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SATURDAY, MARCH 12, 1910
THE MAUI NEWS
THE MAUI NEWS-
ntered t the Post Office t Wailukn, Maui, Hawaii, as second-class matter.
A Republican Paper Published in the Interest of the People
Issued Every Saturday.
Maul Rutollshlng: Company. Limited.
Proprlstora and Publishers
8uB9ciPTioN Rates, is Advance -12.50 per Year, $1.50 Six Months
Hugh n. Cole.
ESdltor and manager
MARCH 12. HMO
Russian In view of the most satisfactory conduct of the Russians,
Labor. who are employed ly the Hawaiian Commercial iV: Sugar
Company, anil of those who are employed by the Kahului Railroad
Company, it seems strange that those who have not yet In-en employed
on tiny plantation should be giving so much trouble.
Those on the II. ('. & S. Co's. estates have now Urn in the employ of
the company long enough to judge intelligently of their merit nslaUircrs.
Their employers speak in the highest terms of them, and they seem to
be perfectly satislied.
At Kahului the hardest kind of work was given them the first day.
They were required to load sugar, which is as hard work as can Ik- found
in the territory. The work to them was new, and was necessarily much
more fatiguing than to those accustomed to .Jiat work. They took hold of
the work with a will, and when their overseer announced some time after
three o'clock that they should return home and would be given credit for
a full day, they expressed a desire to con. .nuethe work until five o'clock,
the time that usually constitute a day.
The attitude of the Japanese toward the men was most commendable.
They took especial interest in the new men mid showed them how to do
the work to the lest advantage. This could not reasonably be expected
of the Japanese, but of their own accord they did this, which is consid
ered much to the credit of the Japanese.
Where Russians have lieen employed for the past thirty years on the
Pacific coast they have given no trouble whatever, and with two of the
companies here none whatever lias lieen experienced and yet they seem
to lie giving the greatest amount of trouble in some instances. The rea
son for this is hard to ascertain. It would seem that either chronic trouble
milkers are at work among them or enemies of Hawaii are inculcating
discord and dissention, or probably Ixith evil elements are at work.
Certainly the Russians are incomparably lietter oil here than where
they were in Sileria, ami we believe they will come to riali.e this and
profit by the opportunities offered here.
Plantations of Malay Penin
sula Pay Big Dividend.
The following from a consular re
port will interest the rubber growers
of Maui. .
To show what abnormal rondi-.
turns prevail in the rublier market,
it may be mentioned that not only
the flotation of new companies is
frequent, but the stocks of old com
panies have risen at an astonishing
rate, the market value being enor
mously above the par value of the
stock. For example, one company
capitalized at 500,000, according
to the present stock sales, is worth
$4,445,000. Another company with
a capital stock of f 4,000,000 is mul
tiplied by the market sales of llo,
000,000, while still another, capital
ized at $750,000 is, according to
present sales, valued at $6,000,000.
In no instance are the rublier trees
upon the plantations of these com
panies equal to the stock values on
the market, and yet good dividends
will be paid this year by all the
companies referred to.
Rut few enterprises have brought
forth larger returns than some of the
rubber plantations of the Malay Peninsula-
The enormous demand,
owing to the increased uses of rub
ber, has pushed the price up to
$2.30 per pound, and the rubber
crop in some instances has lieen
contracted for at 1.75 for 1910,
showing that some buyers feel con
fident that prices will not fall Mow
that point during this year. This
condition has brought a very large
amount of capital into the Island of
Singapore and Federated Malay
States, where it is claimed that the
most ideal conditions for the artifi
cial production of rubber exists.
The most valuable species of rubber,
the Hevea braziliensis(Para rublier)
finds a soil and temperature in the
Malay Peninsular to which it seems
especially adapted. This territory
between one and 10 degrees north
latitude, the temperature ranges be
tween 75 deg. and 92 deg., and the
rainfall is sufficiently heavy to meet
the requirements of this sjiecies of
Government land at present can
be acquired only by lease, paying a
premium of $1.75 per acre and an
annual rental of 57 eents per acre.
The other expenses are aliout as fol
lows per acre: Clearing jungle, $8;
surveying, 57 cents; lining, holing
and planting, $3.50; 150 plants, $1 ;
roads and drains. S3. 50; weeding,
$5 to $9: other expenses, $8 to $15;
total, from $29.57 to $40.57. The
labor is largtly Chinsse or Tamil.
Experience in planting proves
that Para rubber plants are the best,
and many estates that have been
experimenting with other species,
such as Castilloa and Dyera, are
now removing these plants and sub
stituting the Para, which produces
lietter rublier and is more easily cul
tivated. The seeds three or four in
a fruit, germinate in three to four
days after planting- The seedlings
are usually transplanted into a
transplant bed, and after several
weeks are set out from 15 to 17
feet apart. The closer the plants
the sooner they give large yields,
but if planted at least 17 feet apart
they yield on an average more later.
