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THE MAUI NEWS-
SATURDAY, IULY 4, 1903
THE MAUI NEWS
ntered at the Post Office at Wailuku, Maui, Hawaii, as second-class matter.
A Republican Paper Published in the Interest of the People.
Issued Every Saturday.
Maul Publishing: Company. Limited.
Proprietor I'and Publishers.
The columns of the News admit communications on pertiment topics. Write only
on one side of paper. Sign your name which will be held confidential it desired.
Subsciption Katks, in Advasck $2.50 per Year, Six Month?
Mufgh r . Coke, ... Editor nnd Vner
SATURDAY. JULY 4, 1908
Favors Modification of the
Laborers Under the above heading appears an editorial in
and Farmers, the Pacific Commercial Advertiser of June 30,
which is as follows:
"That the plantations can make good use of a certain amount of non
Asiatic labor is true ; but to propone it on a large scale as a means of
Americanizing these Islands is preposterous, unless, as was the case with
the United States, during the first half- century of its existence, the lalior
is to be drawn from English-speaking countries. Latins, by themselves,
can Americanize nothing. Their habits, their speech, their customs are
all alien; and on the mainland, where they are swallowed by the multi
tude of English-speaking people, it takes two generations to make them
understand, and at that imperfectly, what Americanism means. Here,
where Anglo-Saxons and Celts are in a lioness minority, it might take
three or four generations. Perhaps the object could never be entirely
reached. Indeed, the Creoles of Ixiuisiana are still French, like the
French-Canadians, and the negroes are still lcniglited, after one hundred
and fifty years or more of life on the soil; and in the various German,
and Scandinavian colonies in the West and in the race-centers of large
cities, Americanism has proved to be a plant of slow growth.
"The idea of homesteailing Latin immigrants on two acres of land
each is all right as a cane-labor proposition. In its real aspects it speaks
for itself. We will assume, for the sake of the argument, that the ulti
mate purpose of the planters is not to buy these people out ; that they
want, by staking this labor to the soil, to assure a permanent supply.
But let no one deceive himself with the idea that this has anything to do
with the problem of Americanization nor yet with small farming. The
Latin laborer on his grape or banana patch, rarely mingling, if at all,
with English-speaking people, will remain a Latin. He will simply have
a home; and if he expects, after getting up at half-past four in the morn
ing and working until supper-time in the cane, to have either strength,
desire or daylight in which to cultivate a little farm of his own, he is
merely amusing himself with visions. Or, more likely, others are dream
ing for him. As for his wife and children, their strength will naturally
be given to more pressing or more remunerative forms of work than the
garden patch can afford. All there will be of tlie two acres to benefit
the community can be summed up in their value as an anchorage for
canefield labor. That is something, indeed, but it is not related to the
problem of making the public opinion of Hawaii American enough to
vivify and fructify the American institutions "vflich the law has given us.
"That is a matter which the American farmer, must be relied upon to
deal with. It can not be attended to by the American mechanic ljecause
he is a nomad, who follows the path of the wage-scale wherever it may
show a mounting tendency. It can not le done by American traders
and professional men, for, unless farmers are present to build up business,
and the right kind of population, there is little opportunity for great
numbers of these people to find support. The farmer, the American far
mer, made the republic and sustained it, and is the source of its strength
and prosperity today ; and if Hawaii is to have an American population
lie must supply it. ouch a body politic can not be haa trom Italy or
Spain or Portugal; it must be drawn from an English-speaking American
There is much sound sense in the above editorial but it must not
be forgotten that the Latins of the Islands do not remain by them
selves but that the younger generations attend our schools and
learn our language and our manners and customs and have in tbe
past become first-class citizens and those who remain on the plan
tations make a market for those engaged in agricultural and trade
pursuits and are doubly valuable to the Territory while the Asiat
ics tend to drive out the few whites here rather than affording
openings for an increased number.
Conditions here are very different to what they are on the main
land and until it is demonstrated here that agricultural or horti
cultural pursuits are a success for persons of small means no con
siderable number of people will try an experiment here when con
ditions are known to be favorable on the mainland.
