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THE MAUI NEWS, FRIDAY, JUNE 1C, 1916.
that is NEAT
Particularly adapted for hih-school wear. Made of soft Vici- Ej
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S3.50 THE PAIR
MANUFACTURERS' SHOE CO., Ltd.
1051 l'ORT STREET.
VEGETABLE GROWING IN HAWAII
(This is one of n series of papers
which have been prepared hy the Ex
tension Division of the Hawaii Experi
ment Station, under direction of F. O.
Krnuss, of Haiku, who has charge of
this division. Other papers will he
published from time to time, and
should prove of especial interest to
Maui people who may expect to grow
veget ahles for the. County Fair, this
fall. Mr. Krnuss says "We have been
for some 10 years collecting this data
and think it may prove helpful to the
prospective gardener In making out his
selection of seeds.")
On Saturday, June 1 7th, beginning
at 1 0 A. M, at the stable of the Maui
Agricultural Co., Paia, I will sell at Public
Auction about 50 head of horses broken
and unbroken for saddle or harness. The
property of H. W. Rice.
W. O. AIKEN,
Dr. S. E. LUCAS
Eyes examined and tested.
Office: 1107 Alakea St., corner
of Hotel, Honolulu.
Plans Furnished Estimates Given
INSECT PESTS AND
Nine out of every ten persons who
have attempted to grow vegetables in
Hawaii will tell you that the insect
pests are or were their greatest bin-
'dranee to success. As a matter of
fact, it is estimated that the annual
l loss to Agriculture in the United
j States caused hy injurious insects and
fungus disease's amounts to fully I wen.
I ty-llve per rent of the entire crops.
This means an annual loss of more
than live bundled millions of dollars.
Un the other hand, the best authori
ties assert that fully seventy-five per
cent, of this enormous loss could be
prevented by proper treatment.
While the lay gardener cannot per
haps know the life history or trans
formations through which an insect
passes, he can at least, acquaint him
self with a few simple laws and prin
ciples which govern the control of
the more important classes of insects
and diseases of economic importance.
An extensive literature is available
from the Experiment Stations and U.
S. Department of Agriculture, nnd
these may be had free for the asking,
Most plant diseases are caused by
tungi which break down the plant tis
sue and thus sap the vitality of the
plant. By the application of a fungi
cide, substances used for the control
of fungi growth, diseases may often
be warded off as in the case of blight
on potatoes and Anthracnose or "spot"
on beans. The treatment should be as
a preventative measure, since there
are few plant diseases, once they
have taken hold, for which there is
The principle upon which fungicides
are applied is to treat the crops be-
tore they become infested, the object
being to prevent the lodgement and
development of the spores which
cause the disease. So long as the tis
sue of the plant is covered with a film
of the proper fungicide, no fungi can
develop upon them. In general prac
tice it has been found that applying
the fungicide at regular intervals of
about 10 days to two weeks many of
the, commoner diseases may be held
entirely in check. Bordeaux mixture
has been found the best all-round fun
gicide for blights or spore bearing dis
eases, and a stock solution should al
ways be kept on hand. It is made by
combining copper sulphate, fresh
lime and water. Its cfllciency is de
pendent upon proper preparation and
every care should be taken to insure
proper mixing. :
The writer uses the following form
ula which is in the most general use:
Copper Sulphate 4 pounds
Fresh Burned Lime 4 pounds
Water to make CO gallons
Dissolve the copper sulphate in 25
gallons at water, using a wooden ves
sel for the purpose. Place the copper
sulphate in a coarse cloth bag and
suspend in the water so that the mat
erial is just N covered. Dissolve the
burned lime in another vessel, using
only a small amount of water at first
as In preparing whitewash. When 25
gallons of water have been added, the
resultant "milk of lime" and copper
sulphate solution should be poured to
gether into a third vessel, both mater
ials having previously been strained.
It is of utmost importance that the
two solutions be poured into a third
vessel together and in the same pro
portions otherwise the proper chemi.
cal combination will not take place.
The Bordeaux mixture thus prepared
No coal, wood or ashes
to lug no waiting for
the fire to burn up. Bet
ter cooking because of
the steady, evenly-distributed
perfect control. All heat
concentrated on the
cook ing and not radiated
around the room. The
long, blue chimneys
prevent all smoke and
Bakes, boils, roasts, toasts.