Heretofore clean weeding has
caused an annual outlay of about
$1G per acre, but experience has
shown that underplanting with some
leguminous plant does away with
the necessity of clean- weeding and
keep the ground in better condition
as to fertility ami erosion, and the
initial outlay is only $4 to $5 per
Planters are now tapping three
year trees, which may prove a mis
take, as five-year trees can liest
stand the first tapping. The her
ringbone tap and the ojm-ii V arc the
most successful tapping systems used.
The best system to tap every day
for three or four months, then rest
the tree for two months. Trees
yield from two to four pounds a
year from ordinary plants four to
eight years. old. As high as 28
pounds of dry rublier has lieen se
cured from older and extraordinary
specimens of the Para tree in Rrazil.
As the present market price is $2.30
per round, one tree of this charac
ter would yield a rubber value of
$04.40 each year, but the present
average value of trees on the Malay
an Peninsula is not over $1, with a
cost of production per each tree of
about 50 cents. As 150 trees are
planted to the acre, this gives a pro
fit per acre of aUnit 525.
The future of rublier planting seems
assured for the next five to eight
years. The real dangeijduring this
period will be a rubber subbtitute,
INCLUDING BASEBOARD AND METAL COVER
THE ROYAL STANDARD TYPEWRITER IS THE
EQUAL IN EVERY. RESPECT OF ANY ONE HUN
DRED DOLLAR TYPEWRITER ON THE MARKET
TIT 1- Y... C
- -' .RlJr 1-
'tg' ' " 11'' !r!!f(J$&V
insect pi st, or disease. After this
period overproduction may play an
important role in the rublier indus
try. The amount exported from the
Peninsular during the firt ten
months of 1909 was 4,831,823
pounds, an increase over the same
period in 1898 of 2,385,771 pounds,
or nearly KM) percent.
The great international Rublier
Conference, to lie held at Manaos,
the seat of Rrizilian rubber export,
is attracting considerable attention
here, and the probabilities are that
highly qualified delegates from the
Malayan Peninsula, will be sent to
the conference for the purpose, of
noting the proceedings and making
detailed reports umn the result of
the meeting, which may prove of
great value to the rubber industry
of this part of the world.
(Continued from Page l)
Wailuku District for the month of
The sanitary condition of the va
rious localities of the district is fair.
The only really unsanitary condi
tions exist from the keeping of 'pig
pens and chicken coops in closely
inhabited localities, and the pro
miscuous throwing about of wash
The camp at Kahului Railroad for
its employes, is being kept in a good
sanitary condition, and with the ex
ception of a few drains, the waste
water is taken care of. The low
places where cess pools cannot be
used, and where the wash water col
leets, is being oiled by the attend
ant who has the iiolieing of the
camp. No pig pens are allowed in
In other localities in Kahului on
land leased out fur a term of years,
I find the sanitary conditions bad.
I found two large excavations used
to collect waste water from horse
troughs. These were lieing mono
polized by ducks. These pools are
to be filled lip.
The Maui Auto Company is
building a new ccsspjiol in the rear
of the garage, and will fill in the old
and smaller pool. The top of the
cesspool will be covered with con
crete, and sanitary pipe connections.
A new cesspool was built lclow
the bridge by Hiro, to take the
place of an old one that was filled,
A billiard parlor was opened in
the building formerly occupied by a
restaurant and coffee shop, and
fronting on Market street. The
building was cleaned up and tho
roughly disinfected before opened
During the last part of the month,
a policeman arrived at my office
with a grain sack of liecf lungs, and
and wanted me to examine them.
I examined them to make sure that
they were not uusanitary, and then
sent the policeman to the food in
spector. I would like to call the board's
attention to the practice of pedes
trians and others expectorating on
the sidewalks and in public build
ings and cars. I lielieve that if a
few of the benches which line Mar
ket street on both sides, were re
moved and prohibited, it would lie
a vast improvement along sanitary
lines. These benches are not a pub
lic nor even private necessity, and
loungers are always expectorating
along the sidewalks. Women folks
sweep up the filth with their skirts
and carry infections of all kinds to
their homes; little children crawl
along the sidewalks on Market
street, and gather all sorts of conta
gion if it is in this expectorated
mess. This is one of the easiest
ways of spreading the great white
plague. There is a lioard of Health
regulation prohibiting expectorating
on sidewalks and in public places.
F. A. ST. SURE.
W. C. Peacock & Co.
HONOLULU AND IIILO
We Guarantee the Purity
of Our Goods.
Best for the home laundry.
White; there is no rosin in it.
Hard; lasts longer than common soap.
Heavy; therefore will do more work.
SOLD BY ALL GROCERS.
II. Hackfeld & Co., Ltd.
Jime &ableJCahului Siailroad Co.
The following schedule will go into effect July 1st, 1909.
Pass. Pass. Pass. Pass. & j.-rt Freight Freight
No. 5 No. 6
Kahului Railroad Co.
ALEXANDER & RALDWIX, LTD.;
ALEXANDER & RALDWIX, LTD., Line of Sailing Vessels between
San Francisco and Hawaiian Ports;
AMERICAN-HAWAIIAN STEAMSHIP CO.