Newspaper Page Text
THE MAUI NEWS, FRIDAY, APRIL, 13, 1917.
THE MAUI NEWS
THE AGONY OF WAITING
Inured at the Post Offlca at Walluku, Maul, Hawaii, as second-class matter.
A Republican Paper Published in the Interest of the People
Issued Every Friday.
MAUI PUBLISHING COMPANY, LIMITED,
Proprietor, and Publishers
Subscription Rates, $2.50 per Yeas in Advance.
WILL. J. COOPER,
EDITOR AND MANAGER
APRIL, 13, 1917
THE GOVERNOR'S PROCLAMATION
In view of the serious fact that the whole world is facing a food
shortage greater than probably ever before known. Governor Pink
ham's proclamation takes on an importance it could not otherwise have,
Food costs are jumping so rapidly that an alarming prospect confronts
not only Hawaii but the whole country. The Governor again accuses
the Territory of "indifference and inefficiency" in that it is largely
oepenaent on the mainland lor the lood it eats, lliis may be the Gov
ernors way of saying that the Island have been following the only
logical course possible under the circumstances. Taken in connection
with the strategical situation he certainly has no right to blame anything
Dut the tederal government.
The department of agriculture is urging "small farming" in a new
sense. It would have every back yard turned into a kitchen garden,
It points out the economy of milk in the diet, and urges a place for the
family cow. And from the table scraps of most every family it would
have a flock of hens maintained. All of which is most eminently adapted
to Hawaii. Under our conditions it is safe to say that the everage
family could, with comparatively little effort, produce at least half its
living in this way. It is being done in isolated instances now. It is
along the lines of true economy. The recent school and home garden
contests of the Star-Bulletin and the department of agriculture are
factors toward this end.
But Hawaii can never be independent of the rest of the world for
her food supply unless artificial stimulus is resorted to to that end. There
isn t much doubt that she could, with sufficient effort, produce all the
products required to feed her present population. But it is an economic
certainty that she could never do it at a profit. There has been a good
deal of scolding indulged in because Hawaii persists in growing sugar
and pineapples and a few other things for export rather than the whole
diet list of her people. There is no more natural reason why she should
go in for miscellaneous agriculture than that the wheat growers of the
Dakotas should attempt to grow their own clothing materials.
Strategists point out that our dependence on the mainland for our
food supply is the weak point in our defense scheme. But that isn
Hawaii's fault any more than it is California's or New York's. The
law of economics does not consider war as a factor. When war meas
ures do intrude, extraordinary conditions are created which must be
met by extraordinary means. If the Governor would have Hawaii's
farmers produce food stuffs, he must at least show them how they can
do so without losing money. Yet up to the present time neither he nor
the army authorities have been able to do this.
F. G. Krauss, of the experiment station, who returned this week
from a conference along these lines in Honolulu, reports that absolutely
no guarantee of any kind can be secured from the army department for
any produce our agriculturists may grow. If it is what the army wants
can be furnished in sufficient quantity on a month's notice, and if the
price is lower than anyone else in the world will undertake to supply it
for, the army will buy from Island growers. Not otherwise. Yet this
system would put Hawaii in competition with the specialists of the world
tor everything the army uses. We do not even get the benefit of f reiehts
because freights from the mainland in most instances are lower than
from inter-island points. Just at present it would look like good business
to expand our food crop plantings ; but this fact has nothing to do with
tne principles involved.
England has lately adopted a system which guarantees to the farmer
a reasonable return for his labor. Our own secretary of agriculture has
just pointed out that our farmers cannot be expected to plant crops
in excess of what their own judgement dictates ; and he agrees that the
iarmers ot the united states are just as patriotic as any other class of
citizens. Yet our Governor, in effect, holds up our agriculturists to
scorn because they are not willing to compete with the world on any
ana an tooa crops, it is not just.
LET US HAVE CONSCRIPTION
About the easiest thing in the world for the average man is to go
to war. And about the hardest is to stay behind when others are
going, it doesn t take any courage to put on a uniform and mix in with
the crowd, and to march away with flags flying, band blaring, and
women waving approval. It takes a lot of grit to stay at home when this
son oi ining is in the air, particularly so if a few malicious wooden
heads begin to pass the word around that you are afraid.
And because the average man is afraid of being thought afraid, he
generally rusnes on on a call to arms whether he ought to or not.
