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T1IK MAUI NFAVS, SATURDAY, DKCKMBUR 20, 1913.
THE MAUI NEWS
Entered at the Tost Office at Wailuku, Maui, Hawaii, as second-clasf liintlc
A Republican Paper Published in the Interest oi the People
Issued Every Saturday.
Vui Publishing: Company, Limited.
Proprietors and Publlahera
SniseidPTioN Ratks, in Advance 12.00 per Year, $1.25 Six Month
$2.50 per year when not in advance
DECEMBER 20, 1013
CUBAN sugar planters, under the provisions of the Wilson-Underwood
Tariff will have an excellent opportunity to capture the
trade of the United States, according- to Dr. Pablo Desvernine,
minister to Washington. After 1916, when sugar will be placed on the
free list, Dr. Desvernine believes that Cuban manufacturers must re
duce the cost of production to a minimum. If that is done, he thinks
it will be impossible for any country to produce sugar as cheaply, Cuba
having the advantage of a low sea freight rate to New York, which is
less than the railroad rates from the interior of the United States to the
coast, and also less than the maritime freight rates from Java, Kurope
and South America.
Another point on which he dwells is the benefit to Cuban sugar de
rived from the Underwood bill's suppression of the Dutch standard,
which gives Cuban sugar producers more freedom, inasmuch as their
stock is not limited to a color which only refiners could purchase. Now
Cuban planters can make white sugar of 98 and 99 degrees or more
purity for direct consumers, so that it need not pass through the re
finers' hands before reaching the purchasers.
There is nothing in this statement especially gratifying to the friends
of the American beet sugar industry.
THURSDAY next will be Christinas Day and Thk Mavi Nkws
wishes all its subscribers, advertisers, and, in fact, the whole of
the County, the compliments of the season. May the anniver
sary of the greatest event in Christian history be full of joy, and may
every person, whether a native of Hawaii or one of the older countries,
remember that December 25 is the one day upon which all those who
believe in Christianity, remember their old homes and their parents
whether dead or still alive. Christmas in othr countries is more of
a festive season than in Hawaii. Still, there is enough of the spirit
abroad to cause a handshake and a greeting of "A Merry Christmas,"
to be given when two friends meet. May everyone have a Merry
Christmas and a Happy and Prosperous New Year.
The shipment of bran which recently reached the Atlantic seaboard
from Argentina broke the price of by-products of the flour trade $3 to
$3.50 per ton. A mill turning out 100 tons of bran, middlings and
foodstuffs in the United States had to stand a loss of $300 to $350 a
day. Once the price is down it is impossible to get it back again.
Perhaps the consumer overlooked-this cut in the high cost of living?
The money for the bran went to South America. The American man
ufacturer is holding the bag.
Time is Hying and, before Maui knows it, the date of the next Civic
Convention will arrive. It is none too early to begin the preparations
for the entertainment of the big crowd of Honolulu and Hilo people
that will surely attend the convention. The tent city scheme seems to
be favored by most people. If that idea is to be adopted, the sooner a
plot of ground is laid out in grass, the better it will augur for the suc
cess of the proposition.
When it is understood that the American Bible Society printed
2,000,000 family Bibles last year, which were sold at a slight advance
on the cost of production, the declaration of the treasurer of the society
that the publishing plant must be moved to some foreign country or its
doors closed surely will bring down more imprecations on the new
Tariff bill free list than any other enormity in that stroke of legislation.
The man who was too lazy or too thoughtless to close his bird cage
spent three days climbing trees to capture the bird. The workers who
gave little thought to their best friend, Protection, will without doubt
do all in their power to bring it back, for the simple reason that they
cannot do without it.
German and British papers are enthusiastic over the new Tariff and
declare that it is the best tariff ever enacted by an American Congress.
It is a significant fact, however, that Democratic leaders and Demo
cratic newspapers are not pointing with pride to this foreign comment.
The death of Cardinal Rampolla removes a striking personality.
The cardinal was considered to be the certain successor of Pope Pius.
It is said that he would have been Pope long ago, only for the fact that
Italy and Austria pulled against one another at the Papal elections.
Washington, Nov. 19. --After
the remaining virgin timber of the
United States is exhausted, forest
supplies will have to conic from
national forests, state forests, or
from privately-owned land; but
federal and state forests, according
to K. A. Sterling, Director of the
American Forestry Association,
who addressed the national conser
vation congress this afternoon, con
stitute only one-fifth of the total
forest area of the country.
"On private lands," he says,
"the timber of the future w ill be
either such growth which has
sprung up voluntarily on cut-over
land and has managed to escape
fire, or that from areas which have
been devoted to forest production
as a business enterprise. So far
the practise of private forestry has
been mainly confined to small
operations, often more for pleasure
than for profit. An intensive for
est policy on a scale large enough
to establish its commercial feasi
bility has not yet been undertaken.
"Private forestry in the United
States has been retarded by many
influences among which the more
important are large stored-up tim
ber supplies, comparatively low
stumpage and lumber values, lack
of market for many minor forest
products, and a public sentiment
which has not realized that forest
production is essentially the grow
ing of successive crops.
"Present tendencies in private
forestry indicate a more logical
development than at any time since
forest conservation became an issue.
Instead of attempting to put im
mediately into effect complete poli
cies and an intensive management
which are scientifically correct, the
things now being attempted are the
logical steps which will ultimately
lead to systematic, long-time mana
gement of private forest lauds. The
private owner is learning that fire
protection is possible and that it
pays. With this fact established,
other things will be taken up and
worked out until the progressive
timberland owner will find that he
is practicing the kind of forestry
which pays in this country.
"in a word, private forestry, as
it can be properly practiced in the
United States today, is not the in
tensive forestry of Germany, but
the application of protection and
close utilization measures with pro
visions for natural regeneration.
These principles, applied as econo
mic conditions permit, will build
up the art and practice of forestry
The All Maui baseball team deserves the support of all Maui people.
and every game that is played in order to raise funds to finance the
trip to Oahu in February next, should be well patronized by the public
There does not seem to be much talk about the proposed float that
Maui may put in the Floial Parade. It is about time that some one
got busy and called a meeting to discuss the affair.
While the rolling stone gathers no moss, the rolling of Free-Trade
goods into the United States gathers American work and American
wages and sends them over the sea.
While the Angora goat may not like it, still we must conjrratulate
that animal. Many an A ican sheep will be sorry that he was not
born a goat. 7"
The largest tree in the United
States is said to be the "Mother of
the forest," a giant redwood in the
Calaveras bigtree grove in Califor
nia. It is supposed to contain 140,
619 board feet of lumber. There
are, however, many claimants for
the honor of being the "largest
tree" and the "oldest tree," and
these claims, according to foresters,
can not always be verified.
One of the largest and most
valuable timber trees of the coun
try is the tulip tree, known to lum
bermen as yellow popular. It is
related to the magnolias, but is the
only tree of its kind in the world.
Articles of clothing from wood
fiber are being made in Kurope.
The material for a suit costs about
fifty cents. Clothing made of this
material, however, can not be
One of the principal by-products
of the national forests of Japan is
furnished by mushrooms, which
have yielded in one year a revenue
of a million dollars.
To secure a merit badge in for
estry, boy scouts are required,
among other things to identify 25
kinds of trees.
Kahului Railroad Co's
j Tel. No. 1062.
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Kahului, Maui, T. H.
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