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THE MAUI .NEWS, SATURDAY, JULY 26, 1913.
A new era of road building in
the United Ktates begun about 1905.
The old type of road which had only
to withstand the horse drawn traffic
of the earlier period, failed under
the new traflic conditions, i. e. that
of a rapid moving automobile and
the consequent shearing action un
der the rear wheels. The automo
bile also increased the interest of
the general public in the cause of
A new field of investigation was
opened for the engineer. The U.
S. Government established the Oflice
of Public Roads under the U. S.
Department of Agriculture. The
field was new and many trials were
needed before the necessary equip
ment for a laboratory had arrived
at such a period of perfection that
the testing machinery manufacturers
fell justified in placing their
machines on the market.
The Engineering Department at
Columbia University was the first
engineering school to establish a
course in Highway Engineering. In
1911, Prof. Blanchard was called
to take charge of this work.
The College of Hawaii ha3 always
included in its regular engineering
course a two hour one semester
recitation course on ltoads Pave
ments. Beginning next fall, a full
laboratory period, each week during
the entire school year, will be de
voted to the methods of testing road
materials. In order to properly
conduct this work, the latest road
testing machines manufactured by
T. Olsen & Co. of Philadelphia, Pa.,
have been added to the present
laboratory equipment. The last
legislature appropriated sufficient
money so that a small temporary
structure can be built to house this
and additional electrical machinery.
The road testing machines already
on hand are a Two Gang Dcval
Abrasion Machine o. Page J'riquctte
forming machine, a Page Cementing
value machine, and a Pentiometcr,
while in the near future a two Pall
Mill, Grinding Lap, Core Drill, and
Impact Machine will be added,
making, with the other testing
machines already installed, a com
pletely equipped road laboratory.
The wearing qualities of the road
metals are of particular interest
to the builder of highways. Py
means of the Abrasion Cylinders
this property can be thoroughly in
vestigated, a poor rock discarded,
and a more suitable one used.
In the earlier types of macadam
road the binding properties depend
ed upon the keying of the stones,
the complete filling of voids by the
fine rock, and the cementing value
the fine rock itself. The preser-
ition of a macadam road is depen
dent upon its bond. ISituminou
binders are now frequently added in
order to withstand the added dis
ruptive effect of automobile tiallic.
The Page Cementing machine is
1 ed to investigate the cementing
qualities of the fine stone t itself
uliich for this purpose, is formed
iio small cylinders by the Briquette
foi ning machine. The Pentionieter
iso e of the many pieces of appara
tus eeded for the investigation of
bitui -inous binders. Most of the
other tests of bituminous binders
are clu nical, the necessary appara
tus for performing these latter tests
being already in the chemical labor
atory of the College of Hawaii.
While this road laboratory is
primarily for the instruction of
students attending the College of
Hawaii still, at all times, its facili
ties are open to any individual or
municipality which may desire in
formation in regard to local materials
or comparisons or tests of various
local products with a view of ascer
taining their suitability for the
work in hand.
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"American girls essaying to glide
the ballroom floors of European
capitals with foreign army officers
are responsible for the Boston, now
a popular and fashionable dance,"
says a leading instructor of the
terpsichore in New York.
"It was evolved in a peculiar
manner and has been popular un
der several names.
"American girls, finding it was
impossible for them to dance with
the army officers, as the American
style is a glide and the European
style about eight years ago was a
pronounced hop, adopted this hop
movement. The same summer of
that year these girls were stopping
at Bar Harbor, and they practiced
what was their conception of the
European Waltz and the hop Boston
was the result.
"In the fall a New York teacher
visiting our school, as she had been
doing for several years, to get the
new dances to teach to her classes
during the winter, asked for the
dance she had seen at Bar Harbor.
She said they called it the Boston,
and after several inquiries we final
ly learned of the dance and taught
"It did not become a craze until
the succeeding winter, and then
our teachers were so exhausted by
teaching this strenuous hopping
dance that we deciced if possible
to change the fashion somewhat,
but still keep the essentials of the
"The dance that was evolved
from this hop Boston was first tried
at the Knickerbocker dance at the
Plaza Hotel, and at that dance re
ceived its name. It then was call
ed the long Boston, which is the
dance of to-day, the hop having
been taken out and a long gliding
step, better suited to the American
HOW MANY VARIATIONS.
"This dance has been i4pular
for several years, and constantly
new variations have been added to
it. It is now quite an elaborate
dance. The dancers can keep time
to the music, getting on the right
accented count, as it lends itself to
this admirably; it is about the only
dance to-day in which the general
public keep with the actual count
of the music.
"They may put the variations in
without having the exact phrasing
of the music, but that is a very
difficult matter, except for a person
versed in music. Music is divided
into phrases and sentences, and
they should not begin to dance in
the middle of a phrase any more
than they should begin to talk in
the middle of a sentence.
The Boston is really a one-step
dance. There is one-step to the
measure with a pointing movement
of the other foot to the side, which,
with a raising up on the toes and a
lowering again on the heels, oc
cupies the other to counts. There
are three counts in the measure,
the dance being in waltz time.
"The one-step which is how
superseding the turkey trot to some
extent, is undoubtedly the most
popular dance of society, although
it may be interesting to know that
while society is dancing it, the low
est strata of society from which it
came, have entirely abandoned it.
1 "I visited some of the East Side
schools in Crand street recently
and found ihe orchestras playing
nothing but waltzes. Not another
dance was permitted the entire
evening, except possibly a square
dance. I also visited in other sec
tions of the city, but found abso
lutely no evidence of the turkey
trot or one-step. Waltzes and two
steps and kindred dances were the
only ones allowed. When I say
allowed, I mean that there were,
in most places, signs to the effect
these dances were barred as un-
Kahuilui Railroad Cos
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