It is largely for this reason that the Congress should pass the com
pulsory service bill recommended by the general staff and the President
(not a universal military training bill). Under this plan, as we under
stand it, every county of every state in the union will be required to
furnish its quota of needed recruits. It will take young men with no
dependents first. It should refuse to take men who can be of greater
vaiue iu meir country at otner place than on the tiring line.
in previous wars we have reserved conscription till the last. As
a result we have thrown a lot of impulsive boys, or men afraid of being
thought afraid, into the front first, oftimes at a sacrifice the nation
could ill attord. We have stripped our colleges and schoolrooms when
there was little call for the sacrifice. Certain communities have been
seriously crippled while others have been scarcely touched. It is time
we took a little more heed for the nation's welfare and put a check on the
oia volunteer system oi recruiting in time of war.
ON KEEPING OUR HEADS COOL
This is no time for panic. Rather it is a time for confidence con
fidence in our nation and in ourselves. Also it is the time to sit down
for a few minutes and to calmly take stock of the situation. It were
well right at the start to make up our minds that we, here in the Islands,
are not going to starve to death. There isn't any good reason to believe
that food products will be any scarcer here than on the mainland, though
there is every likelihood that they will cost a good deal more than they
ever have before. For this reason the Governor's plant-a-garden procla
mation, or the plans to enlist school children in home and school gardens
are far from being hysterical outbursts.
But that our shipping is to be very seriously interfered with, we
do not believe. The fact that Hawaii is producing an enormously im
portant food crop through her sugar plantations, and one which the
country cannot afford to cripple, is something that a good many persons
seem to have overlooked. Sugar is not a luxury; nor is the supply so
large that Hawaii's ouput may be ignored. But ships are necessary to
transport this product, and these ships will have cargo space on their
return trips. Not only this, but as long as Uncle Sam maintains a great
army in Honolulu he will see to it that necessary transportation facilities
are not wanting.
Hilo wants a concrete road to the Volcano ; but the first thing we
should have is a concrete plan.
It is hard to work these days. A spirit of uncertainty pervades
every where, making application to ordinary tasks an effort. Suspense
bears down like a weight. The feeling that gigantic forces are at work,
concerning which we are permitted to know but little, nurtures a crop
of rumors whijh irritates almost physically. The suspension of all
wireless communication lends a feeling of isolation that depresses, and
the knowledge that the newspapers which reach us have been censored
as concerns movements of all shipping, and probably much else, creates
an atmosphere of unreality. One feels that he is in the grip of some
stifling nightmare from which he must escape or suffocate. These
are the early manifestations of war. They are common in one phase or
another to most impending calamities. Many will recall them in con
nection with the opening days of the Spanish-American war, and our
older citizens the still more dismal days that ushered in the American
Civil War. It is such suspense as this that makes action of any kind a
relief. It is the kind of inaction that makes the soldier in the trench
welcome the order to charge. And it is the implacable THING that
whitens the hair and brings age-lines prematurely to the women left behind.
OUR ISLAND CONTEMPORARIES
Where The Portuguese Stand
As Portuguese-Americans, there is
only one course for us to follow, now
that the United States Is Involved In
the war of practically all civilized na
tions against Germany. That course
is to render our undivided assistance
and fidelity to the United States. This
sentiment is by no means suggested
by the fact that the country from
which we originated is also engaged In
this conflict on the side of the Allies.
If this were the case, our professions
of loyalty would loos merit. Our one
and only reason must be that we have
sworn allegiance to the United States,
and to this nation alone are we be
holden for all we possess, unless we
except alone the proud traditions of
We as American citizens are ready
to offer not only our loyalty and our
properties to the service of the nation
to which we owe allegiance, but we
stand forward with our persons and
our lives, If need be, in the great
cause for which she is about to fight.
The Portuguese-Americans will not be
found wanting when the time comes
for action. No nation loves liberty
more than the Portuguese. This fact
is amply shown In their own form of
government. When the liberties of
mankind are endangered ,the descend
ants of this race will always be ready
to respond. The courage and spirit of
adventure that characterized the men
that discovered empires and new
ocean by-ways, is still alive In those
who now put themselves at the dis
posal of their adopted country.
To we American citizens, whether
by birth or naturalization, the United
States is HOME and it Is the instinct
of every man, no matter how primi
tive he may be, to fight for his home.
To Uncle Sam we proffer our services.
O Luso as the leading Portuguese
paper in Hawaii can without fear of
contradiction assure everyone that
when the call comes for men to take
up arms in the cause of the United
States, the Portuguese-Americans will
not be found wanting. THEY ARE
FOR AMERICA, AND AMERICA
ONLY. O Luso.
Taking Care Of Ourselves
In a previous issue we referred to
the importance of Kauai being able
to maintain herself in time of war. So
far we have heard no very pronounc
ed notes of approval.
As a matter of cold facts, however,
war Is upon us. We all realize that.
