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THE MAUI KEWS, FRIDAY, MARCH 9, 1917.
THE MAUI NEWS
T THE RIGHT TEST FOR A TEACHER
Entered at the Post Office at Walluku, Maul, Hawaii, as second-class matter.
A Republican Paper Published in the Interest of the People
Issued Every Friday.
MAUI PUBLISHING COMPANY, LIMITED,
Proprietors and Publishers
Subscription Rates, $2.50 per Year in Advancb.
WILL. J, COOPER,
EDITOR AND MANAGER
MARCH 9, 1917.
THE PUBLIC LAND QUESTION
Governor Pinkham's ideas on homesteading are in part right. But
they halt too soon. His protest against the present homestead laws are
in the main well founded, but he offers nothing in their place. He
would stop homesteading of sugar lands, at least and would rent
what lands the territory still owns to best advantage trom a money stand
point. Incidentally (or perhaps more correctly, primarily) Mr. rink
ham would have the income from these leases applied to maintaining
the rational guard. Most of this last is inferential for the Governor
avoids making any constructive suggestions in his message on the sub
ject. The Legislature should take prompt action to do what it may to
prevent further dissipation of the territory's lands; because that is what
has occured under present homesteading conditions as the Governor's
statistics undeniably show. If we keep on in the same way for a few
years more the territory will have no land at all, there will be no home
steaders worthy the name, and the land will be closely held by big
corporations from whom it couldn't be pried loose with a crow-bar.
The great, big problem for this territory to work out is how to
give the man who wants land to use a chance, and at the same time to
insure the territory against losing it and the man too. Nor is it an
easy problem. But it means very much more than simply the matter of
dollars and cents which the land represents at present. It means the
difference between a territory run on sort of feudalistic lines with every
body dependent directly or indirectly for a living on a few big corpora
tions, and the idealistic American plan of independent farmers worknig
on their own land and making a comforable living from it.
This ideal cannot be accomplished by turning the government land
loose, as has been demonstrated. But it were foolish to attempt to main
tain that no progress has been made in the past ten years towards this
ideal. There never was a time in the history of the islands when so
many persons were interested in general agriculture. The work of the
experiment stations, of the marketing division, and of individuals have
demonstrated 'more clearly than ever the possibilities which Hawaii
holds out to the practical farmer.
What we want to do is to make is easy for the practical farmer to get
land to work with, and at the same time to guard against losing it.
The man who means business should have every encouragement and aid
that the territory can give him, but the tenure of the land should vest
with the government until he has made good.
A fee simple title to a piece of land should not be important to the
man who wants a home, provided he is amply guaranteed against loss
for his improvements. A very liberal form of the 999 year lease might
accomplish the object. By this plan the territory would be able to
control sub-leasing as might seem best. But no man worthy the name
is going to submit himself and his posterity to undue dominance of the
government in his private matters. Hence the need of ample latitude
in any plan adopted.
Homesteading of sugar lands should not be encouraged, because
there is no particular object in having cane raised by an individual
when it can be more efficiently done on plantation scale as at present.
But sugar land and all other land should be available at short notice
whenever it might be demanded for other more urgent purposes.
The thing we must not forget is the individual. Corporations are
generally able to look out for themselves, but if the initiative of the in
dividual is strangled, the foundation of the country as a democracy
The same; old bill to prevent married women, whose husbands are
earning $125 pr over per month, from teaching in the public schools,
is again beingj chewed over in the legislature. The poor bit of reason
for the measure is that it prevents some unmarried girl from getting a
job. But it doesn't if the girl is a better teacher than the married woman,
and the board of education is doing its duty. There has never been a
minute when there has been an over supply of qualified teachers in this
territory; and the only effect of such a law would be to put the children
of the-Islands under a .more serious handicap than they now are. Be
sides this, there is no valid reason why a woman's husband's earning
capacity should1 enter into the matter at all. If such a bill did pass its
constitutionality would be in grave doubt.
Self-satisfaction is generally another name for selfishness. Kauai
is perfectly well pleased with her road system, and therefore opposed
the broad plan of territorial roads. Also Kauai is opposing the plan to
bring a congressional party to the islands, a Honolulu paper tells us,
"on ground, it is said, that Kauai doesn't get anything from the federal
government and doesn't want anything." We don't believe Kauai people
are narrow minded, but they will certainly have to wake up if they are
to escape that reputation.
With their mysterious executive sessions, and backing and filing
over whether or not to move the German refugee ships outside the
Honolulu harbor, the territorial authorities are acting like a lot of kids."
The thing to do is to get ships to some place where they can do no
damage if they are sunk or blown up by their crews, and to talk about
it afterwards, if there is any talking to be done. lhat the harbor com
missioners, legislators, etc., etc., should find it a matter to whisper about
is scarcely less silly than their slowness to act.
There is no reason why Hawaii should strain herself in this matter
of the national guard. Governor Pinkham, and of course the profes
sional militarists, lay great stress upon Hawaii's exposed position. But
Hawaii s duty is no greater and no less than is that ot Kansas or ukia-
homa in matter of national defense. In exact proportion to their
population or wealth it is up to every section of the country to provide
for the defense of these Islands. Hawaii certainly has not been
shirking, but it's seldom a good policy to drive a willing horse to death.
