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THE MAUI NEWS
SATURDAY, JANUARY 23, 1909
THE MAUI NEWS
iitoroil at the Post Oilice nt Wailuku, Mutii, llawnii, as second-class matter.
A Republican Paper Published in the Interest of the People
Issued Every Saturday.
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HiiKh Coksi ... Edltorandmoniiger
SATURDAY. JANUARY 23, 11)09
Coffee The work which is being conducted by Mr. Louisson to
Tariff, secure a suitable tnrilT for the protection of the collee in
dustry should receive the assistance of all well wishers of Hawaii.
With a tariff on coffee importations collee plantations would spring
into existence where ever the aromatic berry could be produced,
and the diversifying of our industries would go on merrily. Per
haps with a fair prospect for the success of the coffee industry in
dependent American farmers would seek coffee farms on Hawaii
which would be a grent gain to the yeomanry of the Territory,
providing the school question does not form a stumbling block in
the wav of the establishment of American homes in Hawaii.
Kahului. The port of Kahului is a shining example of the neg
lect of federal authorities. Handling a trade of thq annual value
of about if 10,000,000 it is yet without ollicial lights and other safe
guards for the protection of shipping.
There is a saying that large bodies move slowly, and perhaps in
time the needs of Maui's leading port will be attended to. Much
has been done by private enterprise to improve the conditon of
the port of Kahului, and wo hope the Federal authorities may yet
see its way clear to provide proper protection for the shipping.
The harbor should be widened bv drederins and a breakwater
like the one which is being built for tho port of TTilo should be pro
vided for Kahului, for the trade of Maui's chief port certainly do
serves more attention than has been given it in the past.
W. H. Field, for several year
p:ist connected with the Kahului
Store, assumed the management of
the Maui Hotel, having bought out
Mr. V. A. Mayficld, who left for
the Coast by the Lurlino.
Mr. Field has had years of ex
perience in the hotel business and
will make several improvement in
the present building. He has 1m-
gun work on the extension of the
dining room, a part of which will
be used for private tallies. On
occasions of banquets the entire
dining room will lo opened up, thus
accomodating twice the iiumlcr of
guests it now holds.
The rooms of the entire building
will be papered over again, and
other minor changes made.
Kapaniwai, the Iao home of Mr.
and Mrs. Field, will be run as an
annex to the hotel, and undoubted
ly many people will spend their
vacations among the - scenery and
invigorating air of our famous
valley, which has Urn named by
the tourists as the "Yosemite of
The Pineapple It is a pleasure to record the growth or our
Industry. new industries. With promoters seeking to es
tablish a pineapple cannery in Wailuku it is but natural that part
ies holding suitable tracts of land for growing pineapples should
go into the industry.
The country between the valley of Kahakuloa and Waihee is steep
and hilly and the road narrow, barely wide enough for the passage
of vehicles, but should the cultivation of pineapples prove a sue
cess it would be but a short time before the roads could be widen
ed, and there would be a sufficient inducement to complete the gap
in the belt road between Waihee and the valley of Honokohau.
The land along this unfinished gap in the belt road line is as cer
tainly suitable for the raising of pineapples as the hilly land be
yond Waihee valley, and proves the wisdom of tho action of the
Maui Board of Supervisors in seeking to keep on the work of con
structing the belt, road with the available funds of che County, in
stead of waiting for a county loan.
On the Agricultural Honolulu editors seem mightily trou
Trainin Proposition, bled over our editorial on the agricul
tural training proposition. They hedge around the question and
show an evident desire to have tho experiment tried on "the dog."
There is no more suitable place than Honolulu for trying the ex
periment, situated as it is within easy i ail way distance from sev
eral big sugar plantations. By nil means try the experiment on
the Honolulu public schools.
The editor of the Maui News is not opposed to manual or indus
trial training in the schools, but does object to having small child
ren sent out to labor among plantation coolies on the specious plea
of getting agricultural training. We speak on this subject from
actual experience, and we would never knowingly endorse a pro
position to be tried on the children of others which we won't allow
to be tried on our own child reu.
It is perhaps an anomaly that our editor who has children un
dergoing industrial training in trie kamehameha Schools, is held
up to eicorn as one who is opposing industrial and the editors
whose children are fluttering around whito shirt schools are claim
ing glory for favoring a training which they would not allow to be
tried on their own children, as evinced by long winded space till
ing editorials of little meaning and of less value.
