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THE MAUI NEWS
SATURDAY, MARCH 20, 1909
Distrust of Japs Ambitions
Tokio, Feb. 20. Tliu imperial cor
respondence to the Asahi from its
San Francisco correspondent con
tinues to represent the situation as
most alarming. These; specials
claim that the anti-Japanese senti
ment is rapidly spreading ami that
the war feeling in America is gen
eral. The specials, widely circulated
and copied, contribute, to sustain
the feeling of uneasiness among the,
Nichi-Niehi, a paper owned by
K. Kato, the Japanese Embassador
to England, which commented with
great bitterness during the earlier
stages of the anti-Japanese legisla
tion by the California legislature in
a lengthy editorial on the anti-Japanese
sentiment in America, pub
lished today, says: "Americans
continue to regard Japan with sus
picion, and this ill feeling continues
notwithstanding the efforts of the
Japanese Government and people to
prove the sincerity and cordiality of
their feeling. This distrust extends
"It is incomprehensible to our
people why America and Europe
continue to regard Japan as seeking
"war. Two wars were sufficient. We
want peace in the future. War with
America could only be fore'ed by the
United States threatening the in
dependence of Japan. It is un
necessary for America to fortify it
self against Japan."
' The editorial concludes by quot
ing the text of the Roosevelt tele
graph to the California legislature,
expressing the belief that the pas-
sage oi uie 0111 woum icau to serious
consequences. The paper contends
that this message shows that even
f il . I !ll 11 1 1 .
the Federal Government regarded
n f no nw tl to 1 tin 11 if i tinu nit nvl ir
Honolulu, March 12. That th
auctioning of fish in wholesale lots
by virtue of a commission broker's
license lias been sanctioned by
Treasurer Camplxll, was the state
ment made this morning to a Bulle
tin reporter by Dr. Mitaniura, pre
sident of the Hawaiian Fisheries,
Investigation by the Bulletin man
disclosed the fact that fish is being
sold daily in wholesale lots by mer
chants holding no auctioneer's
license, and that apparently no
effort has ever been made to stop
the practice. The defense is that
only recognized dealers are allowed
to bid, and that, in consequence
only a commission license is neces
Mayor Fern stated this morning
that, a daily visitor to the Fish mar
ket, lie had repeatedly seen fish auc
tioned off, but supiM)sed that the
auctioneers held the same form of
license as those handling other lines
Ho said today that lie wished to
study the matter carefully before
taking any action. It is not unlike
ly that he may call Sheriff Jarrett
Dr. Mitamura made the follow
ing statement this morning:
"Under the arrangements mad.
between us (the Hawaiian Fisheries
Ltd.), through our attorney, A. L
C. Atkinson, and Treasurer Camp
lx'll, we were advised that the fish
could lx sold at auction on the
strength of the broker's licensi
This only, however, to the retail
brokers; meaning thereby those who
have fish stands at the fishmarkct.
No fish is sold to those who have no
fish stands in the market. The
numlx'f of the retail brokers is
limited and none other is allowed to
Great losses Incurred
From Bad Roads.
In his "Treatise on Highways,''
ustin T. Byrne concludes that the
average cost ot hauling over the
2,1 oo.OOO miles of country highways
of this country is 2" cents a ton
mile. For hauling over the roads of
France, Germany and England, the
cost ranges from 7 cents for the in-
oniparable national routes . of
France to lli for the worse roads in
generous average is 12 cents.
The difference is the mud, rut and
hill-climbing tax imposed upon all
Americans, but first against the
armcrs. The corn hauled to mar
ket during the harvest season of 1905
0U weighed 1,0S:5,(X)0 tons. The
length of the haul was !).! miles.
The mileage on that crop was 17!),-
3.S0.200. At the American bad-
roads rate of 25 cents the total cost
was 81 1,8 15,050. At the European
good-roads rate of 12 cents it would
lave leen $21,525,(125. During
the same fruitful year 85,487.000,-
000 pounds of recorded farm pro
duets were hauled over the roads.
The saving on that ' weight at the
rate of 81.17 a ton for the average
haul would have been 852,232,i):3.
Best obtainable figures prove the
presence on farms of over 2!?, 400, 000
horses and mules, worth 4,423,
697,000. If, through improvement
of roads, one-fourth as many horses
ami mules could haul the products of
the farms to market, the farmers
oil Id at once credit themselves with
a billion. Another element of gain
would be the immediate increase in
value of rural lands near which good
roads are hunt. 1 his gam ranges
from 82 to $9 an acre.
Steel Trust Cut Prices
to Get big Contract.
