Newspaper Page Text
THE MAUI NEWS, SATURDAY, MAY 8, 1915.
f OUR ISLAND CONTEMPORARIES J
Emilia Virgeri and Umb erto
Sacchetti of Bevani Opera Co.
Time aftT time the statement 1b
made that In Queensland, the most
northern state of the Australian Com
monwealth, white men taise cane and
make large profits out of their crops.
It Is also stated, from time to time,
that something of the same sort
should be started in Hawaii. Govern
ment owned mills, co-operative mills
and other features are lauded.
That Queensland farmers have
made money in the past, and that
tome of them are doing so at the pres
ent time is true enough. BUT IT IS
WITH THE AID OF THE GOVERN
MENT BOUNTY WHICH IS GIVEN
FOR "WHITE GROWN SUGAR."
That bounty amounts to very nearly
the same, per pound, as the duty
which the domestic Biigar of Hawaii
enjoyed for ninny years, until the re
fining trust managed, through Its lob
by, to get the free sugar bill past the
In Queensland colored South Sen
labor was used for thirty yevs or so
on the sugar plantations. The labor
was cheap enougfc for anything and
the plantations coined money. The
big companies could raise cane far
cheaper than private fanners could,
but still some outside cane was pur
chased. The price paid for the rune
was based on the sugar conu nts of
the cane. That being the case, the
farmers followed proper cultivation
methods and saw to it that their cane
was as high in percentage of cane
sugar as possible.
Then came the federation of the
Australian Slates, and the cry of a
"White Australia" went up. That
sounded the death knell of the sugar
industry in Queensland and, although
the planters were given a certain time
in which to replace the black labor
with white men, it was soon seen
that to pay cane cutters seventy-five
to ninety dollars per month for har
vesting was impossible. (It is on rec
ord that some cane-cutting gangs
average, per man, per month, ninety
dollars, or 18.)
The howl that went up from the
Queensland cane farmers was so great
that the government decided to pay
a bonus on all cane raised and har
vested by whKe labor. That set
things going again, but It was noticed
that the big companies, with large
-capital behind them, gave up their
estates, and contented thempelves
with the profit they could make In
their factories. That seems good
enough, but if the bounty is removed
some day by a future government,
there are going to be a lot of ruined
cane farmers in Queensland.
How would thlng3 pan out in Ha
waii with white labor, free Bugar and
co-operative, or government, mills?
Queensland has no export trade In
sugar except to the neighboring
states of the commonwealth. There
is high duty on foreign sugar, and
there is but little of it ever imported
Into Australia. Haw.-iil exports nearly
every pound of sugar raised here. Ha
waii, even under the old tariff, could
not pay the wage that would be de
manded by white laborers. Under a
free sugar tariff there will be no
chance of paying the wages that the
present labor enjoy. Finally, a govern
ment that will not even protect a dom
estic industry that flourishes in Ha
waii, Louisiana and California, can
never be expected to pay a bounty,
as Queensland does, on sugar raised
by white citizens. Hawaii Herald.
Meat Is going up again or is it
Save the Hibiscus.
The suggestion, if seriously advanc
ed, that the federal experiment sta
tion do away with its hibiscus grove
and abandon its work of creating new
strains, should be forgotten as speed
ily as possible. The work which Val
entine Holt has done and is doing is
useful work, even if we cannot eat
hibiscus blooms or saw the hibiscus
shrubs into paving blocks. . There Is
a value to the beautiful and the hibis
cus work Is adding to the sum total
of the attractiveness of this city. The
hibiscus grove at the experiment sta
tions 's one of the attractions of Ho
nolulu, displaying floral beauty seen
no where else In any country, and to
destroy this for the sake of "saving"
the comparatively few dollars It is
costing would be folly. Honolulu has
a number of hibiscus lovers spending
their private funds and their own time
and knowledge in the culture of this
flower, but this Ia no reason why the
public work along the same line
should be abandoned. Advertiser.
The International Congress of Wo
men will send delegations to the heads
of the European poweis demanding
immediate cessation of the war. It
may not halt the mad course of con
flict but it must bring home to the
rulers what war entails upon those
who cannot bear a gun or dig a
trench but must stay at home in si
lent suffering and terrible expectation.
All honor to the women for their ac
tion, whether or not Its effects imme
diately show! Star-Bulletin.
Poor old China seems to get it in
the neck all the time. Some day the
giant will rise up, wipe his eyes, and
then proceed to wipe off a few old
scores. Hawaii Herald.
The Bill Being Signed
His signing of the (Hllo railroad tax
exemption) measure yesterday should
effectually silence the critics who ap
peared to take for granted that fhe
governor is Impelled solely by per
sonal considerations in carrying out
his executive duties. Advertiser.
It is gratifying to see that the Ad
vertiser now believes the governor is
not impelled solely by personal con
siderations in carrying out his exe
cutive duties." Star-Bulletin.
