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'HE MAUI NEWS-
SATURDAY, 'OCTOBER 26, 1907
MAUI PUBLISHING CO.,
FINB JOB PRINTING
BOOK BINDING AND
THE PAPER THAT ADVANCES .
THE INTERESTS OF NAU
POST OFFICE BOX 5 TELEPHONE NO. 310
HIGH STREET, WAILUKU, MAUI COUNTY.
Why don't you try a glass of
Primo Beer before retir
ing? There's 'nothing in this
beer that, can harm you.
There's much to do you good.
If there is anything you
O in stock, remember that a
q necessary, we 11 10 1110 rest.
- ll 1 - Jl - A
Wo carry all the staple
fancy. Dry Goods, Gent's
Hay and Grain. .
We are headquarters for Baseball good.-;. jj
o . s -a
8 WAILUKU CASH STORE. I
o . &
When you want your carriage repaired to last
'jring it to Hie rilit tshop.
GENERAL BLACKSMITHING HORSE SHOEING.
.Alain St. near Vturket,
DR. F. A.ST. SUKIi
PHYSICIAN AND SURGliON.
OFFICE: FIRST NATIONAL BNK BUILDING.
U' iv us:
10 A. M.ilo 12 M.
1 P. M. to 3 P. M.
7 P. M. to 8 P. M.
WORK A SPECIALTY.
desire that is not carried
word to r.s is nil that is O
groceries, as woll as the
CONTR'ACTOK and BUILDER
Plans tind Estimates Furnished.
Small Jobs and Repair Work by Day
Wailvku, Mali, T. II.
Address of Dr. Vaterhonse.
(Continued from it issue ).
This! variety cei l, duly lias its own
distinctive problem. Such as band'
ling of the ouier baric, after the. first
t:rmint llio I'ntiiil r.rvl ,M-1' f r,f tln
..... v ...
Hex on exposure to air, et, etc.
First tappings are as far as tluy
have advanced in regard to Caitilloa
on a large scale. So that, take it all
mi nil, 1he rubber growing industr
is Mill in its infancy.
B idly, we will take up some of the
questions to' bp answered in any
variety with the experience else
METHODS OF PLANTING.
1. In Nurseries. This is the most
successful way in regard to the
Ilevea. Subsequently the nurerj
pirn Is arp planted out as seedlings
or stumps. Some have used baskets
for seedlings, but this has been given
up. Planting stumps, however, has
proved the best method. There has
been some talk, I believe, of planting
this year's llovea seeds ia Nahiku in
basket?, but I think planting in a
clean weeded nursery in a warm
lorality and then st urnping those that
have grown very well, would be best.
They can remain even one or two
years in the nursery, if necessary, in
this way, though probably tha next
spring would be a good time.
2 A t Stake. Insects, rats, etc:,
are very troublesome when this is
done. This method is very success
ful in Castilloa, however, when seeds
are cheap and a number can be plant
ed together and one plant used.
DISTANCES IN PLANTING.
This is a most important subject
and one on which there is a vry
great variety of opinions.
There are great variations. Trees
are planted ail the way from 10x10 or
400 to the acre, to 20x20 and even
30x30; 15xl5or 200 to the acre is
considered medium planting. Many
plant closer'along the rows and with
wider distances between the rows, as
10x10 and 20 feet between the rows,
or 15x13 and 20 feet between the
However, it may be snid that the
general tret.d of opinion in tho Malay
peninsula and Ceylon is towards wid
er planting and mor e room for ti e
In general, it may be said that close
plautiug is more suited to poorer laud
and wide planting to more fertile
land. The plan of plauting closely
wiih the idea of, in the early years,
cutting out alternate trees, has not
been found to be very successful, as
they have to be cut out before they
are old enough to pay for themselves
or much more than do so, and in cut
ling them out branches of the ottier
trees are damaged a.id theoretically
there is more danger of disease from
the stump, etc. One argument for
wide plauting is shown in the results
on the highlands and lowlands estate
iu the F. M. S. as sighted by Ivos
Etherington. A block of Para rub
ber trees 10 acres in extent contains
807 trpes planted 30j25 feet: These
are nine years old and completely
cover the ground. Overhe whole
estate tho year's crop amounted to
95,333 pounds, from 33,907 trees tap
ped all through the year, and 4072
lightly tapped. The average yield
is 2.4it pounds per tree per year; but
from 307 widely planted -trees the
yield during the year was 5742 pounds
of rubber, giving an average of 7.05
pounds per tree. Of course, this is
not conclusive as the bulk of the trees i
we're of all ages, though many of them
were t) year old trees.