It may not come in a month or two
months, but at sometime in the very
near future commerce with Kauai, is
going to be seriously Interrupted, if
not cut off altogether, as the result
of war conditions. How long this
state of affairs may last we do not
In event of war conditions Kauai
will probably be the "hardest hit" of
any of the islands of the group, and
it behooves us to "get busy" in time
and protect ourselves. This protec
tion concentrates In putting as much
available land as may be necessary
into the products needed for the table.
We can easily see ahead a time when
the vegetables and other farm pro
ducts which we now receive from Cali
fornia will not be available, and it
will not be possible to get numerous
other items which we now receive.
We are in position to make our
selves independent in this matter. We
have simply neglected it in the past.
In view of the impending crisis we
should give serious thought and at
tention to the matter, and we hope our
men of affairs of Kauai will do so.
GENERAL ELECTRIC CO.
INSTALLATION OF ENTIRE
Catton, Neill & Co., Ltd.
Don't Buy Foodstuffs Excessively
Martial law has not been declared
anywhere in Hawaii but it is none too
early to plan systematic handling of
food stuffs. Already there are plenty
of instances of householdrers having
rushed to the markets to lay in large
supplies, foreseeing an era of shortage
and very high prices.
The Star-Bulletin is informed of one
woman resident a newcomer who
ordered seven bags of flour far more
than her small household could possib
ly consume within a reasonable time.
Her newness to climatic conditions
here leaves her in Ignorance that the
greater part of her flour will spoil be
fore it is needed for home consump
tion. This is one of many instances
where excessively large stocks have
been laid in, as a matter of foresight
But this is foresight which In time
of actual shortage will place great
burdens on the poor. Having no sur
plus cash and virtually no credit, they
are unable to buy largely for future
use. They will be the first to feel the
Carried to the extreme, as this
movement may easily be .stocks of
foodstuffs will be concentrated in the
hands of the well-to-do and the
wealthy. This should not be allowed.
Without blaming those now buying
and hoarding, attention must be called
to the danger of a general hoarding.
Dealing with this problem is no
easy task. Since neither martial law
nor military control is exercised here,
solution of the problem must be large-
lnaiviauai ana voluntary. Unless
the individual householders abstain
from excessive buying, either the ter
ritory or the federal government ine-
itably must take supervision of fu
ture selling, and if it is found that
huge stocks have been laid up by in
dividuals, public authority will step in
and compel such stocks to be turned
back into the market. Star-Bulletin.
Get The Habit
Maybe Russia has started the habit
i regards getting rid of kings and
emperors. It would be good for the
whole world if all the monarchs were
pensioned off and the people allowed
to rule. It is the lives of the common
people that are thrown away when
war comes, so, surely, it should be up
to them to decide as to war or no war.
Congress can so decide in the United
States and it is well that the personal
ambition or spite of one man or a
small coterie of men cannot plunge
the nation into war. However, why
talk about it now? There will be no
more war after the present affair for
minaret years or more we should
worry! Hawaii Herald.
That Attorney William Heen, who
was nominated by the President as a
circuit judge, should be opposed in
Congress on the ground that he, be
ing part-Chinese, is not a suitable
person for the bench, comes as a
severe shock to all American citizens
who are and who are not of pure
white descent That opposition to Mr.
Heen tohould arise on account of his
color seems absurd when it is realized
how other men who are not of full
white blood have been placed in vari
ous positions. That an American ciiz
en of any breeding should be dis
criminated against does not carry out
the idea that all men are born equal
and live equal in this great republic.
Mr. Heen should be promptly con
firmed by the Senate as a reprimand
to those people who have worked
against him probably in an effort to
secure a circuit court bench appoint
ment for some friends of theirs. Ha
: CASH :
in ordering shoes from our large
winter stock. Footwear will be
send on approval, if you have
established an account with us. It
will he well to do so now.
IV e have a large assortment in the
very latest shapes and materials.
MANUFACTURERS' SHOE STORE, HONOLULU
Uime 3able-ZKahului Railroad Co.
Daily Passenger Train Schedule (Except Sunday)
The following schedule went into effect Juna 4th, 1913.
Some people seem to think that be
cause a man was born in another
country and then became an American
citizen he is barred from commenting
intelligently about things American.
It is the man who knows more count
ries than one, and who has lived in
several, who can, most times, write
and talk about things of general im
portance in the most interesting man
ner. Some people would like to con
fine a man to the knowledge of only
one language, also, judging from the
opinions expressed by a few citizens.
A Long Drink.
Extract from a sentimental letter.
"Last night I sat in a gondola on Ven
ice's Grand Canal, drinking it all In,
and life never seemed so full before."
