Newspaper Page Text
THE MAUI NEWS
SATURDAY, JULY 3, 1909
Ad Authorative Discussion by
Department of Agriculture.
In response to a resolution of in
quiry which passed the Senate
April 8, Secretary Wilson lias for
warded a rejort Mi the beet-sugar
industry in the United Slates.
Tins report contains an interesting
summary of farts and figures re
lating to this industry.
In 1890 there were 6 beet-sugar
factories in operation and one
building, hitting altogether a capa
city for slicing 4,000 tons of beets
daily. In 1908 there were G4 fac
tories, with a total capacity of 50,
000 tons of beets daily more than
a twelve-fold increase.
From 1898 to 1900 more produc
tion of beet sugar grew from oG.OOO
tons to 484,000, an increase of more
than thirteen fold in eight years.
In 1896 41,000 acres of beets
were harvested; in 1900 370,000
acres, or more than nine times ns
great an area.
The price of beets, like prices of
other farm crops, ha9 risen steadily.
In 1890 the factories paid $4.10 per
ton; now they have to pay $5.35.
' In 1898 the farmers had 364,000
tons of beets to sell to the factories,
for which they received $1,564,000.
In 1900, jiut eight years later,
they had 4,230,000 tons of beets to
sell, and received for them $21,
604,000 a twelve-fold increase in
beets and a fourteen-fold increase
in money returns.
The total amount paid out by
factories for beets during the past
twelve years amounts to $121,000,
000. The total capital invested in
beet-sugar plants in this country
is about $70,000,000, and this does
not include investments made by
factory owners in farm lands, irri
gation works, etc.
Among other things the Senate
called on the Secretary of Agricul
ture to state how much beet sugar
can be produced in the United
States. 1 he Secretary replies that
we have demonstrated conditions
of soil and climate favorable to
beet culture in an area of at least
274 million acres, and that it will
only take one acre out of every 200
of this to produce all the sugar we
now import from foreign sources.
ite estimates "that it the sugar
beet were grown throughout those
portions of the United States
adapted by nature and with the
aid of irrigation to its culture, with
a system of rotation including the
cultivation of the beet every fourth
year, 15 million tons of beet sugar
could be produced in the United
States annually, or more than the
world's total production of sugar
at the present time "
It appears from this report that
the people of European counties
have to pay a good deal more for
their sugar than we do. For the
years 1904 1907 the average re
tail price of lump sugar in Naples
and Milan was lay:, cents per
pound, in Amsterdam 9.4 cents, in
Madrid nearly 9 cents, in Stock
liolm 7V cents, in, Vienna and
Budapest 7j cents, in Paris 6J
cents, in Dresden and . Bremen
nearly 6 cent, and in Brussels 5)4
' The prices given are for lump
sugar because that is the grade
most uniformerly quoted in the
European 'statistics. This grade
appearsMo be much more generally
consumed than granulated in most
countries of Continental Europe.
The Brussels Sugar Convention,
which went into effect September
1, 1903, caused a radical reduction
of the price of sugar in many
European countries. In Belgium
the fall in the retail price was
cents per pound, in' the Seriuan
cities cents, and in Austrian
Hungary IJ4 cent.
The Secretary gives a fluttering
account of the progress made in
developing the beet-sugar industry,
Elks' Delegate to
Sail on Aorangi.
Honolulu; June 23. As delegate
to the Elks' Convention t: be held
in Southern California, Harry Mur
ray will leave on the Aornngi for
Iis Angeles, ;in British Columbia.
Owing to the fact that the Matson
steamer Lurline, 011 which Delegate
Murray and several cithers of the
local Herd had expected to travel,
will not sail until July 2, they were
forced to make a change in plans.
It was at first thought that the
Lurline would sail from here on tin
29th, or 30th, and the lmys had
planned to leave on "this Wit, the
social hall of the steamer t) be
turned into one great stateroom for
However, this arrangement did
not pan out, and, in order to le oii
the mainland in time, Harry Mur
ray finds that he must leave on the
orangi, making the long trip up
North in order to go down South.
On the later Units that sail from
here direct to San Francisco, a dele
gation of. five or six of the members
of the local lodge will leave for Los
Angeles. AUmt 2,500 maile-ilima
leis will lie shipped to the Southern
California city to ho used at the
Convention. Hawaii thus having the
usual unique representation in Moral
U. S. Department of Agricul
ture Consider the Matter.
and takes a verj cheerful view of
its future prospects. He concedes
that some failures occurred among
the earlier factories, but shows that
the later factories have been quite
uniformly successful. He says
that wherever factories have been
successfully operated the values of
farm lands have risen very decid
edly, especially lands under irriga
tion in the far West. He says beet
culture improves the land and
educates the farmer. The opera
tion of a factory leads to the in
vestment of capital in many in
dustries more or . less related to
beet-sugar production. The by
products pulp and molasses are
fed to stock, and their use has
largely increasee the amount of
live slock kept and fed in most
Beet-sugar factories are now in
successful operation in 10 States.
