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'HE MAUI NEWS
-SATURDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1909.
Lumber Crop Important
Producer of Freight.
Lumber is one of the chief freight
comnoditicB produced by land. J ta
weight per acre purpurea corn,
barley, oats, wheat and rye.
Few people are aware of the care
used by railroads in keeping tab of
the productiveness of hind along
their lines from the standpoint of
the amount of freight produced by
various crops. Heavier the crops
per acre, the more business for the
railroads. Nor are there many
people who think of lumber as a
crop, and one of the most im
portant erops at that, which con
tributes a large share of the freight
business of railroads.
The quantity of freight produced
by a crop depends upon soil, re
gion, and kind of crop. Railroads
figure it from that point of view.
Their profit depends upon tonnage
and class, and they want to know
what crop pay's the carrier best.
Many averages in many locali
ties are necessary to reach reliable
results. Care is necessary, too, in
appjying to one region the figures
obtained in another. Indiana,
Illinois, and Kentucky are the
center of a vast productive region,
und averages there posses as much
value as those of any part of the
countt y, but, of course, they can
not be applied everywhere.
An acre is credited with yield as
follow: Cabbage, 21,000 pounds,
per acre; Onions, 19,950 pounds per
acre; Potatoes, 4,(1H0 pounds per
acre Lumber, 3,000 pounds per
acre; Hay, 2,710 pounds per acre;
Corn, 1,728 pounds per acre; Bar
ley, 1,215) pound per ucre; Outs,
8.8G pounds per acre; Tobacco, S77
pounds per acre; Hye, 848 pounds
' per acre; Vheat, 792 pounds per
As the Met shows, the three
heaviest freight producing crops
are cabbage, onions, and potatoes.
Lumber is fourth. Up to the pre
sent time timber has been cut
almost exclusively from wild land,
without much regard to the acres
gone over. But the time is com
ing when tiie yield of wood per
acre will be calculated as carefully
as the yield of corn, and as much
thought will be given to growing
it, though not as much work. How
much wood grows on an acre in a
Some of the abused, burnt, wash
ed, and neglected lands are pro
ducing only little. It has been
estimated that the typical hard
wood regions of Tennessee, where
fire is kept out, are growing about
d.UUU pounds ot woou yeojrly per
aero. Good stands of young pines
in other parts of the conntrv are
probably doing as well or better
But this is not the limit, for
foresters say woodland can do
much better under forestry meth
ods. Good timber mtist be select
ed, the poor cut out , just as the
farmer plants, the best kinds of
corn and rejects the poor. In
Europe where they raise crops of
trees they get, under favorable con
ditions, an annual growth7)f 4,500
pounds to 6,500 pounds of wood
per acre. This country can do at
least as well.
The freight carriers, however,
seldom transport the whole wood
eroth. The waste is left in the
woods or at the mill. This is much
or little, depending upon what is
made of the wood before the trans
portation company gets it. It is
apparent, however, that after de
ducting for waste, the growth of
an acre of timber furnishes more
freight than an acre of any tine of
the agricultural crops except cab
bage, onions, und potatoes.
The quantity of any one of these
three commodities that will go to
the market Js limited by demand
but the demand for lumber is not
diminishing. All that the forests
und planted lots can subplv will
go to the market.
Woodland, under cure, yiel
yearly ry as regularly as .wheat
fields The murketable timber on
ly is ;uit at regular intervals, and
new growth itfalways coming on.
As a freight producer, a timber
Judge Humphreys Raises
Constitutional Law Point.
Honolulu, October 2'. An im
portant constitutional point was
raised by A. S. Humphreys in the
Federal court this momiivg upon a
question in itself not of great
moment. It was in the case of
Wink l'ing. indicted for the Ed
munds Act. Mr. Humphreys filed
a plea in bar on the principle of
once in jeopardy, as the defendant
had been tried in the Honolulu
District Court for the same offense
but committed against Territorial
law. Assistant District Attorney
Rawlins moved to strike the plea
from the record because counsel
for defendant had not served the
paper on the prosecution, or fur
nished it with a copy.
