Newspaper Page Text
THE MAUI NEWS FRIDAY, MAY 18, 1917.
Timely Farm Hints
By F. G. KRAUSS, Supt.
Haiku Extension Division,
Hawaii Experiment Station
A Premier Leguminous Field Crop
Summary of the pood qualities of
the cow pea as proved by four years
of trial on a field scale at Haiku Sub
Station. 1. Ability to produce a profitable
crop on Boils producing corn at a loss.
2. On soil producing forty bushels
of corn the cow pea has yielded an
equal amount of grain and forage of
a kind which will almost double the
feeding vnluo of corn when the two
are fed in combination.
3. Cow peas intercropped with
corn give a greater total yield by
from ten to thirty percent over yields
produced from growing either crop
4. Cow pons as a pasture crop for
swine has produced the cheapest feed
and one of the best we have ever
tried. A combination of corn and
cow peas "hogged down" would doubt
lessly prove of even greater value
than the above under Hawaiian condi
tions as it has in the South.)
5. The quick maturing habit of the
cow pea and its resistance to drought
renders it admirably adapted for
planting as a catch crop between the
regular crops of a rotation. We have
found It especially suited to summer
or early fall planting following the
corn crop by merely discing the land.
6. Heavy foliaged varieties such as
the Brabham and Iron variety, have
yielded us three and a half tons of
hay per acre as nutritious as the best
imported alfalfa hay, and if anything,
more palatable to our work mules
and milch cows. When ground as
fine as alfalfa meal, it has at least
equal value to the latter and may be
used in exactly the same way.
7. A three to four months cow pea
crop will yield eight to twelve tons
of the best green manure than can be
turned under to supply humus and
fertility to light, thin soils. Three
such crops turned under have increas
ed the yielding power of some of our
Sub-Station soils from thirty live
bushels of corn to sixty five bushels
of corn per acre. During the past
year the record crop of one hundred
and seven-eights bushels of corn was
produced on such green-manured land
with the addition of five hundred
pounds per acre of reverted phos
pahte. No complete chemical fertili
zer that has yet been tried up to one
thousand pounds per acre has yielded
more than fifty per cent of the In
crease obtained by green-manuring
alone. This proves to us that the
highest efficiency from commercial
fertilizers can only be obtained with
the aid of green-manuring.
8. One of the important qualities
imparted to the soil by turning under
heavy crops of cow peas is the mark
ed improvement in the physical condi
tion of the soil. Soils so treated are
much more easily tilled and retain
their moisture better than those not
9. In the fifteen varieties of cow
peas tested, wide difference in habit
of growth is strikingly brought out.
. They range from heavy seeding, early
maturing, bush form to rank trailing
vines many feet in length, and requir
ing from ninety to one hundred and
forty days to attain maturity.
10. The variety or varieties to be
selected for planting depends upon
the purposes for which the crop is
grown and upon the length of the
period available for growth, as in a
long or short rotation whether to be
intercropped or for the producing of
seed, forage or pasturage.
11. Of twenty varieties tested at
the Sub-Station, the following are re
commended as best suited for special
purposes: Brabham and Iron for
forage and hay, as well as green-manuring
and paiiturage. Both of these
yield heavily of grain if not planted
too closely together, their strong point
is the enormous yield of forage, which
is very palatable to all kinds of live
stock, either green or cured as hay.
When planted between corn rows,
spaced five feet apart; about ten
pounds of seed per acre will be requir
ed for general purposes. When plant
ed alone and intended for green-manuring,
pasture or forage, twenty
pounds of seed may be sown to ad
vantage. For seed purposes we would
recommend Groit, and Taylor as
among the heaviest prducers based
on period of growth, both being class
ed as medium early. The Groit is
easily thrashed directly from the vine
which Is not possible with the rank
growing sorts such as Brabham, Iron
and others of that type.
For edible peas for human consump
tion both green and as a dry shell
been, the Bmall Rice and Gullivant
peas stand well at the head of the
list. By many persons these are con
sidered superior to anything in the
bean line and Hawaii may well give
these varieties a thorough trial. The
Cream Chowder peas is a recent in
troduction in which we have great
faith for the future, and would recom
mend this also for trial.
