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THE MAUI NEWS
-SATURDAY, JANUARY 4, J 903
Want More Money
For Kahauiki Camp.
The withdravcl of the bids to spend
$300,000 on quarters at Kahuiki, or
Fort Shatter, is thought by those best
able to judge to be very likely due to
a decision that the plans are too
small, and an intention to ask for a
much larger appropriation. Those
best entitled to an opinion on the sub
ect scout the idea that a feiv adjn
cent ponds breeding mosijuiloi would
prevent the War Department from
constructing military quarters at
The $300,000 appropriation to
double the present quarters al Ka
hauiki was followed by an order to
proceed with the work. This would
have made Fort Shafter "a battalion
post. But the advertisements for
bids on the work have been called ofT,
and it appears that the appropriation
may be allowed to lapse.
' A reason assigned in current rumor
for stopping the work is a report by
the post surgeon to the effect that
there are rice lauds, affected with
mosquitoes between the army post,
and the sea and that among the mos
quitoes are some of the variety known
to be capable of rarryihg yellow fever
germs, where there is yellow fever
It can be stated, however, on good
authority that this would not stop
construction of any military bar
racks. The rice land leases could be
bought for $16,000, and the federal
government, it is stated, lias power
to bring summary condemnation pro
ccedmgs and take possession at any
time. Moreover it is well known that
there has neve- been any yellow fever
here. It is said, however, that an
army report was made against en
larging the post until the ponds were
In view of recent eveuts and poli
cies the theory of some who are ic
touch with federal affairs here that
the plan is to get a much larger ap
DrcDriation for Kahauiki and the
three hundred thousand may be left
for this reason.
"If any arm doctor has made
report against the camp on the
ground that there are yellow fever
mosquitoes io the vicinity, he will be
laughed to scorn when the facts are
known," said a local physician. "The
mosquito is found in lots of places
where yellow fever was never known,
aud Hawaii has never had a case. IX
was known tnct the mosquito was
there when the camp was started
The War Department. I think, will
go ahead with what plans it wants
to carry out, regardless of a few rice
The matter of the probable lape
of the $300,000 appropriation may be
taken up by the Chamber of Com
merce and the Merchants' Assnci
atiou, also the official report said to
have been made that there is danger
of vellow fever from the rice pond
near the present camp. As already
stated, the islands have never had
case of 'his disease, and in order to
avoid even its possibility, a change
was recently made in steamer sehe
dules to avoid direct arrivals here
from Central America. Tt is stated
that as a preliminary to further work
on the camp, the rice ponds inifhtbe
acquired and drained, but that ttie
federal government has ample power
to do this.
Considerable indignation is ex
pressed at the notion of a yellow
fever scare being given to the War
Department from here at a time
when Hawaii has never had the
disease and is not even in communi
cation with a yellow fever country.
Existing Labor Conditions.
Within the past month there have
been 'thousands of earners, mostly
living in the Eastern States and
mostly those who were emuloyed in
iron, steel and railroad construction,
who have become idle through no fault
of their own. In some cases a policy
of retrenchment had been inaugurat
ed before the recent financial panic
occurred. But that intensified uiat
ters. It was impossible to get money
enough to pay all wages, so some of
the men had to be dropped. It was
impossible to get money for new
enterprises and the extension of old
oues, so they have been abandoned.
Another cause that has contributed
to the dull times for labor existed iu
the high cost of labor itself. High
wages were demanded upon any new
project. This was accompanied by a
high cost of material, itself the result
of h'gh labor in the production of the
raw material and in the manufacture
of the finished product. The insistence
of labor in secui ing all that it could
get during a period of active demand
has had its effect in checking that
demand and causing the reaction.
There seems to tie a prospect for a
ecurrenee to the time when the man
will be hunting the job instead of the
job hunting the man, and an Interest
ing question is, will the man be as
willing to lower his price in the f:ice
of the higher demand for his labor, as
he hasbeen to increase it as the de
Among Hie first to mtice and feel
the effects of the changed condition
on the Mainland, is the large element
of the foreign immigrant population.
These peoplo come from Europe to
the United States, by hundreds of
thousands, for, the sole purpose of I
improving their conditions and earn
ing more m .ney in a new land. For
exactly the same reasons the Japa
nese come to Hawaii and the Pacific
Coast of America from the Orient.