Mr. Humphreys cited the prin
ciples enunciated by the giants of
American jurisprudence, naming
among other' Chief Justice Mar
shall and Chief Justice W'aite, to
the effect that the humblest citizen
has equal rights with the govern
ment or the people in mass. Mr.
Rawlins has refused to furnish him
with a copy of the indictment,
hence he had refused to furnish
the attorney for the government
with a copy of the plea in bar.
One case quoted by Mr. Hum
phreys was that of Milligan,' sen
tenced to death for sedition by a
court martial in Indiana, but re
leaped under habeas corpus carried
to the. United States Supreme
Court Chief Justice Waite deliver
ing the opinion on the ground
that a court martial could not con
demn a man in a time of peace. .
Judge Woodruff, in view of the
important bearing of the point
aised, took it under advisement,
promising a ruling next Saturday
For Congo Outrages.
Brussels, Belgium, October 24.
n officer of the Congo Rubber Co.
in a Startling statement made here
reveals new outrages in the Congo
listrict, which indicate a horrifying
ouditioti of affairs there. During
the past two years, he says, many
natives have W-en killed by the
agents of the rubber company, of
which King Leopold is the actual
head, and villages throughout the
listriet have been burned to the
The world was shocked aliout two
years ago when the barbarous "met
hods of the rubber company and its
agents were exposed. So strong was.
the feeling against King Leopold,
who was enriching his pocket at the
expense ol the hlood jUiU lives of
the miserable natives of the Congo
District, that he was forced to pro
mise radical reforms.
The exposure of these conditions,
it was supposed, had put a stop to
the barbarous practices, but it ap
pears that the rubber company and
its agents only waited for the ex
citement to die down before resum
ing their former practices, which
appear to be as barlwirous as liefure.
Action by tlie rowers was con
sidered on the former occasion, but
nothing was done. The renewed
charges of outrages on the Congo,
however, may have the effect of
awakening Christendom more tho
roughly to the condition that exists,
und cause of concerted movement
to free the wretched natives from
their intolerable bondage.
Big Crane Helps
Honolulu, October 2:. Superin
tendent Charles K. Seneer of the
Matson Navigation Company's wharf
returned this morning in the S. S.
Maflna Kea from several days' well
earned, vacation on the island of
Hawaii having taken in the interest
ing town of Hilo, the active volcano
of Kilauea and the rapidly progress
ing breakwater in Ililo bay. 1
Mr. Spencer returns with numer
ous fine photographs of the break
water, showing the method of work
and progress made.
Foreman Dave Hurst, says Spen
cer, is pushing oicrations asquickly
as is consisteit with effective work.
Thf new seventy-five-ton crane is
performing wonders and one of the
photos shows this, machine shifting
a seventeen ton piece of rock, swing
ing it forty-two feet in the air. .
Of late the work has progressed
mure speedily than heretofore,
though bad weather of late meant
that five hundred feet of the track
along the break was washed away.
The heavy waters performed the re
markable feat of lifting an iron skip
weighing 2000 pounds, containing
six and a half tons of rock, a height
of four and a half feet to the top of
the breakwater. When the waves
wndied away the track, not a stone
of the breakwater was moved, . an
indication of how well the work is
being performed. "
Spencer reports the volcano a
siH'ctacle that seems to increase in
magnificence, one that never grows
stale. There is always something
wonderfully new and strange, aliout
it. The lake of fire is now within
aliout 100 feet of the rim.
Progress is being made -on the,
automobile road to the pit and soon
tourists will be able to make the trip
to the edge of Hawaii's Hades , in
Million a Day
for McBryde Water.
Honolulu, October 14 - Full de
tails of the development of a source
5f pure water at McBryde planta
tion have recently come to hand
and the i.ews is fully as gratifying
as was first supposed.
It appears that in the develop
ment of water, extensive tunneling
has been done in one of the water
sources of Hanalei Valley, where
in times of drouth some of the
water has run salt. As the tunnels
have been extended the workmen
have struck what is known as water
rock and this gives a splendid flow
of pure' water amounting to a
millions gallons a day. Not only
is the water pure but it is Howing
in a quantity to give a magnificent
supply to this particular pump.
One of the old difficulties with
McBryde was the amount of salt
in some of . the wells. With this
new development, the dainier of
the salt is not only overcome but
there is more water to be had.