That our Ceura trees planted 400
to the acre will have to be thiunu)
out eventually there is no douut.
However, by having tjie tirst tappings
made on alternate trees, skill iu tap
ling and experience can be acquired
by tapping the trees which will tven
tually be cut out before the alternate
trees are touched, which can be
allowed to grow considerably larger
before being tapped.
However, in these plantations at
Nahiku, which have a considerable
number of their trees planted 400 to
the acre, it would seem advisable to
plant, if not the rest, of their acreage
with 200 trees to the acre say, at
least enough to be able to judge later
which proved to be the best method.
One distance in planting sin. old not
be adhered to excluaiv ly when in the
When countries where it costs al
most nothing more to have 400 to the
acre because tho place is clean weeci
ed anyway, consider 200 to the acre
moderate distauc?, it seems as though
w here it is considerably more expen
sive to plant so many trees as it
means so many more trees to clean a
i "u "'f I'1- u,1.lt V1 this cas:-
it might be wise to hrvve part of the
piantin at least wiih greater tlis
tances and more room.
From thy hliuo of the trees, one
imagine that a Ceara tree
bavin-' vh.'n well shaped, sneli a dome
! i-i. . .
hv-f. ex:dii-e iit leaves, woulo net
even more rorm than the Ilevea. The
thickness n the trr.nk is 'dependent
en the ni inber of !aves and the sun
light that L'ets to them With this
obj"ct hi view, some planters thumb
pri re their young trees, removing
the terminal bud when the sapling
gets to be 10 fept high or over. This
gives ris-' to two brandies, which,
after being a'lowed to grow a short
ui'-tancc, are again thumb pruned,
eU 'This greatly increases the leaf
area and a consequent increase in
girihof the trunk results.
With tie' Castilloa they do different
ly, planting a number of seeds on hil
locks close to eaeti other and grnduah
ly thinning out by experimental tap.
pings un'il they obtain the desired
number per acre. However, this is
necessary in Castilloa, as many of the
Castilloa do not give latex, whereas
in Ileveas and Cearas. in the right
localities and particularly with Ileve
as, there is a marked uniformity.
Often with Caslilloas, even with this
careful selection, barren trees or
those which soon become so, are left
Weeding. There is no doubt that
clean weeding is best, though expense
may prevent it being carried out.
Tapping This is of course most
important, and, here the greatest
advances will come, next to the pre
paration of the rubber after collec
'ion of the latex.
For Ilevea, various tapping tools
have been devised, with the main
objeet of not cutting into the cambium
or growing part of the hat k. It
matters not whether the tingle V,
the honing bone, modilied hei ring
bone, spiral or what the incision
madp, the sumiuum bonum is to gut
the greatest amount of latex with
the least loss of hark and the least
injury to the cambium.
If the cambium is uninjured or left
in strips on the bark new bark will
grow up. It has been found best not
to tap this new bark the next veir
but in two years it cun be. tapp d
again though normally it may not be
necessi' ry for a longer period than
There is another factor b.n ing on
the subsequent yield of the tree and
that is that the tree suffers from
shock when the latex is lemoved in a
laVge amount which is minimized by
the system of multiple tapping to
which the Ilevea variety lends itself
so admirably, and in fact this is one
of the things which have contributed
iu giving it th power of yielding in
larger and larger amounts when tap
ped year after year.
The Ceura promises to do likewise
and it is up to us to demonstrate it.
The Castilloa yields all at one time
and in large quantities there being
much lese rubber in the latex accord
ing to the coagulation and prepara
tion. The Uevealaiex is coago'aled
in various ways but most often by
acetic acid. The rubber is shipped
in paneaUes or run tiirou-jh a ma
chine giving crepe rubber or us
worm rubber or best of all crepe rub
tier-is blocKtd under pressure o that
lit tie of the surfji-e is exposed. In
Ca-iilloa the rubber is creani'd ( IT
; after mixing with water.