Colorado leads all other States
engaged in the industry, having 10
factories. In 1907 these produced
109,000 tons of sugar, or enough,
if it had been passed around, to
give all the people in the United
States 4' pounds apiece.
California and Michigan follow
Colorado at a respectful distance
in the race for second place. Michi
gan has the same number of fac
tories as Colorado, but their pro
duct is considerably smaller. Cali
lorma lias only y plants, out some
of the latter are very large. From
year to year the production of
sugar is about the same in the two
v Utah has 5 factories and they
are qtrong producers. Idaho and
Wisconsin follow with 4 each, and
there are 10 States with 1 factory
The most eastern factory is that
at Lyons, N. Y. Hamilton City,
Cal., has the most western factory,
Los 1 Alamitos, Cal., the most
southern, and Billings, Mont., the
The largest factory in the United
States, and one of the largest in
the world, is the one at Spreckels.
Cal., which is able to slice 3,000
tons of beets in a day, or 100 car
loads of 30 tons each.
ihe oldest successiul factory in
the United States is the one at
Alvarado, Cal., which was estab
lished in 1879, anil has been niak
ing beet sugar for thirty years.
How to prevent or lessen the
losses due to rusting of iron and
steel is an important problem and
one which' is receiving more and
more attention. This prMem has
become fif far greater importance in
recent years for two reasons: (1)
The greatly increased use of these
materials; (2) the fact that the iron
and steel made to-day are much
more seriously injured by rust than
those made by earlier and slower
The rust problem is being attack
ed by a great many investigators
to-day and Uith manufacturers and
users of iron and steel are watching
the results with keen interest.
The great interest which farmers
and road builders have in this pro
blem has led the United States De
partment of Agriculture to take it
up. Several publications of more
or less technical character have al
ready been issued. The latest of
these, a bulletin on "The Preserva
tion of Iron and Steel," by Aller
ton S. Cushnian, describes some
very interesting exiwriiiicnts. For
one experiment, a steel manufactur-
r made a number of samples of
wire, using different processes and
greater or less quantities of the dif
ferent impurities usually found in
the iron and steel, and these samples
were given different protective coat
ings. Sections of wire fene were
then made of these wires, and these
have been erected on the grounds
of the Carnegie Technical Schools
at Pittsburg. The object is to deter
mine which method of manufactur
ing and coating wire will, best resist
corrosion in actual use.
Another line of experimental work
involves the use of paints. As a
practical test a large number of
pieces of sheet steel have been cover
ed with different paints, and these
have lieen set up along the seashore
at Atlantic City.
These experiments have only Urn
under way a short time and it is too
soon to expet any definite results.
Doctor Cushnian holds that cor
rosion of iron and steel results large
ly from electrolysis, a theory that
apicars to be making great headway
toward general acceptance.
The protection of iron and steel
from destruction by rust is one of
the great conservation problems to
which the present age is just awaken
ing. If it can be solved, a great
waste of our mineral resources can
Ir stopped. The production and
use of rust-resistant steel and iron
will pay in the long run even if it
involves an increase in cost of manufacture.
MARK TWAIN ADVISES (illiLS.
Baltimore, Maryland, June 11.
Mark Twain came to Baltimore yes
terday to talk to the girl graduates
of St. Timothy's school.
Following Edward F. Martin of
New York, he said that as Martin
had advised them as to ' what they
should do, he could only tell them
what they should not do.
"There are three things, young
ladies, I advise you not to do.
Don't smoke that is, don't smoke
to excess. I am 7lU years old and
I have smoked only 7." years of that
"Don't drink that is, don't
drink to excess.
"Don't marrv 1 mean, to excess."
CONTRACTOR and B U 1 1, D E It
Plar.s ami Estimates Furnished
Small- Jobs and Repair Work by
Day or Contract.
Wailiki', Mali, T." 11.
Miss Evans Answers
Under a two-column cut of Miss
Pauline Evans of Honolulu with the
heading "Hawaiian Girls Tell Fair
Visitors About Islands," The Seattle
Post-Intelligencer of June 1 1 has as
follows to say:
The busiest department in the
Hawaiian building isthe information
bureau where young women from
the islands answer the rapid-fire
questions of visitors from the mo
ment the doors open in theinoni:
ing until evening. Some of the in
quiries are earnest, sensible ques
tions and some show an amazing
lack of knowledge of the location of
the islands with reference to other
parts of the earth, but all of them
are answered with unfailing good
nature and with a desire to give as
much information as possible.
