Newspaper Page Text
THE MAUI NEWS, FRIDAY, JULY 27, 1917.
Maui Agricultural Notes
MEGRAPH NEWS OF THE WEEK
Poultry Feeding In Hawaii
The Maui County Apont and tho
Extension Division of the Hawaii Ex
periment Station are receiving numer
ous inquiries concerning the possibil
ities of more economical feeding of
poultry under Hawaiian conditions.
Unfortunately feeding standards
have not been worked out for poultry
to the extent which they have for
other farm live stock, so that much
of our poultry feeding remains guess
work so far as balanced rations are
concerned. Several years ago the
College of Hawaii conducted a series
of feeding experiments with a view
to determining the amount and cost
of feed consumed by various breeds of
foul when kept under close confine
ment. Seventy-two foul representing
six breeds were fed from self-feeders
for a priod of one year and the total
amount of feed consumed by each
breed, together with the cost was de
termined. The writer has at hand
only the average approximate amoilnt
of feed consumed by all breeds, which
is as follows:
Average amount of feed consumed
per year per hen all breeds: Whole
'grain consisting of wheat and stand
ard brands of scratch feed, fiO pounds:
Dry mash mixture carrying 10 percent
beef scraps, 45 pounds; cut green
alfalfa, 92 pounds; Grit, shell and
charcoal, 25.5 pounds. Reduced to a
dailv ration per hen the amounts
would be: Grains, 4.16 ounces; Green
vegetable and matter, 4.03 ounces;
Grit etc., 1.09 ounces.
Wiith these figures available, the
cost of feeding averages laying stock,
when all feed must be bought, can
readily be determined accurately
enough for parctical purposes. At
present prices of grain and mill stuffs
and allowing a price of only $5.00 per
ton for the green alfalfa, we have cal
culated that the feed consumed per
hen will total fully $4.00 per annum.
How to reduce this high cost of feed
without lowering the efficiency of the
laying stock appears to be the most
important problem before the poultry
raiser at the present time. It should
be stated that the grain rations fed
in the College of Hawaii experiment
were made up of the highest grade
materials, and usually high priced,
little attempt being made tp eubstiute
lower priced grains, since high egg
production was especially Bought
after. That this was attained is at
tested by the fact that the entire flock
averaged close to 12 dozen eggs per
hen for the year. The average poul
try flock in Hawaii averages probably
below ten dozen eggs per hen per
On analyz'ng the above ration most
readers will be surprised at the large
amount of food consumed, amounting
as it does to 9.28 ounces per day per
hen. But being a well balanced ra
tion, and little or no waste having
been allowed, it is plain that the
amount and quality could not be re
duced without upsetting the producti
vity of the laying stock. It would
seem to the writer that there are two
logical means of attacking the pro
blem: The simplest of these he has
adopted in his own flock of several
dozen White Rocks. This consists of
giving the foul absolutely free range
of the barn yard and fields. No
grain or bought feed whatsoever has
been fed since the beginning of the
year, with the result that there has
bee no noticable lessening in the egg
yield, the flock averaging fully 35 per
cent laying daily since January, and
all are In the best of health, no deaths
or sickness whatsoever having been
experienced thus far.
While our conditions may be ex
ceptionally favorable, it is felt that
for the small farm flocic no more ef
fective means is available than to
give the poultry free range of the
barn yard and fields during such
periods when little or no damage can
be done to crops. Few who have not
HONOLULU, Tulv 24 San Francisco Examiner publishes name
of Ceortre Rodick. of Honolulu, in list of those indicted in connection
tried the method realize the amount wjtll jjmdu conspiracy. Haeens and Schroeder deny any knowledge of
.i.i r .u- ..iohia .-...!. indictment. Kodick is
about the farm that are made available no knowledge. Smiddy says he is not in a position to say anything.
to the foul on free rantre. Associated Press says Kodick and bchroeder are both indicted.