More efficient than your
wood or coal stove and costs
less to operate.
ASK YOUR DEALER TODAY.
and a cleaner,
In 1, 2, 3 and 4-
or without oven.
is now ready to be Applied without fur
ther dilution. The do gallons is suffic
ient to spray from one fourth to one
half acre one time. For making the
concentrated stock solutions, see
Bulletin No. , Hawaii Experiment
Station or any standard text.
Bacterial diseases in plants, as in
animals And ninn In rnnlr.net tn tins
external fungus diseases, develop and
multiply entirely within the plant.
Thus, the application of fungicides do
not altect the bacteria and spraying is
in consenuence useless Krfnntlctq
advise the practice of rotation nnd
the development of resistant varieties
for the control of such diseases.
ror our purpose insect pests may be
divided into the classes dependent up
on their mode of ncttnn nnit Riicrnsfiil
control is dependent upon this know--
leuge. i.cat eating insects in Hawaii
are well represented by the rut-worm
family and various caterpillars as well
as the Japanese Beetle. This class of
insects can be destroyed by either an
external irritant insecticide or n ntnm-
ach poison Insecticide. The last nam
ed treatment is the one most followed.
For cut-worms, the most serious pest
with which the Hawaiian nlnnt or tins
to contend, poisoned bait is a very
effective remedy. For the small home
garden, corn meal or flour mav be mix
ed with a small amount of Paris Green
-a teasnoonful of the noisnn to 11 imnrt
of meal, which has been previously
moistened with just enough sweetened
water to make the mass nf a fl.nl.-v .
sistency. This is then strewn thinly
along the rows of young seedlings,
where the pest finds most ready ac
cess to tne halt.
For application on a large scale
we mix a bushel of bran with a bushel
of wheat middlings, tlmir nr mm.
meal. This is moistened with two
marts of molasses which la diluted
with two quarts of water making a
gallon of liquid. The moistened mass
is then spread out thinly and over it
is then sprinkled one and half in t-n
pounds of Paris Green. It should be
tnoroughly mixed and passed through
a sieve to break up lumps and leave
tne mass tlaky. The amounts spec!
fled above are sufficient to cover a
bout an acre.
The Japanese beetle does tint nr..
pear to take the poisoned bait. While
lentous ana costly, many have found
that hand picking of the beetle at
night is feasible. The horticultural
Division of the Hawaii Experiment
Station has been conducting experi
ments in the use of Arsenate of head
spray against the pest with promise
Sucking insects such as green and
black aphis, commonly called plant
lice, cannot be destroyed by internal
poisons, but are successfully combated
by external contact with poisons or
irritants. For both aphis and mealy
bug, both of which pests we have
frequently to contend with, we have
found no remedy more effective or
practical to use than tobacco decoct
ions, although whale oil or even com
mon Soap solutions are sometimes
quite effective. The active principle
01 tonacco is nicotine. This can be
bought in highly concentrated form
under various trade names as "Nico
teen", Nicotine 40", Nicolicide", etc.
A dilution of r00 parts water to one
part of the nicotine has been found
both cheap and effective and of course
absolutely safe to foliagn. For the
mealy bug we have found common
whale oil soap in proportion of one
pound of soap dissolved in 2 gallons
of water very efficient. A good hand
or power spray pump should be used
in applying these and other insecti
cides. No attempt has been made to give
a complete list of even the commoner
remedies now used in combating plant
disease or insect pests, but only the
very few which we are using in our
daily farm nraefice Tim 1.,
advised to refer to the publications
01 tne Hawaii Experiment Station
and the U. S.Denartment r.r Agricul
ture for very full and complete data
"n the subject in hand.
Weekly Market Letter
Since the opening of the retail de
partment by the Division, Island but-
wr is in great demand. The butter
made by the Boys' Industrial School
in their new creamery is particularly
in demand. The butter is churned
twice a week and nut on the market
the same day in sanitary water-proof
canons, w nen otner butter makers
realize the importance of a uniformly
Rood product and the selling power
of a neat package, their butter will
undoubtedly be in as great demand.
There is no change in egg prices.
Large shipments of California eggs
were brought in on the last boat, as
well as several crates of poultry.
