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THE MAUI NEWS, FRIDAY, JULY 20, 1917.
Maui Agricultural Notes
A Co-operative Experiment In Handling Kaupakalua
Grape Crop Plan To Encourage Potato Growing
Testing New Beans On Kauai Feeding
Rations From Hawaiian Feed Stuffs
Alfalfa Growing Urged
Most people on Maui are familiar
with the rather extensive vineyard
district in the Kaupakalua region.
The outlet of the product has hereto
fore been the winery, established as
the result of the grape growing en
terprise. The winery is now shut
down, leaving the grower without the
usual outlet for his crop, which Is now
roming to maturity. Small lots of
fruits are being peddled locally, and
a few enterprising Japanese are buy
ing up fruit and peddling it about the
near by plantations. However, this
is inadequate to handle the entire
crop, some of which the Independent
grower will make into wine for his
owu use as has been the general pract
ice even while the winery was in op
eration. Under these circumstances
the Territorial Food Commission's
Maui representatives conceived of the
idea to cooperate with the growers in
an experiment to dispose of the crop
in the fresh state by modern methods
of packing nnd distribution.
To prevent excessive loss to the
growers, quick action was necessary.
As thorough a survey of the situation
was made as possible, crop estimates
were made, approximate time of their
maturity determined, arrangements
made with the old winery for packing
facilities, which because of its cent
ral locaton admirably suited the pur
pose. A suitable crate was devised
from pineapple shipping cases, which
was the only material available. The
cooperation of the grower to supply
the fruit in select form was readily
obtained and the first packing opera
tions were begun on the 17th inst.
About 800 pounds of choice grapes
were delivered to the packing shed
by a dozen or more growers fresh
from the vines by noon on the ap
pointed day. By night these had been
packed into fifty and thirty pounds
crates ready for delivery. Two-thirds
of the pack was bought up locally at
five cents a pound, netting the grower
three cents delivered at the packing
shed, and both grower and consumer
seemed well satisfied. The remainder
of the pack was forwarded to the
Marketing Agent at KahuluK who will
attend to the distribution of the entire
crop hereafter. All orders should be
addressed directly to J. J. Walsh,
Maul Marketing Agent, Kahulul.
The second pack estimated at be
tween 1500 and 2000 pounds will be
made on 19th and 20th insts., and will
be put in uniform crates of thirty
pounds each. It is the. Marketing
Agent's plan to repack part of this
shipment in five pound baskets for
select trade. A tr'al shipment will be
made to Honolulu, the Territorial
Marketing Division stating that a 200
pound lot if choice should bring five
cents per pound in Honolulu. Rather
extensive shipments are being receiv
ed from Hilo, and these have sold for
about 4M cents a pound. Under these
circumstances it would seem that
much of the success of the present ex
periment will depend upon the local
consumer. We would urge upon the
people of Maui to take advantage of
this opportunity to lay In a supply of
one of the best jelly making fruits,
to say nothing of the fine fruit for eat
ing out of the hand. F. G. K.
Rice Would Share Seed Potatoes
(Special by Mall to Maul News)
HONOLULU, July 18, Harold Rice,
of Maui, offers to the food commission
a hundred bags of certified seed pota
toes, of the Irish variety, which Rice
has Just imported from California.
Rice's idea is that these, which are
exceptionally good seed, should be
distributed among Island growers at
cost, as a means of both Improving
and increasing the Hawaiian yield.
This report was brought from the
Valley Isle yesterday by A. L. Castle,
marketing committee, who has been
consulting with Dr. Baldwin and the
commission's Maul agent concerning
marketing conditions on that island.
The Mau agent, F. G. Krauss, has
suggested that the commission distri
bute the Imported seed potatoes
among the growers of Maui, Krauss
handling the distribution and the
spuds being sold at cost. To further
ass'st the growers, Krauss Idea is
that the commission should not insist
upon immedate or cash payment, but
that it accept an equal amount of the
next potato crop, from those who ac
cepted the imported Beed.