If circumstances absolutely prohibit Kennedy is back and says it is certain that Matson ships will be
the giving of free range the flock must taken and places filled by other freighters not so valuable for govcrn
of course be fed its entire require- t wnrt
ments. We believe that feeding cosls '' .
could be greatlv decreased by substit- J.eporieu mat junior luacrvayc 01 nno inuune, is a laiiuiuait
uling for the expensive concentrates for promotion committee secretary
a large proportion of succulent green
matter. A patch of alfalfa if well
cared for will supply a healthful and
cheap, though bulky feed. Root crops
are also much relished by poultry.
Sweet potatoes and cassava loots,
they are especially fond of. CuTI
potatoes if cooked are a standard feed
when mixed with a small amount of
wheat middlings. No green vegeta
blcs should be wasted where poultry
are kept in confinement. A bunch of
ripe bananas, papaia, a head of cab
bage or a bundle of corn stalks or
sorghum suspended from the ftnee
will be devoured greedily. As sub
stitutes for the expensive standard
poultry grains and mill stuffs, we have
tried rolled barley, corn, algeroba
meal, kiln dried beet pulp, dried
brewers grain, cull beans and peas,
mollasses. and whatever other unusu
al feeds the market has had to offer,
Occasionally we have been able to
obtain raw bone, a beef head or heart
and fresh scrap meat at a low enough
price to justify their use, and usually
with great advantage to tne ration
When no other animal matter was
Henry Holmes, F. J. Lowrcy, A. F. Tudd, and W. II. Mclnemy
named as committee to investigate charges that Queen's Hospital sup
plies were given German sailors. Julpes, cook of hospital, says many
charge slips came to him with no goods delivered at hospital to corres
AS1UNj1UN. ulv ZH I'resident accepts Uoetnais resigna
tion and asks for resignation of Denman. Edward Hurley of Chicago
to succeed Denman
War department orders dry zone of 5 miles around all army camps
outside of towns and half mile zone inside. Red light strictly tabooed.
BERLIN, July 24 Germans in Galicia advanced over a front of
155 miles, take 3000 prisoners and much booty. Heavy fighting Russian
offensive Dvinsk and Rumania.
DUBLIN, July 24 Irish convention opens tomorrow. Sinn Fein
ers take no part. None sanguine as to result. '
SANTA ROSA. Tulv 24 Luther Burbank seriously ill.
CANADIAN HEADQUARTERS, France, July 24-Canadian
flyers have complete control of air. Bombed and smashed gun battery
HONOLULU, July 14 lames Osonro named on license board oi
Tesse Duke, negro ex-soldier, defendant in celebrated Schofield
murder trial a vear ago. indicted procuring women. His boarding house
aBl.i- " r i a i.:n:. A..-: ,t,i:
available we have always considered ie "ynilia, scene aisu oi receiu suuming uiu niuiug uu.i..s
it essential to add a high grade tank- scrape.
age or meat meal to the ration of foul I Woman's committee of food commission planning demonstration of
in close connnement. u nas usuauy nfWmrnv Pnr.i, n(T un atmf.nlc ImiKew-ives tn use frraham bread.
been difficult to determine the relative nrwnnnrun t" 1 Vt r :i ,,-
trv an are mentioned above, but the soldiers and peasants issue proclamation. Army wavered, regiments
writer' has felt that in general what 1ed and part of front broken. Wilhelm's hords bringing death and de
struction. Spreaders of discord responsible, who paid with their lives
for disobedience. Enemy s fire mowed them down. W ill acknowledge
provisional government with which lies the salvation of revolution. All
who disobedient to government are traitors and will be shown no mercy.
Yielding before foe means to lose land. One way open and that fore-
ward. New revolution means ruin of all.
WASHINGTON, July 24 Fresident of shipping commission of
British foreign office agrees to radical reduction of ocean freight rates
and practical taking over of all allied merchantmen. Neutrals will be
forced to use routes dictated by America and Britain. 1'lan is now be
fore state department.
AMERICAN HEADQUARTERS, 1' ranee, July troops begin
ing to kill any disease present, cut bayonet, grenade, trench mortar, and machine gun practice.
was suitable lor man was gooa tor
poultry. We should like this subject
to receive wide discussion. F G. K.