It is understood that the tunnel
in"for water will continue and- it
is more than likely that other and
better water sources will be developed.
Berlin, October 9. By inviting
the Countess Chotek, morganatic
wife of the heir to the Austrian
throne, Kaiser Wilhelm committed
a grave breach of court etiquette,
but at the same time won tremen
dous popularity throughout the
German empire. When the Kaiser
last visited Vienna he attended a
state banquet, at which was as
sembled the elite of Austria. He
walked up to the Archduke Francis
and said: ,
"Where's your wife?"
The Archduke was embarrassed
"Surely you know that my wife
is regarded here as a lady of in
The Kaier instantly rejected
court elique'ite, saying:
"But your wife must be here."
The Kaiser's insistance brought
the Emperor's acquiescence. The
Archduke jumped iuto a carriage
and drove to his own palace, while
the entire company awaited dinner
until he and his wife returned.
Throughout his visit the Kaiser
showed the Countess marked atten
tion, treating her in every way as
the future Empress of Austria.
There is no doubt that in her forth
coming visit to Berlin she will be
treated in the same manner."
Jacob Coerper Drops
Charge Against Bolte.
Honolulu, October 23. When
Hlice court opened this morning
Prosecutor A. M. Brown was in re
ceipt of a communication from
Special Attorney E. C. Peters, who
had been specially retained as
private prosecutor, to the effect that
he, Peters, would not appear to pro
secute the charge of adultery against
0. Bolte preferred by Jacob Coerper.
Since the City and County Pro
secutor knew absolutely nothing of
the case and there was no public
charge, the private prosecution bc
ing withdrawn, there was nothing
to'do but strike the case from the
calendar, which was ordered done.
Three Months' Steamers.
Cause Much Criticesra.
tract may be depended upon us
surely as a potato field. In fact,
it is purer; for land in farm crops
wears out unless constantly ferti
lized, but timberland fertilizes it
self with its leaves, and becomes
richer, tt will yield undiminished
Trees grow on rough laud where
agriculture cannot profitably be
carried on, ami the freight and
other returns from such regions are
largely clear uaiu since such land
would otherwise be producing little
Honolulu, October 23. "Superin
tendent Babbitt, lu ing asked about
the. examination of teachers which
was attacked at a meeting of the
Territorial Teachers' Association last
"It is for principals of schools of
more than two hundred held under
the regulations of the department.
At the meeting of the Board of
Commissioners in July I was in
strueted to send out notices to them
I was .not present at the meeting.
Mr. Babbitt handed the reporter
a copy of the printed regulations,
pointing out this one:
"Hereafter all ihtsoiis appointed
as priuciiiuls of elementary schools
with an enrollment of two hundrc
or more must have a grammar grade
certificate or its equivalent." Star.
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF WAILUKU
Cans. M. Coofce, President V.T. Robinson, isl Vice-President
I'. H. Case, 2nd Vice-President R. A. Wadsworth, director
C. I. I.ufkin, Cashier A. AalUerg, Auditor
Ht tlie close of business, June 30, 1909
,oans und Discounts $Ii,o45.S? Capital Stock
Honda i4.7 Vi.oo Surplus and Profits
United States Bonds 25.1xx1.uu Circulation
Premium on t'. S. bonds 400.00 ' Dividends I'tm.iid
Cash and Due from Hanks 72,049.78 Depositors
Banking House, Furniture, etc 6, 450.00
'i Redemption Fund 1,250.00
15. &. ). K. " "
C. D. I.fFKIN, Cashier.
TERRITORY OF HAWAII, i ca
COUNTY OF MAPI, ( ' 3
I, C. D. I.ufkin. Cashier 7i the above named bank, do solemnly swear that the
above statement is true to the best of my knowledge and belief.
C. 1). LI FKIX, Cashier.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 2nd day of Julv, 1909.
It. M. COKK, Notary Public Sec. Jud. Circuit.
The Lahaina National Bank
Chas. M. Cooke, President Win. Helming, Vice-President
W. L. Decoto, 2nd Vice-President A. N. Hayselden, Director
C. D. Lufkin, Cashier V. C. Schoenlierg, Asst. Cashier
. A. Aalberg, Auditor
at close of business, June 30, 1909.
