Newspaper Page Text
THE MAUI NEWS, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1914.
Newspaper Correspondent Who Saw
at Close Range Some of the Terris
fic Fighting in Poland Give
Account of His Experiences.
By FRANCIS M'CULLAGH.
Correspondent Chicago Daily News.
Petrograd, Russia The German ad
vance on Warsaw was achieved as a
result of that most difllcult operation
known as a change of front, pcifrom
ed with marvelous speed and ellieien
cy. The transfer of one-fourth of the
German army from Belgium to Poland
was the least of the difficulties that
were overcome. Far greater was Ihe
establishment of etrapes (shelters)
And lines of communication in hostile
territory- The Germans not only over
came these difficulties, hut conceived
a masterly plan of attacking War
saw and very ne,irly carried H to suc
cess. Grand Duke Nicholas . expected a
German advance from East Prussia
eastward on Grodno or southward on
Warsaw and had prepared for these
movements with General Rennen
kampff's army west of Grodno and an
ollier army at Kevno. Warsaw was
defended in the north by the for
tress of Novogeorgeievsk and a powcr
Attack Comes 'Through Swamp3.
The grand duke did not expect an
attack from the soueh, where there
are swamps, the worst wagon roads in
Europe and few railways. But it was
from the South that General von Mor
In all there were four German
groups. One, from Thorn, bombard
ed Ploesk, but retreated, (his bo'ng
only a demonstration. Two, groups tl
vanced from Kalisz and Chcnstokhov
and uniting at Skiornevitzy, moved
on Warsaw with blinding rapidity.
The fourth group, from Cracow, at
tacked Radom and then Ivangorod,
where the object was to cross the
Vistula, thus outflanking the Russian
army at Warsaw and compelling its
The whole AustrovGerman, battle
front was -1G2 miles In length, ex
tending from the Baltic to the Carpa
thians and threefore the battle of the
Vistula in the middle of October was
in some respects the greatest over
fought. I confine myself to a descrip
tion of what I saw with my own eyes.
Had Only to Walk In.
Warsaw was absolutely lost on the
evening of October 11. The Germans
had only to walk in and take it. But
they delayed, probably waiting for
the fourth German force to cross at
Next day the Russians had more
troops, and within a week they had
ten corps, or 400,000 men, south of
Warsaw, and as General von Mor
gen's force was threatened from both
flnaks, he fell back October 20, with
amazing skill and rapidity.
I was able to see all the fighting on
the extreme front because of my
friendship with Russian officers form
ed duiing the Manchurian war. From
the station of Prushkov, six miles
south of Warsaw, I traveled the whole
Russian line. The Germans were driv
en from Prushkov a few hours before
my visit, but fighting continued on
Great Trees Hurled Aloft.
I crossed the fields to Sokoloff amid
a frightful bombardment. I saw one
big German shell alight undre the
gnarled" roots of an enormous tree.
When the smoke cleared away this
tree was lodged in the top branches
of some other trees close by. It had
been torn up by the roots and shot
up"rds hundreds of feet with ter
The curious effect of these mon
strous shells passing close to one's
head Is that they produce nervous col
lapse, deafness, numbness and fre
quent insanity. I personally helped to
the rear a dozen soldiers thus af
flicted. More dreadful sights I never
aw. Now there are two hospitals in
Petrograd and Moscow for such sol
diers with more than one thousand
patients In each.
This frightful bombardment drove
nio into the cellar of a factory, where
l found two men and several wom
en and children, who had been there
bree days, not daring to emerge even
o get a drink of water from the
pump only a few yards from the open
ing of the cellar. They told me that
the bombardment, had continued day
and Tllffhr nnit In nrnnf tf their wi-
nm in nnr Miihii'lni, mil than nnintan
Wo the bodied?! three men and a child
Laying In the factory yard.
Germans In Solid Mass.
When darkness fell I bolted out
tgaln and soon took refuge again in
the house of a Polish gentleman, who
incited me to sleep In his house foi
the nigh I. I slept on a sofa, but In
the small hours of the morning 1 was
awakened by r shell which shook
every window frnmo In the house. Mv
host and his family soon appeared
saying that the servants had all fled
I decided to depart also, but was
prevented by the sounds of firing and
shelling In the adjacent village, a '0
so I remained all day in the house.
The next day the German troops
rushed past the house, a solid wall
of men so close together that lb -y
obliterated the flower garden and the
adjoining young shrubbery u com
pletely as if a steam roller had pass
ed over both.
