Newspaper Page Text
THE MAUI NEWS, SATURDAY, MARCH 9, '1 912
Paper on Geography.
(Continued from page i.)
tnny disagree. A discussion as to
"Whys'" and "Wherefores" follows
the conclusion being the mpst south
ern mouth on account of nearness
to coffee region and other products
of southern Brazil. "What are we
going to find here then?" And the
answer comes straight every time
a city. . If the debate has been very
exciting then may bo a simultaneous
out burst of a city, a town, a sea
port. We refer to our text book
maps and find Para, just where
they "thot" it was. I place the
name on the board, pronounce it
and produce some kind of a picture
of it if possible postal card, magazine-
clipping, or text book picture.
Tho people of each country are,
of course, tho "fctory" part of geo
graphy and I have found "Stod
dard's Lectures" a great help here.
Carpenters Geographical Readers
are also good. I have been sur
prised many a time at the amount
of informion which comes out
during these lessons until on my
next visit to the public library the
librarian tells mo "I was deluged
for information on 'books about
such and such a country yesterday."
My seventh gmdu last year read
even the railroading articles on
South America which ran in one of
Wo now take up our text topical
ly and complete the continent.
Tho progress here is rapid for very
little of it is new and there is no
parrot-like conning of the text.
Each continent is taken up in
practically the .same manner
Europe being especially conducive
to the reasoning side of geography.
England becomes a manufacturing
country out of sheer necessity when
we compare its population with its
area in square miles. For tho same
reason it becomes a leading com
mercial country. It must send
away its manufactured goods and
import its raw materials ami food
stuffs. Its wide spreading posses
sions too, they see as a reason for
widely scattered commerce-
Trade routes is one of the most
important points I have tried to im
press upon my classes and England's
supremacy is again very logical
when we follow the trade route thru
the Mediterranean and to the Orient
by locating the strategic points
which it holds the Strait of Gibral
tor, Suez Canal, Aden, Singapore,
Hongkong, and as these points
come' up one by one as we go along
in our study of Europe and Asia
the children say, Of course, Great
Britain controls the commerce
I lien some especially enterprising
magazine reading boy pipes up with,
But just wait till the Panama
Canal is finished, the United Suites
will become just as important,'' and
this becomes the psychological
, moment for a debate on Panama
versus the Suez Canal.
Of course, the latter work 1 have
mentioned is largely for the upper
grades but the general method oan
bo used in any grade from fourth
to eighth, for I have taught geogra
phy in this way in all these grades.
In the lower grades a sand table,
is a great help in teaching surface
but as not very many schools are
supplied with one, I have used
paper pulp instead. We make th
pulp by soaking newspaper and
then chopping it fine. This has an
added advantage as it can be
mounted for room exhibition. It
is far better than clay for all kinds
of primary class modeling as well
as for geography. A dozen relief
maps sent to the A. Y. P. exposi
tion by my fifth grade came back in
as perfect condition as when sent.
I have not touched upon physi
cal geography in this paper but,
needless to say a thoro ground work
in this and the causes of change of
seasons, of zones, winds and ocean
,. currents is. absolutely essential if
good results are to b. obtained in
the upper grades. These islands
are practically ideal for the teach
ing .erosion and volcanic and
coraffilirinations in fact for every
featurjf"!, physical geography ex
cept glacial conditions and they
wouhVpresent a golden opportunity
by contrast if taught during sonic
particularly warm week.
Written work forms an important
part of geography as a clinching
process after as many recitations as
possible the oral work first, then
the written Sketching maps from
memory is another form of written
work. A contest now and then be
twecn two grades or divisions of
grades on tho sketching of memory
maps gives an incentive for careful
work. My grade last year were
able to sketch, reasonably ,vcll, a
map of tho entire world. This was
rather an exceptional grade but
nevertheless, any class can do this
well enough to get a fairly good
mental picturo of tho land masses.
History and current events can
not be separated from geography.
Tho wc had no definite current
events lesson never a day passed
that some one had not seen some
thing in a newspaper or magazine
concerning some place wo Unci
studied or were studying at the
time. The Current Events Maga
zine published especially for school
children was a big help in this line.
I do not know if I have succeed
ed in showing that reasoning can be
made the basis of geography almSst
as logically as of Arithmetic but
there is one thing I can state as a
positive fact and that is, that there
will be no lack of interest if tho
subject is presented in this way and
ifter all, is not that the most im
portant thing? Get a child thoroly
interested along a certain line and
he will absorb information along
that line as a sponge absorbs water
simply because he cannot help it.