As a general purposes variety we
can recommend none better than the
old Whippoorwill. We call it the
dual purpose pea as it seems to fill
The Black Eyes are of several type3
An ctvtm iinrlv which is rather email
seeded, the Rams-Horn black eye and
Large Late black eye are fine culinary
peas which thrive well in Hawaii when
not stung by the melonny to me at
tacks of which it is especially suscep
The above varieties will fill the
needs of almost every condition that
is likely to arise. The Extension
Division will be glad to supply further
information on other varieties and
can usually supply a few seeds for
trial of any of twentv odd varieties.
12. Cow Peas respond to good
treatment just as does corn and other
crops. Tillage will often make up for
lack of fertility in the culture of cow
peas. We therefore recommend that
the crop be plnnted in rows and rare
ly or never broad casted as is common
in the Southern states. Figure on
ten pounds of seed per acre when In
tercropping and twice that amount
when sown alone. The Brabham,
Rice and Gullivant are the smallest
seeded varieties and require less seed
in planting. The Taylor Is the larg
est seeded, and requires rather more
seed than above indicated. The seed
of the other varieties is intermediate
in size. If grown for seed we have
found it most feasible to hand pick
the pods, the cost of which will range
from fifty cents to one dollars per
hundred pounds, depending on yield
and variety. About sixty percent of
the weight of pods is recovered as
seed. When intended for hay, the
vine should be cut when the first pods
being to ripen. An excellent and nutri
tious hay can be made from the vine
after the pods have been picked, and
the empty pods themselves are much
relished by cattle and mu'es.
Although termed a pea, the cow pea
is much more closely related to the
bean family than peas, both in appear
ance and adaptation. The cow pea is
ensily the moBt important leguminous
crop in Southern agriculture, where
it holds the same relative position as
does alfalfa in the WeBt, and red
clover in the North. But like alfalfa
In its onward march, so too has the
cow pea spread until at the present
time the crop Is grown profitably con
siderably north of the Ohio River.
It is little wonder that the cow pea
should have found its way to Hawaii.
But it is somewhat surprising that it
is not yet as well known as is corn,
since both crops thrive and when,
grown together form an ideal cropp
ing combination. While we have at
tributed many good qualities to the
velvet bean and other leguminous
forage crops which are gradually be
coming established in Hawaii's rapid
ly developing diversifies agriculture,
we would place the cow pea in the
front ranks of the half a dozen lead
ing legumes, Introduced by the Haw
aii Experiment Station during the
past fifteen years. Since the estab
lishment of the Demonstration Farm
at the Haiku Sub-Station in 1913 the
cow pea has entered regularly into
our various cropping schemes, and
their culture is now established prac
tice. During the past year some
fifteen acres were planted to fifteen
or more varieties. Yields on virgin
land that would not produce twenty
five bushels of corn per acre yielded
eight tons of green forage, equivalent
to two and a half tons of cow pea hay
as nutritious as alfalfa. Peas of sup
erior quality of the amount of eight
hundred to fifteen hundred pounds per
acre have been of common occurance.
These crops were produced for the
most part as Intercrops, between corn
rows spaced five feet apart. When
it is further stated that these crops
are produced in from ninety to one
hundred and forty days dependent
upon variety and season of planting
some of the more important virtues
of the crop may be appreciated. Con
sidered only as a forage or pasture
crop, the cow peas chief advantage
over the velvet bean, pigeon pea and
similar heavy seed bearing legumes,
is its early maturity.
The value of this feature cannot
well be over estimated in an inten
sive diversified agriculture, since it
enables the farmer to utilize a valu
able catch crop in his rotation which
might otherwise be left with a serious
gap. Few farmers in Hawaii have as
yet worked out a rational crop rota
tion. The loose talk one so fequent
lv hears of two and three crops a
year has nor yet been worked out in
general practice. One or tne main
reasons of this is lack in variety of
suitable crops. The cow pea will do
much to make possible a continuous
and rational succession in the cropp
ing scheme and thus enable the farm
re to keep his lands constantly occup
ied without imporvishing it, but rather
building up the fertility of the soil.
This is good agriculture.
FOR CAKE MAKING
Cars leave Market street.
Wailuku, daily, about noon.
Leave Lahaina, 8:00 A. M.
Good Comforable Cars
Uchida Auto Stand
Phone 1772 Wailuku
Honolnfa Wholesale Produce
I8SUED BY THE TERRITORIAL
Week ending May 14, 1917.
BUTTER AND EGGS.