RESOURCES jk I LIABILITIES
Loans anil Discounts 54t.924.77 I Capital Stock 2q.ooo.oo
Cash and Due from Ranks.. ... 29,745.46 Surplus and Undivided Profits.. 1,022.98
'"""is 10,059.03 Circulation 5,(150.00
United States Bonds 6,250.00
remiuin on U. S. Bonds 200.00
Furniture and Fixtures 1,450.00
5i Keueinplion 1'uml 312.00
TERRITORY OF HAWAII,
COtTNTY OF MAPI, '
I, C. D. Lufkin, Cashier of the above named hank, do solemnly swear that the
above statement is true to the best of my knowledge and belief.
C. D. LUFKIN, Cashier.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 2nd day of Julv, 1909.
H. M. COKE, Notary Public Sec. Jud. Circuit.
26. ..Korea San Francisco
27...Hilouian San Francisco
30.. . China Yokohama
3 1 . . . Manshu Muru Valparaiso
5. ..Alameda Sail Francisco
6. ..Manchuria Yokohama
9 ..Nippon Maru San Francisco
I2...Chiyo Maru Yokohama
13.. Marama Victoria
l5...Silterin Sail Francisco
20.. .Asia Yokohama
22... Hongkong Maru Hongkong
23. ..China San Francisco
24.. Ililonian San Francisco
26. ..Alameda San Francisco
29. ..Manchuria Sun Francisco
4. ..Mongolia Yokohama
7...Chiyo Maru San Francisco
lo...Tenyo Maru Yokohama
14 ..Asia San Francisco
17. ..Alameda San Francisco
2 r ...Korea Yokohama
I 22...Hilouian San Francisco
27. ..Mongolia San Francisco
29. ..America Maru Valparaiso
3 1 . . . M i ppon" M aru Yokohama
" STEAMERS DEPART.
26... Korea Vokohanla
30.. .China San Francisco
3i...Maushui Maru Hongkong
2. ..Ililonian Sun Francisco
6.. .Manchuria San Francisco
9. . . Nippon Maru Yok ohama
9 ,Makura .-. Victoria
lo.. .Alameda San Francisco
l2...Chiyo Maru San Francisco
1 3. ..Marama Colonies
15.. Siberia Yokohama
22. ..Hongkong Maru Valparaiso
23... China Yokohama
29. ..Manchuria -.'Yokohama
30. ..Ililonian San Francisco
Dei'. 1 ...Alameda San Francisco
(...Mongolia San Francisco
7...CU1V0 Maru Yokohama
' 8...Aoraugt .-.Victoria
lo...Tenyo Maru Ssui Francisco
14 . Asia Yokohama
21. ..Korea San Francisco
22... Alameda .San Francisco
27. ..Mongolia 'Yokohama
2S... Ililonian San Francisco
29.. .American Maru Hongkong
31 ...Nippon Maru San Francisco
Calling at Fanning Island.
Calling at Manila.
U. S. A. transport will leave San Fran
cisco and Manila, anil will anivv from
some ports at irregular intervals.
Dividends Unpaid 875.00
Due to Banks 7,327.02
WF. HAVE THEM IN ALL SIZES
EASTMAN FILMS and
PREMO FILM PACKS
Put up' in Tin Tubes to protect them from the tropical weather.
Seed, Hammer and Cramer Plates
HONOLULU PHOTO SUPPLY CO.
in beer is n trille less than
o per cent in Primo Deer.
The effective ingredients are hurley and hops a food and a
Every doctor knows how beer benefits. If you need more
strength or vitality he will prescribe good beer.
, The best beer to drink in Hawaii is
rt 1 fci i The Iseer that's Brewed
to Suit the Climate.
Canned milk is growing in popularity all over the world.
This because it is sterilized and can be depended upon for clean,
liness and purity. The most popular of all tinned milk is the
YOUIl tillOCElt SELLS IT.
IT Htiftk-folfl A fin IVM
L - au m a m a a x a. . -s a r a a . a .a 1 x m.
Wholesale Distkiuuteks. HONOLULU.