Newspaper Page Text
THE MAUI NEWS, FRIDAY, MARCH 23, 1917.
THE MAUI NEUS
InUred at the Post Office at Wailuku, Maul, Hawaii, as second-class matter.
A Republican Paper Published in the Interest of the People
Issued Every Friday.
MAUI PUBLISHING COMPANY, LIMITED,
Proprietor! and Publisher
Subscription Rates, $2.50 per Year in Advance.
WILL. J. COOPER,
EDITOR AND MANAGER
MARCH 23, 1917.
THE LOCAL FOOD PROBLEM
est authority to establish any kind of school it sees fit that will fill a use
ful purposes, and it should be expected to be ever on the watch for op
portunities in this direction.
The aim of the territory should be to supply to every man, woman
or child any kind of education that will tend to make his life broader,
easier, or happier. It is a high mark but one well worth while.
The Maui News welcomes letters from its readers on current affairs
particularly if they are along constructive lines, and not merely
It is through such dissemination of ideas that much good is ac
complished. It must always be understood, however, that no attention
will be paid to any communication which is unsigned, though of course
the names of writers will be kept confidetial, if desired.
There is a great deal of mysterious planning going on in army and
other official circles, these days, on the matter of food preparedness for
Hawaii. Conferences are held, and in characteristically stupid style
everybody connected with them is bound to secrecy over matters that
everybody knows about and no one better than those who make it their
business to know such things. The agricultural department has been
taken into the plot, and as a result farmers are being urged to "plant
things to eat," the whole idea being that should we by any chance be
besieged by a foreign foe, we shall need all the food supplies that we can
possibly produce to keep ourselves -from starving to death.
But with all this urging, there isn't even a semblance of a promise
that when the farmer has produced something to eat that he will not
have it left on his hands to rot. In fact this is almost certain to be the
result, just as it has been in the past. The American farmer isn't one
bit more or less patriotic than any other citizen. But he isn't going to
bankrupt himself for the public good if he can help it.
Secretary Houston, of the department of agriculture, in a recent
statement concerning the high cost of living, points this fact out, and
also indicates the unreasonableness of expecting a farmer to plant in
excess of what experience and judgement have shown him he can dis
pose of at a reasonable profit. "As a matter of fact," he says, "farmers
are going to do their own thinking in this matter, and will not follow
There are several ways that this problem might be solved. The
most obvious is to modify the present iron-clad and inflexible method of
purchasing army provisions so as to insure local growers a market for
all reasonable quantities of produce at fair prices, and not compel them
to compete with the world as at present. Last month the army bought
its onions at eight cents per pound. This month's low bid was three and
a half cents per pound, and both prices based on Australian onions.
The Islands undoubtedly could supply the army with all the onions it
needs, for at least a portion of the year, but onion growing will bea slow
development when farmers must fight against established specialized
business on both sides of the equator.
Another way would be for the territory to make use of its public
lands to subsidize the growing of food stuffs rather than sugar, as at
present. It might continue to lease its sugar lands to the sugar plantations
as at present, but on a basis of equal areas of other land being farmed by
the sugar men in food crops, under proper expert supervision and as
sistance. Three or four years ago the Hawaiian islands produced more than
three time the amount of rice it is today producing, and the industry is
still rapidly dwindling. And the reason is some half cent a pound dif
ference in cost of production here and on the mainland or in Japan.
The United States army always buys its supplies in the lowest market
that's supposed to be good business.
The trouble is that food supplies everywhere are today largely pro
duced by specialists, and in specially favorable localities. Hawaii is also
in the specialty business, and always will be unless special inducement
is offered to create artificial conditions. If the nation wants Hawaii to
be self supporting there is but one thing to do pay the price.
MAKE WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION A FACT
The spectacle of an insurance company contesting two apparent
ly plain cases of responsibility under the workmen's compensation law,
should furnish food for thought to the members of the legislature. In
each case a man was killed by accident while in the usual course of his
employment. In each case dependents are left who need the money
that the law was passed to provide. In each instance the employer had
complied with the law in placing the burden of his responsibiluty
upon an insurance earner.