! OUR ISLAND CONTEMPORARIES
THE MATTER OF INSURANCE
Indications are plain that Treasurer McCarthy and his co-workers
on the insurance bill just introduced in the legislature (H. B. 92),
soared themselves no pains in the matter. They aimed at a law that
shall fullv cover the needs of the territory for years to come. But will
it? ' -
Perhaps the smoothly-running machine in Honolulu known as the
board of underwriters, and representing almost exclusively foreign in
surance companies, is not a trust. But in any event it dictates absolutely
the matter of rates and other features of insurance.
From one million and a half to two million dollars of Hawaiian
money leaves this territory every year in form of insurance premiums,
of which some twelve to fifteen percent comes back in form of losses
naid. Mavbe this is as it should be. Maybe the insurance rates, which
are largely governed by mainland conditions, are just. And if they are
not, perhaps the new law proposed by Col. McCarthy will remedy the
situation. It certainly cannot be expected that it will cure it.
The down-at-the-bottom fact of the whole matter is that insurance
is protection. People are now obliged to pay private corporations (and
mostly foreign corporations at that) for this protection. But the plan
is out of date. Protection, be it from fire or from thugs, should not be
a matter for profit. It should be a function of the government as is
police protection at present. It will be difficult if not impossible ever
to reeulate by law great aggregations of wealth, such as the insurance
companies, so that they will not assume the role of dictator. They are
not in business for their health.
What Hawaii needs is a territorial insurance fund administered on
business lines, to furnish insurance at as near cost as possible, and to
form a check to private insurance companies. The idea is not new
nor is it radical. It is in force in varying degrees in various states, and
the tendency is broadening. The justice of such government insurance
is especially manifest in the matter of compensation insurance. Here
the law compels employers to be insured, and as it is now, it also compels
them to pay arbitrary rates for such protection and makes no provision
for passing upon the reasonableness of these rates.
THE SENATE FILIBUSTER
That a dozen men in the senate of the United States should be
able to defeat the will of practically the entire 519 other members o
the Congress, is one of the rather startling commentaries on our system
of government. Because in the senate there is no rule to. prevent
senator from holding the floor in debate so long as he likes, Senators
La Follette and Stone, with a few followers, were able hold off a vote on
the "armed neutrality" bill until the 64th Congress expired by time
limitation. The bill in question was to have given the President power
to take steps looking to the defense of the United States in case of war
with Germany. By its failure, it became necessary to immediately convene
an extra session of the new Congress. There may have been reasonable
grounds for opposing the eaer rules of the house in the days of Czar
Reed, but it looks as though the senate will have to adopt some form of
the same tactics if the questionable methods of the filibuster are to pe
overcome and the will of the people given a chance. ' " ",;
It is a little too much to expect an appropriation lor a road up
Haleakala when no survey of such road has ever been made.' It' would
be entirely in order, however, to ask for an appropriation fgr making
Not Always ' jfl
ru IT '
in ordering shoes from our large
winter stock. Footwear will be
send on approval, if you have
established an account with us. It
will be well to do so now.
We have a large assortment in the
very latest shapes and materials.
MANUFACTURERS' SHOE STORE, HONOLULU
Make The Road Plan Comprehensive
Hawaii demands, needs, must have
good roads, and already bills are ap
pearing In the legislature calling for
large territorial appropriations.
An Instance is the $400,000 appropri
ation asked by Representative Lyman
of Hawaii for a highway from Hilo to
the Volcano. This is but one of many
similar bills which the legislature
The Star-Bulletin believes that pub-
l'c sentiment in the islands genearlly
will uphold "state-aid" system for cer
tain main roads which might be desig
nated as "scenic highways." For Ha
waii It must, of course, be the "territorial-aid"
system, which means, in
brief, that certain roads on the indivi
dual islands are to be paid for from
the territorial funds. ,'
It is recognized that highways such
as that from Hilo to the Volcano, or
from Kahulut to Haleakala are not
merely island assets but are territor
ial assets. Promotion work is bind
ing the Interests of the separate is
lands into one huge, common interest
This principle was indorsed by the
1916 Civic Convention at Hilo, and the
convention formally asked the gover
nor and the superintendent of public
works to draft out a system ot terri
torial highways.the emphasis being
placed on the need for better "tour
Now that requests for road appro
priations are coming to both houses
in disconnected form, it is timely to
find out what has been done with the
Civic Convention's request.
Has such a board, comprehensive
plan been worked out? What roads
does it Include? What will be the
costT How is the money to be rais
ed? How spent?
All these questions need to be ans
wered before either house passes on
individual requests for appropriations
which touch the "tourist road" idea.
The Civic Convention many of
whose members are now in the house
and senate recognized at Hilo last fall
that the territory needs a sweeping,
inclusive, carefully-worked out plan
of territorial highways not merely
the paper theory, but the engineering
information the location, character
and cost of the proposed roads. The
territorial government was asked to
furnish the information so it could be
available for this legislature.