How To Grow Irish Potatoes
The first requisite is good seed, not
good looking seed, but seed, with a
pedigree, picked from hills at time of
digging. Take the hills that have the
eatest number of average size pota
toes. Do not use very large or very
small tubers for seed. Soak them i,n
Formalin (Formaldehyde 1 pint, water
30 gals.) for 3 or 4 hours before plant-
Watson Navigation C
1917 Passenger Schedule 1917
(SUBJECT TO CHANGE)
Manoa . . .
Manoa . . .
Manoa . . .
Manoa . . .
Manoa . . .
Matsonia. . . .
Tue Jun 19
Tue Jun 26
Wed July 4
Tue July 10
Wed July 18
Tue July 24
Wed Aug 1
Tue Aug 7
Wed Aug 15
Tue Aug 21
Wed Aug 29
Tue Sept 4
Wed Sept 12
Tue Sept 18
Wed Sept 26
Tue Oct 2
Wed Oct 10
Tue Oct 16
Wed Oct 24
Tue Oct 30
Wed Nov 7
Tue Nov 13
Tue July 3
Wed July 11
Tue July 17
Wed July 25
Tue July 31
Wed Aug 8
Tue Aug 14
Wed Aug 22
Tue Aug 28
Wed Sept 5
Tue Sept 11
Wed Sept 19
Tue Sept 25
Tue July 10
Sfime OableJ(ahului Slailroad Co.
Daily Passenger Train Schedule (Except Sunday)
The following schedule went into effect June 4th, 1913.
the larger ones in halves lengthwise
just before planting. Thoroughly
prepare the soil. New soil is best, or
soil that has been heavily manured
for a previous crop. , Open the furrows
4 inches deep and 3 feet apart. Plant
the seed potatoes in the furrow 12
inches apart and with the eyes upper
most. Cover 3 to 4 inches deep. This
will leave the ground practically level
wnen me planting lb complete, wiieu i :fi
me siaiKS oegin iu urea uuuugu lue ' -,T,T-,,TTT . , , . , , A
cround so that the rows can be seen. COPENHAGEN, July 24 German aerial commander says Amer
mould the potatoes, covering them I ican air program is a blurt, bavs Americans encountered so tar are
completely with one to two inches of not dangerous foes and that America lacks practical tvpe of air craft,
inchest give econdVoumg6 WASHINGTON, July 24-Senate leaders; decide toproceed on
war revenue bill and not to wait longer over prohibition, rinance com
mittee are ready to report with reports on revenue measure, Wednesday,
foreward " from
Officers decide to select best men for immediate fighting. Others
will do camp work.
Officers are seeking billets for next division.
NEW YORK, July 24 Teutons pushing foreward on both banks
of Dneister. Germans abandon infantry attacks on Aisne before great
slaughter. French drive foreward and Canadians are driving into Ger
man lines at Aisne. .
SAN FRANCISCO, July 24 Mooney jury locked. Ten to two for
inches high give a second moulding,
this time throwing the soil well up
around the plants to keep them erect,
and provide plenty of fine soil for the
new potatoes to form in. This mould
ing must be carefully done, as the
stalks must not be broken or covered.
Some growers run a toothed cultivator
in the furrows to mellow the soil be-
for the moulding operation, especial
ly when the latter is done with the
plow. Frequent cultivation will con
serve moisture, keep down weeds, de
stroy insects, and greatly increase the
yield. Start spraying with Bordeaux
mixture to prevent blight when the
plants are 6 inches high, and regular
ly every three weeks thereafter. If
biting insects give troubles mix Paris
Green with the Bordeaux. Irish Pota
toes do best in the fall and spring
when the weather is cool. J. F. O'B.
1 ft a i
f J STAR I
i ir it i u 1 1 ii.iiin'-Vi 1 1
llUAUlUlyU, uly .6 Recommendation goes
Hawaiian department for enlisted men's club, residences for 31 staff
officers and office building for department. Waikiki office site not select
cd. Recommendations involve expenditures of $400,000.
