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THE MAUI NEWS-
-SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 1 1, 1908
Explorer Brings Valuable
Surveys Unknown County.
NEW YORK, September 2(5.
Sven Andreas Hedin, the explorer,
who started in 15)0(5 from Chinese
Turkestan on a journey through
Tihct, and concerning whose where
abouts there was great anxiety for
many months, lias arrived at, Sim
la. lie travelled 4,000 nr'es or more,
mainly in western Tibet, and did
not see a while faee until ho reach
ed the province of l'obo. Or. He
din Ftates that he made valuable
discoveries, but that there still was
ample room in Tibet for future ex
plorers. Sunimerizing the remarkable
acheivement of Sven Iledin, the
New York Sun thus comment? edi
torially. When Sven Hedin reached Gar
tok in the southwestern part of
Tibet, late last year, lie gave out
that he was going to Ladakh in
Cashmere, and in t lie spring he
would travel either to India .or to
Pekin. The event shows that he
had in view another long journey
in the unexplored--part of Tibet,
lie went north to Leh, the chief
town in Ladakh, ostensibly to spend
the winter but actually to outfit
and push again in northwestern
Tibet- in order to make another
route through the unmapped region
to the west of his-route in 1)0G-
This secrecy was necessary be
cause Tibetans were determined to
prevent him from renewing his
travels in Tibet. lie did not even
impart his plans to his family, anil
they were anxious for his safety
when they failed to hear from him
last spring. But he has reached
civilization again and is now going
home after experiencing last winter
the acutest phase of his. privations
and losses during his migratory
tent life in the bitter cold of the
Tibetan winter two miles and a
half or more above the sea.
The work of Sven Iledin in these
three years, 190G-190S, will rank
among the great achievements of
exploration. The results obtained
are enormous in spite of the active
opposition of the Indian and Tibet,
an officials, who did their best to
prevent the explorer from getting
into the country at all.
The work, spread over three
years, is embraced in three jour
neys, each distinct from the others,
In 190G Iledin entered the north
western part of Tibet at Aksai
China (White Desert), crossed the
vast unexplored region of wes ern
Tibet from northwest to southwest,
traveled 840 miles without touch
jng the routes of an earlier explor
er excepting where he crossed the
tracks of Bower and Littledale, and
discovered mountain ranges. - new
lakes and rivers and gold fields.
The second journey, which filled
most of 1907, was west from Shi
gatse through the southern part of
tho unknown area, about 1,000
miles to trie southwestern t:orrier of
Tibet. On thie eventful expedition
Iledin discovered the sources of the
Brahmaputra, Indus, and'Sutlej
rivers, and found that the Nin
Chen Tangla Mountains, well
known south of Lake Tengri, are
simply part of a chain extending,
he believes, cU'a.r across Tibet east
and west and at least"" 2,000 miles
long: . . ,
The third journey, just completed
carried Sven Iledin again from
north to south'across unknown ex
panses he had not seen on his routt
of 190G. He found every where re
lated the mountains' and valleys
interspersed with frceh and salt
water lakes that "lie had discovered
two years before; He had proved
that the great white expanse on the
maps is practically filled with these
features, for no part of it has been
found to be an extensive and com
paratively level plain.
In this last journey .Hedin cross
The llilo Fruit Company's can
nery will soon close for tho season
of 1908 with a pack of S.oOO cases
of pineapple, as compared with 2,
Too cases in 1907. Next year the
hutput is expected to reach 20,000
eases, in 1910. With the exception
nf 50 tons of fruit received this sea
son from Kohala, grown by Sam
Woods, all the fruit used at the
local cannery this year has been
supplied 1 1 j' growers in this dis
trict. The Hilo Fruit Company has
under consideration a proposition
to join an organization to be
known as the I'inea pie Factors'
Company, to be operated on the
same lines as the Sugar Factors'
Company, giving the latter the con
trol of the output so that it can be
in a position to enlarge the market
and move the pack as quickly as
possible. The pineapple factories
are at present confronted with n
growing output, without a corres
ponding increase in demand.
This may be partly attributed to
the fact that nearly two million
people have been idle on the Main
land this year, as a result of finan
cial panic that oceured twelve
months ago, to reduction of wages
brought about by the same cause,
to a very much larger outpUvofthe
fruit in Cuba, and to the unsettled
conditfcin of business that invari
ably accompanies a Presidential
election year. Some of these
causes will be removed after the
election, still the area planted to
pines on these inlands is being in
creased and the consideration of
any project that will guarantee a
growing market is timely and pro
per. Hawaii Herald.
Captain Parker will be one of
those to leave the police department
when Jarrctt takes up the duties of
Sheriff in January and Miss Rose
Davison, humane officer, will sever
her connection with the department.
Kalakiela will probably take Par
ker's place as captain of police and,
as announced in yesterday's Star,
Joe IiCal will be Chief of Detectives.
