
have had more oxperience with that
variety tnere and w II prima biy be of
service to ns. Howi'vc'-, we should
solve many of these pioblems our
selves and have a cliai ce to be
"leaders" in ret'urd to this variety.
Continued next Issue.
Mrs KrriH-ii visiting Mis Carl
Wi.ldeyer at, Wa kapu this week.
J. II. Pari was a culler to Vvailu
kti this week.
Notice is hereby giver, that at the
reyttlar session of the Uonrd of Sup
ervisors held in their room at W'ailu
l;n, County of Maui, Territory of Ha
wnii, on ll 10th day of October,
l!Hi", .hone- Minim w as did appoint
eil l'omidiiiaster for the District of
doli.kai with it pound situated in the
ealtie pen of t'ne Molokni R mcli at
Ktntla pun in i he said District of Ma
liv (Sgn.) Wm. H EN XI NG,
A ttes :
(Sgn.) W. F. Kaae,
County Clerk, County of Maui.
The Kaliului Railroad Company
wiM pav the above mentioned Reward
for information which will leatl to the
apprehension and conviction of any
iiitrtv or parties tampering with the
Switches or Tr icks of this Company.
KAHULUI RAILROAD CO.
Dated at Kaliului,
Sept. 3(Mh. l!tU7.
A NToNE lo BF.HO, PHOP.
DRAYINC and EXPRESSING
Contracts taken f r Hauling.
Queen Lodging House, Main Stivet
M.U'KE. S.K WAIMIKU
ANTONE B0R3A, Prop.
Full liw of popular brands of
Celebrated Primo & Sertie
25c 2 Glasses 25c
Ma kei.i ke liooli ha ia a kti net ma
ka halawiti mutt n ka Papa Luna
Kiai i mala nnia ma ko i.,.oti keena
ma Wailuku, h' em a o Maui, Ten
ton' rr Hawaii, ma ka la 10 o Okato
ba. Rio", un liookn'm tono ia o Jnmes
Monro i lunti Pa Aiei.mi uoka A.pana
o M k i me ka Pa Aupuni nt t ka
te't nii'i o k.i Mi h kin Ranch, ina Kua
I tko o k.i ana o Alolokui i
Mi o W.M. n : NNINCJ,
V. F Kaae,
Kiikattoleio, Kal inao Maui.
Notii e is hereby given that at the
regular session fit the Hoard of Sup
ervtsors held In their room at Wai
lukii, Ctiuiity of Maui, Territory of
Hawaii, on the 10th day on October,
1907, Scott Uai was diily appointed
Poundmaster for the District of Ha
na with a pound at Kaupo, as estab
lishetl by the said Hoard on tire 13th
day of September, 1907, in the said
District of Hana.
Ry (Sgn.; W.m. IIENNING,
(Sgn ) Y. F. Kaae,
County Clerk, County of Maui.
BISMABK STABLES CO.Ud
and SALES STABLER
The 3I3MARK STABLES
pr j)os"s tu run 1 l!c Lk a D1MI LlVEHY
ta I'.i.n l!i i:n:ss on MAUI
Da'JMMERS" LIGHT WACQNS
iCxetj rsio:i j;,iies to hto and Fla'o
akala with cotiipetent gtedes
NEW RiG3- -NEW TEAMS
NOTICE OF POWER OF ATTORNEY.
Ma keia ke hoolalta ia aku nei ma
ka halawai man a ka Papa Luna
Kiai t malamaia ma ko laktu keci.a
ma Wailuku, Kalaua oMaui, Teritori
0 Hawaii, ma ka la 10 o Okatoba,
1907, ua hoikohn pono ia o Scott Hai
1 Luna Pa Aupuni no ka Anatiao
Hana me ka Pa Aupuni ma Kaupo, i
honkaawalria e ua Papa la i oleloia
ma ka la Pi o Scpatemaoa, 19t7, ilo
ko o ka A nana o Hana i el doi.i.
Ma o Wm. HEN XING,
Lull lhooiii, ill),
W. F. Kaae,
Kakauolelo, Kalana o Maui.
Notice is hereby given that, duriiisr
my absence from the Territory of
Hawaii, D. H. Case of Wailuku. Maui,
will act as mv attorney in fact.
t f. CILMtLES D. LUFKIN.
CLOTHING, HATS AND CAPS,
CLEANED AND DYED.
Specjal attention paid to Ladies'
The Star Planing Mill
P. R A C K E'i'S, T LT R N I NG S,
Also carries a line of
CASKETS AND COFFINS.
W. J. SVSoody, : Prop.
Hello 472 P. O. Box 75
iJime SfciblefJCciliului Sliiroad Company
WAILUKU PA1A DIVISION
A i rive
Kihei trains Tuesday only and carry freight only.
Kahului Reulrotaci Company
ALEXANDER &. HALDWIN, Ltd. ;-ALEXANDER & HALDWIN, Line of Sailing Vessels Betweer
San FraucUco and the Hawaiian Islands; AMERICAN-HAWAIIAN STEAMSI1IP CO.;