Immediately t'.iat the foreign libor
population in the East is confronted
with lower wages or no wages, it
packs up and goes back home. It has
saved inonpy enough to do so, can live
more cheaply in the old countries
than in t ho new, and has sense enough
not to stay here till its small savings
are gone and it will become a pauper
population in a st range land.
The 'eduction of labor pay rolls in
the .East is gointr to lessen the. sale
of sug." r over the grocer's counter.
To what extent depends upon the
duration of the duU times. This will
not help the price ''f raw sugar, un
less some shortage should become
apparent in the world's supply, of
which here is no present indication.
In case of a compulsory reduction of
wages in the sugar industry here,
mignt not the same logic and reason
ing appeal to our foreign population
as is appealing to foreign laborers in
the Eastern States? Nothing more
natural. The more forcibly this pos
sibility can be brought before Con
gress at the present time, the better.
The American Federation of Labor
wants the absolute excluson of. all
Oriental labor and to Hell with Ha
waii. The Federation has no inter
ests in plantation labor here and
never can have. There are others
who have. It is up to them. Trans
Epsom Salts Found to be
NEW YORK, December 15. An
nouncement of the discovery of a
new anesthetic, safer, cheaper and
simpler than any hitherto k own, is
about to be made by the Rockefeller
Institute for Medical Research.
Plans were under way to-day for the
spreading of the important tidings
to the medical and surgical world.
The new anesthetic is nothing else
than plain, common Epsom eaits, or
to give it its scientific name, sul
phate of magnesia. It. was dieov
erect by IJr. hauiuelj. Meltzer, one
of the Rockefeller experimenter.
Its great value is that it permits
any sort of operation without danger
to t lie heart of the patient.
Either local or general anesthesia
it is said, mav bo produced by the
injection of a 20 per cent solution of
the familiar drug in the nerve tract
governing the sensations of the part
to be operated upon.
The beneficial effects of the discov
pry the number of lives th- t may be
i-avid through its use will more
than repay the $5,000,000 with which
John D. Rockefeller has endowed ihe
institute. It will prevent death
from the powerful lenctionarv in
fluene of ether or chloroform, Ihe
institute workers believe. And it
will give a chance of life to those
whose fragile hearts will not stand
the stress of the administration of
Dr. MeltzerV experiments have
been going on lor a long time. But
such success has crowned ids efforts,
"The Examiner" learned to day, that
it will not tie long before lie makes
public the result of his many tests.
The delay has chiefly been caused
by the fact that the anesthetic may
have still more wonderful properties.
It may thouyh the institute physi
clans are almost afraid to believe
this is true be an ami toxin for the
diead tetanus, or lockjaw. It work
ed out splendid results in case of this
terrible disease, and will be tried iu
With the modesty characteristic
of his profession, Dr. Meltzer has de
clined to say or write anything con
cerning his discovery for publ'cation.
He is a grave, quiet man of about 52,
a graduate of the University of Ber
lin, and a member of all the leading
Dr. Meltzer was experimenting
about two years ago. He injected a
solution of sulphate of magnesia into
a dog. It was noticeable after a few
minutes that the animal grew quiet
and listless. Its respiration grew
slower and fainter. Finally the
breathing apparently ceased. That
was a new bit of knowledge that
magnesium sulphate affected the re
spiratory system. Dr. M;di.pr pon
dered over it. Then he got a bellows
iindvith a tube produced artifica
' respira'iou in the dog's lungs. The
animal revived, scampered away and
This suggested that the injection
might be valuable in the treatment
of insane persons. So experiments
were performed for the fi rst time up
on human beings.
At last came three most important
tests at the Prrsbyteriaa and liar
lem hospitals, all of whi3h proved
The third tvst brought out '.he pos
ibihties of the new discovery in con
nection with tetanus.
There was a patient in the Harlem
Hospital whose life had practically
been abandoned by the physicians.
livery known antitoxin aud treat.
ment. had been administered. His
death was expected at any time. It
was practically without, hope that
Mr. Meltzer was called upon to try
the Epsom salts treatment. Within
four (hiys he was discharged from the
hospital. There lias been no recur
rence of the symptoms.