The chamber of commerce of Ho
nolulu is to be commended for its
wisdom In increasing the membership
of the promotion committee to eight
instead of five. The new "promoters"
will be members of the Hilo board of
trade, the Maul chamber of commerce
and the Kauai chamber of commerce
They will be elected by their respec
tive organizations and will have full
voting and membership rights in the
This change in the promotion com
mittee is indicative of the closer civic
union throughout Hawaii. Hilo no
longer hunts trouble with Honolulu,
while Kahulul and Nawiliwili have
discovered that they are first cousins
and used to go to school together
back in Maine. What favors one helps
Hawaii is growing together and not
apart The Civic Convention started
the movement The Ad Club has had
its influence, and now all that is re
quired to make Hawaii one compact lit
tle garden spot, physically, as well as
in tpirit, is to get congress to appro
priate the coin. Congress is with us.
I Why not suggest it? Advertiser.
brand Opera Company
Will Sing in Wailuku
Bevani Artists Will Give Maui Music
Lovers Chance to Hear Real
Opera Here Three Nights.
. Maul is to have a chance to hear
real grand opeia. This was made ce
tain this week, vhen the management
of the Bevani Grand Opera Company,
tow sini'ing in Honolulu, announced
that the advance subscription tor
seats was sul'h'ient to warrant the
mpany's coming Jiere
This is the firBtnd, for a long time
at least will be he last opportunity
to enjoy grand Jopera in Maul. The
company is. toappear at the Valley
Isle Theatra or three nights com
mencing Saturday, May 15. The reper
toire which has been decided upon is:
Saturday, II Trovatore; Monday, Rlgo
letto; and Tuesday, the season will
close with a grand double bill which
will bring out the entire strength of
the company, viz, Cavalleria RustJ
cana and the second act of Lucia dl
Lamermoore, which takes in the
world renowned "Sextette" and the
"Mad Scene" which gives the colom
tura soprano a great chance to dis
play vocal agility and ability, in ad
dition to the above each of the artists
will be heard to advantage in solos,
duets, trios, etc.
Why China May Fight
Rather Than Submit
Some of the Demands Which Japan
Would Impose Indicate Wish to Dominate.
Much speculation has been indulged
in all over the world as to just what
the terms of the demands made upo
China by Japan really are. The to
lowing is said to be a portion of them:
ARTICLE 1. The Chinese central
government shall employ influential
Japanese as advisers in political, fi
nancial and military affairs.
ARTICLE 2. Japanese hospitals,
churches and schools in the interior
of China shall be granted the right of
ARTICLE 3. Inasmuch as the Jap
anese and the Chinese government
have bad many cases of dispute bet
ween Japanese and Chinese police
to settle, cases which caused no little
misunderstanding, it is for this rea
son necessary 'that the police depart
ments of impoitant places (in China)
shall be jointly administered by Jap
anese and Chinese, or that the police
departments of these places shall em
ploy numerous Japanese, so that they
may at the same time help to plan
for the improvement of the Chinese
ARTICLE 4. China shall purchase
from Japan a fixed amount of muni
tions of war (say 50 per cent or more
of what is needed by the Chinese gov
ernment) or that there shall be estab
lished in China a Chino-Japanese
Jointly worked arsenal. Japanese tech
nical experts are to be employed and
Japanese material to be purchased.
ARTICLE 5. China agrees to grant
to Japan the right of constructing a
railway connecting Wuchang with
Kiuklang and Nanchang and Chao
chou. ARTICLE 6. If China needs foreign
capital to work mines, build railways
and construct harbor-works (includ
ing dock-yard) in the province of Fu
kien, Japan shall first be consulted.
ARTICLE 7. China agrees that Jap
anese subjects shall hae the right to
propagate Buddhism in China.
COELHO WANTS KAHOOLAWE.
W. J. Coelho has made application
to the board of agriculture and for
estry for a license to occupy the Is
land of Kahoolawe for twenty years,
rent free, to establish a fishing sta
tion. As a quid pro quo Mr. Coelho
states that he will kill off all the wild
goats and stock the island with game
birds and poultry. The board respect
fully declined the proposition.
After Wood's Coat
L. A. Thurston Brings Up Matter After
Body Had Tabled Secretary's Resignation.
Although the Promotion Committee
several weeks ago, by formal resolu
tion voted to table the resignation of
Secretary H. P. Wood, and at the
same time voiced the hope that Mr.
Wood would continue his connection
with the body, the matter was again
dragged into the open, at a meeting
of the committee, on Friday of last
week, by L. A. Thurston who appears
to be the member determined to "get
Wood's goat." In its account of the
meeting, the Star-Bulletin says:
"What appeared to be another de
termined attempt to oust H. P. Wood
from his position as secretary of the
Hawaiian Promotion Committee was
made yesterday afternoon by L. A.
Thurston at a committee meeting.