Young poultry is in good demand, par
ticularly the heavy breeds. This mar-
net uoes not want broilers of the
White Leghorn breed and thev have
to be sold at lower prices than other
String beans, tomatoes and cucum
bers are plentiful as nsnnl at tlia nn.
son. Cabbage and sweet corn are un
usually nigh. A small shipment of
red cabbage from Hawaii brought a
very good price. New Island potat
oes are in demand due to the poor con
dition of most of the imported stock
and producers should ship now before
the new coast potatoes commence to
The quality of the alligator pears
in the market now is much better and
prices more reasonable. Island grapes
are plentiful and cheap, partly dm;
to rather large shipments from Hilo.
Very few limes have been received in
the market lately and the price has
advanced. There are more Island can
taloupes in the market this year than
ever before and the few who have
been successful in raising them will
make big profits. The flavor of the
Island cantaloupe is just as good, if
not better than the imported.
The sales of the retail department
of the Division during the past week
have been very satisfactory, and a
great deal of produce which could not
be disposed of wholesale and which
would probably have gone to waste
has been sold at a price which will
net the producer a good return and at
the same time be a saving to the con
sumer. Shipments of pineapples and ban
anas to the coast during the past
month or two have been very satis
factory, but due to the fact that the
early summer fruits are now getting
in the market there, the demand for
pineapple is diminishing as well as
the price. The shipments from now
on will therefore be smaller.
Stock owners will undoubtedly not
the increase in the prices of feed over
last week. This increase is due to a
shortage or food in Honolulu caused
by the strike of San Francisco steve
dores. This will show what might be
expected should these Islands be cut
off from mainland supplies by a for
eign Meet in time of war.
A. T. LONG LEY,
Honolulu. T. H. June 12. 1!UC.
At Wailuku Postoffice, June 15, 1916.
" , William
Souza, Mr. & Mrs.
" , Mr. Joe
CHIFFONIER FOR SALE:-At the
Haniakuapoko Teachers' Cottage.
Honolulu Wholesale Produce
ISSUED BY THE TERRITORIAL
June 12, 191G.
Mi to 4. no
BUTTER AND EGGS.
Island butter, lb ftrto.-.is. . .30 to Ad
Eggs, select, doz. .1 ns
Ktt.. No. 1. dozen 7.7.7 '
Eggs, No. 2, Doz .'. .20 to "xT
Eggs, Du..k, doz ,' '30
Broilers, lb (2 to 3 lbs) to 10
oung roosters lb 33 ( tr,
" '.27 to ".Ks
lurkoys, lb 40
Ducks. Muscovy. II, 2s (o '.;fl
Ducks, Pekin, lb "S to '"0
Ducks, Hawaiian, doz.... fj no to Too
VEGETABLES AND PRODUCE
Leans, Siring. Green, 11... not.', to ,
!'ans' ' f.3 to 'A
Leans, Lima in pod, lb
Bfni, Dry " ,i
" Maui Bed, cwt. n.oo to G.2.r.
v illieo, cwi
Small, white, cwt.
Fleets, J,,, hunches .
Carrots, doz. bunches
Cabbage, cw I
' ars 2.11U to 2
"" """" Jellow 38.00 to 40.00
" large yellow 35.00 to ??.U0
vice, Japanese Seed, cwt
Rice. Hawaiian, cwt . .
Peanuts, small, lb.!!! 7
Peanuts, large, lb . .
nr,,.,., 1 .... .".
" '-I'l'ers, nen, 111 n.-. , ,Hi
Green Peppers, Chili. 11,..
'"mi, (none in m;lrket)
Potatrmc Il t..!i. " '
1- 11 IKII, IeW, II) . n"i
uwluu'- 8WP,-t. cwt 1.00 to 1.50
vM.ions, tierniuda, ), (.