I cast a hasty glance in the oppo
site direction, speculating if even yet
I could escape that way but at a
crossroads near the house I saw fom
Hungarian ihussars who sat motion
less in their saddles. They formed a
square, each man looking down a
read, with a rifle unslung, the butt
resting loosely against his bright red
riding breeches, and with finger on
I realized that it would be a mad
race down any of these roads and that
a wild scamper through the adjacent
fields would be bad for my health.
Finds Himself at the Front.
Turning again to look at the Ger
mans, I reflected with secret exulta
tion that my most sanguine hopes as
a war correspondent .Had been real
ized. Fur a long time the wisest
heads in the Russian fo.-cign and war
ofUces prevented me from getitng to
the front. Now with a rush, like a
Niagara, the front had come to me.
The Germans were no beauties as
they advanced in their "pickelhau
ben" (helmets) and grayish uniforms,
looking as if they had not shaved or
washed for weeks. It was with no or
dinary curiosity that I gazed at thpt
formidable host which had wrout-ht
devastation from Antwerp to War
saw, before whose cannon first-class
fortresses had gone down like houses
of cards, whose 'monstrous armies
v.-eie measured not by miles but by
degrees of latitude.
Meanwhile the tide of battle rose
higher and higher around us. It wa
impossible to leave the house, whose
wall were lathed by a spray of sharp
nel and rifle bullets. It was cracked
in several places from the foundation
to the roof by the concussion of gi
. Sees Battle Approach Warsaw.
I mounted to the roof and-observed
the distant lights or Warsaw, which
were not lowered despite the terror
of aeroplanes and Zeppelins. South
of Warsaw I saw a great irregular
line of foam tipped sharpnel explo
sions, the boiling edge of a Teutonic
sea of iron and blood.
At one point the line bent sharply
outward and approached perilously
close to the Polish capil.'i. 'Hie line
moved closer and as I looked I felt
sure that Warsaw h.id gone like Ant
werp, Brussels, Liro and Miv.il.euge.
Then the line fell back and the red
tide of war eb'vj'i and kcd l:ke a
My reflections were interrupted by
the whiz of a bullet and then sharpnel
bursting above the chimney sent me
Suddenly the darkness was lit up
by a tremendous glare. The Saxons
had retreated, setting fire to the vil
lage. A young pleasant faced Rus
sian officer entered the house, went
to the cellar entrance and regarded
the women and children in silence.
He seemed deeply moved.
"What a ghastly time they must
have had!" he said.
Then he quickly commanded us to
clear out at once, as the Germans
would probably return and the house
would surely be smashed. He began
speaking in Polish and ended In Rus
sian. Ho gave us a soldier to guide
It was a strange, frightened proces
sion of men, women and children. As
we crossed a hill southeust of the
railway line the fight behind us re
commenced with great fury.
Young Count Potoski Killed.
The Germans retook the house,
which was burned and obliterated,
and the young officer was killed. His
death sent a thrill of grief through
all Poland, for he was no other than
the brave young Count Poeoski, head
of au ancient family of Polish aristo
crats. The fate of the mansion in which I
found succor is typical of thousands
of similar homes. From Warsaw to
Kalisz, Cracow and Chenstohov, Po
land has suffered almost as much as
Belgium. Where the Germans have
not been the Austrians have been.
The Lublin governmene was devast
ated. Duiing the battle of Warsaw alone
hundreds of hamlets and mansions
weie flateened in this steam roller
war. They were taken and retaken
by the opposing forces. In back gar
dens, narrow stairways and pr.ivate
chapels men fought like fiends.
Over a wide area south of Warsaw
the struggle raged for ten days and
nights in village streets and isolated
Death of Miss Mosser
Follows Surgical Operation
Following an operation perform
ed at the Malulatii hospital on
Wednesday evening, Miss Mag
delene H. Mosser, well known in
central Mani as one of the office
staff of the Maui Agricultural Com
pany, died at an early hour Thurs
day afternoon. Interment was in
the Makawao cemetery.
Miss Mosser had not been well
for some little time but until a few
days before her death her indispo
sition was not considered serious.
When it became evident that an
operation was the only hope, Dr.
Judd of Honolulu was wirelessed
for, and he arrived by the Manna
Kea on Wednesday evening, per
forming the operation immediately
after. The funeral service was
conducted by Rev. R. B. Dodge.
The deceased has a sister in the
islands, Miss Clara Mosser, teach
er at Paia in the kindergarten. She
is also mourned by a host of friends
among whom her going leaves a
very real void. She has been in the
Islands for about ten years, com
ing here from Pennsylvania.