There is not a single child in any school of
Hawaii who would not be benefited by in
struction in agriculture. Kindergarten children learn to
plant seeds and the children find pleasure in tho work
If the training which the school authorities desire to introduce
in the public schools is to bo agriculture of the "play" sort, there
can be no objection to its introduction although to our certain
knowledge agriculture of the seed planting variety has been prac
ticed steadily in public schools in season for over ten years past.
Real agricultural work would require the handling of the spade.
hoe and plow, a sort of labor which is rather hard and heavy for
children of immature years, and which children must undergo if
real agricultural training is essayed.
But evidently our Honolulu contemporaries think agricultural
training could be had without the children touching hoe or spade
and doing real work in real fields of growing cane, something their
own inexperience has led them so far astray as to make their con
tentious absurd and ridiculous. Perhaps their idea is to have
children read up something on agriculture, their own long winded
editorials for instance, and that would constitute agricultural
training and an accomplishment in husbandry to be published and
talked about as a great achievment.
We may be dense, we admit the corn. We did not see the joke
until we stumbled on the above paragraph. Our ideas of agricul
tural training in public schools may be old fashioned for we got it
in the seventies, when the whole school would turn out of and delve
and tramp in the mud of a taro patch until the soil was worked to
the proper consistency and the plauting or taro tops followed. That
was hard labor for children of tender years but it was practical
The editor of the Bulletin talks wisely and gravely of his fears
that the youth of the land would become "candidates for jail" if
not given a course in agricultural training, but it happens when
our police yank a lot of offenders before the district magistrate
the promising candidates for jail turn out to be almost to u man
agricultural hands. How can the learned editor reconcile his theo.
ries with the facts?
Maui Hotel Under
at Waiakoa Sold.
Saturday morning, January Ifith
last, sub-agent W. O. Aiken, the
Land Department's representative
on Maui, sold the following home
stead lots on the cash purchase plan
The lots are situated on the Aim
puaa of Waiakoa, near Kihei, ami
were disposed of as follows:
Lot No. 3 for $200 to John Kupahu.
Lot No. 4 for 8150 to Lcialoha.
Lot No. 5 for $!." to Loe Kahoa, a
widow. The sales were made prac
tically nt the upset price.
The Advisability of
One of the most serious results of
modern industrial evolution has
been the difficulty that lies in the
path of 1ki-s to learn trades. This
comes from, the specialization in
mechanics, the multiplication of
labor-saving machinery and de
vices and the restrictions of trade
unionism. One of tho most pro
mising remedies for the evil for it
is a great evil, being fraught with
menace to good social conditions
is the movement for trade schools.
List month there was published a
preliminary report of a committee
of ten prominent business men and
educators appointed by the National
Society for the Promotion of In
dustrial Education, to consider the
relation of industrial education to
the general system ef education. It
was presented at the national con
vention of the society in Atlanta.
The report recommends the estab
lishment of industrial improvement
schools and trade schools, also a
national department with a Secre
tary of Education in the Cabinet.
On the question of the desirability
of trade schools the committee says:
All who are acquainted with
education in E-uroix-an nations
know that in the matter of indus
trial training wo are far behind such
countries art Germany; that our ap
prentice system even if materially
extended can offer industrial educa
tion to only a comparative few;
that there are practically no facili
ties for the training of tho youth
between the ages of fourteen and
eighteen for industrial pursuits, and
the opportunities for those who are
in the trades to improve their skill
by theoretical training arc confined
to isolated and occasional schools.
The vast majority of children
leave school at the end of the
grammar school period. Any voca
tional school which has to serve this
great group of citizens must articu
late at some point with the public
school system of tho country, pre
ferably with the grammar school."
Pine Job Printing at the
Maui Publishing Co.
Rubber Expert Yisits
F. G. Wallace, manager of the
Tunjong Hok rubber plantation
located in the state of Johore,
Strait Settlements, passed through
Wailuku, Saturday last accom
panied by F. T. P. Waterhouse
and Albert Waterhouse on their
way to look into the Nahiku rub
ber plantations. This is one of
ihe plantation? in which Hawaii
an capitalists nrc interested.
The company his a thousand
acres planted to rubber, entirely of
the Hcvca vnrietv.
The people of the state of Johore
are mostly Chinese and Japanese,
and ht'ior is plentiful.
possible for incoming white settlers,
who are to be the builders of the
American tropical commonwealth,
to live, or even exist, under such
unfair and uneven conictition, in
a market that should be ours by a
kindred bond, or by political or
Most European countries impose
an import duty on coffee:
Sweden exacts a duty of lj cents lb.
Great Britain 3 "
Germany 4i " "
Norway ti 1-1G " "
C! recce " "
135 " '
I C I
Tire Vuh anizing. Auto Repairing.