Taro, cwt.... rn , V
Taro. bunch 50 to
Tomatoes. II, 7. '.7. 7 'o 'to m
Green Peas, 11, " 10 Vj,
Cucumbers doz 7." '.is" to !so
x un.pKins, II) 011; (o .013:
A Hi 1 - '
"iiig.iior pears, doz r.n , , rn
Bananas, Chinese, bunch ....' 20 to r,fl
Bananas, Cooking, bunch 75 to 1.25
i.'-.uMiuo, uoz (none in market)
Grapes, Isabella, lb. ."os
vMauges, juiw. (none iu market)
l',mvs- V'u -73 to 1.00
Pineapples, cwt 1 00
u aiermeions, II, to .04
f ,D, 08 to .10
' 01 to .om
utiunui'lljl'lj, ID 23
T ) , , . , .
bought at lit. weight. They are taken
, . nu'at coniPa"p dressed and
Pn ior vj weight dressed.
Hogs, up to 130 ll.s., lb 10 to 11
lou ins ana over, lb.. 09 to 10
Deef. lb 10 Vi to .12
e'. ID 12 to 13
M"on lb ..14 to!"
u"1' 10 .7, 15 to .17
muts, wet Salted.
Steer, No. 1, lb 15iz
Steer, No. 2, lb !'"' 'uu.
r? 4 -1. , . ,. .
uu" "(". wnue, each 10 to SO
Sheep Bkina, each 10 to 20
The following are Quotations on
feed f.o.b. Honolulu:
Corn small yellow, t on 4) 00
large yellow, ton -'A.on to 4 !.ou
" cracked, ton 44.00 to If. 00
Bran, ton riti 00
Barley, ton 3.D0
Scratch food, ton 40 on
Oats, ton 37.00
Wheat, ton 44.00
Middlings, ion 43.00
Hay, wheal, ton, 2S.50 to 33.00
Hay, alfalfa, ton 2S..r0 to30.00
Alfalfa Meal, ton 27..r.O to 28.00
GOOD POTATOES FROM
Some excellent potatoes are being
marketed at present by growers in
Makawao and Kula, and are meeting
witli ready sale. The crop is said
to be of better quality than for sev
eral years. By the Claudine last Sat
urday 81 bags of these spuds were
shipped to Honolulu markets. Latest
quotations are 3 cents per pound,
which is considerably better than us
ual at this season.
A divorce was granted yesterday
by Judge Edings to Mrs. Maria Maikai
from W. E. K. Maikai on grounds of
failure to provide. The libell.int was
also granted the custody of the child
ren and alimony in sum of $10 per
LOST - One kit of automobile tools
on road to Haiku. Finder please not
ify MAPI NEWS OFFICE. 17 It
MASONS TO ATTEND CHURCH
The Free Masons, Lodge No. 984,
Grand Lodge of Scotland, will worship
at the Church of the Good Shepherd,
at a St. John's Day service, on Sun
day morning. The service will be al
the usual hour, 11 o'clock. The Chap
lain of the Lodge, ev. J. Charles Yill-
iers, will preach on "Lessons from the
life of John the Baptist", and Pro. K
B. Dodge will assist in the service.
Members of the Lodge are requested
to assemble in the Parish house of
the Church al a quarter before eleven
NEW GARAGE ORDINANCE
The garage ordinance which has
been before the board of supervisors
for several meetings past, finally
passed at the meeting last Saturday.
As ihe ordinance stands it is t.ow un
lawful to maintain a garage for auto
mobiles within I'") feet of Market
Street Wailuku, between Main and
Mill Streets; or on Main street, Lahai
na. between Dunn and Mill streets,
unless same lias fireproof lloor and
the sides are lire proofed at least I',
feet from the floor.
Eye and Ear
Send Your Broken Lenses
5VALL & nOlCHERTY-!
'45?j? Optical Department .SSj
OPTICIANS, S 1 1 A " r: K S M I T 1 1 S
JEW F.I.K RS
H THE HOME OF THE
p Steinway nnd Starr
We have a large atock of
Inside Plnyer Pianos
at fair pricea and easy tirmi
W take old planoa In exchange
Thayer Piano Co., Ltd. $
iivjjul,u1jU, HAWAII. a
You get them in
Regal Shoe Store
Mall Orders ProiriDtlv Executed
Two yearling Berkshire Boars. Price
NEW EKA HOMESTEAD FARM
Harry K. Bailey
Re-Varnishing and Polishing.
Inquire at Wailuku Hardware Co.
Cars Itaw Market street,
Wailuku, daily, aluuit noon.
I,iavc I,uhaiuu. S:(n) A. M.
(loud Cninforalile Cars
Uchida Auto Stand