At' t f k lllfl V-ll-i.l,' tr i 1,1-1 . 1. ......
'v e.u a grow inriM iuxu"iantiv aiu in
proper localities seems to yield ex
tremely well. Ilevea grows very
slowly and may not yield at all. II
we can ra' ,e enough Hevca to have
our own f. -ed su; oly, then, if it is go
ing to pay we ea i plant up Ilevea ii
place of the Ceara, though we may
find it to our advantage not to do so.
As to quality Ilevea ard Ceara are
about on a par.
There is no questirn of the tremen
dous.aiuount of planting going on
250,000 acres in Ceylon and ihe Ma
lay states, !IO,()Oi) acres planted in
Mexico. Plantings in li irneo, Java,
Samoa and many South Sea Islands.
Planting in Central Americi and
Africa and ir. fact all over the tropi
cal world. l!at On the other hand
we planters see that side of the ques
tion as the largest. Some cry over
pi eduction; on the ot her side are the
manufacturers saying we i.ever can
have too much rubber. The consump
tion is doubling every ten years and
there are uew uses every day.
Think of the increase of the uu'.o
mobile trade. Probably, however,
the result wid be that there will
eventually be a considerable reduc
tion in price after a few years which
will multiply the uses of "rubber uud
keep -up the price. If we can pro
duce it for ",0 or 40 cpnts a pound, it
will be" profitable for many years to
Sonic Oilier Grafters.
"Ail that tali' that, we've had in
the newspapers about rebates, in--urnnce
scandals, and boodle in poli
tics 'has made interesting reading
and good material for reform com
mitters hut there is other graft that
more directly . touches individual
pocket books, and iiu(he aggregate
f'-r enormous sums," declared the
drummer for a wooden ware concern
the other dav. "What do I mean?
Whv, take, for example, butter,
which, I suppose, furnishes the big
gest source of graft. You know the
retailer weighs butter out in little
wooden trays, and he weighs the
butter and tray together. You get
fifteen ounces of butter and one ounce
of wood for the trays weigh exactly
an ounce each. The trays cost if
there cost to the retailer were figur
ed by weight but a thousandth part
of the cost of butter. Hence you're
robbed every time you buy butter.
Who ever saw a dealer weigh out
butter without including the tray?
No one, gentlemen, no one. This
graft is such a fixed custom that I
doubt if the dishonesty of it ever oc
curs to the dealer, nor does any one
ever think to kick, but it's thievery
all the same, and it costs the Ameri
can public on butter alone $10,750,000
"Why, figure it out for yourself,"
challenged the now excited drummer.
"We used 1,072,000,000 pounds of
butter lat year; if an ounce trey
was included in every pound of hut ter
asked for, there would be 1,072,000,
000 fifteen ounce pounds of butter
s ld over the eour.ter by our white
a broncd friends. In other words,
the dealer grafts by the shaving pro
eess 07,000,000 pounds of good butter
by substituting G7, 000,000 pounds of
wood. At an average pri?eol twenty-live
cents a pound, this butter re
presents a total of $16,750,000.
There are 100,000 grocery and butter-stores
in the United Slates to
distribute this $10,750,000 aitauigst,
iier.ee the graft per store on butter
alone is $107.50, or quite enough to
pay the average store rent.
"Hut, great Scott, man I butter
isn't the only graft source for the
grocer. Codec is weighed out in tin
or pasteboard cans, sugar comes to
you in heavy paper boxes er heavier
cloth sacks; the same with flour, and
the grocer seldom weighs out any
thing he sells unless he includes the
packaging. Confectioners are doing
the same thing They sell you six
teen ounces of candy for fifty, sixty,
cr eighty cents, and actually give
yob fourteen ounces of sweetness and
two ounces of fancy b-.x."
E. C. Pv.
Daty on. Hides.