Each grower would be pleaded to
give the plants of this crop his best
care, including necessary spraying,
cultivation and so forth.
For many years, it is said, most of
the Maui potato growers have been
using the same seed, planting the
same ground season after season, and
keeping only the small spuds for
seeds. This, it Is believed, account
for the gradual deterioration of the
tubers and the reduction In yields per
At its next meeting, which may be
held today, the commission will hear
Castle's report on this subject.
It is understood that the several
hundred acres of land in the Makawao
district of Maui, on which Harold
Rice has Just produced a bumper corn
crop, was known as excellent grain
land many years ago. In fact, it pro
duced wheat which was shipped to
the Coast market in the famous Forty
Nines, the days of the gold rush to
California. The last grain crop. It is
said, was grown there in 1849 ,and
since that time the soil has lain fallow
or been used for grazing.
Testing New Beans In Kauai
(Special by Mall to Maul News)
HONOLULU, July 18 A long step
toward making the Japanese of Ha
waii Independent in the matter of
food has been taken by A. H. Case,
the food commission's agent on Kau
ai, or who is making a rather exten
sive planting of Japanese red, or Azu
kl beans. These are a food of which
the Japanese are very fond and which
would form a large part of their sub
sistence if they could obtain it cheap
Large quantities of these beans are
Imported from Japan. The merchants
on Kauai alone. Case writes, are Im
porting 150 to 200 bags a month, for
which they pay 5 to 6 cents a pound.
"On one of my Inspection tours,''
the Kauai agent writes to Dr. Dean,
the commission's executive, "I found
a Japat-ese growj- who was growing
these for his own U but they had
developed so abundantly that he had
about 400 pounds for sale. They had
grown a crop of about. 2000 pounds
per acre. I went to some of the stores
and found that the beans are selling
for 10 cents a pound.
"The Kaual-grown product were
larger, redder and a better looking
food than the imported article; this
the Japanese storekeepers admitted,
and said they would take all I could
get. paying the same they are giving
for the imported beans.
"At this price it would be a good
crop to grow here, as it requires only
one cultivation and produces so heav
ily. We are toid that in Japan it is
grown principally in cool, damp regi
ons; but to determine the climatic and
soil requirements I am planting 200
pounds on an area given me for the
purpose by Mr. Charles Rice.
"We are going further into this
bean-growing proposition, having as
certained all the varieties eaten by
Japanese and Filipino and planted ex
perimental crops of all. If they give
promise we will attempt to induce the
growers to develop those crops on a
large commercial basis, for sale on
Kauai and possibly the other islands."
Feeding Rations From Available Ha
This rations with variations has
been fed successfully at the Haiku
sub-station for one and a half years
as a saving of about one-third over
bought feed. It is now being prepar
ed and fed on an extensive scale by
one of the big Maui ranches.
For work horses, mules, beef cattle,
milch cows, and swine, make up the
following basal mixture:
Two parts medium finely ground
corn and cob meal;
Two parts Algaroba meal;
Two parts cow pea vine with pod
Velvet bean with pod meal, or
Peanut with pod meal, or
Pigeon Pea tops wLth pod meal;
One part Cassava meal or sweet
Three parts mollas8cuite(containing
80 percent Molassas.)
Excepting for swine algaroba meal
may be substituted for corn or corn
Yd Khk. Am
may be substituted for Algaroba meal
for all the classes of livestock enu
merated above. Cowpea and pod or
pigeon pea in pod meal could be sub
stituted for velvet bean in pod meal
provided no cobs were included with
the corn, otherwise there may be too
much crude fibre. Sweet potato and
. i i . . , ,
imsiva uietu uuuuiu iney Decome
available could be interchanged. The
molassculte should have as its base
medium, finely ground, Sudan, Alba,
cane, (or cane tops) or other grasses,
rather than the bagasse usually.
If pure molasses is to be mixed
with the feed direct it would be well
to add one to two parts medium finely
ground cowpea hay heal additionally.