Island butter, lb. cartons 40
Eggs, select, doz 43
Eggs, No. 1. doz 41
Eggs, Duck, doz 35
Young roosters, lb 42 to .45
Hens, lb 30 to .33
Turkeys, lb 45
Ducks, Muse, lb 28 to .30
Ducks, Pekin, lb 28 to .30
Ducks, Haw. doz 6.50
VEGETABLES AND PRODUCE.
Beans, string, green 03 to .04
Beans, string, wax. green .. .05 to .06
Beans, Lima in pod 04 to.05
Benns, Maul red (None)
Beans, Calico, cwt. (None)
Beans, small white None
Beans, Small white None
Peas, dry Is. cwt None
Carrots, doz. bunches .40
Cabbage, cwt 3.00 to 3.50
Corn, sweet 100 ears 3.00
Corn, Haw. em. yel. (None)
Corn, Haw. lg. yel. (None)
Rice, Jap. seed, cwt. (None)
Rice, Haw. seed cwt 6.75
Peanuts, lg., lb. (None)
Peanuts, sm., lb. (None)
Green peppers, bell 06 to .07
Green peppers, chill 06 to .07
Potatoes, Is. 1 4.50 to 4.75
Potatoes, sweet, ctw 1.50 to 1.60
Potatoes, sweet, red, cwt 1.75
Taro, cwt 90 to 1.10
Taro, bunch '. 15
Tomatoes 15 to .20
Green peas, lb. (None)
Cucumber, doz 50 to .60
Pumpkins, lb 01
Bananas, Chinese, bunch. ...20 to .50
Bananas, cooking, bunch . . .75 to 1.00
ri(t, 109 1.01
Grapes, Isabella, lb 12
Limes, 100 75 to 1.00
Pineapples, cwt 1.25 to 1.50
Papaias, lb 02
Strawberries 15 to .20
Beef, cattle and sheep are not
bought at lire weights. They are taken
by the meat companies dressed and
aid for by dreied welfht.
Hogs, up to 150 lb 13 to 14 V4
Hogs, 150 and over 10 to .13
Beef, lb 13 to 14
Veal, lb 13 to 14
Mutton, lb 17
Pork, lb 18 to 18
HIDES, Wet Saltetf.
Steer, No. 1, lb .20
Steer, No. 2, lb 19
Steer hair slip 18
Kips, lb 2
Goat, whit 20 to .30
The following art quotations OS
feed f o b. Hoaolului
Corn, sm. yel. ton 80.00
Corn lg. yel. ton 80.00
Corn cracked, ton 82.00
Bran ton 56.00
Barley ton 72.00
Scratch food ton 90.00
Oats, ton 70.00
Middling ton 75.00
Hay, wheat 45.00 to 49.00
Hay, Alfalfa 45.00
1915 Bulck Roadster with new tires,
Stromberg carburator, two spare rims,
Klaxonet, new set of chains, and extra
tubes. Here's a chance to get a high
grade care for less than the price of
a Ford. Apply at Pala Store.
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE
SECOND CIRCUIT, TERRITORY
In the Matter of the Estate of KikuJIro
Soga, Late of Paia, Maui, Deceased.
NOTICE TO CREDITORS
AH persons having claims against
the above Estate are hereby notified
to present their claims, duly authent
icated, even if the claim is secured by
mortgage, to the undersigned ,at the
Baldwin National Bank, Kahului,
Maui, T. H. within six months from
date or first publication hereof, or they
will be forever barred.
(Signed D. C. LINDSAY.
Administrator-wlth-the - WILL - annex
ed, of the Estate of KikuJIro Soga,
W. F. CROCKETT,
Attorney for Administrator.
(May 11, 18, 25, June 1, 8)
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE
THE SECOND CIRCUIT, TER
RITORY OF HAWAII.
Klozo Yathlmo, Libellant vs. Kame
TO KAME YASHIMO. Libellee.
You are hereby notified of the pend
ency of the above suit for divorce
against you on the grounds of deser
tion, and that the same has been set
for hearing on Thursday, the 19th day
of July, A. D. 1917 at 10 o'clock A. M.,
in the Court Room of this Court, in
Wailuku, Maui, Hawaii, or as soon
thereafter as the same may be heard.
Wailuku. May 10th. 1917.
BY THE COURT:
V. C. SHOENBERG, Clerk.
Attorney for Libellant.
(May 11, 18, 25, June 1, 8, 15.)
