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THE MAUI NEWS, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1915.
THE MAUI NEWS
Entered at the Post Office at Wailuku, Maul, Hawaii, as second-class matter.
A Republican Paper Published in the Interest of the People
Issued Every Friday.
MAUI PUBLISHING COMPANY, LIMITED,
Proprietors and Publishers
Subscription Rates, $2.50 per Year in Advance.
KAHULUI RAILROAD CO'S
WILL J. COOPER,
EDITOR AND MANAGER
NOVEMBER 12, 1915.
SHAPING UP A CAMPAIGN ISSUE.
Judge Stuart, in his suit against the Governor and the commission
er of public lands, is no doubt 'hiving a political role in the hope of mak
ing the public land question of Hawaii a live issue. His petition for a
writ of mandamus has a very familiar sound. In fact various passages
might well have been taken bodily from some of Link McCandless'
campaign speeches. That some other motive was in the Judge's mind
than that of impressing a Hawaiian court is very evident; else lie would
not dwell upon the fact that the territory has 1,631,818.77 acres of land,
when he knows, as does every one else in Hawaii that but a very small
fraction of this area is of any value whatever from an agricultural
standpoint. Nor would he expatiate upon the thousands of mainland
homescekers who arc being turned away because the Governor will not
open this land to them. Such arguments have no weight with persons
who know the real situation, but of course they may make an impression
on members of congress who are not so well informed.
Judge Stuart is a homesteader in name. That is he signed a
special homestead agreement with the territory by which he agreed to
make his home on the 15 acres of land he drew, just over the Pali of
Honolulu, and to perform certain other conditions. Now he asks the
courts to compel the territory to allow him to pay cash for this land,
and to relieve him of all the conditions he subscribed to save the one
prohibiting the selling of homestead land to a corporation or an alien.
He also asks the same privilege for any person who takes up territorial
land. He would have no residence or cultivation conditions. He objects
to the Governor's plan to have suitable roads into homestead tracts be
fore any more are opened. And he declares that the restrictions are
ridiculous and un-American, choosing to forget the fact that the laws
of the federal government relating to the homesteading of the public
domain on the mainland are much more severe and inflexible than are
Hawaii's. i i
There isn't any doubt that Judge Stuart's plan would soon get rid
of all the government land left; but it is very certain that it would not
get the land settled. That it would get he conrol of this land into
the hands of private corporations, there is no question whatever, and
very possibly the title also, since the law preventing a man's disposing
of his own property as he sees fit is open to serious question, which has
never been settled on a constitutional test.
Governor rinkham's course in the main, should be supported by
Hawaii and by congress; for it really aims to conserve the territory's
land with a view to the future. Diversified agriculture in these islands
has no smooth road before it, though it is making progress and the
future is bright. There is scarcely a doubt that it will succeed. But
the progress would be immeasurably retarded by the wholesale disposi
tion of our lands, without conditions, and to persons, who had no other
qualifications for developing them, than possibly, like Judge Stuart,
the money to pay the small fraction of the real value asked for them.
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A LESSON OF THE PAST.
In connection with the efforts being made by O. A. Steven to in
duce the Portuguese residents of Maui to move to California, the fol
lowing editorial from the MAUI NEWS, of June 9, 1906, should be of
timely interest. It was as follows:
"By the last trip of the steamer Alameda from San Francisco there
arrived at Honolulu a large number of Portuguese families that former
ly worked on the sugar plantations of this Territory.
"These families a few months ago sold their belongings and with
what little they had saved sailed for San Francisco in search of a better
field of labor, having heard a great deal of the advantages to be ob
tained in California, as advertised by the labor agents of that State.
Much advice was given them through the Portuguese newspapers pub
lished in the Territory to remain just where they were as they could
not improve their condition by going to California, but they all wished
to see for themselves. And see they did much to their loss and sorrow.
"The families that returned from San Francisco are a penitent lot,
according to the "A Eiberdade" a Portuguese weekly of Honolulu. In
the case of one family its head had been employed on a plantation re
ceiving a salary of seventy-five dollars a month and when he heard of
the advantages advertised in California he threw up his job, despite the
advice he received from his friends and went to seek the fortune he
had dreamt of finding in California, but instead of the work coming
to him as advertised, he had to eventually beg for work and then after1!
much asking he never had more than four day s work a week during
the six months he was there. He now returns a sore but wiser man and
is doing all he can to dissuade the Portuguese from leaving this Terri
tory. "It is to be hoped that the Portuguese who have resided in these
islands for so many years will not think of moving to California, as
it will not only mean the spending of their little savings, but also a hard
ship which after the good times they have had while here, will be hard
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i BOOSTING AS WELL AS KNOCKING.
Westfield, Massachusetts, has the distinction of being known as
the "Pure Food Town." In fact a very considerable part of the credit
for starting the nation-wide campaign of the past few years against
adulterated and impure food products, no doubt belongs to this small
New England city. But in the fight going on in most places, including
Hawaii, one of the most effective features of the Westfield plan seems
to be generally overlooked; and that is the importance of boosting the
good things, as well as slamming the bad.
Westfield officials found that something more was needed than
simply condemning impure products. The people wanted to know what
they could buy and eat with safety, and so the board of health of the
town has consistently been making it its business to tell them. The re
sult is that the store-keeiers just naturally don't keep in stock anything
not on the board of health's approved list, and Westfield probably eats
the purest foods of any city in the country.
It would seem that this feature might well be adopted by our ter
ritorial food bureau. A list of approved products properly circulated,
would advertise the honest goodsagainst the dishonest or dangerous.
It would probably be popular with consumers and merchants alike, and
would doubtless do much towards clearing stock shelves of goods of
. 1m "connection VifTT Westfield's list, it is interesting to note that
Hawaii, gets; ftitp the limelight through half a dozen ditferent brands
of Hawaiian pineapple, which of course passed muster by the chemists,
wjrtl flying colors.
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One of the first significant things the Honolulu police investigation
has brought to light is the fact that one of the members of the force
served nine months of an eleven months sentence in 1911 for committing
an assault with brass knuckles. If the probers stick to it they are likely
to unearth a few moie strong-arm members of Honolulu's valiant
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