New York, Feb. 23. Wall street
learned for the first time today just
why the United States Steel Cor
poration cut the price of steel. Only
one week before the announcement
was made the Pressed Steel Car Com
pany's, contract, which calls for
$ 12, 0X), 000 or more worth of ma
terial annually, expired and was not
renewed. Other heavy buyers let it
be known that for the next year at
least they would purchase in the
The loss of all the business in
licatc could have leen sustained and
still the stockholders and surplus
account of the billion-dollar concern
would not have suffered materially.
But it was reported that smaller in
dependent companies were cuting
prices and making contrcts to furn
ish steel ' for the current year at
figures materially lower than those
charged, by the United States Cor
poration, Bethlehem, Iackawanna,
Pennsylvania, Cambria and Jones &
This meant that more orders than
the officers of the larger group had
information alxiut were probably
U'ing secured by the little fellows
For this reason war was declared,
and it is to be continued until these
little fellows surrender or go to the
hen this information permeat
ed Wall street today there was
frenzied selling of United States
steel stocks, which resulted in sen
rational declines and evidences of
demoralization very like those which
prevailed during the panic of 1!)()7.
But there was this difference: In
1(107 the dcnioralization.rcpresentcd
the culmination of a long period of
commercial and banking inflation.
The stampede of Unlay merely means
the precipitate return of an overin
tlatcd market to levels nearer in
trinsic values. At the closing prices
of today tht! market is very close to
the levels of last summer. In this in
stance nolxxly has licenhurt but the
It was reported ttxlay that the
price of other products of iron would
bo announced at an early date.
Among those mentioned U tin plate.
Plan to Make Several Of
Honolulu, March 12. There is a
plan simmering somewhere in gov-
mment circles for the consolidation
of the Public Works Depart ment
with the Lind and Survey Bureaus,
to bring all three under one head,
presumably of the Public Works
Department, so that loth economy
mid greater efficiency may lie gain
There is said to be more or less of
lirect connection ln-tween all these
departments and efficiency and dis
patch, it is argued, would result
from a consolidation.
Furthermore, it is argued that
under the present triple svsteni
much red tape has to be cut which
causes some matters to he delayed
in being worked out. It is also
iirgued that if all three departments
were under' the head, sav of the
Superintendent of Public Works,
that when an order is given for cer
tain surveys to be done, the order
would go direct from the superin
tendent and be carried out without
loss of time. The matter of saving
in draughtsmen's offices is said to
have been considered in this con
nection. Just who may spring the plan to
consolidate is not altogether clear as
yet, but the plan is reported to have
Ix'cn presented to certain legislators
for their consideration.
The same dicky-bird claims that
the Senate has been canvassed and
stands !) to (i in favor of not con
firming Treasurer Camplx-U and
Land Commissioner Pratt. Bu'mors
have from time to time been spread
that these nominations, and others,
might U held up, but it is said that
there is more or less certainty about
the two officers named.
U. S. Building Worst
of Canals, He Says.
New York, February 21 Philip
pe Jean Bnnan Varilla, engineer,
says there are three ways to build
canals; one good, cue poor and one
very bad indeed and the United
States has chosen the very worst
way to set about making Cape
Horn into a lonesome headland.
11 t Ml I 1
rsunau arnia, who worneu on
the canal in 1884 under De Lesscps
and afterward assisted in negotiat-
ing the isthmian canal-treaty in
1903, will speak befors the Boston
Club on February 25th. discussing
his proposition of the "Straits of
Panama" as opposed to the lake
and lock system and the so-jailed
sea level canal.
"There are three classes of com
munication between oceans," said
Mr. Bunau Varilla. "The best and
the perfect one is the wide, deep,
open communication which I call
the Straits of Panama. This would
be 500 feet wide at the bottom, GOO
feet wide at the water level and 45
feet at the lowest stages of the tide
"The next best one, though great
ly interior, ia the so-called Bea
level canal. It is open on the At
lantic ocean, which at the point
has no tides, but is closed on t he
Pacific side by a tidelock, because
on the Pacific ocean there are tides
of twenty feet range, ten feet above
and ten feet bel6w mean level.
"The third clas of solution- the
worst one and the most dangerous-
18 the one actually under construe
tion. It is what is known as the
lake and lock solution.
"It consists ia placing two dams
one on each side of the isthmus, in
order to raise the level of the river
waters to eightv-five feet above the
sea. TheCulebra continental divide
is, therefore, much reduced and for
lifting the shins from the ocean
level it is necessary to use the sort
of steps which are called locks.
"Hie danger ot this system is
terrific, because all the money ex
pcuded, all the efforts of ten year
would be annihilated in a quarter
of an hour if one of the two dams
should give way.'
Thwing Will be
Back Here in May.
Honolulu, March 12. It. v. E.