For work horses and mules the
above ration should have a feeding
value about equal to rolled barley.
The ration should also be suitable for
milch cows on alfalfa or leguminous
pasture. For yearling cattle on grass
pasture, two parts of leguminous
seed and meal may be added. If
pastured on leguminous crops, more
corn and molasses should be added.
For fattening cattle more corn and
molasses could be fed than is indicat
ed in the basal mixture.
For young swine we would cut out
the cob meal and increase the corn
meal one or two parts, likewise should
the cassava or sweet potato meal be
increased and the molassculte be les
sened. The mixture may then be fed
from a self feeder provided with a
compartment to hold tankage. As the
pigs develop In size, the proportion
of corn should be Increased until at
least half of the ration is corn. All
stock should have ample roughage,
either succulent pasture or well cured
hay when feeding the above ration.
When much corn is included in the
concentrate ration the roughage of
legumes may usuallly be Increased to
We do not recommend exceeding
the proportions of dilute meals such
Monday Thos. H. Ince Presents
WILLIAM COLLIER in
"THE NO GOOD GUY."
Tuesday Mme. BERTHA KALICH
America's Greatest Tragedienne In
"LOVE AND HATE."
Wednesday The best production of
the week . David W. Griffith's pro
"THE CHILDREN IN THE HOUSE"
with NORMA TALMADGE and those
Famous Triangle Kiddies.
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Zerolene, "a most satisfactory motor oil" that is the testimony of the leadinc
automobile distributors of the Coast.
They know from the records of their service departments and we know from
exhaustive tests that Zerolene. correctly refined from selected California
asphalt-bate crude, fives perfect lubrication with least carbon deposit
Zerolene is the oil for your car whatever the make the oil for all types ol
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STANDARD OIL COMPANY
e Standard Oll&rNohr
as may be made from grass hays, in
the concentrate mixtures. However
such may be fed with molasses to
mules and cattle at pasture as a main
tenance ration. For hard working
animals, and to obtain quick gains in
beet animals and swine, concentrated
feeds are required. This is likewise
true of dairy cows in milk.
Root crops such as mangles are ex
cellent for milch cows and growing
cattle. Sugar beets produce less ton
nage but make a valuable feed.
Squash also make an excellent suc
culent. Sweet potatoes and cassava
promise to become among the most
valuable of our concentrated feeds
where cured and ground, as they have
always been considered when in the
The various kinds of stock will con
sume approximately the following
Maul Agricultural No . 2
amounts of the concentrated mixed
Work horses weighing 1250 pounds,
Work mules weighing 1000 pounds,
' Beef cattle will consume about the
same as work animals, likewise
dairy cows. This is based on equal
weights. However the proportion of
of the various constituents should be
varied with the classes and condition
of stock. F. G. K.
Alfalfa Bulletin Issued
The territorial food commission has
Issued its first press bulletin or plant
ing circular, which Is intended for
general distribution. It Is on alfalfa
growing in . Hawaii, and is written by
L. A. Henke, professor of agriculture
of the College of Hawaii. The circu
lar is printed in Portuguese and Jap
anese as well as English, and copies
will be .sent to anyone applying to F.
G. Krauss, county agent, Haiku.
Bring the children to see this picture.
Thursday That greatest character
actor GEORGE DEBAN in
Friday Watch the Daily Wireless for
Saturday Paramount Presents
Beautiful LEONORE ULRICH in
"HER OWN PEOPLE"
A story of an Indian girl with the usu
al Paramount settings.
!2 atis. V
nd in asue . etlon
floHolalo Wholesale Produce
ISSUED BY THE TERRITORIAL
Week ending, July 13, 1917.
BUTTER AND EGGS.
Island butter, lb. cartons 40
Eggs, select, doz 64
Eggs, No. 1. doz 62
Eggs, Duck, doz 45
Young roosters, lb 40 to .45
Hens, lb i 33 to .35
Turkeys, lb 45
Ducks, Muse, lb 30 to .32
Ducks, Pekln lb 30 to .32
Ducks, Haw, doz 6.50
VEGETABLES AND PRODUCE.