It would probably be much more just, to encourage our citizens
of Latin descent to cope with the conditions that will confront the
farmer for that class of our residents know much of the local con
ditions and stand a better chance of making a success of the enter
prise than those who have no knowledge of local conditions and
would hesitate to stand tbe expense of making the change with a
chance of failure. It should not be forgotten that the Latins we
have here have lived and worked here for many years and are
therefore entitled to consideration.
If American farmers can be gotten here let us have them but
let us not forget those who are already here and are entitled to
consideration and in case farmers from the mainland cauaot be had
there is no good reason for keeping back the country. We need
more independent homes and if we cannot get one class we should
look to another and not be forever quibbling about the merits and
demerits of the American farmer and the white laborers as two of
the leading dailies of Honolulu seem to be doing.
DENVER, July 1. A bitter fight is expected over the anti-injunction
plank in the Democratic platform. Eastern delegates are leading
the opposition. Gray of Delaware is a Risible nominee for second
CITY OF MEXICO, July 1. Everything is quiet in Mexico.
EL PASO, July 1. Revolutionists attacked Palonias yesterday
Dynamite was found at the residence of the Mayor.
COALING ER, Calif., July 1. Two masked men abducted the
daughter of a wealthy rancher and demanded a $5000 ransom. The
girl was rescued and the kidnappers arrested.
SAN FRANCISCO, July 1. The repair ship Panther, tender
Yankton, and collier Arethusa sailed for Honolulu yesterday.
HONOLULU, June 2'. When
asked for an interview on the re
sults which he had obtained from
his ten days sUy in Hawaii this
morning, Secretary of the Interior
Garfield spoke freely. He stated
thai he favorded diversified crops.
Federal assistance for harbor work
on all the islands, the passage of
an act allowing the importation of
European labor under proper re
strictions, the application of the
Reclamation Act to Hawaii, modi
fications of the Territorial land
laws and the fostering of tru.;
American loyalty throughout the
In response to interrogation.tbe
"It is rather d illicit It to summa
rize the work which has been done
since my arrival here I have be
fore me a large amount of material
in the shape of reports, w'hicli have
been made and on which I shall
work out the various problems
winch 1 nave looked into while
"The principal points in question
grow from the use of land for home
steads and the diversity of the agri
cultural products of the Territory.
A most important niatkr is the ex
tension of the production of the
great agricultural staples ou'tdde
"Extremely important is the
matter of increasing the hatfoor
facilities on each of the island, to
the end that when diversified crops
are produced they may have at
hand a ready method of transpor
tation. I have noted with great
interest the development of the
harbors of the islands which has
already been made by theTerritory
and also by private interests. I be
lieve that federal assistance m
giving better facilities for trans
portation, through improvement of
the harbors, is a matter of inline
diate concern. '
''The labor question is one which
is of course hardly within my pro
vince directly, but I have obtained
a great deal of information on the
matter, which I shall placo in form
and submit to the Secretary of
Commerce and Labor. I am
thoroughly in favor of the proposed
bill which was before Congress
during the last session and which
will permit the introduction of
''There may be certain modifi
cations of the bill needed, but the
principle on which it was framed
is right. This matter is being made
an object of special Btudy by Mr,
Tronor, of the Department of Com
mcrce and Labor, and upon his re
port the final determination of the
matter will depend greatly. I be
lieve that this Territory ought to
have the opportunity of importing
labor directly from Europe or
through the United States.
''To come back to the land ques
tion again for a moment, the matt
er of irrigation is one of the great
est importance. Through the use
of water it has already been most
clearly shown that there is a great
possibility of largely increasing
the arable acreage of the Territory
This will also open opportunities
for a much greater variety of crops
I shall take up the question of re
clamation as soon as I return to
the Coast and hope that the act
covering the matter on the main
land may be adopted to cover the
"In this matter, as you know, it
has been held by the Comptroller
of the Treasury that the money
appropriated by Congress under
the Reclamation Act could not be
used in this Territory: I have
opened the entire subject again
and hope to obtain a favorable
ruling. I shall ask Mr. Newell
the reclamation engineer, to vit-it
the Islands if possible and, if he is
unable to make the trip, have one
of his men do so nnd report. What
is needed here is the homesteadiiu;
of land which is capable of beinj.
cultivated on small holding bv the
greatest possible percentage of
"I was very much pleased with
the homesteads 1 saw on Kauai
which showed the reat sdecess
which can be madevith p'.er.ty of
water. It is useless to try home
steading on land that is incapable
of cultivation. A man who is go
ing to make his home does not
want a farm on a stony hillside.