Who will be humane office is not
known, but that duty may be com
bined with that of hack inspector
and the salary saved.
ed the Nin Chen Tangia three times
he had crossed it five times on
his first and second journeys and
he now reports complete proof that
the mighty range is continuous to
the western border of Tibet. Al
though the absolute height of all
these Tibetan mountains is very
great, they are not remarkably im
pressive as seen rjsi.iyj fiym plateau
urfuee thafare 1(5,000 feet . above
the sea. :-K , i - "
Sven Hedin n-iMirts that he has
saved his scientific material. No
other pioneer explorer has ever pro
duced better surveys for map pur-
lioses, ami. it is certain that his
map sheets will fill with accurate
details a large part of the regions
both in northern and southern Tibet
that were marked "unexplored" on
the Royal Geographical man of
Tibet prepared three years ago.
COKE & DAVIS
WA1LUKU, MAUI, T. tl.
We propose to hold regular auc
tion sales in Wailuku and sell any
thing of value entrusted to us.
You probably have something of
value you do not need. Send it to us
and will we endeavor t sell to some
one who needs just what you do not
Announcements of date of sales
will be made from time to time,
tiive us a call.
Do not throw away your
old books. Send them to
the Maui Publishing Co.,
Printers and Book-binders.
Boost Things A!ong
Says Expert Newell.
Monday. Nov. 2.
''ISeelaimalion and the Develop
ment of Arid Lands" was the topic
covered by Frederick II. Newell, di
rector of the United States Recla
mation Service, in his address bc
for the Commercial Club this noon.
The speaker enumerated the steps
which mtr t he taken to induce set
tlers to come into any new country,
and called particular attention to
the needs of the Hawaiian Islands.
He said, in part :
"You have already taken up the
question of getting people to ome
here. But you must take stepB to
call attention to the fact that the
Hawaiian Islands are on the map
"The ignorance which exists a
mong well-informed people con
cerning the Hawaiian islands is re
markable. I have heard people
who should know better say that if:
they by anything in the Hawaiian
Islands they will have to pay duty
when they go back to the main-'
land. Such miscomprehension
should be corrected as generally as
"Now as to the people who might
be brought here. There are manv
people who are looking for a place
to settle. Watch' should be kept
for them. Now of course manv of
thee people have no mean at all,
If they have been unable to save
anything so far, it is not likely
that they will be able to do so now.
As a general thing a man should
have from -floOO to if.'lOOO before he
should be considered as a emid..te
to take up any reclaim farm.''
Mr. Newell then enumerated the
sections of the mainland which,
though comparatively steril at one
tine, have been developed until
they are among the most fertile a-
gricultuial sections of the country.
"Now there are many products
of the Hawaiian Islands that might
he -developed marvellously no
doubt," continued he. "There is
doubtless something that can bo
raised here in a manner superior to
that which is possible in any other
section of the world Take, let us
say, the banana. It is possible
that a banana might be raised here
which would far surpass that
raised at any other place.
"You may say that the climate
here is hot. If you compare the
climate here with that of Imperial
County, California, where wonder
ful melons are being raised, you
will find that your climate here is
"The thing that impresses me
most is that you must have a tho
roughly scientific study of the Is
ands made. You must have a to
pographic map, made by the Fed
eral Government, which will show
ttie exact geographical lav of the
"Now you cannot develop a ter
ritory by giving men pieces of land
which are too valuable or too big
In either case the man w ho takes
it up is too likely to sit back and
try to sell it. Experience has de
monstrated that the man who
takes up land must devote his
whole attention to it, or the home
steading plan is a failure.
"When we throw open land to
settlers, we give them practically
nothing. To be sure we give them
land, but the land is practically
worthless without his work; we
simply give them the opportunity.
"To take up reclamation work, I
believe first that you should have
carefully prepared topographical
maps; next, a scheme of careful
plans regarding the carrying on of
the work. Then you need industrial
agents who will study market con
ditions. Last, but not least, you
neeil tlie lana agent, llieiaml a
gent is often a nuisance, but he is
always an optimist, and he always
boosts things along.
"With all of these you cannot
fail to get tho class of people who
will develop the unoccupied lands
on these shores."
Fine Job Printing at the
Maui Publishing Co.
138,080 Persons Die An
nually from Tuberculosis.
Prof. Irving Fisher, the eminent
political economist of Yale Univer
sity, who in one of his papers be
fore the recent International Tu
berculosis Congress in Washington
declared that consumption costs
the people of the United States
more than billion dollars a year,
is prcpairiniT an exhaustive, report
for the National Conservation
Commission, which will contain
not on i y these figures, but similar
data on the- economic loss to the
country fuuii all other preventable
Prof. Fisher is a member of the
National Conservation Commission
and for many years lias been cary
ing on studies along these lines.
The commission received letters
from physicians all over the coun
try urging it to consider the bear
ing of public; health on the econo
mic efficiency of the nation in its
efforts to acertain the resources of
The commission from the begin
ning cotcmplated reports on the
economic aspects of several phases
of the conversation movement
which affect the duration and ef
fectiveness of human life, but Prof.
Fisher has undertaken to prepare
a comprehensive statement of the
whole subject of the relations of
public, health to the general field
of conservation, and especially as
to the waste from preventable di
seases and it n necessary death.