No one dispute these facts, and yet an insurance company would
side-step on pure technicalities. If it succeeds, the law as it stands is
worse than useless, because it would compel employers to pay for pro
tection for their employees which they cannot get, and would force de
pendent widows and children to go into the courts and fight for the poor
stipend which the law presumes to give them in place of a husband and
father the very thing that the law was intended to prevent.
The theory of workmen's compensation is right. It assumes that
the value of maimed limbs or shortened lives is just as much a legitimate
cost of production to a business enterprise, as are broken or worn out
tools and machinery. And tllis being accepted, technicalities that would
side-track the main issues are intolerable. The legislators are consider
ing a number of proposed amendments to the workmen's compensation
law at the present time. It is well they consider seriously this very real
menace to the very foundation of the law. Thirteen states have solved
it by establishing state insurance funds which serve as a check to
the rapacity of private insurance concerns. These states are Califor
nia, Colorado, Maryland, Montana, Ohio, Oregon, New York, Nevada,
Pennsylvania, Washington, West Virginia, and Wyoming. The day is
past when such safeguarding of the welfare of the people can be sneered
down as impractical or "socialistic."
THE DISTRICT NURSE
A bill was recently killed in the legislature that was intended to
provide, on an extensive scale, for district nurses for all of the islands.
They were to work under control of the board of health.
There may have been some vital defects in the measure as it was
drafted, that warranted its tabling, but the idea back of the bill is one
that must not, and will not be permanently lost.
The district nurse idea is one of utmost possibilities for Hawaii.
Through it disease is to be detected and eliminated at the start. Hospitals
and sanitariums are all right and very necessary, but when the average
man, and especially the average plantation laborer gets sick enough
to apply for admittance to a hospital, it is more than likely too late.
He is doomed. And besides, he has probably communicated his malady
to the members of his family and to others with whom he has come in
contact. The district nurse lives in such close contact with the people
she is working with that she is able to detect signs of disease before it
has made much headway, and what is vastly more important, before it
has had opportunity to be spread to other individuals.
The plantations heads on Maui are beginning to appreciate the
value of the district nurse, and are taking the lead in establishing the
system in their camps. Their policy is both humanitarian and economic
ally wise. But the legislature should permit the board of health to
provide nurses for every town and community in the territory not under
jurisdiction of the sugar plantations, even if the board should thereby
have to limit some of its other activities. The district nurse is the scout,
or the outpost in the war with disease. To overlook her as a factor in
modern medicine, were as shortsighted as to neglect aeroplanes or signal
corps in a modern army establishment.
A bill has been introduced in the legislature to authorize the depart
ment of public instruction to open a night school in Hilo. Such a law
may be, but should not be necessary. The department should have full-
Who Wouldn't Be An Optimist?
A Hilo man was heard grouching
about the few hours' of beautiful
rain which we had yesterday. Now,
Mr. Grouch, don t go to whining be
cause the sun is hidden for a few
hours. What if you lived In some
hot, dry climate where it rains about
once a year, when the water comes
down in destructive torrents, or what
If you were back east again, slipping
and sliding along the glassy pave
ments where the water freezes as U
falls? The rain which fell yesterday
was the finest we've had this sea
son. It didn't really wet anybody.
It was like a soft, warm mist carres-
slng the land, leaving sweeter flavor
in the fruits, brighter colors on the
flowers, and gold in the ground for
the plantations. Any man who would
find fault with a rain like that, would
grumble if he had to be hanged. Ha
Dentist For School Children
The importance of the care of the
teelh of children is well understood.
On Kauai this matter is neglected,
for the reason, principally, that we
have only one dentist and he has his
hands full with older folk.
Something must, however, be done
for the children. Facilities must he
provided whereby their teeth may be
taken care of and saved.
This is a matter in which the Legis
lature should help out. The govern
ment pays salaries to physicians, and
we see no reason why dentist should
not be maintained in the same way.
We hope our members of the Legis
lature will take this matter up and
make a fight which may result in se
curing sufficient care for the teeth
of the children of Kauai. We haven't
It at the present time. Garden Island.