In replying to the assertion of the
Waterviile "Sentinel" that the Tariff
on hides adds 10 cents to the price of
every pair of shoes and costs the
people of Maine $140,000 a year more
than under the Wilson law the Ken
n 'tu c "Journal" makes the excellent
point, that shoes are as tdieap to dav
as they were iu the dismal period of
1803 1S07 The "Journal" might have
gone farther and shown that the
Tariff affects only the heavier hides
used in making sole leather, and that
tho duty of 15 per cent caunot pos
sibly increase the cost more than 2
cents a pair. This cost comes out of
the manufacturer's profit ami not
out of the consumer's pocket. Yet a
a larger number of shoe manufactur
ers havi; become enormously rich, and
are gelling richer very fast in spite
of that 15 per cent, duty on hides.
Rightly the "Journal" contends that
this duty should be retained because
the farmers want it. Abolish the
duly on what the farmers have to sell
and the f-rmers would very quickly
demand the removal of duties on wha t
they have to buy. That would mean
the end of all Protective duties.
Though they apparently have not
sense enough to see it. those who
urge the removal of 'he duty on firm
products practically advocate Free
Trade That is the size of it.
ANTON R !0 HKiiO, 1'KolV
DRAYING and EXPRESSING
Contracts taken f . r Hauling.
Queen Lodging House,
ORDINANCE NO. 10.
AN ORDINANCE AMENDING
SECTION " OF ORDINANCE
NO. 2 RELATING TOTI1E PRO
MULOATION OF ORDI
NANCES, PASSED BY THE
HOARD OF SUPERVISORS, ON
THE 7 DAY OF SEPTEMBER,
Section 1. Section 2 of Ordinance
No 2. relating to the promulgation
of ordinances, passed by the Board
of Supervisors, on the 7 day of Sep
tember, 1905, is hereby amended to
read as follows:
"Section 2. It shall, thereupoli be
the duty of the Clerk of the Board,
as soon as practicable, to cause a
true copy of such ordinance to be
posted upon a Bulletin board in front
of or near the room occupied by the
Board of Supervisors, aud to also
cause a t-ue copy thereof to be pub
lished in one issue of a newspaper of
general circulation published at the
Section 2. This Ordinance shall
take effect from and after being
posted upon a Bulletin board in front
of or near the room occupied by the
Board of Sjpervisors and its publica
tion o ce a week for a period of two
consecutive weeks in a newspaper of
general circulation pubirshed at the
Board of Supervisors within and
for the County of Maui.
By(Sgn.) W. HENNING,
I hereby certify that the foregoing
ordinance, upon consideration had
and vote taken, was passed by the
Hoard of Supervisors of Maui County,
on the 10th day of October, 1907, at
their regular meeting held in Wailu
(Sgn.) W. F. Kaae,
Clerk of the Board of Supervisors
County of Maui.
Oct. 19, 26.
The Board of License Commission
ers for the County of Maul will hold
a meeting at the public room in tho
Masonic Temple, Kuhului, on Tues
day the 5th of November 1907 at 2
P. M. to consider the application of
Peter Joseph for a Saloon License to
sell intoxicating liquors at Pelekunu,
Kijla, District of Makawao In a new
building in frnt of the residence of
Adam Forsyth at said Pelekunu
under the provisions of Act 119,
Jession Laws of 1907.
All protests or objections against
the issuance of a license under said
application should be filed with the
Secretary of the Board uot later
thau the time set for said hearing.
October lt, 1907.
D. C. LINDSAY,
Secretary, Board of License Com
missioners. October 5, 12, 19, 2G.
MABKCT STUbb Waimjku
ANTONE BORBA, Prop.
Full line of popular brands ot
Celebrated Primo & Seattle
Mottled Daor (
25c 2 Glasses 25c
BISMARK STABLES CO.Ud
and SALES STABLES
The BISMARK STABLES
proposes to run the Leaping Livert
Stable Business on MAUI
DRUMMERS' LIGHT WAGQNS
Excursion Rates to Iao aud Ha'e
ak-ala with competent guides ,
NEW RIGS- -NEW TEAMS
NOTICE OF POWER OF AT-TORNEY.
Notice Is hereby given that, during
my absence from the Territory of
Hawaii, 1). H. Case of Wailuku, Maui,
will act as my attorney in fact.
t.f. CHARLES D. LUFKIN,