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The Maui news. (Wailuku, Maui, H.I.) 1900-current, November 02, 1912, Image 6

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014689/1912-11-02/ed-1/seq-6/

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MAUI NEWS, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1912.
Copeland Writes
(Continued from Pnge i)
work. N a t u r o - 8 1 u d y , skilfully
taught, logically and method'cally
arranged with a view to giving
systematic and useful instruction in
its various branches, and taught in
grades competent to comprehend
and assimilate it is one thing. A
hodge-podge of miscellaneous and
unrelated facts, taught largely by
teachers without scientific training
"and taught to pupils mostly unable
to comprehend or express it, is a
very different thing. How utterly
absurd, then, for the advocates of
the discarded "nature-study" in
our schools to claim the support of
these mainland educators.
I wonder how many of those who
so zealously uphold the idea of
"lmturc-stmjv" in the schools, and
shout themselves hoarso in clamor
ing for its restoration to the Course
of Study, have ever examined into
the matter to see just what and
where this work was. I would
respectfully iuvitt the- attention of
any who may be interested to the
work in "nature-study" as pre
scribed in the course of study lately
superseded:
llecciving Grade (children of re
cent immigrants, totally unable to
speak or understand English).
"Plant anil observe the taro, tho
rice, the bean, the cane, the coffee.
Collect seeds found about the homes
of the pupils. Study the life-history
of the dog, the eat, the goat,
the hen, the mosquito, the moth,
etc. ."
Grade I. (children who arc just
beginning to read, and whose voca
bulary is limited to a very few sim
ple words and phrases). "Study
the industries of your neighborhood.
Collect samples of products, seeds,
grains, etc. Plant and observe to
maturity the bean, rice and cane.
Study the horse, cow, sheep, hen
nml iltmk. T,ifn-histnrv of the. wasn.
dragon-fly, mosquito, frog and
moth."
Grade II. (children able to read
and understand imperfectly the
simplest language). "Study in
growth sugar-cane, cotton, Vice,
banana. Collect fruits, grains,
seeds and other products Study
growing trees; as, monkey-pod.
Habits, haunts and life-history of
doves, my nah-birds. ' '
And so on up to the VI, VII
and VIII grades, when, just as the
pupils might be supposed to be
qualified to profit by it, this sort of
teaching is almost entirely aban
doned. .-Yny one who supposes that aver-
I't3w " D , -----
and second grades .can make any
profitable use of the topics quoted
above must havo an exceeding
strong faith in tho doctrine of
miracles.
But, under tho old curriculum,
tho children were not, according to
Mr. Wood, studying about mos
quitoes, dragon-flies, mynah-birds
and frogs with a view to learning
anything about those interesting
animals. By no means. Nature-
work is not a content study it is
method. They studied frogs in or
der to learn to read ; mosquitoes, to
learn to spell; and mynah-birds, to
learn the rules, of punctuation if
Mr. Wood's statement is to be ac
cepted. The article in the Advertiser from
which you quoted seems to congra
tulate the public on tho fact that,
in spite of tho opposition of the
Commissioners, somo measure of
"nature-work'' was smuggled into
tho new course of study, and pre
scribed in connection with tho geo
graphy. In the first grade we find :
"Land Forma. Plan of school
grounds. Neighborhood industry.
Heat, wind and rain. Domestic
Fowls. Different nationalities and
their occupations. Homo transpor
tation. Clothing. City, town or
village. Fishing, seashoro. Insects
injurious to health." In tho second
grado, as suited to the advancement
and intelligence of pupils ju3t able
to read a very little, wo find:
"Mapping and modeling of school
i- Tir... ..!.. ...i.. in
health.. rtLana tonus "fffifoi""1
destroy pests. Wind, rain, heat.
Materials used for clothing of pupils
Birds injurious to crops. Occupa
tions of the people. Trees of school
yard. Beneficial insects of your
neighborhood. Birds seen in your
school yard. Birds used for food.
Government of home, school, etc.
Destructive insects, Babbits (as
food and as a pest). Disease car
rying insects and animals. Food
bearing trees of the neighborhood.
Transportation, communication,
mail service, telephone. Business
centers of district. Ornamental
trees."
1 submit to you, Mr. Editor, and
to people of common-sense general
ly, that the majority of the topics
mentioned above are absolutely un
suited to the comprehension of
children six, seven and eight years
of age, and particularly when, as
with us, those children are practi
cally ignorant of the langungo in
which the instruction must be given.
But for the third grade, most of the
pupils in which are still unable to
read with any degree of ease or
comprehension, the following,
among other topics, are prescribed.
"Evaporation and condensation by
experiments. Kona storms. Clim
ate, lain and winds on windward
and lee sides of islands. Plant and
animal life. Typical industries.
Trade. Government ollicers of each
district and their duties. Steam
ship lines across tho Pacific, etc."
Such topics as these, Mr. Editor,
are suited to the upper grammar
grades only, and their persistent
use, by pupils totally unqualified to
comprehend them, is largely respon
sible for the fact that over half of
our pupils never advance beyond
the second grade in our schools.