Sheriff Crowell Stops
Runaway And Is Hurt
The mystery of Sheriff Clem
Crowell's month's stay in Honolu
lu has been explained. It was all
caused by his breaking into the he
ro class in stopping a runaway
team which was charging at a mad
gallop towards a throng of people
on Emma street. The sheriff did
the stunt all right and possibly sav
ed a number of persons from injury
or death, but he was thrown, and
two wheels of a heavy "expres wa
gon ran over his leg just below the
knee. He was laid up for several
weeks, and is still suffering from
Frear Says Duty
on Sugar in 1916
Former Governor Walter F.
Frear, who returned to Honolulu
this week after more than a vear's
absence, spent chiefly in Washing
ton, declares it is bis belief that
following the 1916 elections, a
moderate duty will be placed on
sugar- lie believes that the Re
publicans will win a majority in
the House at that time, and very
possibly the presidency. He doubts
that President Wilson can be re
elected. Governor Frear's chief mission
in Washington was as attorney for
the Hawiian Dredging Company
and the San Francisco Bridge
Company in connection with the
Pearl Harbor dry dock contract.
This matter has lately been
straightened out so that the work
will soon be ivnder way again.
Mr. P'rear also too'- an active in
terest in a number of other things
concerning the islands, and was
instrumental in getting action on a
number of matters, among which
is the Honolulu federal building
iukI the Kalihi harbor extension
for Honolulu harbor.
Foss Gets Contract.
Contracts for the construction of
a new -room school House at
Spreckelsville and a teacher's cot
tage at Uleuino, liana, bids for
which were ojiened yesterday by
the county supervisors, were both
awarded to J. C. Foss, Jr, on his
tenders of $982 and $1370 respect
ively. The only other bidder was
J. A. Aheong who bid $1197 for
the Uleuino job and $2100 f or the
houses, backward and forward, like a
roiring flood. The Germanic flood
finally ebbed, but with its stupendous
strength so little impaired that it is
liable to roll back at any moment.
New Valley Isle Theater
Absorbs Maui Theater.
Coincident with the opening of
the new Valley Isle Theater, now
set for New Year's day, the Maui
Theater at the comer of Market
and Main street will go out of bus
iness. This arrangement resulted
from a meeting of the manage
ments of the two piny bouses held
last Sunday. Under the agreement
J. H. Kunewa and J. N, K. Keola,
owners of the old theater, accept
stock in the new theater in ex
change for their property.
J. C. Cohen, who is associated
in the new enterprise, was here to
attend the meeting. The Valley
Isle Theater is rapidly Hearing com
pletion, and will be by far the
finest show house on Maui. It will
be under the management of M. T.
First Trained Nurse
Again Visits Maui Friends
Miss Lizzie Fearn, who has the
distinction of having been the first
trained mine in Hawaii, and who
was largely instrumental in start
ing the original Paia hospital, is
visiting friends in the island after
a long absence. Since leaving here
Miss Fearn has worked in the
West Indies, in Africa, and in va
rious parts of. the world. She
stopped off here on her way from
New Zealand, and will leave short
ly for the coast.
Attention is called to Acts 89 and
127 of the Session Laws of 1913, pro
viding for a Public Utilities Comis
sion md defining its powers and dut
ies. Any person or persons having
good cause for complaint against pub
lic utilities, under control of the Com
mission, should notify the Commis
sion of such complaint in writing.
J. N. S. WILLIAMS,
Honolulu, Hawaii, December b, 1914.
Dec. 12, 19, 2ti, 1914.
The hop crop of California has just
been harvested and the leading au
thorities place the production at bet
ween 100,000 and 105,000 bales.
Authorities place the output of
cured figs from the San Joaquin val
ley at between C000 and 7000 tons
this year, as against 4500 tons in
It is said that 1914 will yield one
of the largest olive crops California
lias ever produced. The output for
the Stale will total about 15,000 tons.
The value of such an output Is fig
ured at about $2,000,000.
The total citrus Cruit shipments
from California for the season Nov
ember 1st to September 14th was
15,409 cars, us against 17,470 for the
same period the previous season.
A recent report of the California
Fruit Growers' Exchange says that
California citrus fruits forwarded ag
gregate over $17,500,000 for tho twelve
months ending with August 31st.
It is stated that the Ontario-Cuca-
monga Fruit xchange will disburse
around $2,000,000 to its members for
citrus fruits shipped during the 1913
The California Fruit Distributors
plate the total number of carloads of
various kinds of fruit shipped this
season up to September 30th at
ll,905i,i carloads, as against 10.247U
carloads in 1913. For this season the
shipments were as follows: Cherries,
lCCVi; apricots, ZH2; peaches, ?143Vi ;
pears, 257&H; grapes, 470G'; mis
cellaneous, 21 carloads.