On The Other Islands
Announcement is made this week
that beginning May 1 the Matson
Navigation Company will increase its
passengers rates between San Fran
cisco and the Islands by J5. This
will apply to all present rates from
steerage to highest priced accomda-tions.
L. E. Thayer, one of the prominent
citizens of Honolulu, died on Monday
at his home in Kaimukl after a linger
ing illness. He was the father of
Wade Warren Thayer, late secretary
of Hawaii, and was the founder of the
Thayer Piano Company. He was 74
years of age.
The social hall
Church, Hilo, was
aries last Sunday
ed destruction, as
Firebugs also set
was destroyed on
of the First Foreign
set on firely incendi
and narrowly esoap-
did also the church,
fire to the Kalwiki
s warehouse, which
Timely Farm Hints
By F. G. KRAUSS, Supt.
Haiku Extension Division,
Hawaii Experiment Station
March 25, 1917.
Grow Sweet Potatoes 1
nne nf th surest and best food
crops that can be grown in the Ha
waiian Islands to reduce xne aiga
cost of living, and as an emergency
ration if need be, is the humble sweet
potato. Every one is familiar with its
simple culture, but few felly appreciate
its high food value ana enormuuB
productivity under favorable growing
conditions. At the Haiku Sub
station seventeen tons of edable tub
ers were produced from a measured
acre as a six months crop during the
season of 1916. The top growth,
(leaves and stems) yielded twenty
tons of excellent forage for milch cows
and swine. To encourage the cultiva
tion of. this excellent crop, the Haiku
Sub-Station of the U. S. Experiment
Station, again offers plants of select
......wio fni froa Hiatrihntinn. One
hundred cuttings of the "New Era"
and one hundred cuttings of the Ka
dera" or laudi variety to each appli-
One hundred thousand plants were
distributed during 191U. we nope me
demand this year vrill equal that of
Address F. G. KRAUSS, Supt. Ex
tension Division, Haiku, Maiui.
Dr. J. Charles O'Day, formerly of
Honolulu where he was the storm
center of a number of lively contro
versies over the leprosy question and
other matters. Is soon to return from
Portland to resume his residence in
Hilo is reported to be badly excited
over the war situation. Last Monday
night a watchman at Hackfeld & Com
pany's lumber yard is reported to have
fired upon a mysterious prowler.
Thi. Plner.tar Comnanv. Ltd.. has fil
ed a petition to be adjudged a volunt
ary bankrupt. Assets, nil. liabilities.
Editor Maul News:
I make an occasional trip over the
Kahului Railroad, and on more than
one occasion I have been worried by
and arms out of the car windows
while the train was in motion. The
practice is surely a dangerous one.
I am told that the conductor la unable
to stop it as the children "sas" him
aad their parents back them up in it.
I can scarcely credit this last, al
though I must confess It is only par
ents of school children who I have
ever heard, unfavorably criticize the
But I believe the Railroad would be
responsible for damages should one
of these children be hurt, and for that
reason I think that it should instruct
its conductor to stop the train and put
children off and let them walk if they
persist in the dangerous practice I
WELLER TO COAST TO
BRING HOME BRIDE
MAIKAI In Honolulu, March 15,
1917, K. Malkai, widower, sailor,
native of Lahaina, Maul, eighty-five
years old. Buried in Makikl Cemetery.
ONE OLDSMOBILE IN FINE CON
DITION H. GESSNER, WAILUKU.
AUTO FOR HIRE.
Comfortable and stylish 1914 Cadillac
7-Seater. at your service. Rates
reasonable. Ring up
To claim a bride H. B. Weller, dis
trict sales manager of the Union Oil
Company, sailed today on the Great
Northern. He will marry Miss Julia
Heebrun of Pasadena, Cal., the cere
mony taking place at the Presbyterian
church, Pasadena, Saturday, March
Miss Julia Heebrun, the bride-to-be,
was here with her parents some two
months ago. They occupied the Buch
ly place at Waikikl. Following a
honeymoon trip the happy couple will
reside in Honolulu.