The basis of successful hoinestead-
ing experiment is good land and
"I have been very much pleased
with the educational facilities
which have been provided here.
I'he basis of elementary education
and also the opportunity of indus
lial, form just what is needed here.
In this way a most desirable class
of citizens can be brought up for
the ultimate benefit of the Territory.
"In regard ti your land laws
heie. Tins is a matte' which will
require far more study tian 1 have
yet had an opportunity to devote
to it. There is n) doubt 0( the
fact that the presei.t land laws re-
piire certain modification. I a n
certain that it would be impossi
ble to apply the laws in list; on the
mainland directly to this Territory.
They would be applicable neither
to the land here nor to the Terri
torial laws as they exist.
"This matter is being taken up
by Governor Frear and he and I
have been working together over
the matter, 1 have a good deal of
information in tlie shape of reports
which I "wish to digest and will
take the mister, up during the
summer so that it may be in form
bef .re the next session of Congress
"The one great essential thing
here is that there be developed
through your'schools and other in
stitutions the strongest, highest
and most loyal type of American
citizen. With this will follow the
end of a loyal recognition of the
sovereign power of the United
States and Hawaii will strengthen
every day. v
"In saying goodbye I can say
that I have had a cracking good
time and enjoyed every minute of
it. I want to thank all the people
who have done bo much to make
my short visit one of great pleasure
and hope to be able to come back
here again in the near future. If
anyone wants to obtain any infor
mation in regard to Hawaii when
I return to the mainland I believe
that I shall be in a position to
furnish all that is desired.''
Reaches Far Panama.
Honolulu, June 25. Governor
Frear is in receipt of the following
from J. H. Holcombe, division en
gineer at Panama :
Station "A," Ancon, C. Z , Panama,
May 12, 1008.
My Dear Sir: On my l ist trip
from the Philippines, in stopping
at Honolulu, I noticed a beautiful
tree, covered with red blossoms, in
front of the Royal Hawaiian Hotel,
or near there. I was told at the
time that this red flower was not a
part of the tree, but of a vine that
had covered the same completely.
We are very anxious, for tropical
decorations along the Canal Zone
and especially at Ancon and the
livoli Hotel, and I would be oblii:
ed if you could see your way to
place this letter in the hands of
someone who would forward me
cuttings, if possible, of this vine,
as it is one of the incut beautiful 1
have ever seen.
1 hanking von for your courtesy
in the matter, 1 remain. v:-ry sin
J. G. HOI.COM BE,
To the Governor of the Hawaiian
At the meeting of the Board of
Agriculture and Forestry yeste.day
atternoon, it was decided to for
ward to the writer some seeds of
the Poinciaha regia. which is be
lieved to be the tree referred to,
with instructions as to raising
J. A. dos Reis
Harness and Shoemaker
Has moved his shop from the
Queen's Lodging House to the
Aluli IJlock on Market Street.
All kinds of repair work done with
promptness and satisfaction.
Prince Salmon a
lahiti, June 5. The piesent
whereabouts of Arnpaea Salmon
or 'Prince" Salmon, as he desitrnat
td himself to the San Francisco
police authorities during his buret
oi nigh ii ie in that city a shoe
while ago, is unknown to his
friends and associates here. Al
though Salmon created a good
deal of stir in San Francisco, the
fact remains that he had no better
claim to royalty than his own
word. He was "born in this part of
the world and is no more than i
plain Tuamotu islander at best.
Still, however humble his origin
"Prince" Salmon was by no means
an ordinary islander. When he
left here last August he was bound
for Honolulu to claim a bride in
no less a person than ex-Queen
Liliuokalani of the Hawaiian is
lands, whose heart he had won
during the progress of a long and
tender correspondence. The ladv
had given him her promise and all
misht have ended hoimilv for the
"Prince" had he not flown too
high while at San Francisco on the
way to claim his bride. As it is
"Prince" Salmon has disappeared
and left no trace of his going.
