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THE MAUI NEWS FRIDAY, JULY 6, 1917.
400 Newspapers Are Suppressed
And Many Editors Sent To Jail
A copy of the Nation, the journal
whose foreign circulation has been
suppressed by the British censois, has
reached this country and shows the
,eiLii 'oils danger both to press ana
public when an Invasion Is made on
the rights of free expression.
Under the caption "The War Office
Ukase" the Nation says:
In common with most Englishmen,
we supposed that soldiers, at least In
this country, have always been not
the masters of the people, but their
servants, and that even In a time of
war, the guardianship of liberties
rested with the civil powers. It seems
that we were mistaken. In obedience
to a ukase of the war office the pub
lishing agents of the Nation last week
Informed us that Its overseas sale had
been forbidden. The action of the
army council In prohibiting the sale
of the Nation to American citizens,
Russian revolutionists, British soldiers
abroad and the people of our domin
ions does Indeed raise an issue which
has long been Inherent in our conduct
of the war. Our rulers have, In the
main, fought this war of liberty with
a tied press. They have Inevitably
and quite properly set a watch on the
publication of news, but they have
also labored to discourage or forbid
A Molded Press
However, If the authority behind
this action is obscure the effect Is
clean enough. It Is a blow at opinion.
The Nation is not a newspaper, and
the facts with which It deals have al
ready been passed and accredited by
the censor. We are now told whether
the views which we may circulate at
home, though not abroad, are military
or political or ethical. We are merely
Informed that the enemy has used
material In the Nation "for the pur
pose of his propaganda." We Imagine
that each belligerent country "uses"
Its enemy's press. The German
government employed Mr. George's
metaphor of the "dog fight" to repaint
its own picture of the war as an en
terprise of extermination. The pro
hibition ts, In effect, a notice of the
military that if it permits a press at
all it must be a ministerial or an ultra
jingo press, which marches to the
of the aNtion to American citizens,
hall. The censorship has not been
content to restrain the excesses of
one kind of journalism or to guide the
imprudence or qualify the ignorance
of another. It has sought to establish
a superedttorship of the press, so as
to mold its will and intelligence into
agreement with the official pattern
This supervision has worked so effect
ually that the great danger fo our
statemanshlp is that, in the hour when
it most needs a public opinion to help '
or to restrain it, it will discover that
it has but the mind of the nation in
Thanks to the censorship, the larger
problems of the war and the settle
ment lie almost undisccrned and un
explored. Take the Russian revolu
tion. It Is the greatest event in
human history since 1789. Yet every
sign of Its arrival was hidden from
the public eye. The press was taught
to keep silence under the crimes and
follies of the ex-czar, from the betray
al of Poland to the tyranny in Galicia.
Well, the movement to Russian free
dom was not stayed by the attempt
to treat it as If it did not exist. Nor
can a censorship conceived In this
spirit be other than a cloak of error
in policy and of injustice and ineffi
ciency in administration.
While the edict subsists, with its
Indirect and calculated effect of In
timidation, there can be no such thing
as public opinion either on the war or
on the peace. The problem of the
settlement is merely referred to the
government, the military chiefs and
the sensational press, to the exclusion
of the people who have shed theii
blood on a hundred fields or poured
their wealth liko water Into the state
The operation of British censorship
Is further described in an article by
Ram Chanda, editor of the Hindustan
Gadar, who says in the Philadelphia
lu India no newspaper can be pub
lished and no press established unless
Its proprietor or publisher gives 10,
000 rupees in bonds and a guarantee
of loyalty to the British government.
Therefore no paper can promulgate
the truth about the British rule in
India or publish war news in any way
contrary to the Interests of the Bri
tish government; otherwise the bonds
and press are instantly confiscated
without Judicial proceeding, the paper
suppressed and the editor sent to jail.
The well known Calcutta Hindu
dally paper Amrita Bazar Patrika,
published in English and established
more than fifty years ago, was order
ed by the government not to publish
news regarding the European war,
even from the London newspapers.
The aged Mahratta leader, B. G.
Tllk, the noted author of "The Arctic
Home In the Vedas" and editor of
Kesree (Poona, Bombay), was sent to
jail four times for publishing alleged
"seditious" notes and comments.