: CASH :
in ordering shoes from our large
winter stock. Footwear will be
send on approval, if you have
established an account with 11s. It
will be well to do so now.
We have a large assortment in the
very latest shapes and materials.
MANUFACTURERS' SHOE STORE, HONOLULU
Spend A Few Days At Lahaina?
For the convenience of
Maui people who may
wish to spend a short vac
ation in beautiful Laha
ina, we have opened a
number of nicely furnish
ed apartments on Main
treet, opposite the Court
House, which may be had
by day, week, or month,
ingle rooms or ensuite,
at very reasonable rates.
Fitted for light house
keeping with oil stove,
ice-box, dishes, etc., and
all the comfort of a
Convenient to business
part of town and to bath
Phone or write
Pioneer Hotel Co., Ltd.,
EVIATSON NAVIGATION CO.
26$ market Street, San Trancisct, California.
FREIGHT AND PASSENGER
FEBRUARY MARCH APRIL
STEAMER Voyage fg
Lurline 106 Jan. 30 Feb. 6 Feb. 13 Feb. 20
Wilhelmina 92 Feb. 7 Feb. 13 Feb. 21 Feb. 27
Manoa 39 Feb. 13 Feb. 20 Feb. 27 Mar. 6
Matsonia 41 Feb. 21 Feb. 27 Mar. 7 Mar. 13
Lurline 107 Feb. 27 Mar. 6 Mar. 13 Mar. 20
Wilhelmina 93 Mar. 7 Mar. 13 Mar. 21 Mar. 27
Manoa 40 Mar. 13 Mar. 20 Mar. 27 Apr. 3
Matsonia 42 Mar. 21 Mar. 27 Apr, 4 Apr. 10
Lurline 108 Mar. 27 Apr. 3 Apr. 10 Apr. 17
Wilhelmina 94 Apr. 4 Apr. 10 Apr. 18 Apr. 24
Manoa 41 Apr. 10 Apr. 17 Apr. 24 May 1
Matsonia 43 Apr. 18 Apr. 24 May 2 May 8
Lurline 109 Apr. 24 May 1 May 8 May 15
PORTS OF CALL.
S. S. Matsonia '. )
S. S. Wilhelmina To Hnolulu nd HU-
8. 8. Manoa )
8. 8. Lurline To Honolul nd Kahului.
8. 8. Lurline Carries Livestock to Honolulu and Kahului.
SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE.
Zfime 3ableSfahitliii Slailroad Co.
Daily Passenger Train Schedule (Except Sunday)
The following schedule went into effect June 4th, 1913.
5 33 3 30
S 23 3 20
10 3 07
4 5 2 47
4 5i a 46
4 45 4
4 44 3
4 4; 35
L" Spreck- -A
a-.: e"Ti"e :'l
L" H.in.- "A
L.. Haiku ..A
42 3 47
52 3 57
1. All trains dally except Sundays.
J. A Special Train (Labor Train) will leare Wailuku daily, except Buntays,
at 6: SO a. m., arrlTing at Kahului at 6:61 a. m., and connecting wltk
the 6:00 a. m. train for Puunene.
S. BAGGAGE RATES: 160 pounds of personal baggage will be tarried free
of charge on each whole ticket, and 75 pounds on each half ticket, wke
baggage Is in charge of and on the same train as the holder of the UekeL
For excess baggage 26 cents per 100 pounds or part thereof will he
For Ticket Fares and other Information see Local Passenger Tarif L C. O.
No. I, or Inquire at any of the Depots.
MANUEL S. ROSA, JR., PAIA
ONE PASSENGER PACKARD CAR
FOR HIRE. PHONE AT HOME AND
IN GARAGE. RELIABLE SERVICE;
Gas Generating Plants
FOR ISOLATED HOMES AND PLANTATION
CAMPS. MAKES GAS FOR COOKING AND
LIGHTING. REDUCES LARGE ANNUAL FUEL
EXPENSE IN LABOR CAMPS.
Catton, Neill & Co., Ltd.