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THE MAUI NRWS, SATURDAY, DKCEMBKR 6, 193 3.
THE MAUI NEWS
Kuteretl at the Post Office at Waihiku, Maui, Hawaii, as second-class matter
Republican Paper Published in the Interest of the People
Issued Every Saturday.
Ylaui Publishing; Company, Limited.
Proprietors and Publishers
i-Bsciiiprinx Uatks, in Advance $2.00 per Year, $1.25 Fix Month
$2.50 per yenr when not in advnnce
V. ?-i t w m s o n
DKCKMBKR 0, 1913
REDUCED COST LOWER WAGES.
THERE is a considerable interest manifest at present about the
prospects of reducing the high cost of living, says the East
Jordan (Mich.) Enterprise. For years it had been dinged into
their ears by the professors in economics, politicians, big editors and
soap-box statesmen that the Protective Tariff caused all of this and
that if protection was taken out of the Tariff by revision downward,
the cost of living would speedily fall. These statements made with
positive assurance and very litnpingly denied, gained credence, among
the voters until at the last national election they placed men in control
pledged to so revise the Tariff. It is rot for certain Republicans and
Progressives to claim now that the Underwood Tariff bill is a minority
measure, as had Roosevelt and the Progressives won they would have
enacted a similar law. No, the people voted for it and they got just
what they voted for. But they have not got what they thought they
voted for. Ihe law has been in force for some time and if buying a liv
ing is easier anvwliere in this roiiiitrr. it not vnt Iu-pii mmi-trd.
For weeks these wiseacres have been telling us how "business bns
already discounted the new Tariff, and while there had been a little
stagnation in business owing to the uncertainty of Tariff schedules, as
soon as this uncertainty was ended business would start with a rush to
make up for lost time and replenish depleted stocks." Well, the uncer
tainty has been ended for several weeks, and no boom in industries is
yet reported in this country, save in hardwood lumber.
We are told that (if their expectations are realized) the new Tariff
will cut the cost of food and clothing 68 cents per c.i'ita per year; but
when we consider that our State tax alone has tin's year increased 160
per cent, more than that, it is hard to sec where we get any relief.
The wise men now admit that their Tarifi law is only an experiment
that they only guessed at results, and th;t the reduced cost of living
may not come for months.
The Tariff tinkers were not wholly m the wrong, however, even
though they are badly twisted. The Protective Tariff aided in bring
ing about the era of high prices, a taking protection out of the Tariff
will result eventually in lower prices. But do the people really want
There is no real mystery in the matter. The high prices exist (l)
because those who have the articles to sell can get the high price,
and will continue just as long as they can get buyers to pay it. (2)
The buyers pay tlie higher prices because their higher earnings enable
them to pay it. If they did not first earn or secure the price they could
not pay it. Thus price primarily depends upon what the people
the buyers the consumers, are earning. What these earn, in this
country depends largely upon the market for what they produce.
The .American market is the best and richest in the world. If this
weic conserved to American industry through an adequate Protective
Tariff it furnishes the opportunity for high wages for labor, high prices
for farm products and constantly improving demand for manufactured
product all spelling national prosperity. But when by "revision
downward" we remove Protection from the Tariff, we open our rich
market to alien-produced goods every piece of which imported des
troys that much opportunity for American industry. This cutting down
of local industrial opportunities shuts down factories, throwing men out
of work reduces the wage fund, and buyers not being able to secure
the price, the general prices must fall. In this way, and this way only,
does reducing the Tariff cut the "high cost of living." As a remedy
it is equivalent to suicide as a remedy for necessity to work.
We doubt if many people will care to secure reduced cost of living on
those terms. Yet that is what they really voted for, not realizing it.
THE DARK HOUR.
MANY people are complaining about the fact that Waihiku is
plunged into darkness between the hours of five and six in the
morning. The electric company closes down its plant for
that hour, and the consequence is that householders are left in com
plete darkness unless they revert to coal-oil lamps or candles. This
is very annoying, to say nothing about the absurdity of cutting off
lights that people need and pay for. Should there be a case of sickness
in a house, and the patient need attention between the hours of five
and six in the morning, what is to be done? Then take the man who
has to have a very early breakfast and get out to work. Is he to wan
der around in the dark while his house is supposed to have electric
lighting? Take the coffee shops and restaurants that use electric light.