Deans, string, green 04
Deans, string was green 05 V4
Deans, Lima in pod 04
Deans, Maul red 12.00
Deans, Calico, cwt 12.00
Deans, small white None
Peas, dry Is. cwt. None
Deets, doz. bunches 30
Carrots, doz. bunches 40
Cabbage, cwt 3.00 to 3.50
Corn, sweet 100 ears 2.50
Corn, Haw. nm. yel 72 to 75
Corn, Haw. Ig. yel None
Rice, Jap. seed, cwt 6.50
Rice, Haw. seed, cwt 7.00
Peanuts, lg. lb 10
Peanuts, srn. lb .11
Green peppers, bell 05
Green peppers, chill 05
Potatoes, Is. 1 3.50
Potatoes, sweet, cwt 1.75
Potatoes, sweet red cwt 2.00
Taro, cwt 1.00 to 1.50
Taro, bunch 15
Tomatoes 03 to .04
Green peas, lb Nona
Cucumbers, doz 60 to .75
Pumpkins, lb Oltt
Bananas, Chinese, bu 10 to .25
Bananas, Cooking, bu 1.00 to 1.35
Figs, 100 90
Grapes, Isabella, lb 07
Limes, 100 75 to 1.00
Pineapples, cwt 1.50
Papaias, lb 01V6 to .02
Strawberries - 20
Beef, cattle, and sheep are not
bought at live weight They are
slaughtered and paid for on a dressed
Hogs, up to 150 lbs 14 to .16
Hogs, 150 and over None
Beef, lb 13 to .14
Veal, lb 14
Mutton, lb 19
Pork, lb 18 to .22
HIDES, Wet Salted.
Steer, No. 1. lb 20
Steer. No. 2. lb 18
Steer, hair slip 18
Kips, lb 20 to .22
Goat, white 20 to .30
The following are prices on feed, f.
o. b. Honolulu:
Corn, sm. yel. ton None
Corn, lg. yel. ton 80.00
Corn, cracked, ton 81.00 to 86.00
Bran ton 44.0 to 45.00
Barley ton 53.50 to 56.00
Scratch food ton 87.50 to 85.00
Oats, ton 56.00 to 60.00
Wheat, ton 87.50 to 100.00
Middling ton 60.00 to 65.00
Hay .wheat 35.00 to 40.00
Hay, Alfalfa 38.00 to 40.00
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER
Just received a new stock of
Mattresses, poultry netting,
paints and oils, furniture, etc.
Coffins and General Hardware.
Regal Shoes Are Mail
Order Shoes Because--
the man or woman who orders
a pair from us is sure before
hand that the quality will be
in keeping with the high
reputation of the national or
ganization. And the fit is guaranteed.
We solicit a trial order.
& ye Mioe
HONOLULU, T. H.
LODGE MAUI, NO. 984, A. F. A. M.
Stated meetings will be held at
Masonic Hall, Kahulul, on the first
Saturday night of each month at 7:30
Visiting brethren are cordially In
vited to attend.
H. K. DUNCAN, R. W. M.
W. A. ROBBINS, Secretary.
ALOHA LODGE NO. 3 KNIGHTS
Regular meetings will be held at
the Knights of Pythias Hall, Wallu
ku, on the second and fourth Friday
of each month.
All risking members are cordially
invited to attend.
A. C. RATTRAY, C. C.
J. II. PRATT, K. R & S.
FOR CAKE MAKING
K. MACHIDA Da Store
The Best In Town
And a Up-To-Date Soda Fountain
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MARKET STREET, : WA1LUKU.
Hawaiian Views and Post Cards
Fine Candies -Ukuleles
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Newest.Coolest Hotel in Hamui
Fort Street Honolulu
WAILUKU, MAUI, T. H.
Dinner parties given special