Dr. Fisher is professor of politi
cal economy at Yale Univenity
and chairman of the "Committee
of due Hundred" of the American
Association for the Advancement
of Science, v hieh has for a long
time been carrying on propaganda
for the increase of national health
through the elimination of pre
veniable diseases. This Committee
of Cue Hundred is composed of
physicians and men engaged in
active sociological work in everv
part of the country, and the results
of their investigations and ex
perience are all available to Dr.
Fisher, so that his report ought to
he the most thorouuhgoing and
complete summary of the situation
At the Tuberculosia Congress,
Prof. Fisher declared at 1:18,000
persons die of consumption every
year. The cost of medica I attend
ance and the loss of earnings he
fore death average at 'east 52-1CO.
he said, while if to this is added
the money that might have been
earned with health, the total loss in
each case is about IfSOOO. He
pointed out, also, that the disease
usually attacks young men and
women just at the time when they
are beginning to earn money and
cuts off their earning power for a-
bout three years on an average be
fore thev die.
This subject of the economic
value to the country of a neneral
aising of the average health came
up in the liovertiois C onference at
the White House in May. Dr.
CSeoryv M. Kober, in his speech on
the ''Conservation of Life and
Health by Improved Water Sup
ply" at the conference, presented
figures which showed that the de
crease in the "vital assets" of the
country through typhoid fever in a
single year is more than ..'350,000,-
000. Typhoid is spread by pollut
ed water, largely, so that the death-
rate from this disease can be direct
ly reduced by the purification of
city drinking water. Dr. Kober
quoted statistics .to show that the
increased value of the water to the
city of Albany, where tho typhoid
fever rate was reduced from 101 in
100,000 to twenty-six by an effi
cient filtra'ion plant, amounts to
175,000 a year, of which 3"0,000
mayi be considered a real increase
to the vital assets of the city. Cen
sus Bureau figures show that the
a vertigo ami mil death-rate from
typhoid in cities with contaminat
ed w ater supplies was reduced from
uO. l per 100,000 to 19.8 by the sub
stitution of pure supplies.
Dr. Kober cited estimates show
ing that the average length of
Mi a Li i on
Iliis Leon, hut is now on to of tho lion p.
Up to tho prosonl time it has Loon impossi
ble 1o ohtiiin one of tho luxuries of tho
world ill nny plaoo on fho Island, hut now
can ho purchased from tho MAUI WINE
UyUOU CO. or from tho MAUI HOTEL.
Try it and :ot renewed strength and vijror.
MAKE YOUR OWN GAS.
The Sunlight "OMEGA" cetelyn
Generators HAVE NO EQUAL
We are the Agents for the "OMEGA" and will cheerfully give
' (iENERATORS from 10 Its. to DOO Its.
FIXTURES of all kinds.
COMPLETE l'LNTS properly installed.
Let us talk "GAS MACHINE" to you and we can convince you
that you require an outfit to make your home complete.
KAHULUI RAILROAD CO'
MERCHANDISE DEPARTMENT Pole Agents
human life in the sixteenth cen
tuary was between eighteen and
twenty years, and at the close of
the eighteenth century it was a
little more than thirty, while to
day it is between thirty-eight and
forty indeed, the span of life
since 1SS0 has been lengthened
about six years.
Joe Leal is the
Chief of Defectives.
Joe Leal, lung with the police
force, under Drown and under I iu
kca, whose In ad lias been one of the
few in police circles to think out
Lei lies, is to be Chief of Detectives
undi r SherifT-clcet William Paul
While this announcement is n'ot
official it is positive as things stand
at present. Jarrctt won't talk on
the subject and Leal himself looks
forlorn and says he guesses he will
he out of a job, but the ones in
"the know'' laugh when they see
f.eal's "sad"' face, for he's booked
for the job that A. I. Taylor held
so sueci ssiuil.v, as sure as .(arret, is
the ( leeted ShcritT.
Leal has been the hero of many
police successes for which he never
got credit; not that he was looking
for credit or that it was a ease for
awarding credit as long as the work
was done, nut nevertheless he is the
one that is responsible tor a large
projiortion of the secret work the
police have accomplished.
To Illolhers of Babies!
Every mother loves to sic
her baby fat and plump.
I'ut a little TAIIO FLOl'It
in the milk, and you will
le delightfully surprised at
'!" cents HT tin at the
MAIN DRUG STORE
V. A. VETLESEN, prop.
Mai;kei Swi, Waimjku
ANTONE BORBA, Prop.
Full line of popular hrandsot
Celebrated Primo & Se.ie
I lott lcl lieur
25c 2 Glasses 25c
MAUI NO KA 01.
The truth of the above statement
may be substantiated by giving
Maui's own product a trial.
in any quantity from a bottle up.
Maui Wine & Liquor Co.
Bismark Stables Co.,
LIVERY, BOARD and
Automobiles fop Hire
At Hack Rotes
Meet ul Ishind Steamers
Excursion Rates to Iao and HakaVal
willi coinjH.tent guides.
DRUMMERS' LIGHT WAGQNS
NEW RIGS--NEW TEAMS