What about their busy hour between five and six in the morning? The
electric company is a public utility concern, and there must be some
way to compel the company to furnish light that it is supposed to
furnish in dwelling houses during the hours of darkness. What is the
householder to do in case a burglar enters his home at five in the morn
ing? Is he to walk around in the dark and be stabbed or shot by the in
truder? If the present electric company cannot supply what it was
given its franchise for, then let it get out and allow some concern that
can handle the job, take on the work.
Now that Pinkham is governor of Hawaii, it is time to get together
and support the man who is to rule for the next four years. Bickeriniz
will do no good and, if Pinkham does not meet with the approval of
many people, they can work tor a change later on. there is no use in
bucking the new governor at present. He is here to stay, and
will all have to make the best of it.
Right may lose a battle or two, but never a war! Watch the old
Protective Tariff come back with a vengeance after the Underwood
Tariff for revenue has been shown up through its operation.
Those Democratic Congressmen will probably receive further proof
that the lann has not decreased the cost of living, when they come to
to ask for campaign contributions to send them back.
Pebruary is rapidly approaching and it is time that Maui people got
busy on the proposed noat that is to represent this island in the Floral
(Continued from Tage I.)
teacher, so the school.
It takes very little effort ,to in
terest the receiving room. In that
class the plan should be varied,
the attention should be on one
thing for only a few minutes at a
time a few minutes conversation
about some familiar object, a few
minutes blackboard work, paper
cutting or folding, physical excer
cise, counting, etc.
In the 1st grade, if the story is
told in a lively way before the
class read, tlrey will read it more
eagerly. They wili like even "
word drill or a number drill if they
are lined up and "turn down" as
in a spelling class. SC stamp
of approval, as a st;ir on good
work, or a list of the class on the
board with stars opposite the names
of those who h.n-e good lessons, is
a wonderful incentive to the little
ones. There are many other expe
dients that a teacher can find if she
hunts for them. In the lower
grjicles there should be some incen
tive to good work outside the sub
ject matter itself.
The primary grades are almost
entirely responsible for the deplor
able retardation of pupils in the
schools of Hawaii. Why is this?
You may often hear a class read
ing fluently in the first reader,
turn the book upside down or shut
it and they will read just as well.
Try them on separate words and
they know scarcely any of them.
And the teacher thinks she is
teaching them to read. Poor de
luded teacher! All primary rooms
are not like this one, but Super
vising Principals tell me there are
many such. What wonder that
normal children are three or four
years in the 1st grade.
It stands primary teachers in
hand to get out of the ruts, to
study new methods, to strive to
make the hard work of learning
words and combinations more in
teresting to the little ones. As the
teacher, so the class.
In all the grades number work
can be varied by giving practical
work. Do not use abstract exam
ples, but such as people meet in
every-day life. Send children out
to make measurements for exam
ples in the school room. This not
only gives them greater interest in
their work, but connects school
with real life. The closer we can
bring the school and home life to
gether the bettor for both school
Pupils of the seventh and eighth
grades will be greatly interested in
exchanging letters with pupils of
the same grades on the mainland.
Oral teaching opens a wide field
for interesting work. Our Course
of Study recognizes this in provid
ing that language, literature, geo
graphy and history shall be taught
orally in the primary grades.
There is no place where the true
teacher shows herself more than in
oral teaching. A successful oral
teacher must be full of her subject
she must know the story or les
son so well that she can enter into
the spirit of it, can by voice and
gesture carry the little ones right
along with her. She must know
more of the geography or history
lesson than the text books give.
There are abundant sources of in
formation in encyclopedias, larger
geographies and in travels that
will so enrich the teacher's know!
edge of these subjects that she
will never lack for interesting
material to draw from.
But all this requires work, and
hard work. To be successful.
however, in any sphere of action
requires hard work. If a lawyer
quits reading law when he gets his
diploma or a music teacher quits
practising, how long will they
keep up with the procession? But
many teachers think when they get
a certificate to teach, their work is
over. There is no department of
human knowledge a skillful teach
er cannot draw from to enrich her
teaching and to make school work
ROTTERS AND ACCESSORIES
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