Members of Duma Tried
In Secret and Exiled.
ST. PETERSBURG, December 14
Two women and twenty-seven
members of tl e Duma were sentenced
today to hard labor in t lie mines and
subsequent deportation for life to
Siberia for openlyproclaiming them
selves against the existing govern
ment and advocating the formation
of a republic.
Three noblemen were also condemn
eel, but their sentences must be ap
proved by the Emperor,
The victims of the despotism of the
Czar's officials P.re;
Znpadi)idke, the leader of the mil:
tary organization and two women,
Mine, 3orozua and Mmo Subbotina
Eight deputies, including Annikin,
Annismoff and Dzhaparidze. All
were sentenced to five years in the
mines and deportation to Siberia
Nine others, including Batasheff
Bielousoff and Ividlenko, are sent to
the mines for four years and they
will be deported.
Ten deputies are sent into perpi
tual servitude in Siberia.
Six soldiers, who were accused of
agitating among their comrades are
given lour years in the mines and de
Ten deputies- win succeeded in
proving that they were n.it connect
I'd with the Socialist organization
The specifications against the do
puties were that they had formed an
organization against the Czar and in
citing the soldiers to mutiny and the
populace to insurrection.
The arrest of the; deputies was the
indirect cause of the 'dissolution cf the
Tliev were t ried by the judicial
section of, the Senate, the highest
supreme tribunal in Russia, tne "i-,
of the formal trial charge being high
The counsel for the defense concen
t rated his argument to prove that
the Ncx-ial Democracy is a legitimate
political party, openly professing it
tenets throughout the civilized world
and expecting to see them realized
through the ballot, nel not by means
of conspirary. Tne procurator, how
ever, successfu'ly maintained the ori
The present trial proceeded in se
ciet, neither the accused Social De
mocrats nor their attorneys being
present, and the public was refused
admittance. No reports were issued,
and ingenious fiction was resorted to.
In order to comply with, the re
quirements of the law that sentence
be pronounced with open doors, the
doors were opened, but the. police
kept everybody out of the room with
the e'xeeptior. of the trial aboard and
Deputies Alexinski and Ozeland
and a number of others who were
included in the original indictment
fled from the country, so that they I
are not nmoug those who have been
During the hearing of their trials
the impeached deputies have receiv
ed telegrams from their colleagues
in the British House of Commons and
the French, Italian and German
Harry Johnston Died
Harry J. Johnston, well-known Ho
nolulu customs broker and attorney,
who so successfully prosecuted the
famous sake cases, died Saturday
morning at 9 o'clock at the Queen's
Hospital of typhoid fever.
Johnson took his wife and three
children to the Coast three months
ago for an extended vacation and
himself returned a few weeks since
in the S. S. Manchuria. He was ill
with a severe cold on his return from
the mainland rnd two weeks ago
yesterday went to the hospital with
It was not considered up to Christ
mas ev'e that the sickness was likely
to prove fatal and on Tuesday morn
ing a cablegram was sent to San
Francisco to the effect that, his con
dition had improved. Dr. Maedonald
attended the patient and on Christ
mas night, thouifht a consultation of
physicians advisable. Fellowing this
a cable w-ns sent to a member of the
tirm of H'nd. Roln!:, San Francisco,
to nrepire Mrs Johnston for prob
able sad news."" It is possible that
Mrs. Johnston is aboard the S. S.
Alameda which spied from San Fram
cisco at 11 o'clock this m irnin''. A
message of inquiry as to the dUposh
tion of the remains was spnt this
trorning and the reply will probably
state whether or not Ihe widow is
aboard the! Alameda.
Harry J Johnston came here in
11100 to take clnrgp of the brokerage,
business for Hind, R ilph A Co , and
on May 1, lOO.j, branched nut as a
customs broker for himself. He was
born in San Francisco u bout 38 years
ago. For a time he was a clerk in
the law office of Cope & Bcyd of that
city and was later in the office of
William II. Tliornley, customs brok
er. He then went into the brokerage
business for himself. When the
Klondike boom was on he wont there
for three years and soon after came
to Honolulu, f
In 1901-1902 Mr. Johnston took up
the sake cases with a view to obtain
ing from the United States Govern
ment a refund on eh ties paid on im
ported sake from Japan, a matter
that now involves over a million
dollars. Sake had always beenclass
ed here as a still wine and Johnston's
contention was that it was either a
beer or an imported article not es
pecially provided for, the difference
being that a still wine is required to
pay fifty cents a gallon while classi
ficalion under imported articles not
especially provided for would cull but
twenty per centum ad valorem duty.