Notice is hereby given that the Board
of Equalization will meet at the Tax
Office, Honolulu, beginning March 18th,
and daily thereafter between the hours
of 9:00 n. in. and 4:30 p. m., to and in
clusive of the 23rd of March.
D. h. CONKLING,
Treasurer, Territory of Hawaii.
Treasurer's Office, Honolulu, February
Notice is hereby given that I will sell
at public auction, in front of the First
National Bank of Wailuku, to the high
est bidder, the following certificates of
stock of the Nuhiku Rubber Co., Ltd.,
on Saturday, March 16th, 1912, at 12
o'clock noon, on account of non-payment
of assessments, to wit:
J. B. Furdy 447 2
J. B. I'urdy 449 3
Mrs. It. J. Wilkinson 234 2
U. W. Filler 429 3
C. D. LUFKIN,
Treasurer, Nuhiku Rubber Co., Ltd.
Sealed tenders will be received by the
Island Investment Company, Limited,
at their office, at the corner of Main and
High Streets, in Wailuku, up to twelve
o'clock noon, Saturday, March 2, 1912,
for the construction of power house
building and engine foundations. Plans
and specifications may be had at the of'
fice of the company in Wailuku, or
Stangenwald Building Honolulu.
ISLAND INVESTMENT CO., Ltd,
Lots of 5 to 11 acres in the vil
lage of Mnkawao, Maui, suitable
tor grape culture and general farm
Thete lot? will be sold by auc
tion at 1 p. in , Saturday the 9th
of March, 11)12.
liio auction will take nlace in
front of the Catholic ch'urch in Ma-
Terms: Half cash, the balanco
at one and two years with interest
at 7 per cent.
VENDA DE TERRAS EM
Em lotes de 5 a 11 ulqueires
(acres) 11a villa deMakawao, Maui
Bons terrenes para a cnltura do
uvas e outras culturas.
Ml I 1 4
1 rez lotes serao venuiuos em
1 all no no dia 9 do Marco do 1912 a
umit bora da tarde.
0 loiloa tern' lugar eni frenta da
egreia Latliolica de Makawao.
Termos da vendu, metado do
(linlii'iro a ' vista 0 o resto em urn
0 dois n nnos com juro a 1,
Por ordein da,
Kahului, yv4j I
The regular annual meeting of the
stockholders of the Maui Land & Rail
road Company, will be held at the office
and principal place of business of the
Company at Kahului, Maui, T. II., on
Friday, 29th day of March, 1912, at 10
o'clock a, m.
J N. S. WILLIAMS,
One Model 10 Buick Runabout, in first
Mass condition. Enquire
C. D. LUFKIN.
ALOHA LODGE NO. 3 KNIGHTS
Regular meetings will be held at the
Knights of Pythias Hall, Wailuku, on the
second and fourth Saturdays of each
All visiting members are cordially in
vited to attend.
C. H. HANSEN, C. C.
ARTHUR BETTS, K. R. & S.
LODGE MAUI, No. 084, A. F. & A. M
Stated inee tint's will be held at
Masonic Hail, Kahului, on .the first
Saturday uigbt of each month at 7.30
ViBiting brethren are cordially in
vitcd to attend.
HUGH HOWELL, R. W. M
t. f. Secretary
Honolulu Music Co.
Jas, W. Bergstrom, Manager.
88 King Street, Honolulu.
Latost Hawaiian Records,
Victor and Columbia Talking
Machines, Primatono and
Autopiano Players, Knabo
Pianos. Latest Popular Music,
We Sell These.
You want the best. Are you rt-uty
for it this season?
Wa its prepared as oevei tef ore to tr t yoor
wants in vehicles and harnett. Thera noth
ing superior to what wq are ihowins, hi '.aste,
stylo atd service. Absolute honesty n make
atu " ateriaL You will aeree xhta vi o ta'i you
ITS THE FAMOUS
No matter what you want If It's a barnetsor
something that runs on wheels, we've
Cot It or will quickly set It
Cony la and figure with us.
DAN T. CAREY
WAILUKA, MAUI, T. H.
C & Tn-j feiut-ebtaernstneplateonavthleve
a Its naructcA, Uon't fori et this.
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