During the month of August 43,306
gallons of wine were shipped from
San Francisco by sea to fifteen for
eign countries, 742, 8"5 gallons to East
ern States, and 57,392 gallons to Ha
W and Double U.
"Spell your name!" said the court
The witness began: "O, doubleT,
I, double U, E, double I, double "
"Wait!" ordered tho clerk; "begin
Tho witness repealed: "O, double
T, I, doublolT, E, double L, double U,
"Your honor!" roired the clrk, "I
beg that this man bo committed for
contempt of court!"
"What is your name?" asked the
"My name, Your Honor, is Ottl
well Wood, and I tpell It O, double T,
I, double U, E, double L, double U,
double O, D.". Ladies Home Journal.
On the Other Islands
New Judge Makes Clean Sweep.
Judge Thomas n. Stuart, who suc
ceeded Judge Roninson as third Judge
of the first circuit, began his work
by accepting the resignations of the
whole staff of court attachecs and ap
pointing a number of others to fill
the vacancies. Clarence D. Pringlc
gets the place of V. M. Harrison, as
deputy clerk, and Miss Rose Edith
Holt was appointed Ftenogrnpher in
place of Col. J. W. Jones. Miss Rose
was previously stenographer in tho
public lands office. M. T. Sinionton,
clerk, has resigned but his place has
not been filled. It Is reported that
John Wise was offered the job but de
clined it.. Miss Bernice Dwlght has
also declined the plnce.
Two Inter-Island Seamen Drown.
While anchoring a mooring buoy off
Kukulliaele yesterday. Second Officer
Kahaunaele and Seaman Kitahara of
the Inter-Island seeamer Kaiulani
weie drowned, when a gteantic wave
swamped the boat they were working
in. Although they were both expert
swimmers, they were dashed against
the rocks and drowned before assist
ant c could reach them.
Second officers Kahaunaele is sur
vived by a widow and several chil
dren who reside in Ililo.
Lost Ccientist Lest in Africa.
W. W. Thayer, secretary of the Ter
ritory, has cabled the department of
state In Washingeon to request the
American consular representatives in
West Africa to endeavor to trace the
whereabouts of J. C. Bridwell, a local
entomologist. Professor Bridwell's
family has not heard from him since
last'Augnst. At that time he was at
Lagos, Northern Nigeria.
Get3 High Odd Fellow Honors.
M. T. Simonlon, of Honolulu, has
been appointed deputy district grand
sire for Hawaii. His commission is
expected within a few days. The of
fice is the highest in Odd Fellnwdoiu
in this Territory.
Will Import Birds.
By a resolution adopted by the
Sugar Planters' Association, at its
meeting last week, the planters' ex
periment station was instructed to
look into the matter of importing var
ious varieties of birds which can be
demonstrated as beneficial in keeping
down insects. A year or more will
be spent in studying this matter in
order that no mistakes may lie made.
It is believed that a number of desir
able hong birds ti;ay be found to meet
Mrs. Smart's Will May be Contested.
It is rumored that relatives of .the
deceased Thelma Parker Smart, who
by will left her entire fortune to her
husband, not even mentioning' mem
bers of her own family, will invoke
the aid of the law in an effort to
break the will. The document was
read at the Parker Ranch following
the funeral which took place lust
week in the family burying ground.
It is stated that tho will was drawn
up last January by attorney Frank
Thompson, of Honolulu. The estate
is valued at about $2,000,000, and the
income under the deed of trust guar
antee's Smart at least $3000 monthly.
The trust uad r which the estate as
placed befoie Mrs. Smart's marriage,
remains in force during the life of
her mother, Mrs. Knight, of San Fran
Diplomat Diet In Honolulu.
Willi am Woodville Rockhill, one of
the oldest members of the United States'
diplomatic corps, died at a sanitarium in
Honolulu at an early hour Tuesday morn
ing from heart disease, induced by a sev
ere cold, lie had been on his way to
China to act as adviser to President Yuan
Slnli-Kai, but was so ill that he was re
moved from the vessel at Honolulu on
December 4. The remains will be taken
to his former home in Connecticut by
his widow. The deceased was sixty years
of age aud had been connected with the
diplomatic service for many years. He
held many high positions in Washington
besides having represented this govern
ment abroad on many important mis
sions. Roughing It.
' Algy: Did you enjoy yourself
roughing it this summer, old top?
Lionel: No; blawsted luck! First
the chef took sick, then some one
stole our safeily razors, and, to cap it
all, the pianola broke down!
Hard to Recognize.
"Poverty is a blessing In disguise,"
quoted the Sage.