"Today I was asked if the jwople
of the islands used the koa wood
canoes to go from Honolulu to
Manila,'' said Miss Pauline Evans
yesterday. "M any appeared to think
that Hawaii and the Philippines
were neighboring islands and that
people went back and forth in
small boats. Some of the most ab
surd questions were asked by visit
ors who should know better, but we
arc always glad to give such infor
(natioti1 as they seek."
Yesterday Miss Evans conducted
a small class in pronunciation of
Hawaiian names. A group of teach
ers who had lieen attending the de
monstrations at the Educational
building were the pupils. When it
was explained that the numerous
vowels in the Hawaiian names had
the continental pronunciation and
that all of the Vowels were sounded,
the class had less difiieulty with the
Yet when Miss Evans spoke the
soft sounding syllaldes the words
were like the ripping of a brook,
while the pupils found many snags
in the stream.
"What does aloha mean?" is the
first question usually propounded at
the information bureau. "Aloha''
has been wrought in large letters 'in
the trellis work at the main entrance
to the building and it is the first
thing to catch the eye of the observ
"It means welcome, good luck or
liest wishes," answered Miss Evans
"Does anybody sjicak English on
the islands?" asked another of the
visitors. Miss Evans explained that
nearly everybody sjxike English,
that English was taught in the
schools as well as French, German,
Spanish and Italian.
However, there are visitors who
have gained a definite knowledge of
the islands from Uioks and whose
questions relate to the cost of living,
the resources, the Mowers, the pine
apples, the sugar cane and the sisal
from which roo is made. To these
questions the young women give
accurate and informing answers.
The use of the long slender boats,
which have been made of koa logs
hollowed out, is explained. With
in a short time several of the canoes
will be placed in Like Union and a
young man from Honolulu will give
demonstrations of his skill with the
HOW ABOUT THIS?
From The Hawaiian Star:
Maui Racing Association
TWENTY-THIRD ANNUAL MEETING
AT SPRECKELS' PARK, KAHDLUI
Saturday, July 3, 1909
Ill'NNING UACE. Half mile dash, Hawaiian
TROTTING AND PACING. One mile dash 3
RUNNING UACE. Half mile dash. Japanese
TROTTING AND PACING. Free for all. best two
in three, mile heats
RUNNING RACE. Thr.'e fourths mile dash, free
UNNING RACE. Three-eights mile dash, Japa
nese owned and ridden
ROTTING AND PACING. Half mile heats, best
two in three, members of Associntio.rwto drive. .
Race 13 RUNNING RACE, Three-fourths mile dash, Japa
Iiace 14. COWBOY RELAY RACE. One'and one-half miles
dash. (Instructions to be given by Judges).. .
ttLMlTKU lANan.t MFC MANIC
! a uiai'kzine (r etervborly
Learn about electricity, the
utiiitif v. ieiK. and huw to
us tiKili. Simple, prac
tual. full of picture. Sam'
pie copy free if you name
ttm paper. i 00 a year.
ftamiiaon Pub. Co.
Ilraron St., Bolton, Matt.
every! xxly. ANBK1LAN
beautiful pklurci. month'
ly urie toatrtit. picture
Liitklun, (juettiont an
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if you nientiua ihi paper,
Amtrl can Photography
lira-uB Sit., Uokioti. Mats.
The laundry that they got from me
Was marked quite plainly ' '
c.j. c. ; .
They sent it back, t wore thut day
A collar owned by
It went again; I had to try
To wear the'shirts of
M. S. I.
Once more tli y took it off and so
I wear the things of
11. M. O.
Again I weir now I confess
l'ajamas meant for
S. O. 8.
The last just broke this heart of mine
I can't weaj things marked
A NO Itt. INK.
Hy JOHN COM..
Co. C. I'. S. M. C.
Camp Very, Honolulu T. H.
all, Hawaiian bred horses
All entries are to be made with the Seeretarj' on Wed nesday, June
30, 15)00, before (5 P. M. Entrance fee to be 10 per cent of purse.
Bids for privileges must be sent to the Secretary before the entries
close, accompanied by a certified check.
All races are to be run or trotted under the rules of the Maui Racing
All riders and drivers to appear in colors.
At. least three to enter and two to start.
Routine of program subject to change.
Running Races, weight for age. Trotting and Pacing to carry
anrnmtf mmmmmmmm mttmrw mm mm mmtwm
I Just Eriou&h
Many people need nourishment and Si out is recom
mended by very prominent physicians. For this parti
cular trade we have iiiiortt'l it in half-pint'--, just
enough and no more. No waste. We have also just
received a consignment of Lexington Club
Whiskey in bulk and in bottles. There is none
lilaui Wine & Liquor Co. i
One revolver, W calilier, lklwetii
Camp 4, l'uuueiie, mid Kahului. Finder
please return to ibis office and receive
Insist on Purity
HEINZ 57 VARIETIES of good things
for the table contain no benzoate of
soda or other artificial preservative.
Look for guarantee on the label.
SOLD BY ALL GROCERS