Securities of 40,000 rupees have
been demanded from Mrs. Annie Bos
ant, the world noted theosophlst lead
er, because she had ventured to make
thoughtful protest against the govern
ment press policy in her paper, the
According to the statement of the
home secretary, Sir Reginald Crad
dock, and other high officials about
400 newspapers and magazines have
been suppressed and punished.
By HERBERT M, AYRES
Set 'mid her palms, Lahaina lies a-dream
Fair garden-spot beside a summer sea,
Where the long days and where the still nights seem
Like hours of memory.
The trees are just as green, the sky as blue,
The sea as smiling as in days long gone,
But where a happy township thrived and grew.
An old man stands alone.
A bent, brown man who talks of olden days
Of golden days ere haoles held the land, '
And when his people walked in simple ways,
A care-free, happy band.
And, as he talks, one sees the sea a-gleam
With riding-lights of whale-ships off the shore;
Watches bluff sailors through the village stream,
While children flee before.
The hillside glows with little lights of home,
The guitar's notes are borne upon the breeze,
And lovers, hand in hand, in heaven roam,
Under the cocoa-trees.
No More the whalers off Lahaina lie
A coasting-steamer anchors where they lay.
The hillside homes are burrled 'neath the sky,
Under green cane today.
The night-wind stirs the drowsing cocoa-trees,
The orange-blooms their cloying fragrance spill.
And the long Intermittent, murm'rlng seas
Gleam in the moonlight still.
Hidden in palms, Lahaina lies a-dream
A memory beside a turquoise sea.
While past, the years all unregarded stream,
Nor mar her reverie.
Lahaina, T. H., June 29, 1917.
SENT TO YOU FOR
SEND IN YOUR ORDER NOW
The nnnnnt mooting nf Ala.
ander House Settlement Association
will be held in Wnilnkn In tho Snftlo.
ment (coi ner) building Thursday, July
ROWLAND B. DODGE,
Lahainaluna School Gardens
Editor, Maui News:
Dear Sir: In the Issue of the Maul
News for June 8 I saw a report of the
number or children s gardens on Maul.
In this report Lahninaluna School is
credited with ten gardens as contrast
ed with much larger numbers from
other sohools of the island. This
probably means that this number of
boys have asked Mr. Mathews for free
seeds which they intend to use in vac
ation gardens of their own. So far
the report is doubtless correct. How
ever, as I feel that the statement may
lead to an entirely Incorrect impres
sion that this school Is doing less than
other schools in the way of gardening,
I should like to explain through your
paper just what Lahainaluna School
is doing in this line.
Our problem here Is somewhat dif
ferent from that in other schools and
must be met in a different way. We
have a large school of boys to be fed.
W e desire to give them an wholesome
and varied a diet as we can with the
money at our disposal for that pur
pose. For a number of years we have
been growing enough vegetables and
fruit to help materially in supplying
our boys with a necessary part of their
food. During the past school vear
string-beans, cabbage, carrots, lettuce,
onions, and other vegetables have
been grown In sufficient quantities so
that during the winter and spring
months there have been very few days
when some vegetable from our gard
ens has not been supplied in sufficient
amount for our eighty boys. Papaias
have been furnished two or three
times a week, and bananas from time
to time. The total wholesale value of
our products for the school year up
to June 1 was $378. The returns for
June are not yet in, but they will
certainly bring tho total well over
To grow as large Quantities of veg
etables as we need it is Impossible to
follow the school-garden plan of lett
ing each boy have a garden of his
own. ihis Is especially so where
nearly everything must be grown in
furrows and watered from ditches.
For these reasons our garden is con
ducted as a unit and certain boys are
assigned to do the work under the
direction of the teacher in charge.
I hanking you for vour courtesv in
allowing me this space,
Very truly yours,
CHARLES S. PUTNAM.
Lahaina, Mauii, June 30, 1917.
On The Other Islands
Many Daily Papers For Hilo
Beginning last Sunday the Hilo
Tribune began issuing a dally morn
ing newspaper, and on Monday an
evening edition made its first appear
ance from the same office. About a
year ago the Initial daily paper in
Hilo, the Hawaii Post, was launched,
and is still going strong. Some six
months ago the founder of the Post
spilt with his company and establish
ed a rival organ, the daily Hawaii In
dependent, which is still being issu
ed. This gives Hilo the equivalent of
four daily papers, or perhaps five, if
the "News Today," the little wireless
sheet published from the office of the
Hawaii Herald is counted.
