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THE MAUI NEWS, FRIDAY, MARCH 3, 1916.
TELEGRAPH NEWS OF THE WEEK
TARTS Feb. 29 Losses of Germans at Verdun appalling.
Reports from Verdun and elsewhere say 300.000 Teutons have perish
ed. Attacks of Germans in masses against French trenches, gave
French opportunity to mow down enemy in heaps, with artillery fire
and machine guns. German prisoners taken on last day of fighting
say French firing was hell on earth. Took 4 days to check Teuton
WASHINGTON Feb. 29 Rear Admiral Knight tells solons
that navy is not rcadv for real service. Says it is but 50 per cent ef
In semi-official statement issued at state department, the posit
ion of the administration regarding submarine attacks upon armed
merchantmen is made clear. Yankees must not travel on vessels arm
ed for offensive. State department says citizens journey upon such
craft at their own risk. Upholds right of ships to act on cletensive.
PHILADELPHIA. Feb. 29 For first time in the history of
sugar cane planting of the Island of Cuba, cargo of product has been
brought into the citv bv rail.
ST. LOUIS Feb. 29 Three killed and many injured when 5
cases of dynamite, stored in Maplewood sewer works exploded.
More than 30 houses destroyed.
HONOLULU. February 2S A water-gate for harbor is the plan
of dry dock man. W. T. Donally will show plan and drawings for great
water front structure.
WASHINGTON. February 28 Repeal of free sugar clause pro
gresses. House ways and means committee authorized favorable report
on bill by unanimous vote. Uill will come up tor vote in House on inurs
PARIS, February 28 French arc hurling back the German at
tack at Verdun, Pans bulletins declare, llicy think title has changed
with Allies gaining . Berlin says advances are continuous.and that the
French reserves have been exhausted in fruitless effort to retake Fort
Douamont. The Mcuse is cleared.
WASHINGTON, February 28 In new note to Washington from
Germany, the Teuton government says it has no intention of revoking
any pledges given in the Lusitania case. Germany sees no reason for
changing instructions given her submarine commanders with reference
to armed merchantmen.
HONOLULU, February 28 Capital stock of Inter-Island Steam
Navigation Company has been increased to $3,000,000. Big melon is in
form of stock dividend. Old officers reelected.
LONDON, February 28 Russian steamer Petshanga sunk. 15
members of her crew saved. Dead of steamer Maloja, sunk yesterday,
number 151, according to latest summary. Estimate of saved is 250. 55
are still unaccounted for. Among the rescued was a baby entirely unharmed.
Dr. S. E. LUCAS
Eyes examined and tested.
Office: 1107 Alakea St., corner
of Hotel, Honolulu.
HONOLULU, February 28 Arrests here expose plot of British
i: a : . r- aii: li f L',I,ii c..;,i -,-,-.
III IIIIIM llll I 11 ill I MJIUlliS illl IIIV. 1 IMUIVIUM .IIIVI .'IVHI .IVVU.'i
of buying discharges for enlisted men and sending them to Europe.
Many prominent local persons involved in conpiracy.sav" local atiil.-n
lies. Names not yet divulged. Letters and cablegrams show Randall v :u
in conspiracy with some of high Britih officials in Washington. It is
;-aid that ?2(MXX) has already been expended in Honolulu purchasing dis
charges. Marshal Smiddy promises a sensation when more arrests arc
IV Tf s r.nnrllmr nf TT.-ivv.iii starts Roosevelt boom on mainland.
' id former secretary of the interior,
icago praises sentiments of the doctor. He is recommended as dclc
;;ite to the convention.
Mrs. Tom Rurninghan. died suddenly at the Queen's hospital yes
PARIS, February 28 German drive loses force under blows of
French. Reports from Verdun front most conflicting. Apparently Teu
tons are being held firmly by Joffre. Paris claims enemy is now driven
back. Dispatches repeat statement that increased pressure on invaders is
forcing them to withdraw from lines gained. Berlin dispatches continue
to say French arc not gaining any lost territory.
OTTAWA, February 28 Cablegram to minister of militia here
declares that French arc now driving Germans back past forts of Doua-
BUFFALO, February 28 Governor hitman, in speech made
on Saturday, pleads for compulsory military training for this country.
lade plea for preparedness for peace.
LONDON, February 28 Nearly all of passengers and crews of
the P. & O. liner Maloja and a freighter, Empress of Fort William.sank
in sight of Dover. The Maloja struckloating minc.and while giving as
sistance to the liner's passengers, the freighter struck another mine and
went down. . , , , r i
SPOKANE, February 28 A. Pike, aged 96, oldest Mason, died
here Saturday night.
nAVAMA. Pi,n 9 P.m.nnia is not nleascu with Gocthal s
lata. Republic says Adamson bill will violate treaty between United
States and Panama. .
BERLIN, Feb. 26 Germans advanced 3 miles from strong fort
ress Terrific slaughter. Both sides making claims. Paris confident of
checking tide. Rumor that French forces are to deliver counter attack
at right moment. . . . .
