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THE MAUI NEWS. SATURDAY, MAY 22. 1915.
THE MAUI NEYAS
Entered at the Tost Office at Wailuku, Maui, Hawaii, as second-class matter.
A Republican Fafer Published in the Interest of the reople
Issued Every Saturday.
MAUI PUBLISHING COMPANY, LIMITED,
Proprietors and Publishers
Subscription Ratus, $2.50 ri-R Year is Advance.
WILL J. COOPER,
EDITOR AND MANAGER
MAY 22. 1915.
DR. SCUDDHR COXDEMXS J.1PAX.
Japan lias not strengthened herself in the pond opinion of the world
ly her coercion of China. Moreover her stnunchest friends are finding
it hard to palliate her seemingly unwarranted act. Dr. Dorenuis Scud
der. than whom Japan has never had a more ardent advocate in Ameri
ca, has very plainly been nonplussed. Close friends of his state thai he
feels the matter most keenly and personally. Rut the doctor is not hack
ward in condemning what he frankly calls Japan's infringement of
China's sovereignty. In a long article in the last number of The Friend
he goes into the matter without gloves and without any attempt tv)
"Ardent friend of Japan though we are," pays Dr. Scuddor, "we
must confess to the deepest and most pained disappointment at the
course of her ruling statesmen in her attitude towards China. We
looked for something totally different. We believed that she was too
noble to do aught but remember her own painful ascent to her pres
ent position among world powers and in consequence help her
neighbor up the same toilful road."
Dr. Scuddcr likens "Japanism" to "Germanism":
The two forms of Covcrnment," he finds, "are quite a little alike,
the Emperor cult, the dominance of a class rather than of the peo
ple, the organization of army and navy, (lie scientific bent of mind,
the paternalism of the government, police espionage, enthusiastic
belief in her destiny as Kultur giver to Asia and the dread of demo
cracy. On the other hand China has always been in seme respects
the most democratic people on earth and in organizing her republic
she has chosen the United States as pattern."
Dr. Scudder presents a Japanese explanation of the case in these
"For many years far-sighted leaders in that Empire have recog
nized the truth that the only possible safety for both Japan and
China in developing their civilization free from the dominance of
the aggressive white man lies in their standing together
China had always despised Japan and could not bring her
self to trust her neighbor.
"Japan having exhausted every other resource in trying to con
vince China is now compelled to resoit to harsher means to bind
the two peoples together. Hence these demands which have but
one object to unite these nations in opposing all further aggression
by the white man. The opportunity offered is unique. Germany and
Russia have been successfully stood off. Japan must hold Southern
Manchuria in order to keep Russia at bay. She must for the pres
ent keep Kiauchow to prevent some other foreign power sterling
it. When China is strong enough to hold it for herself, it shall be
returned China does not recognize this now but
if she is coerced into this course of pooling her Issues with Japan,
under the tutelege of her real friend she will rapidly learn the lesson
and have lasting cause to bless Ik r benfactor."
But if this were true, why did Japan keep her demand-, ivi China
dark? Dr. Scudder asks. With such motives as these, he declares.
"Count Okuma lost the chance of a lifetime in not making the
demands upon China public at the outset and backing them up with
a clear statement of their really altruistic and self preservative
And the Doctor follows with the comment that
"When a nation gets so drunken with its own spirit as to fancy
that it can impose it by force upon another, it is a symptom of dan
gerous auto-infection. We do not believe that the Japanese people
are experiencing this misfortune, yetjtlie tone of the expressed opin
ion of a number of would-be moulders of public sentiment there
suggests such a possibility. China is the last body politic on earth
in whose case the experiment of inoculation with a hated national
spirit promises any forlorn hope of success. The fate of Pan Ger
manism ought to be a sufficient warning.
Rut Dr. Scudder would not allow Japan to carry out her policy
unchecked. America has moral and material interests in China thai
must not be waived, he says.
"Our government should not for a moment allow such a con
cession to be extorted from the Republic which already stands so
slose to ours In sympathy. China should be guaranteed the right to
choose her advisers where she pleases and to import as much Amer
icanism into her civilization as she desires."
u ts a
IS IT WORTH TIIIl PRICE?
In time of war it is the flower of a nation's manhood thai is de
manded as the sacrifice; but that the war god should demand a 'ike
tribute in time of peace from his worshipers will be a new th. tight for
many. Witness the following from Major-General Coihm:
"The general fact remains that our army is over-married," says
Maj-Gcn. Corbin. "Marriage of army officers who make no provisions!
for assuming the responsibilities therefor is hurtful both to the army
and to the oflicers themselves. I am (irmly of the opinion that no officer
should enter the marriage relation without first geeting the authority
of the war department."
n u n u u
WHAT OUR PROTEST MEAXS.
I f Germany declines to abandon her liwe of submarine warfare in
the face of President Wilson's protest, then what? Is the American
note to be considered as a threat, or is it simply a strong, dignified, and
earnest expression of this nation's disapproval of the disregard which
Germany has shown for the rights of neutrals. We believe it is the
latter that the President is simply placing the United States on record,
and that we are taking a stand that will have much to do with our
future relations with Germany.
It is scarcely conceivable that we shall become actively involved in
the European war, or that anything short of the actual invasion of
American territory should cause us to resort to arms. That the laws
of nations have been violated by both Germany and England is un
questioned. Both sides have definitely announced a determination to
prevent supplies of whatever kind reaching their enemy. Great Britain
through her fleet seizes every shin bound fur Germany. Germany under
takes to prevent as many as possible reaching the Allies by sinking them.
The principle is essentially the same. Had the Lusitania been sunk
without loss of life, it is entirely likely that America would have ap
plauded. America's protest is not against the violation of the man
made laws of nations, but against the violation of the laws of humanity.
The hurling to destruction of 1500 non-combatants as an incident to
the destruction of property of any enemy, is the thintr that has stirred
with horror the people of this country, Rut America is not going to
wai auuui ii.
Inhuman as the sinking of the Rusitania was, it must be conceded
that Germany gave ample warning. In fact it seems annarent that be
sides the advertisements warning Americans of danger in traveling
w ithin the prescribed zone, a special effort was made to prevent Ameri
cans from sailing on the last voyage of the Rusitania. We do not agree
that slie Had any moral or legal right to issue such orders, but that doe
not alter the facts of the matter.
It would probably not be a difficult matter to arrange for safe nas-
senger traffic between both English and German ports in neutral vessels
not carrying contraband. As for American shipowners or manufacturers
who are willing to take their chances in delivering supplies to either of
the belligerents, the fact must not be lost sight of that they are taking
these risks for the sole sake of the profits to be gained. If they lose,
their redress should come through the courts, with all the backing our
gu ci mucin can give 10 legitimate enterprise, uut America is not keen
to sacrifice American lives to help some of her citizens make fat for
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