"All "tourist road" appropriaton
bills or resolutions should be consider
ed in the light of the larger scheme, if
that is now ready. Is it f Htar-uuiie-
That civilian rifle clubs should be
established throughout Hawaii, so
that the citizens could get some idea
of how to use a rifle in time of need,
is a good suggestion and it is already
being acted upon on Oahu where a
number of civilians are asking for a
range upon which to practice. The
men who wish to join the rifle club
are working on the principle that all
men should be able to handle a gun in
time of trouble. The civilian rifle
corps idea is an old one in Hawaii as,
many years ago, the Honolulu Rifle
was a well known organizaton. It
is up to the younger generation to
emulate their predecessors and get in
line. There are many men who do
not care to join the national guards
but who. however, would delight in
joining a purely civilian rifle club
and learn something about the way In
which the business end of a gun
should be managed. Hawaii Herald.
A Fire Arm Bill
Senator Pacheco's bill regulating
the handling of firearms is worthy of
passage. The island press for three
years has been hammering away on
the evils of promiscuous handling of
firearms, and Pacheco s bill seeks to
check those evils. The territory has
far too many of the "gunmen" gentry
and their numbers are rapidly increas
ing. Pacheco would it make it obli
gatory on intending purchasers of
firearms first to get a permit from po
lice. The police are not likely to al
low irresponsible characters to buy
weapons, hence the proposed law will
check the potential criminal before he
gets his gun. Star-Bulletin.
Pa, what is repartee?
Oh, merely an insult with its dress
suit on, my son. Iuck.
AUTO FOR HIRE 1
. Psssiniir Pissmw llttuci
Comfortable snd sty lish 1914 Cadillac , , Mlllt
7-Seater. at your service. Rates 2 60 6 00 .0
reasonable. Ring up 3 00 6 10 2.5
WAILUKI CONSTRUCTION and DRAYAGE CO., Ltd.
TRANSFERING AND DRAYING
MATSON NAVIGATION CO.
26S market Street, San Tnncisct, California.
FREIGHT AND PASSENGER
December, 1916 January, 1917 February, 1917
I Airline 104 Dec. 5 Dec. 12 Dec. 19
Wilhclmina 90 Dec. 13 Dec. 19 Dec. 27
Manoa 37 Dec. 19 Dec. 26 Jan. 2
Matsonla 39 Dec. 27 Jan. 2 Jan. 10
Lurllne 105 Jan. 2 Jan. 9 Jan. 16
Wilhelmina 91 Jan. 10 Jan. 16 Jan. 24
Manoa 38 Jan. 16 Jan. 24 Jan. 30
Matsonla 40 Jan. 24 Jan. 30 Feb. 7
Lurline , 106 Jan. 30 Feb. 6 Feb. 13
Wilhelmina 92 Feb. 7 Feb. 13 Feb. 21
Manoa 39 Feb. 13 Feb. 20 Feb. 27
Matsonia 41 Feb. 21 Feb. 27 Mar. 7
Lurline 107 Feb. 27 Mar. 6 Mar. 13
L'o Honolulu and Hilo.
PORTS OF CALL.
3. 8. MaUonia )
8. S. Wilhelmina f 10
S. 8. Manoa ) IT ,' . . , ,
8. 8. Lurline.... To Honolulu nd Khulul.
S. S. Lurline Carries Livestock to Honolulu and Kahulul.
SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE.
Uime 3able--3(ahului Siailroad Co.
Daily Passenger Train Schedule (Except Sunday)
The following schedule went into effect June 4th, 1913.
4 5i a 46
4 45 4o
4 44 3
4 40.2 35
6 2 .S
.. Kahului ..
1 : n
A.. , l
L" Hania- "A
L Haiku -A
Saturday, March 10th, 1917.
Dancinj; during dinner and continuing throughout the evening.
. ., Dinner from 6:30 to 8 P. M. at $1.00 per plate.
MARY HOFFMAN'S ORCHESTRA IN ATTENDANCE.
Note Owing to the fact that a dance will be held at Puunene Club,
there will be no dance at Grand Hotel, March 17th.
1. All trains daily except Sundays.
2. A Special Train (Labor Train) will leave Walluku dally, except Bunlays, 1
t 6:30 a. m.. arriving at Kahulul at 6:61 a. m., and connecting vita '
the 6:00 a. m. train for Puunene.
I. BAGGAGE RATES: 160 pounds of personal baggage will be arrled free
of charge on each whole ticket, and 75 pounds on each half ticket, wa
baggage is in charge of and on the same train as tie holder ot the UsksU
For excess baggage 35 cenU per 100 pounds or part thereof will ee
For Ticket Fares and other Information see Local Passenger Tarlt ICO.
No. I, or inquire at any of the Depots.
Gas Generating Plants
FOR ISOLATED HOMES AND PLANTATION
CAMPS. MAKE8 GAS FOR COOKING AND
LIGHTING. REDUCES LARGE ANNUAL FUEL
EXPENSE IN LABOR CAMPS.
Catton, Neill & Co., Ltd.