Women Radio Operators Now
Basil E. Fenn, formerly a wireless
operator at the Lahaina station, but
now connected with the cable com
pany, in Honolulu, is to be the instruc
tor to a class of 25 women In Honolu
lu in the art of radio operating. The
class Is being organized by the Hono
lulu women's section of the Navy
League as a war preparedness mea
sure. A class of 5 women have al
ready taken a course in radio training
and will take their examinations soon.
Matson Ships May Not Be Taken
That the United States board has
not been advised of any commandeer
ng of the Matson steamers Maui and
Matsonia was stated In a cablegram
received by Government Plnkham
from Secretary of the Interior Lane
yesterday. It was as follows:
Refering to your wire, June 17,
shipping board states they have not
been advised of any commandeering
of the Matson liners Matsonia and
Maui, and believe you must have been
misinformed as to the intentions of
FRANKLIN K. LANE.
It Is still believed that the war or
navy departments has designs on the
vessels, as indicated by surveys re
cently made, but thought possible that
the interior department may not yet
have knowledge of this.
Maul And Matsonia Quit Hilo Run
The Matson liner Maul Is making
her last trip to Hilo this week. Here
after both the Maul and the Matsonia
will arrive at Honolulu from San Fran
cisco on Wednesdays instead of Tues
days, as hereafter, and will remain
there during the whole week.
Deserting Soldier Shot
May Have Been A Spy
G. E. Taylor, mess sergeant of Com
pany E, 32nd Infantry, who deserted
about two weeks ago from Schofield
Barracks, was shot by guards when
he refused to halt, and died shortly
afterwards. He had been living in a
gulch near the post, and is believed
to have been in communication with
several soldiers In the company, two
of whom are now under arrest. He
Is claimed to have been of German
Accident Board May Quit
Business For Awhile
Deputy City and County Attorney
C. S. Davis, of Honolulu, has advised
the Oahtl industrial accident hoard
that, pending a 'decision of higher
courts on the constitutionality of the
Workmen's compensation law, the de
cision of Circuit Judge Ashford stands,
Ashford recently held that the act is
unconstitutional in that it deprives an
Injured employee of right to have his
case heard by a Jury. It Is probable
that the accident board will handle
but routine matters until the federal
courts have passed on the question.
BANK OF MAUI
showing its condition at the close of husincss June 30th, 1917.
ASSETS, owned by the Bank
Loans, Discounts and Overdrafts $555,383.52
This represents loans and advances to
customers of the Bank.
Cash on Hand and in Banks 173,214.67
Actual gold and sivcr coin and Sight Exchange
on correspondent Banks.
Bonds and Securities 278,501.59
This is practically our secondary reserve, for
the protection of our depositors, consisting
principally of high grade, Territorial, Railroad
and Industrial Bonds.
Real Estate and Banking Premises 21,000.00
Actually owned by the Bank, located at Wai-
luku, Lahaina and Paia.
Furniture and Fixtures 6,600.00
Contained in the Main Bank at Wailuku and
its branches at Lahaina and Paia.
Leasehold j 925.00
Representing the valuation of the Bank's equity
in the Lease upon its Wailuku property.
Total Resources $1,035S4.78
Capital Stock raid In $150,000.00
Surplus and Undivided Profits 18,477.74
Dividends Unpaid 4,500.00
Being Dividend No. 1 of 3 percent upon the
The Bank and its Branches has total deposits,
net, as above.
Total Liability $1,035,684.78
Territory of Hawaii )
Island and County of Maui )
I, C. D. LUFKIN, Vice-President and Manager of the above
named Bank, do solemnly swear that the above statement is true
to the best of my knowledge and belief.
C. D. LUFKIN, Vice-President and Manager.
Subscribed and sworn-to before me this 5th day of July,
A. D. 1917.
ENOS VINCENT, Notary Public.
KAHULUI RAILROAD CO.'S
DISTRIBUTORS of GALVANIZED
Pittsburg Perfect Jumbo Special Electrically Welded
Style No. 267
Height 26 inches
Length or Roll 20 rods (330 feet)
Weight of Roll 226 lbs.
Stays No. 9 Wire 6 inches apart
Strands No. 9 Wire
Number of Strands 7
Strands spaced 3, Vi, 4, 4, 5, and 5j inches apart
PRICE UPON APPLICATION
HOME NEWS AGENCY, Honolulu, T. II.
Kahului, Maui, T. li.
We Are Agents for the Territory