9 7 5' S
PM M P M AM
5 33 3 3i'as8 42
S 23 3 so t 15 8 30
5 203 17 8 27
5 103 7 8 17
5 09 3 5 8 15
5 00 55 8 05
58 a J3 8 03
5 a 47 7 57
4 5i a 46 7 56
4 45 4o 7 5
4 44 1 39 7 49
4 40 a 35 7 45
L" Spreck- "A
a" el,ITi"e ."l
L- Himi- "A
L.. Haiku ..A
1 3o 3 35 5 3
1 4o3 45 3 4
I 42 J 47
1 5 3 57 ......
53 3 58
a 05 4 10
a 14 4 19
a 15 4 ao
2 23 4 28
a S 4 30
a 30 4 35 ......
I lit IK
All trains dally except Sundays.
A Special Train (Labor Train) will leave Walluku daily, except Sundays,
at 6:30 a. m., arriving at Kahului at 6:61 a. m and connecting vim
tha 6:00 a. m. train for Puunane.
BAGGAGE RATES: 160 pounds of personal baggaga will b. .arrl.a fr
of chart on each whola ticket, and 75 pounds on aach half ticket, waaa
baggage is in chare of and on tha sama train aa taa hold.r of tat UkL
IM oaggaga z& cants per 100 pounds
or part tbaraoi will U
For Ticket Fares and other information sea Local Paasengtr Tarif L G. C.
No. t, or inquire at any of the Depots.
RflATSON NAVIGATION CO.
Manoa . . .
Lurline . . .
Manoa . . .
Manoa . . .
Manoa . . .
Manoa . ..
Manoa . . .
Manoa . . . ,
LSan6 Arrive Honolulu Arrive Arrive Leave
Fr'sco Honolulu Leave Hilo Kahului Hilo
93 Mar. 7 Mar. 13 Mar. 15 Mar. 16 Mar 17
40 Mar. 13 Mar. 20 Mar. 22 Mar. 23
42 Mar. 21 Mar. 27 Mar. 29 Mar. 30 Mar" 31
107 Mar. 27 Apr. 3 Apr. 6 Apr 6
1 Apr. 4 Apr. 10 Apr. 12 Apr. 13 Apr ' 14
41 Apr. 10 Apr. 17 Apr. 19 Apr 20 '
43 Apr. 18 Apr. 24 Apr. 26 Apr. 27 Anr" 'H
94 Apr. 24 May 1 May 3 May 4 '
2 May 2 May 8 May 10 May 11 May" 12
42 May 8 May 15 May 17 May 18
44 May 16 May 22 May 24 May 25 May" 26
95 May 22 May 29 May 31 June 1
3 May 30 June 5 June 7 June 8 June' ' q
43 June 6 June 12 June 14 June 15
45 June 13 June 19 June 21 June 22 'iunl"ii
96 June 19 June 26 June 28 ; June 29
4 June 27 July 3 July 5 July 6 juiv"'?
44 July 3 July 10 July 12 juhr 13 '
46 July 11 July 17 July 19 July 20 juiv"?i
97 July 17 July 24 July 26 .July 27
5 July 25 July 31 Aug. 2 Aug. 3 Aug" "4
45 July 31 Aug. 7 Aug. 9 Aug 10
47 Aug 8 Aug. 14 Aug. 16 Aug. 17 Au"i8
98 Aug. 14 Aug. 21 Aug. 23 Aug 24
6 Aug. 22 Aug. 28 Aug. 30 Aug. 31 ......... Se'D't" 'i
46 Aug. 28 Sept. 4 Sept. 6 Sept 7..!..'....
Schedules shown above are exact between San Francisco and Hnni.,i,. ....
as to length of time spent at Island ports of call. '
Arrive Leave rlve
Honolulu Honolulu Fr'gco
Mar. 18 Mar. 21 Mar. 27
Mar. 25 Mar. 27 Apr. 3
Apr. 1 Apr. 4 Apr. 10
Apr. 8 Apr. 10 Apr. 17
Apr. 15 Apr. 18 Apr. 24
Apr. 22 Apr. 24 May 1
Apr. 29 May 2 May 8
May 6 May 8 May 15
May 13 May 16 May 22
May 20 May 22 May 29
May 27 May SO June 5
June 3 June 5 June 12
June 10 June 13 June 19
June 17 June 19 June 26
June 24 June 27 July 3
July 1 July 3 July 10
July 8 July 11 July 24
July 15 July 17 July 31
July 22 July 25 July 17
July 29 July 31 Aug. 7
Aug. 5 Aug. 8 Aug. 14
Aug. 12 Aug. 14 Aug. 21
Aug. 19 Aug. 22 Aug. 28
Aug. 26 Aug. 28 Sept 4
Sept. 2 Sept 6 Sept. 11
Sept. 9 Sept. 11 Sept 18
vice versa, but are approximate