Not, by Ptjiimo.
Notice to Parties wlhlng to view
the entrance of the American
Fleet into Honolulu, July 10th.
The S. S. "Claudine," sailing from
Kahului on the evening of July 15th will
issue round trip tickets to Honolulu and
return for one fare ( j6.ou) good only for
that trip mid vessel
Those wishing to avail themselves of
this opportunity will please leave their
names at the Railroad Depot, Kahuhii.
KAHULUI RAILROAD CO.
1)1?. GLO. S. AIKEN
Office teniKrarily at Custom House,
Kahui.ui, RIaiu, T. II.
Office Honrs: 9 a. m. to 4 p m.
Al the annual meeting of the stock
holders of the Kaupakalun .Wine &
Luju ir Company Ltd. held May 30th,
.90S, the following officers and directors
were elected to serve for the ensuing
J. A. Al:eong, President
Charles Copp, Vice-President
A. S Medeims, Secretary
A. F. Tavares, Treasurer
J V. Marciel, M. F. Jardin, A. R
.Soiizi, with l lit- alxive named compose
i he Ivoard ol Directors.
'.a; "AKAI.I A Wl.Vli & I.iocor Co. Lti.
1'er A. S. MF.DKIROS,
, Fop Nfile.
Piano nnd a Pianola either singly or .
together. Apjfly Box 5 Wnilaku.
Notice of Power of Attorney.
Notice is hereby given that, during my
absence from the Territory of Hawaii, C.
D. Lufkin of Wailuku Maui will act as
my Attorney in fact.
Dated this 13th, day of may A. D. 1908
tf- W. T. ROBINSON.
During my absence from the Territory,
Mr. A. Garcia will act for me under power
tf- J. GARCIA,
DR. F. A. ST. SURE
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
OFFICE: FIRST NATIONAL BANK BUILDINC
10 A. M. to 12 M.
1 P. M. to 3 P. M.
7 P.M. to 8 P.M.
Market Street. Wailuku
Nothing but the best of
Well Krrrwn Standard Brands
RAINIER AND PRIMO
25c 2 Glasses 25c
Island Sporting People
T. B. LYONS, Prop.
Uime UcibleJialuilui Slailroad Company
KAHULUI PUUNENE DIVISION.
STATIONS l'Ap M" l; M" Pas. I STATIONS I
Pas Fit Pas. on)y Pas. Pas
Kahului Leave 7.00 2.00 P. M. Kahului Leave 6.20 1.20
Wailuku Arrive 7.12 2.12 Puunene Arrive 6.35 1.35
Wailuku Leave 7.20 2.20 4.15 Puunene Leave 6.40 1.40
Kahului Arrive 7.35 2.35 4.30 Kahului Arrive 6.55 i.55
Kahului Leave 7.40 9.40 2.40 4.35 5.10 Kahului Leave 8.10 3.10
Sp'villo Arrive 7.52 J.55 2.52 4.47 5.22 Puunene Arrive 8.25 3.25
Sp'ville Leave 7 55 10.15 2.55 4 50 5.25 Puunene Leave 8.30 3.30
Paia Arrive 8 10 10.35 3.10 5.00 5.40 Kahului Arrive 8.45 3.45
Paia Leave 8.20 10.50 3.20 5.05 5.45 Kahului Leave 9.45
Sp'ville rrive 8.35 3.35 Puunene Arrive 10.00
Sp'ville Leave ' 8.4H, 3.40 Puunene Leave 10.30
Kahului Arrive 8.52 s" 11.30 3.52 5.3(1 (5.(15 Kahului Arrive 10.45
Kahului Leave 8.55. 1.00 . 3.55
Wailuku Arrive 9.10 1.30 4.10
Wailuku Leave 920 2,00 4.15
Kah,u!ui . Airive 9.35 2.30 4.30
Kahului Railroad Company
AGE NTS ROR
ALEXANDER & BALDWIN, Ltd.;--ALEXANDER a BALDWIN, Lino of Sailing Vessels Betweer
San fraiie-isco and to Hawaiiau Islands; AMERICAN-HAWAIIAN STEAMSHIP CO.;