W. Thwing will return from China
It was reported this morning that
the gentleman had resigned his posi
tion as head of the Chinese mission
hi re, but the rumor was denied by
Theodore Itiehards of the Hawaiian
'The rcxrt that Mr. Thwing has
resigned his ixtsition as head of the
Chinese Mission here is not correct,"
aid Itiehards. "He went to China
on a leave of absence, and ever since
then I have been receiving letters
Just a Few Assorted Jokes.
ltastus Ah done proposed t' Liza
'onner bout a yeah 'fore yo' mar
Mose Am dat so?
ltastus Yassah; an' ah had mah
ibbit's foot on mah pusson at dc
time, but she done turned me down.
Mose (sighing) Yo' shore was
lucky in bavin' dat rabbit foot wid
t a party, while a young lady
was playing with peculiar brilliancy
of touch, a bystander bachelor ex
'I'd give the world for those
"Perhaps you might get the
whole hand by asking," said the
young lady's observant mamma.
Hudson Maxim, at the British
Schools Club's rccijrt .banquet at
I'eimonieo s, reierrco lo rne logs or
"In one of the worst London
'ogs," said the inventor, an old
friend of mine tried to find his way
from Trafalgar Square to the Savoy,
where he had an engagement to
"The. sulphurous air made the
eyes smart and the head ache and
it brought on terrific fits of cough
ing. You could not, literally, see
your hand before your face. There
was a continual crashing in of win
dows; bells jangled; vehicles and
foot passengers collided, shrieks and
"Threading his way in the midst
of this pandemonium, through the
Strand, as he supposed, 'front Land-
seer's lions to the waiting dinner at
the Savoy, my old friend, to his
great bewilderment, soon found
himself descending a broad stair
way. He put his hand to the
balustrade. Yes, a broad and state
ly stairway, with a rail of carved
"Suddenly in his descent my
friend collided with some one as
cending the stairway.
" 'Hullo!' he said.
" 'Hullo! ' a gruff voice replied.
" 'Can you tell me,' said my
friend, 'where I am going?'
" 'Certainly,' said the other. 'If
you keep straight on you will walk
into the Thames, for I've just come
out of it!" "
The old gentleman who was al
ways declaring that boys were not
what they used to Ik- stopix-d in
front of the smart child.
"Will; Buddy," greeted the old
gentleman, "how are you to-day?"
"Very well, sir," responded the
smart child, shyly.
"And do you ever think what
you are going to do when you are a
great big man?"
N no, sir,
"Ah, I knew it. Children are so
shiftless these times. And why
don't you give it any thought?"
"B U-eause 1 am a little girl,
The rigid observance of English
rules in Siuth Carolina courts, and
the neglect of tin' same on the part
of a Uirristcr well known in his day,
gave rise to the following passage:
"Mr. ," said the Judge, "you
have on a light coat. You can't
Prof. Pope on
Botany In College Course of
Honolulu, March 12. Two very
interesting lectures were delivered
last night at the College of Hawaii.
Prof. Pojk' sixike first on "Botany
of Economic Plants" and was fol
lowed by President Gilmore on
Prof. lqc presented first a class
fication of economic plants, calling
particular attention to those of im
ortancc in Hawaii. Next the meth
ods of detailed study of plants were
taken up in connection with an ex
planation of the instruments used.
Microscopes, microtomes, etc. , were
shown and explained.
The speaker then took up the de
tailed study of the Vegetable cell, its
structure, content, and the changes
that take place duringgrowth. Plant
products --starches, sugars, oils,
gums, resins, were shown and their
President Gilmore introduced his
subject by saying that though plant
improvement as such has U-en
known for a long time it has only
been in recent years that science has
been applied to it and .much pro
Plant improvement is based on
the theory of evolution. Lamarck
explained variation by '-'use and
lisuse'' of certain organs, while
Darwin, some years later, dcvclofied
the theory of the survival of the
fittest," or the perpetuation of the
race by the keeping of a balance be
tween' production and food supply.
The importance of a lilx-ral educa
tion combined with good judgment
was pointed out as necessary to one's
success in plant improvement.
The following reasons were shown
to have hindered progress: First,
the sexuality of plants was not dis
covered until about Kill. Secondly
the pollination of plants is difficult
to control since some plants are self
fertilized, some wind-fertilized, and
others only by man's assistance.
Thirdly, the seed was formerly con
sidered as the unit; today we recog
nize the individual plant as the
Three essential steps that must be
followed iii all improvement are:
First to produce variation by modify
ing environment or by crossing;
then sefect from the variations those
plants which best seem to suit' the
needs; and filially test the plants
selected under field conditions.
"May it please the Bench," said
the barrister, "I conform strictly to
the law. Let me illustrate. The law
says the barrister shall wear a black
gown and coat, and Your Honor
thinks that means a black coat?"