Committee of life members Queen's Hospital appointed to consider
charges made by Miss Collins, former head nurse, that German sailors
were supplied with food from the hospital kitchen.
Lapt. Bains, ex-transport Dix arrived to become new inspector of
President Hagens of Hackfeld & Co., receives commission as captain
in quartermaster corps.
Officials are holding four Japanese school teachers who recently
arrived. Allege they came under contract.
rli 1 KULiKAD, July Zo teutons reoccupy all ground lost in
Galicia while Slavs at Vilna smash German lines for two miles, take
1000 prisoners and one gun. Germans on east front rallied and offered
stiff fight but were finally routed.
rrench are still throwing back heavy German assaults on Aisne
German losses are terrific.
SAN FRANCISCO, July 23 Mooney case still in hands of jury.
WASHINGTON, July 23 Crowder announces that those drafted
will be allowed to join regular or guards prior to exemption date but
will not be allowed to join marines for a fortnight. First drafted will
probably be assigned to regulars to fill quota.
Exemption machinery of the country is reported virtually ready
Will perfect food bill this week. Goes to conference Tuesday. Prin
cipal adjustments necessary deal 'with prohibition and whether there
will be a single administrator as house provided, or board of three as
senate voted. Amendment to conscript law subjecting aliens will prob
ably be discussed this week. Also trading with enemy bill
COLUMBUS, July 22 Deportees when told they were free, decid
ed to wait till they hear from Washington
HONOEULU, July 22 Dean says embargo on food shipments
produceable in Hawaii might result in a food control law forcing Hawaii
to feed herself.
All the convenience of gas. No waiting for the
Are to burn up. Meals in a jiffy, and a cool
kitchen all the time.
Bakes, broils, roasts, toasts. Better cooking
because of the steady, evenly-distributed heat.
More convenient than a wood or coal stove for
all the year 'round cooking and more eco
nomical. The long blue chimneys prevent all smoke and
Smell. In 1. 2, J and 4 burner sizes, with
or wiihout ovens. ANo cabinet
models. Ask your dealer today.
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
( California )
j The Chesterfield blend tTy-S A
i hat in it the highest.
;' grade Turkish tobacco gr1 r
;i that grows. sa5asfSSr.;'ja f
i They satisfy iris
p and yet they're MlLg r
V---)f ii wa I'liSlS'lll BS ll III I imimummmi ,.
P M P M
33 3 3
3 3 ao
00, a 55
4 S a 47
4 5i,a 46
4 45 4o
358 42 6 35
158 3 25
.. Kahului ..
h" Spreck- "A
a" elsvi"e I'l
L" Hama- "A
.. Fauwela ..
1 4j3 47
' 52,3 57
t 53 3 58
2 05 4 10
2 07 4 l
2 14 4 19
15 4 20
23 4 28
25 4 3
TOWARDS PUUNENE TOWARDS KAHULUI
PissiRfir rmiijtr liitiio wi"un Uttwci r.mtftf Paneret
PM ' A M MHll Mllll A M P M
. L..Kahulul.. A
2 60 6 00 . 0 APuuneneL 2.5 6 22 3 15
3 00 6 10 2.5 A"Iuunene"L Q 6 12 3 05
1. All trains dally except Sundaji.
A. Special Train (Labor Train) will leave Walluku dally, except Bunayi,
at 6:39 a. m., arriving at Kahului at 6:61 a. m., and connecting tIU
the C:00 a. m. train for Puunene.
BAGGAGE) RATE:3: 150 pounda of personal baggage will be carried free
of charge on each whole ticket, and 75 pounda on each half ticket, wke
baggage la "111 charge of and on the same train ai tke holder of the ticket
For exceti baggage 26 cents per 100 pounda or part thereof will
For Ticket Fares and other information see Local Passenger TarlK LCD,
No. I, or inquire at any of the Depots.
B. F. STURTEVANT CO.
BLOWERS AND EXHAUSTERS
- STEAM TURBINES
Catton, Neill & Co., Ltd.
Home News Agency
Offiqe: 763 Richard Street, Honolulu
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