LONDON. Feb. 26 London predicts that principal result of Ger
man attack at Verdun will mean tremendous losses for attacking side.
I ISBON Feb. 26 Premier Costa, of the chamber of deputies,
savs attempts have been made to damage 7 German and Austrian ships
interned in Portuguese port, which the government had requisitioned.
He savs government is prepared.
BERLIN Feb. 26 Reports from Austrian press headquarters
predict that Durazzo, Albania, will soon be captured by Germans. An
nouncement of capturing of Champ d' Neuville by Germans erroneous.
CORTONA. Italy, Feb. 26 A military train was derailed here
today. 9 killed, 50 injured. ,
LONDON, Feb. 26 The British steamers Denady and lunncl
have been sunk and 7 of crews missing.
Heavy fighting is taking place at Ten Viths between Turks and Rus
sians. Turks forced to retire. Were outnumbered.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 26 Democrats hold action in check.
Agents in Hawaii
Tho best for
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By Herbert S. Wells.
(As mentioned in last week's Maui
News, the first prize in the essay
contest held by the Sons and Daugh
ters of the American Revolution, was
won by a Maui boy, Herbert S. Wells
of the senior class of the Maul High
School. One of the two second prizes
was won by Miss Virginia McConkey,
and of the ten third prizes, three were
also won by Maul High School stu
dents Miss Irene Wells, Miss Con
stance Rose and Miss Annie Walker.
Mr. Well's essay was especially highly
complimented by the judges and is
well worth reading.)
In speaking of the true American
citizen we are accustomed to call to
mind the lives of such men as Wash
ington, Franklin, Lincoln, Webster
Grant and many others whose names
have been preserved in history as pa
triots and lovers of their country. Cut
we must remember that they were ex
traordinary men. It is not really neces
sary that one be unusually learned or
Eifted to be a good citizen; and indeed
it is often the case that not all men
of unusual accomplishments make fine
citizens. We find that any man, no
matter how poor or how humble be
may be, who does his duty to his coun
try, is he true citizen.
Now the duties of a citizen should
be in proportion to the privileges he
enjoys. Such being the case, we Amer
icans are under greater obligation to
our country than any other people, for
wo have distinct privileges that few
other people possess.
Freedom Inherent Right
We have, first of all, the right to
ha free and to be happy. The enjoy
ment of this privilege involves a great
deal, which may be expressed by say
ing that we are not slaves, but ourown
masters; and we are so protected,
both Individually and as a nation, that
if we are not happy in our freedom,
the blame must be laid, not to our gov
ernment, but to ourselves.
Every American, too, with very
few exceptions, has the right to take
part in the nation's government. In
fact, no other country grants this priv
ilege s0 liberally to its subjects as
does America. The whole government
controlled by the people, personally
and through their representatives.
The importance of this privilege of
the people cannot be overestimated,
for it includes most of our minor priv
ileges of everyday life, such as our
right to worship as we please, to own
land, and to make wills controlling
the disposition of our estates, -privileges,
the restriction of which by a
tyrr&nical government, would seem
So we see that our privileges are
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very generous and far-reaching. Our
duties then, must be many and import
ant. The first duty of any citizen is to
be loyal. This applies whether a per
son be a native or a naturalized Amer
ican; for anyone who lives In the en
joyment of our special privileges
should be true to the country that
Another duly of the true citizen is
to be educated. This does not neces
sarily mean to have the learning of a
college professor but simply to pos
sess sufficient education and enough
general knowledge and common sense
to enable one to realize his great priv
ileges and perform his ordinary duties.
Thirdly, no citizen can better aid
his country than by taking an active
part in the work of the nation by
having some business or profession.
The existence of so large a population
in America depends primarily upon
our agriculture, manufacture, and com
merce, and those men are to be admir
ed, whose efforts have made possible
the rapid advances in these industries
during the past few years.
Citizens Should Do Duty
We have already seen that the en
tire government is controlled by the
people themselves. Now, in order that
the government run smoothly, it is of
prime importance that each citizen
perform his alloted part in it. Every
man has the right to vote, and this
right should not be abused for it is
more than a mere privilege, it is a
sacred duty. Every vote should be
cast with the honest purpose of help
ing to choose the very best public of
ficials to administer the government.
Again, it is the dutyof those specially
fitted for the work to be willing to
serve the people, when called upon,
either without recompense.as jurymen
witnesses, etc., in the administration
of justice, or as regularly paid hold
ers of public office.
An important duty of these public
officers is to provide for the national
defense. The great war in Europe has
shown us that there can be no peace
until democracy has triumphed over
monarchy, and hence, that for many
years to come, no nation can feel safe
without adaquate military protection
It is the policy of our government to
provide this defense, and our country
being rich and prosperous, there can
be no lack of money to build all the
battleships and other armaments ne
cessary. But skilled men to use these
tools are not so abundant. Our coun
try does not require military service
of its citizens, and as a result, we
have nothing on which to rely in case
of dire necessity, but a small stand
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