"Yes," said the Judge.
"Well, the law also says the
sheriff shall wear a cocked hat and
sword. DtH-s Your Honor hold that
the sword must be cocked as well as
He was permitted to proceed.
Hawaiian Iron Fence and
Monument Works, Ltd
Honolulu T. H.
IRON FENCE CHEAPER THAN WOOD
We Sell Iron Fence
Whose Fr-noe revive4 the nifihetvt
Award, "UOIO ITleaal," World
Fuir, ft. Louis, 11W4.
The most rconnmiral fence you can
buy. l'rioe less thun a nt-tuble wood
fen.. Why not rpliu-e your old one
now, withaui-ut, attractive I HON I KMK,
"LAST A I.II'F.TlHt:."
Over lno iIi.ik!i ol Iron Fence, lro Plowr
Yaws Kettor eta., t-hnwu in pur catalogui.
Low I'rlee will KurprUa You,
CALL. AMU BtK US,
Wedded to M. 1 Wilkes.
February 2.S. Miss
daughtt r of Mrs.
the world's richest
married quietly at J
to Matthew Astor )
n Kin to-day
Wilkes, the (io-year-old great grand- i
son of. the original John Jacob As- '
tor. . The e.-remony was performed
by the Bev. Dr. Philemon F.
St urges, rector of St. Peter's Church
at Morristown, N . J.
Woodbury Langdon was best man,
but the bride was without ritten-
ants, there being no bridesKiaids .
r mai.l oi honor.
Following the ceremony the guests
repaired at once to Morristown Inn,
where a wedding breakfast Nwns
The wedding of MissGreen .
I a sensational light from lA
K.ken flat in a tumble-down '
the Delaware. Lackawama
Western railway, where sh "
peeial car provided for
She was accompanied on
Miss Green wore a gra.
uit with a hat decorated
earners and a wmie noa.
ried a bouquet of lilies of t
Her mother was dressed i
silk, with a black coat turner.
in the front with white lace. -u.
ilso wore a black hat with ru-V roses.
Among the guests were Mr. and
Mrs. Woodbury Langdon, Miss
Sophia and Miss Helen Langdon,
Miss Kathcrine Wilks, sister of the
bridegroom; Mr. and Mrs. Langdon
Wilks, Byron K. Stevens, Mrs. T.
. Williams, Charles Emniett, Mr.
jcroy, Miss Ruth Lawrenw, How- 5
and Pell, who gave the brideaw
Mrs. Lewis C. Hoyt, Mrs. Charles
Brown Oakley and Mrs. S. Jones.
They went to the wedding in a
By her mother's death Mrs. WiJJj,
will come into an income of nearly (
$2,(XM),XX).a year. Her. husband
is a millionaire in his own right.
The muptials signify the' termina
tion of a persistent wooing of ten
Mrs. Green, whose hair was dress-
cd in a manner to remove ten years j
from her age,' chatted excitedly and
happily with her guests.
"What did you give your daught
er for a wedding gift?"suddenly ask
ed an inquisitive newspaperman. f
What would your mother givejj
your parried the old lady cleverly, t
I gave her all my love, ami when
I die she will have a great deal more
Will she have all that you-
own?" asked the inquistive one. '
"She will have it all when I anr.'
lead, ''responded Mrs. Green. t '
"I can't tell you how happy I ;
am,'' she continued. "You knot- f
I have always wanted my daughtcV J
to marry if I was sure that she was
to Im- happy. I know now that that
is true and 1 supjKise some day I
shall Ix1 a grandmother."
When asked why it was that so
essentally a New York woman chose
Holiokcn for her alxde, Mrs. Green
smiled whimsically. ,
You sec, it is like this," she
said. I was Ix.rn in Vermont, and '
there 1 was reared by my father and
almost frozen to death. I would be
clean baked if I did as my son would
have me and live in Texas.' And so,
as there are so many lawsuits af.Kit
these days, I chose HoUikcu as a
'l : .1 t
i am surprised to near persons
talk of my flat as U ing plaii. It is
really a very fine apartment and
ix rfectly suitable to a woman with .
no frills, like myself.
"Now supX)se," continued Mrs.
Grewn injliesume happy vein, "tjiat
I should wear all the gorgeous frip- '
pcrics of a woman of fashion, and
to which my money entitles me.
Just suppose I should sail into my
bank some morning, with fifteen
men capitalists waiting for me, rig
ged out in a Parisian creation and
a millinery confection on my head '
adorned with llowing ostrich plumbs.
Imagine how much business I could
transact. That isn't my style. I am
neat, but not dressy."
Mrs. Green then stated that hvy
laughter and her husband wer.
going abroad for their honeymoon,'
and on their return would buy t;
residence on the upjx'r West Side;i