"Well," replied the Fool, "the (lis
guise ts certainly effective." Cincin
Honolulu Wholesale Pro
duce Market Quotations
Ifmed By the Territorial Marketing
Division, Dec. 4, 1914.
Fancy Island 50
California Kxtra Creamery
Fresh Island, per dozen 50 to .65
California Ranch, per rase 30 doz.12 00
Uuck Kg?, doz 35
rollers. J to 3 lbs . lb 33 tn .35
Young roosters, per lb M3U to .35
Hens, good condition, per lb Sift
Turkeys, lb so
Ducks, Muscovy, lb 30
Ducks. Pokln, lb 25
Ducks, Hawaiian, doz 6.40
Geese, lb go
Vegetables and Produce.
Ucans, string, groen, por lb 03 1- to .044
" " wax, lb 04 to .05
Maul Red, perewt 4 00
Calico, per cwt .sno to 38
Small Whitos, perewt 5.00
Dry Peas, per ewt 3.25
ileots, per doz. bunches 9)
Cabbage, lb 02 to .09 1-2
Beans, lima In pod. lb 03 to .03 l
Carrots, per doz. bunches 40
Corn, sweet, per 100 ears t.oo to 2.88
Corn, Hawn. small yellow.... 37.00 to 4000
Corn, largo yellow... sun to 37.00
Rhubarb, lb o
Cucumbers, doz 35 t0 40
Peanuts, largo, per lb us
" small, ' 07
Onions, Island None on market
Green poppers, boll, 10 t 05
Green poppers, Chile, lb 01 to .0 8
Potatoes, Island, Irish none In market
Kgg Plant, doz 15
Pumpkin, lb M 1.4 to .02
Sweet potatoes, native varieties,
percwt-Murkot getting better ..50 to 1.00
Taro, wet land variety.per cwt. ...1.25
Taro, bunch 15
Tomatoes, lb 02 to .03
Green Peas, lb 10
Hogs, up to 150 lbs, per lb 12 1-2 to .13
Hogs, 150 lbs. and over, per lb n to. 12 1-2
Steers, No. 1, lb 13 .g
Steers, No. 2, lb 13
Kips, lb 13 1-2
Snoop Sklus .'. . . ..'.. .'.'.'.10 lo .SO
Goat Skins, whito 10
Alligator pears, doz none on market
Hauunus, Chinese bunch 25 to .50
Hananas, cooking, bunch so to 1.00
llrcadfruit, por doz 4010 60
Fi8s. 85 to 1.00
Grapes. Isabella, lb 10
Oranges, Hawaiian, por 100 60 to 1 50
Limes, per 100 76 to 1.00
Pineapple, doz 60 to .PO
Strawberries, scarce, lb 25
Pohas, por lb ..m
Papula, per lb 01 1-2
Roselle, lb 4
Veal, lb ,3 ,.8to ,j
Mutton, lb 11 to .ia
Poril. " 18 to .22
The following are quotations on fetd
f. o b
Corn, small yellow, ton 40.00
Corn, large yellow, ton as 00
Corn, cracked 42.00
Hurley, per ton 81.50
Itran, per ton 30.50
Oats, per ton 35.50
Wheat, ton, shorts 42.60
Middlings, per ton 87.60
Hay, Wheat, per ton 23.00
Hay, alfalfa, ton 25 00
Alfalfa meal, ton 23.00
Many Kinds of Hard Work.
"I want you to understand," said
young Spender, "tnal I got my money
by hard work."
"Why, I thought it was left to you
by your rich uncle."
"So it was, but I had hard work to
get it away from the lawyers." La
dies' Home Journal.
Cohen (entering delicatessen store)
"Gif me some of that salmon."
Trop. "That's not salmon, that's
Cohen "Veil. Who asked you what
it vas?" Lehigh Burr.
Canada Using Cotton-Seed Oil.
Because of the war, Canada Is al
ready in need of drugs and chemicals.
Scarcity of olive oil has led to the use
of American cotton seed oil as a sub
stitute. FOR SALE.
Two fine family milk cows. Gentle.
To calve shortly. Apply to L. von
Tempsky, Makawao. 42-tf.
AUTO ROR HIRE
Comfortable and stylish 1914 Cadillac
7-Seater. at your service. Kates
reasonable. King up
NUNES, Paia : : Tel. 205
WAILUKU -:- PIIONK -:-
lirays, press Wagons, Buggies, etc
Humes and Saddle Horses; 7-seater
Cadillac, Frank Medeirog, Chauffeur;
also 2-Ton liuick Truck, for hire Day and
Night. Special rates for large parties.
We guarantee to make all steamer and