TERRITORY OF HAWAII.
TERRITORY OF HAWAII to S. Ke
aninl, William L. Decoto, Malkalewa,
W. K. Monkini, Antone Record, Sarah
Mookini, Edith Pake Recard, Jesao
Hiram, W. J. Kahopukahi, Mrs. Ka
maka, Hauki, Kapeka, Charles Ford
en, Mrs. Philip Pall, Sarah Kepooka
lanl, E. KRnnmo Polanl, Ingram M.
Stainbaek, Attorney General of the
Territory of Hawaii, Henry W. Kin
ney, Superintendent of Public Instruc
tion of the Territory of Hawaii, Ber
tram G. Rivenburgh, Commissioner of
Public Lands of the Territory of Ha
waii, the Pioneer Mill Company, Lim
ited, the Lahaina Agricultural Com
pany, Limited, the Mutual Telephone
Company, Limited, and E. Faxon
Bishop, William O. Smith, Albert F.
Judd, Alfred W. Carter and William
Williamson, Trustees under the will
and of the Estate of Eernlce Pauahi
Bishop, deceased; and to ALL whom
it may concern:
WHEREAS, a petition has been pre-
sentonted to said Court by the Pioneer
Mill Company, Limited, to register and
confirm its title in the following de
scribed land situate in the Ahupuaa
of Puunoa 1, at Lahaijia, County of
Maul, Territory of Hawaii, being a
portion of Land Commission Award
8515 to Keoni Ana for G. Lahilahi,
Royal Patent 1667, a portion of School
Grant 15, Apana 5, to Board of Educa
tion, the said land being more parti
cularly described by metes and bounds
Beginning at a concrete post mark
ed t, at the East corner of this piece,
and the North corner of L. C. A. 333
to Kaahanul on the West side of Gov
ernment Road, the co-ordinates of
said concrete post referred to Govern
ment Survey Triangulation Station
"La'na" are 5207.7 feet South and
5721.5 feet West, and running by true
1. 65" 30' 240.0 feet along L. C. A.
333 to Kaahanul to
a concrete post
marked t near the
edge of swamp;
2. 327 30' 32.2 feet along same to
a concrete post
3. 56" 20' 78.0 feet along Grant
962.2 to Puhalahua;
4. 183" 00' 30.0 feet along L. C. A.
11223 to Naowaha;
5. 144" 12' 61.3 feet along same to
a concrete post;
6. 60 30' 44.0 feet along same to
7. 141' 55' 202.5 feet along fence,
along house lot
owned by the Laha
Co., Ltd., to fence
8. 58 30' 173.0 feet along fence,
along house lot,
owned by the Laha
Co., Ltd., to high
Thence along high
water mark, the
direct azimuth and
9. 138 05' 217.9 feet to a 2" pipe at
corner of lot owned
by the Mutual Tele
I phone Co., Ltd.;
10. 245" 26' 130.5 feet along fence,
along lot owned by
the Mutual Tele
phone Co., Ltd.;
11. 185 37' 72.3 feet along same to
a 2" pipe;
12. 165 31' 67.6 feet along same to
a 2" pipe;
13. 136 14' 160.5 feet along same to
a 2" pipe;
14. 75 57' 100.0 feet along same to
high water mark;
Thence along high
water mark the
direct azimuth and
15. 171' 12' 112.0 feet;
16. 277 05' 392.9 feet along the Gov
ernment Land of
Alamihi and pass
ing over a concrete
post marked t at 76
feet to a concrete
post marked t &t
17. 333" 04' 359.9 feet along L. C. A.
277 to Kanaina for
Lunalilo to a con
crete post marked
t at fence corner;
18. 234 45' 4S.6 feet along fence L.
C. A. 277 to Kana
ina "for Lunalilo;
19. 241 16' 149.8 feet along fence,
20. 244 28' 47.8 feet along fence,
21. 253 47' 21.7 feet along fence,
along same to a
concrete post mark
ed t on the West
Bide of Government
22. 342" 44' 127.0 feet along fence,
along the West side
23. 342 27' 156.7 feet along the
West side of Gov
ernment Road to
the point of begin
ning. Area 5.77 acres.