Now, as to your arguments I
call them yours, as you quote them
with approval:
1. Dr. Claxton and Professor
Leiper, in discussing and recom
mending nature-study for use in
schools had in mind a different sort
of nature-study and a different class
of schools from ours. This is shown
by the absolutely opposed defini
tions given by them and by Mr.
Wood. Such being the ease, their
support cannot be claimed for
"our" system.
2. The methods sq praised by
you have been in full operation in
the schools of Hawaii for twelve
years past, with the result that
everybody is dissatisfied with the
results of our educational work.
No matter how good a system may
look on paper, it deserves condem
nation if after full opportunity, it
makes as miserable a failure as our
critjes say our schools are. If, as
you say, "Hawaii Used Best Sys
tem," will you kindly explain how
it happened that prior to the in
struction of "nature-study" into
the schools some sixteen per cent of
our pupils passed beyond the fourth
grade, while since that time we suc
ceed in passing only twelve per
cent?
3. You lament the omission of
"nature-study'' from the new coursq
of study as a backward step in the
march of education. As a matter
of fact, the new course contains
more such work and in a more ob
jectionable form than tho old. The
only great difference is that now
the nature-work is made a part of
the course in geography instead of
appearing as a separate subject.
How it got in, I do not know, as it
was thoroughly understood by tho
supervising principals that such
topics would not be approved by
the Commissioners, and I heard no
discussion or approval of the subject
by the supervising principals at
their meeting. Judging from the
appearance of tho present course of
study, either tho Commissioners ex
perienced a change of heart, or the
advocates of "nature-study" slipped
it in when nobody was looking and
got it printed without the knowIoJge
of tho Commissioners. At any rate,
it is now in tno curriculum, and tho
Advertiser's lament over tho lost
glory of Hawaii's educational system
is just so much grief wasted. As a
matter of fact, tho article refi nvd
to is merely jubilation by the advo
cfitdsj.of;. nature-study" over t
PP;uetU'&l;f'at of" those w
r
KA
posed it.
The taxpayers are entitled to
have tho sort of educational system
they prefer, and the advocates of
fads and frills of ivll sorts arc en
titled to get them into the course .of
study if they can. But it seems
ridiculous to rush into print with
statements so palpably incorrect and
so easily refuted as those in tho arti
cle reprinted in your columns.
Yours truly,
C. E. COPELAND.
Tuberculin Cure
(Continued from page i.)
lucuicai ivssociaiion. uno m mese
is that tho old nvthods of diagnosis
r Ti t a? " - f
aro falling into disuse, and tnat not
so much importance is attached by
tho more advanced sanatariums, to
tho amount of lung tissue involved
by tho disease. Consequently tho
records aro .becoming silent as to
whether consumption has seated it
self in the "right lower lobe," or
tho "left upper lobo" of the lung
and three classifications only are
being resorted to. The first is called
tho catarrhal stago where euro is
ordinarily, is now appears, possible
iMjeryj simple treatment. Tho
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second is tho consolidation stage
where cure becomes decidedly less
certain, and the las t stage is th
cavity where cure is hopeless.
For tliis reason the attention of
tho Anti-Tuberculosis League is
being turned towards securing con
trol of as many patients in the first
stages of the disease as possible; in
fact, to get in touch with all of
them if possible. It is confidently
expected that if this were done
seventy-five or eighty percent of
them would be cured and tho mort
ality from this disease reduced to
that extent. For instanco, had tho
803 caws who died last year, as re
ported in these columns by Doctor
Sinclair, been discovered when they
were in the early stage, 250 of them
would havo been cured I Unfor
tunately the bad living conditions
Lof tho poor make them first victims,
and so the work of the League in
attempting to save the breadwinners
of these families is of great econo
mic importance as well as of h-u
inanity.
Tho Maui Nkws has been asked
by tin' L ague to assist as much as
possible in the campaign and . will
he only too glad, to do, so. It can
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and is glad to announce that articles
by many of the leading workers of
tho campaign, including Doctor
Sinclair, havo been secured. The
latter is now preparing a simple pa
per on the operation of tho tuberculin
cure which is based on fascinating,
romantic experiments in tho deeper
sciences. Vet Doctor Sinclair has
set it forth so simply as to lie cii!y
understood even by -tho layman
most unnenuainted with tho subject.
The .Maui News however, is in a
nu.-itl'.'ll to (In n
;tvat deal
mow
l
than this within its own spheret In
intimate touch, as it is, with the head
of tho work.it will be able to place
any patient in direct touch with tho
authorites and to answer through
its columns any questions that may
be Ecnt to it that may possibly bo
left clouded by' our articles on tls.
disease. Wo, sincerely trust thaf
thojnibh'a will take" advantage of
this und assist the League and this
paper in placing .Maui in tho fore
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list it is hoped will result from the
campaign.

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