The case is now on appeal to the Cir
cuit, Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
(California), and has been peremp
torily set for Fc'bruary 4 of next
year. After the government's ori
ginal victory in the caoe before the
Board ol General Appraisers, New
York, Johnston won all along in the
contest. Freim the appraisers it
went to the Circuit Court of the
Southern District of New York,
where the importers represented by
Jonnston. won. The j. cue rnment
then took it to the Circuit Court, of
Appeals (Nhw Yoik) and lost,
whereupon the government institut
ed a new lest, taking t!v rasf tr
California where the importers won
before the appraisers and the Circuit,
Court. Now it is be fere the Circuit
Court of Appeals. Tho-nas Fitch
was also concerned in the case. A
favorable settlement of t he matter
will mean perhaps a quarter of a
million dollars for the Johnston
Mr. Johnston took his wife and three
little girls, the eldest of whom is
twelve, to the Coast to await the
Mcttlement of the sake cases and also
for tht benefit of the climate change.
It was his intention to place the
children in school and for he and his
wife to return to Honolulu t reside
after the determination of the suit.
Mr. Johnston was a prominent
member of the local lodge of Elks
and a San Francisco Mason, also a
Native Son. His early death is
keenly felt by all who knew him.
Funeral arrangements depend on
advices from the mniuland. .
MAKE YOUR OWN GAS
The Sunlight "OMEGA" Acetylene
Generators HA VP. NO EQUAL.
We are the Agents for the "OMEGA" and will cheerfully give
GENERATORS from 10 Its. to SOO Its.
FIXTURES of all kinds.
COMPLETE PL NTS properly installed.
Let us talk "OAS MACHINE" to you and wo can convince you
.that you require an outfit to make your home complete.
KAHULUI RAILROAD CO'S
MERCHANDISE DEPARTMENT Sole Agents
"All America" fine shoos for
men are the shoes of today. Coun
try Stores that carry thi "great
lineVf men shoes fin joy the en
largement, of business. You at
tract the best of trade by selling
"All America" Specials.
You can carry a large variety of
styles, and size up quickly from
our immense) stock. Each pair
shows the sound, honest quality of
Island orders solicted. Whole
sale and retail.
SPECIAL WHOLESALE RATES.
" 1051 FORT STREliT,
NOTICE OF POWER OF AT
TORNEY. Notice is hereby given that, during
my absence from the Territory of
Hawaii, D. H. Case of Wailuku, Maui,
will act as my attorney in fact.
t.f. CHARLES D. LUFKIN.
BISMARK STABLES CO.Ud
and SALES STAHLES
The BISMARK STABLES
proposes to run the Lkawx!! Livkiiv
Stable Business on MA CI
DRUMMERS' LIGHT WAGQNS
Excursion ' Rates to la and flale
akala with competent ginles
Machine? for sa! cn the
Big Discount for Cash
Machines for Rent
I5y the Day, Waek or Momli.
DELIVERED and CALLED FOR.
We have just received a new line
of Automatics and Family Ma
chines and all kinds of Needles
S. DECKER, Agent.
P. O. Box 25. Telephone 224.
Main Street, - - - Wal'uku
Next Door to Wailuku Cash Store.
SHOE COMPANY, Ltd.
i mm,? im.-ji IZS2ZZZIXSEZ3ESX!
Market Street, Wailuku
Nothing but the best of
Well uown Standard Brands
RAINIER AND PRIMO
Island. Spirting People
T. B. LYONS, !t'op,
an , Roug-hrider, and
, Doctor Cisr-f. "
CO.!JJ' ,,i,l TOUT'
K.MlcJI.Ul yn:Wi. KAM ULUI.
PAI.A t, L, PAIA.
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wtlHiO 63 YEARS'