"Mr Thurston bluntly indicated a
belief that Chairman E. A. Berndt, as
chairman of the finance committee,
has been dilatory, and hot words fol
lowed. No definite action was taken,
though the discussion of the status
of Mr. Wood consumed the better part
of an hour.
"Thurston, urged by Mr. Berndt to
put forward a written resolution out
lining a suggested course of action
for the finance committee, steadfastly
refused to do so."
Mr. Thurston based his action on a
personal letter from Mr. Wood, which
indicated that the writer did not enre
to be a disturbing factor, and would
not try to enforce his contract wtih
the committee, which Is for a several
year period, in case the community
wishes him out.
New Pastor for Hana
District Comes In Jane
Rev. and Mrs. George E. Lake of
Boston have accepted the call of the
Hawaiian Board of Missions to the
Hana side of Maui and will arrive in
the early part of June to begin their
labors in the Hana field.
Arrangements have been now com
pleted by which the parsonage that
stands on the grounds of the old Hana
church will be put into such repair as
it may need, and the house will be
placed at the disposal of the new pas
tor and his wife.
Rev. Mr. and Mrs. Lake come to
Hana with the highest recommenda
tions from the parishes they have
served before. He is a graduate of
Dartmouth College, Hanover, and has
held several pastorates in New Eng
land. Hawaiian Chinese Will
Aid Against Japanese
The Chinese National Defense Asso
ciation of Honolulu was organized last
Sunday night in the rooms of the
Chinese United Society. Its purpose
is to raise funds for the support of the
parent country, should war break out
The officers and members w ere care
ful to explain, their strictly lawful pur
pose. There is to be no recruiting or
drilling, nor anything to embarass the
neutrality of the United States should
hostilities actually flame up.
Ye Yap, president of the Chinese
United Society, was elected president
of the new organization.
Members of the executive commit
tee are: C. K. Al. president and gen
eral manager of the City Mill: Lau
Tong, vice president of the United
Society; D. J. Wudan, former colonel
general in the revolutionary armies;
Young Kwong Tat, treasurer of the
Other oflicers are: Chinese secre
tary, Lum Yat Keong; English secre
tary, S. K. Lau: treasurer, C. F. Zen;
auditor, Wu Wing Sun; directors,
Goo Sarlc Wun, Shung Seu Kwai,
Wong Chee, Doo Kwong. Hee Jack
Sun, Tom Yee, Young You Kwun,
Chang Kwai, Tom Kwai, Young Koon,
Kau, Ching Alai, Chung Ming, Lee
Kau, Look Kee, Ching Lin, Tom Le
on;, Young Fook Ing, Hee Tong, Chai
Ku Yuen, Loo Joe.
M. KITANO, Proprietor.
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Gloves, Cleaned, Pressed and Dyed.
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Try Us. You Won't Regret It.
Report of the Condition of
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF WAILUKU
At Wailuku, in the Territory of Hawaii, at the close of business,
May 1, 1915.
Loans and discounts $!40,533.83
Overdrafts, secured, none; unsecured. $3835.54 3,835.54
U. S. bonds deposited to secure circulation (par value)! 25,000.00 25,000.00
Other bonds pledged to secure postal savings 1,000.00
Bonds, securities, etc., on band (other than stocks),
including premiums on same 16,654.00
Bonds, securities, etc., pledged as collateral for State
or other deposits (U. S. postal savings excluded).. 59,340.00 75,994.00
All other stocks, including premium on same 1,234.00 1,234.00
Banking house, $3000; furniture and fixtures, $3840.... 6,840.00
Due from approved reserve agents in central reserve
. cities 7,892.87 7,892.87
Due from banks and bankers (other than above) 4,637.04
Outside checks and other cash items, $1851.90; frac
tional currency, $ 1,851.90
Lawful money reserve in bank:
Specie 44,463.26 44,463.26
Redemption fund with U. S. Treasurer (not more than
5 per cent on circulation) 1,250.00
Capital stock paid In $ 35,000.00
Surplus fund 35,000.00
Undivided profits $ 20.725.42
Less current expenses, interest, and taxes paid. . . . 4,707.70 16,017.72
Circulating notes 25,000.00
Less amount on hand and in Treasury for redemp
tion or in transit 2.50 24,997.50
Individual deposits subject to check 227.427.41
Certificates of deposit due in less than 30 days. . . . 2,324.22
Certified checks 249.58
Postal savings deposits 42.02
State and municipal deposits 53,778.37 283,821.60
Certificates o fdeposit due on or after 30 days 19,695.62 19,695.62
Territory of Hawaii, City and County of Honolulu, ss:
I, C. H. COOKE, President of the above named bank, do solemnly swear
that the above statement is true to the best of my knowledge and belief.
C. H. COOKE. President
R. A. WADSWORTH,
D. H. CASE.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 8th day of May. 1915.
J. D. MARQUES,
.. . Notary Public.
g 'y 1 m -g
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i try a mi.. s "w - "c
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