YOU ARE HEREBY cited to appear
at the Land Court, to be held at the
City and County of Honolulu on the
8th day of August A. D., 1917, at one
o clock and thirty minutes In the after
noon, to show cause if any you have,
why the prayer of said peition should
not be granted. And unless you ap
pear at said Court at the time and
place aforesaid your default will be
recorded, and the said petition will be
taken as confessed, and you will be
forever barred from contesting said
petition or any decree entered there
WITNESS THE HONORABLE S. B.
KEMP, Judge of said Court, this 9th
day of May, in the year nineteen hu
dred and seventeen.
Attest with seal of said Court:
ANDREW V. HOGAN,
(May 18, 25, June 1, 8.)
TELEGRAPH NEWS OF THE WEEK
PACIFISTS GETTING BUSY
CHICAGO, May 13 A call for a peace demonstration was issued
here last night, signed by prominent Socialists and other pacifists, the
demonstration being set for May 27.
The specific object of the demonstration, as outlined in the call,
which is said to carry the signature of Jane Addams of Hull House,
among other well known names, is to obtain from the President the
terms upon which he will agree to enter into peace negotiations with
ONE OR TWO MEN TO SPEND BILLION
WASHINGTON, May 13 It has been practically decided that
the international purchasing commission, to be named under an agree
ment between practically all the Entente Powers and the United States,
through which all the war orders of all nations are to be placed in
America, will be made up of either one or two Americans. It his
been decided that this wiil be best because of the better knowledge
Americans will have of local conditions than any European.
SENATE WOULD BAN BOOZE MAKING
WASHINGTON, May 13 The use of any cereal or grain for
the production of intoxicating liquors duriilg the period of the war
with Germany is forbidden by the provisions of an amendment to the
Espionage Bill adopted by the senate yesterdav.
TO RAISE REGULAR ARMY TO FULL STRENGTH
WASHINGTON, May 14 The expansion of the regular army
to its full strength was authorized by the president today.
The organization of new regiments will begin tomorrow. About
65,000 of-the 183,000 necessary have already been recruited.
Tn Buying Machinery
Do You Tigure
OR DO YOU FIGURE THAT THE MACHINE WITH THE LOWEST
PURCHASE PKICE IS THE CHEAPEST? THE ECONOMY OF
MACHINERY IS IN ITS EFFICIENCY, STRENGTH, DURABILITY.
IN LONG, SATISFYING SERVICE, THIS IS THE KIND THAT PAYS
FOR ITSELF OVER AND OVER.
HONOLULU IRON WORKS COMPANY
The following stock certificates of
been lost. All persons are warned
Finders please notify Maui Shinbum.
No. 109, issued to
No. 610, Issued to
No. 611, issued to
No. 112, issued to
No. 114, Issued to
No. 636, issued to
No. 637, issued to
No. 638, issued to
No. 639, issued to
No. 640, issued to
FRESH AS SPRING BREEZES
That's the way those used garments will return to you after receiving
They'll wear longer and look better. All work personally supervised
by the proprietors.
DYEING and CLEANING WORKS
v J. ABADIE, Prop.
Jno. D. Souza, Pala Agent M. Uyeno, Kahului Agent
Jack Linton, Wailuku Agent
PROGRAM for the week of May 21.
Monday, May 21st.
DOUGLAS FAIRBANKS in
"HIS PICTURE IN THE PAPERS"
7 reels of fine comedy; and
"PEARL OF THE ARMY."
Tuesday, May 22nd.
VIRGINIA PEARSON in
"DARE DEVIL KATE"
Wednesday, May 23rd.
A remarkably fine picture, produced
by THos. H. Ince.
BESSIE BARRISCAL in
"THE GREEN SWAMP"
Also a screaming Keystone.
WATCH FOR "THE
MANUEL S. ROSA, JR., PAIA
ONE PASSENGER PACKARD CAR
FOR HIRE. PHONE AT HOME AND
IN GARAGE. RELIABLE SERVICE;
WAILUKU CONSTRUCTION DRAYAGE C0.,Ltd.
TRANSFERING AND DRAYING
the Maul Pineapple Co., Ltd. have
against accepting or negotiating same.
Thursday, May 24th.
PAULINE FEDERIC in
"NANETTE OF THE WILDS"
Friday, May 25th.
Special program for children
Those Monkey Actors
"NAPOLEON AND HIS MATE
"PEG OF THE RING"
Saturday, May 25th.
IRENE FEN WICK in
"A CONEY ISLAND PRINCESS"
"THE CRIMSON STAIN MYSTERY"