Our prices are right and
our work is guaranteed.
Telephone No. 474.
on Coffee Tariff.
Abraham L. Louisson, tho Hnm
nkua coffee grower, appears to lie
the only one in the Territory who
is earnestly endeavoring to secure a
protective duty on coffee. He has
plenty of moral support, extended
by every one in the Islands, but
that is all. When the Ways and
Means Committee bring up the sub
ject of tariff revision next March,
Mr. Iiouisson will require all tho
friends of Hawaii in Washington to
help him in urging the claims of
this important industry. Porto Ri
cans take 0 deeper interest in pro
curing n protective duty than the
people of these Islands because many
of them have their entire fortunes
invested in coffee growing. They
will send a full delegation to Wash
ington, and this will perhaps be Mr.
Louisson 's strongest ally in the ap
peal for a tariff.
In a pamphlet which he has re
cently issued Mr. Imisson uses some
able tariff reasoning. He advocates
a specific duty of at least five cents.
Among other things ho says:
"The cost of production in Hawaii
is, according to my experience, from
10 to 12 cts. a lb., including inci
dentals such as shipping, commis
sions, insurance, etc., excluding in
terest on investment. No two years
successively are incidentally the
same, and it varies according to
crops, seasons, labor conditions, etc.
Our cost of help overruns that of
Brazil, and is far in excess of what
is paid in Mexico, all through Cen
tral America, Java ami India, as
well as other coffee producing coun
tries. The latest information I have
is that in Mexico the agricultural
laborer receives from 40 to 50 cents
Mexican silver a day, or 20 to 25
cents a day gold, equal to 85.20 a
month gold for 2G working days. In
all probably wages are on a par with
Mexico all through Central America.
We pay a wage rate of twenty dol
lars gold a month, and same is ris
ing. If Hawaii is to be American
ized, and white European labor in
time substituted for Asiatic labor,
then the cost of production will in
crease accordingly. Such are the
facts with which the American pro
ducer is confronted, and how is it
THE SMALL FARMER
Can secure our assistance in endeavoring to find a market for his
products. We arc engaged in the business of selling Groceries,
Provisions and numerous articles required by tho farmer for the
daily use of his family. Wo believe we may be able at the same
time to sell his products; some of them anywayif not all.
If tho farmer will let us know what ho has to sell, when it
will lie ready for market, how packed and how to bo shipped,
with probable quantities in each shipment; give us in advance all
the information he can; we will at once start investigating the
market conditions and advise him of same.
We sell to family consumers throughout tho Islands for
CASH, money with order, and many acknowledge that they are
saving money every month. We want the farmers' family trade
and will sell their products for CASH also, so as to furnish the
necessary "GOLD LUP.RJCANT" to keep the farm running
smoothly. No order too small or too largo for us to undertake.
Got the CASH HABIT in buying and selling.
THEO. F. LANSING
Importer, Jobber and Retailer.
03 and 05 King Street,
P. O. BOX 351.
One Needs a Tonic
in this climate; and the best Ionic for one
to take, and the ph-asantest, is a glass of
PRIMO BEER with lunch or dinner.
PRIMO BEER for HEALTH
We have Kodaks and Brownie Cameras
of all sizes and prices, and everything that
goes with them. Write us for particular.
We do Developing and Printing by mail.
Honolulu Photo Supply Co.
Everything Photographic FORT ST., HONOLULU
Sfime Sfablc jfCahului Slailroad Company
A r rive
P M - Weilnsd'v AM u m
p ' Pas. Pass' STATIONS '
Pab- only Pab. ran
200 P. M. Kahului Leave 6.20 . 1.20
2- 12 Puunene Arrive 6.35 1.35
220 4.15 Puunene Leave 6.40 1.40
235 4.30 Kahului Arrive 6.55 ..55
2.40 4.35 5.10 Kahului Leave 8.10 b 10
2 52 4.47 5.22 Puunene Arrive 8.25 3.25
2.55 4 50 5.25 Puunene Leave 8.30 3 31'
3.10 5.00 - 5.40 Kahului Arrive 8.45 '3 45
3.20 5.05 5.45 Kahului Leave 9.45
3- 35 Puunene Arrive 10.00
3-Ju Puunene Leave 10.30
3.52 5.30 (J.05 Kahului Arrive 10 45
Kahului Railroad Company
ALEXANDER & BALDWIN, Ltd.;--ALEXANDER & BALDWIN, Line of Sailin Vessels Betwr-er
San Fraucisco and the HawaiUu Islaiuls; AMERICAN-HAWAIIAN STEAMSHIP CO.;